What kind of oil can be poured into a uniaxial tractor
What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor
The gearbox must not be filled with oil that is suitable for the engine. Therefore, only gear oil is used, which provides an excellent level of lubrication to all moving parts.
How to pour oil into the gearbox of a walk-behind tractor
All actions for pouring oil into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor are performed in the same way as when pouring oil into the engine of the walk-behind tractor.
The whole process is as follows: a single-axle tractor is located on level ground, the surface around the neck of the gearbox housing is cleaned, the plug-dipstick of the neck for pouring oil is unscrewed, the required amount of lubricant is poured using a funnel.
How to check the oil level in the engine crankcase
They check the oil level thanks to the dipstick, with its help it is easy to check whether you have filled in the required amount of oil. To do this, you will need to wipe the dipstick dry, insert the dipstick plug into the filler neck, do not tighten it along the thread, remove the dipstick plug and make sure that the oil level does not vary below the “minimum” mark and does not exceed the “maximum” mark. After work, close the dipstick tightly. The image below shows the correct operation with the dipstick.
Caution: you can check the oil level on a warmed-up engine of the walk-behind tractor only after a pause of 2-3 minutes after stopping. Thus, the oil will have time to drain into the engine crankcase, and the check will show an error-free result.
SAE oil classification
The SAE technical classification is developed by the American Association of Automotive Engineers. The engineers paid attention to a specific temperature range, while not forgetting to take into account the fluidity and viscosity of the substance. According to SAE J300 standards, the following types of oils are distinguished:
- Universal: 5W-30, 5W-50, 5W-50, 15W-30, 20W-30, 10W-50, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-50 15W-40, 20W-40;
- For cold climates: SAE 0W, 10W, 15W, 5W, 20W;
- For warm climates: 50, 40, 30, 20.
All-season brands are in the greatest demand. The high demand for products is easy to explain due to the ability to use these oils absolutely in any climate in different weather.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor
When servicing any agricultural machinery, you need to make the correct selection of related and consumables. The same is with the walk-behind tractor, it needs timely, proper and proper care. In this article, we will only talk about what kind of engine oil you need to fill in a uniaxial tractor. This topic is one of the most important for the maintenance of equipment. Indeed, the durability and working capacity of the device depends on the choice of oil. All manufacturers, in addition to warranty coupons, leave technical documentation in which they indicate the recommended type and brand of oil for the walk-behind tractor. But, unfortunately, this kind of information cannot always be saved.
Experts warn that the performance and service life of a walk-behind tractor with a specific brand depends on the choice of oil. If you choose the wrong oil, there is a high risk of equipment damage.
To avoid an unpleasant incident with the wrong choice of oil for the walk-behind tractor, we have divided the article into points for ease of use.
How to pour oil into a walk-behind tractor engine
Before filling the oil, you need to follow a number of steps:
- place the single-axle tractor on a horizontal flat surface
- Wipe with a damp cloth the area around the filler neck of the engine crankcase (in the picture below you can see its location) from dust and other contaminants.
How to check the oil level in the gear case
To fill in the lubricant, place the single-axle tractor on a flat horizontal surface, clean the gearbox housing next to the filler plug, which is located under the steering mounting bracket, and next to the inspection hole bolt (located on the right side of the gearbox). Then. loosen the control hole bolt. If oil starts to flow from it, this indicates that its level is normal, if it does not flow, its level is insufficient. In this case, unscrew the control hole bolt, open the gearbox filler cap, and use a hose or an angle funnel to pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the control hole. After that, you need to tighten the control hole plug, close the filler cap.
Important: do not forget to wipe any leaked traces of oil from the gearbox housing.
What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor
In order for a single-axle tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Butter. it is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor we will try to figure out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and cite excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. oil with a higher value (more viscous).
1950 Ford 8n Engine Oil Change
The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Engine oil for motoblocks recommended by manufacturers.
|Motoblock engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)|
|Honda (Honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.||SG, SF.|
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. all-season|
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be apply at any temperature. Change synthetic oil as usual. Air cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.||SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
|DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine)||М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
|DM-1K Instruction from OJSC “Red October”||M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,|
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils in general gasoline engines.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
Kubota Oil & Oil Filter Change for L Series Tractors (#64)
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Diesel engine oil categories
|CA||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We give information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot (Patriot) walk-behind tractors and cultivators
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.
The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.
|Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extreme operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance motor oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling. The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.|
The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.|
|Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan)||Checking the oil level. with every use. Change of oil. the first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. each time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation; later. every 100 hours of operation|
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:
- check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- when changing the oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- do not use additives and additives in the oil
- dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the owner’s manual for a Honda engine: