What kind of oil is poured into the tiller

Choosing the best oil for a tiller and learning how to change it correctly: in the gearbox, engine

kind, poured, tiller

During the operation of the tiller, the engine is exposed to a large load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, therefore it is used according to the classification.

How to change the oil

In order for motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically replace the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running-in, and then after every 50-100 hours of operation of motor vehicles (with intense loads, it will be necessary to “fill in” even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.

Changing the oil in the gearbox

Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid. If necessary, it must be changed, having previously checked the volume of the tank. Testing in tiller models such as the Neva is carried out as follows:

  • The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (it will be more convenient to pour the product).
  • Insert a probe into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and measure the level of the substance with it.

If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. If the results are different, the lubricant should be added to the gearbox to the correct level. At least 2 liters of lubricant will need to be poured into a completely dry gearbox.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:

  • SAE;
  • API;
  • ACEA.

The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter “W” indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values ​​of the thermometer, and the numbers after the “dash”. at positive values. These indicators characterize how easy the liquid will be pumped through the system, and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.

The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products intended for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, and category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since for a diesel and carburetor engine it has a different composition.

The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas index into a tractor, a mini-tractor, as well as heavy Tileries Neva, designed for heavy loads.

Below are the types of machine lubrication that are the most optimal for a cultivator or tiller in terms of their characteristics. Of course, they can be used if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer, and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:

  • 5w30, 5w40. all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
  • 10w30, 10w40. with anti-corrosion properties;
  • 15w40, 20w40. designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above;
  • 0w30, 0w40. created for winter use;
  • MIL-L. designed for military vehicles and can be used on tillers with diesel (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) types.

Double-marked grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any motors: it is universal and equally suitable for both diesel and gasoline-powered engines (like, for example, a Texas cultivator). Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives are added to it. Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.

Changing the engine oil

The procedure for replacing the lubricating fluid in the motor is as follows:

  • Motorcycle engine is started and warmed up.
  • the tiller is installed on an elevated horizontal surface.
  • Open the tank drain hole to drain the contents into a separate container and then close tightly.
  • Pour a new agent through the filler hole, controlling its level with a dipstick.
  • Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.

Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease should be filled in, since the performance of the tiller, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product and with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such tillers as S htenli (Shtenli), Patriot, Tarpan, Kaskad, Khoper, Agat, Oka, Luch, MTZ.

How to change the oil in the tiller

The oil in the cylinders of the tiller is changed on a hot engine. This applies to both two-stroke and four-stroke engine operations. The heated waste mixture flows well into the substituted container. The following actions:

  • unscrew the breather plug;
  • drain the used oil;
  • pour fresh;
  • screw in the breather plug;
  • the operation of the unit is checked.

Lubrication in cylinders of different types of tillers is replaced in the following order:

  • the gasoline tiller is installed horizontally;
  • using a screwdriver, the plug on the tank is removed;
  • drain mining;
  • the plug is twisted;
  • pour fresh oil into the box;
  • filling hole closes.

You can drain the oil and pour fresh oil in 15-20 minutes. If you replace the used oil with low-quality products, problems will arise that lead to the repair of equipment. This applies to engine lubrication and gearbox oil. Lubricants age and require timely quality replacement. After how many hours you can fill in car oil, it is written in the manufacturer’s instructions. You need to read it so that the purchased expensive unit will provide assistance for a longer period.

Used lubricating fluid is disposed of at special points.

In the engine

The primary oil change in the internal combustion engine occurs after 28-32 hours of operation. The next replacement can be done no more than 2 times a year. in summer and winter, even if the unit has been idle for some time. To start the replacement process itself, it is necessary to prepare special attributes. a funnel and a container for draining the spent liquid.

At the bottom of the engine there is a hole with a cap through which old oil can be drained. In the same place, a container for draining is substituted, the locking cap is unscrewed, and the spent liquid is drained. It is necessary to wait a while for the residues to completely drain out of the engine system. Then the plug is screwed into place, and fresh oil can be poured.

Its quantity must be identical to that of the drained one. If it is not possible to make a measurement, it is better to look at the technical data sheet of the unit, where the required number is indicated in grams. After new oil has been added to the engine, the level must be checked. To do this, just use a special probe.

It should be noted that in some engines that are sensitive to oil fluids, for example, Subaru or Honda, it is assumed that a certain class of oils is used, that is, SE and higher, but not lower than the SG class.

This instruction is a general guideline for both two-stroke and four-stroke models. specific information on how to change the oil fluid in the tiller is best considered in the instructions for a particular unit.

Classification of oil grades

To increase the service life of a gasoline or diesel engine, you need to make the right choice of engine oil. Failure to replace it in a timely manner reduces the service life of the engine. How to choose it, in what quantity, how to pour it into the tiller. let’s talk about this in more detail.

The kit of each mini-tractor or tiller includes instructions and a product passport. In the instructions, the manufacturer lists the suitable grades of fuel and lubricating fluids that can prolong the life of the equipment. The engine oil performs the following functions:

With air cooling, the grease settles on the walls of the hot cylinder. These deposits contaminate engine parts and make lubrication difficult. Therefore, antioxidant additives are present in the lubricant. They clean the cylinder walls from carbon deposits and extend the service life of the tiller. Different climatic zones require the use of different oily fluids. They differ in viscosity, composition and purpose.

Changing the oil in the tiller engine

The first time to change the oil in the tiller engine should be at the end of the break-in process, which usually lasts about 25-30 hours of operation (depending on the model). Subsequent replacements should be made no earlier than 2 times a year. in summer and winter. Even if the tiller has been idle, the oil should still be checked and, if necessary, replaced, as it may become waterlogged. It is also recommended to take into account the loads to which the tiller was subjected. If, upon visual assessment of the condition of the oil, you see that it has a very dark color, change should be carried out immediately.

The replacement process itself is simple and does not take much time. To do this, you need a container for draining and a funnel with a wide neck. It is necessary to drain the oil while the engine is still warm after operation. The drain hole is usually located either on the left or on the bottom of the engine. Prepare a container for drainage, slightly tilt the tiller with the drain hole towards the container, unscrew the drain plug and oil filling holes. Wait for the liquid to drain completely. If the manufacturer has not provided a drain hole for used oil, the drain is carried out through the same hole as the bay. To do this, you will have to strongly tilt the tiller to one side. This procedure is best done together in order to avoid falling of the unit or oil spill.

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Pour oil into the tiller in the same amount as it was drained. After that, be sure to measure its level with a dipstick. If there is no dipstick, just pour a full crankcase, right up to the plug. After changing the oil, it is also recommended to replace the spark plugs.

Some engines are especially sensitive to the type of oil. For example, Tillers with Subaru, Honda, BriggsStratton engines require oil of SE class and higher, but not worse than SG class.

For diesel engines

Owners of the recommended engine oil increase the service life of the unit and reduce the consumption of diesel fuel for the diesel tiller. The instructions for the diesel engine tiller specify the following categories of lubricants:

  • CA. for work with low loads;
  • SV. for work with high-sulfur fuel;
  • CC. for a naturally aspirated engine operating with increased loads.

The CA category reduces the amount of carbon deposits in the cylinders, but reduces the quality of the lubricant. Any lubricant is poured in the required volume. Decreasing or increasing it leads to seizure of the motor.

What kind of oil to fill in Tilleri Neva

The quality of the lubricant in the tiller gradually decreases and becomes unusable. Along with this process, engine wear occurs. To prevent the process of wear, it is necessary to change the lubricant mixtures in a timely manner. The instructions contain the recommended brand and its quantity. When buying, it is necessary to take into account the level of its viscosity, the classification of quality. For Tiller Neva, you need to purchase oil in the gearbox and in the engine.

Tiller Neva is equipped with different motors. They require different brands and manufacturers of lubricants. They should be poured into the engine taking into account the viscosity and category.

If a device with a Honda engine is purchased for a land plot, you can fill it with SAE 10W-30 grade in summer and winter. The same universal tool is suitable for the Lifan engine. Subaru produces grease for its equipment itself. With a Subaru engine, you need to buy grease from the same company. Her brand is Ow20. It is suitable for winter and summer operating conditions of the motor. It is permissible to fill in 5w-30 of the same manufacturer instead.

The Briggs Stratton engine is filled with SAE 10W-30 summer engine oil. SAE 5W-30 is suitable for winter conditions. Its consumption is higher than that of other motors, so the level should be checked more often. If necessary, the lubricant is added to the norm.

The gearbox is an important part of the tiller. For proper operation, it is necessary to fill the Tiller Neva gearbox with good quality oil, periodically replace it. These oils include TEP-15 and TM-5. Its volume is 2.2 liters. The spent liquid in a hot state is drained through a special hole and poured fresh. These types are suitable for MB-1 devices. When replacing, the unit is installed in a vertical position, a container is placed under it for draining the mining.

On a newly purchased unit, the first replacement is made after 30 hours of operation, then every 180-200 hours.

If the tiller is rarely used for work, replacement is done at least once every two years. The Neva MB-2 unit needs to be filled with TAP-15V oil, instead of it, you can use the TAD-17I brand.

You need to know when the oil changes. You need to check the level of the newly purchased unit. Some tillers are sold without lubricating fluids. If necessary, you can add oil and run in the device for 20-25 hours. Then the replacement is done after 100-250 hours. Dates are indicated in the instructions.

In the gearbox

The gearbox is the most important part, because it is he who is responsible for converting and transmitting torque from the gearbox. Careful care and high-quality oil used for the device significantly prolongs its life.

To replace the oil composition in the gearbox, it is necessary to perform a number of manipulations.

  • the tiller must be placed on a hill. best of all on a pit.
  • Then the hole for the disposal of used oil is unscrewed. The stopper plug is usually located on the gearbox itself.
  • After that, a prepared container is substituted for draining the spoiled lubricant.
  • After completely draining, the hole must be tightly closed.
  • When these manipulations are carried out, clean oil must be poured into the gearbox.
  • Then you need to screw the hole plug.

It is worth noting that in some models of gearboxes, for example, in the Efco line, there are through bolts that determine the amount of oil, which can be guided when filling with fluid. In other models, there is a special dipstick by which you can view the total volume of the filled oil composition.

The initial oil change is made after the break-in time has elapsed. For example, for the Energoprom MB-800 model, the running-in time is 10-15 hours, for the Plowman ТСР-820 unit. 8 hours. But the line of tillers “Oka” is designed with a run-in of 30 hours. Subsequently, it is enough to drain and fill in new oil every 100-200 hours of full operation.

Oil to fuel mixture

For normal operation of 2-stroke engines, part of the oil will need to be added to the fuel, preparing the so-called fuel mixture.

4-stroke engines do not need such a mixture and they are filled only with clean fuel without adding oil. Diesel engines also do not need to add oil to gasoline, otherwise they can quickly fail.

Practical application of the above recommendations will make it possible to timely change the lubricant in the unit, thereby keeping its mechanism in working position and significantly save money on its repair.

How to pour oil into a tiller engine

Before you fill in the oil, you need to follow a number of steps:

  • place the tiller on a horizontal flat surface
  • Wipe with a damp cloth the area around the oil filler neck (in the picture below you can see its location) from dust and other contaminants.
  • Unscrew the oil filler plug. The required amount of oil is poured using a funnel-shaped watering can.
  • What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox

    The gearbox must not be filled with oil that is suitable for the engine. Therefore, only gear oil is used, which provides an excellent level of lubrication to all moving parts.

    How to check the oil level in the engine crankcase

    They check the oil level thanks to the dipstick, with its help it is easy to check whether you have filled in the required amount of oil. To do this, you will need to wipe the dipstick dry, insert the dipstick plug into the filler neck, do not tighten it along the thread, remove the dipstick plug and make sure that the oil level does not vary below the “minimum” mark and does not exceed the “maximum” mark. After work done, close the dipstick tightly. The image below shows the correct operation with the dipstick.

    Caution: you can check the oil level on a warmed-up tiller engine only after a pause of 2-3 minutes after stopping. Thus, the oil will have time to drain into the engine crankcase, and the check will show an error-free result.

    What kind of oil to pour into the BriggsStratton tiller

    BriggsStraton units are equipped with an air (convection) cooled gasoline engine. Because of this feature, experts recommend using ILSAC GF-2 “SJ / CF energy conversing” synthetic oil. If there is no such brand, but you need to work at negative temperatures, you need to use BriggsStratton 10W-30 branded oil. If 5W-30 is used in warm and sunny days, oil consumption will double. Because of this, manufacturers urge users to check the oil level more often to avoid technical problems.

    What kind of oil to pour into the Lifan tiller

    In summer, it is optimal to use SAE-30, in winter. multigrade oil 10W-30.

    What kind of oil to fill in a Honda tiller

    Manufacturers of TM Honda recommend the use of multigrade SAE 10W-30 grade oil.

    How to fill oil in a tiller gearbox

    All actions for pouring oil into the tiller’s gearbox are performed in the same way as when pouring oil into the tiller’s engine.

    FG110 Tiller Changing The Oil

    The whole process goes like this: the tiller is located on level ground, the surface around the neck of the gearbox housing is cleaned, the plug-dipstick of the neck for pouring oil is unscrewed, the required amount of lubricant is poured using a funnel.

    How to change the oil in the tiller

    It is necessary to change the oil in a water-cooled diesel tiller, as well as a gasoline one, within the time prescribed in the instructions. The initial oil change in the tiller engine is carried out after 5 hours of operation, then every 250 hours. If the equipment is used infrequently, a preventive replacement should be carried out every six months.

    What kind of oil to pour into the tiller?

    Motor oil is as vital to the engine as blood is to the body. The main role is to reduce the frictional resistance between parts and thereby reduce wear, and performs other functions:

    • Engine cooling;
    • Provides tightness;
    • Corrosion protection.

    The main important qualities that a mixture should have are density and viscosity. Viscosity, in turn, depends on the temperature regime of the environment.

    Choosing a tiller, a farmer, the owner of a small land plot or an amateur summer resident expects that the equipment will last a long time and will not fail at the right time. Timely maintenance of all important components, especially the engine, will help not only save on the trip to the service workshop, but also extend the service life in general. Today we will figure out what kind of oil to pour into the tiller, how to do it correctly and how often it is necessary to carry out this procedure.

    However, it is not enough just to choose a formula at random, as its choice must be carefully considered depending on the brand of your little helper, his needs and age.

    It is also worth not forgetting about another important detail of the tiller. the gearbox. It is he who is responsible for the transmission of torque and needs periodic lubrication no less than the motor. By helping the tiller in this way, you can reduce his wear and tear hundreds of times, save money and good mood.

    Choosing the type of oil for tiller engines

    Therefore, the right oil is an important aspect. Filling the tiller with unsuitable or cheap oil will stick piston rings, bearing and other important moving parts. Unlike cars, only two types of oil are used for gardening equipment:

    • Fully Synthetic has good winter and summer performance.
    • Semi-synthetic (Semi Synthetic) is suitable for use in summer, as it thickens at low temperatures.
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    A conditional code is indicated on the oil packaging in view of numbers and letters. S denotes that the oil is intended for gasoline engines, C. for diesel engines. They have a different degree of viscosity and temperature conditions for their use. A detailed description of the designations. below in the picture.

    Select engine oil in accordance with SAE viscosity-temperature characteristic.

    Viscosity. it is the fluidity of oil or other fluids. Two values ​​are used to determine the viscosity of an engine oil (example: 10W40). The number in front of the letter W (Winter) determines at what minimum external temperature among the fluidity of the oil allows the engine to start. The lower this value, the lower the temperature can be, so W means that the oil remains liquid up to 30 °, and 20W only 10 °.

    The value after “W” denotes the viscosity of the oil when the engine is heated, respectively, the higher this value, the thicker the oil at operating temperature.

    SAE Viscosity Table.

    Tiller gear lubrication oil

    For the full operation of the gearbox, gear oil is used. It is also called geared or graphite, its purpose is to provide good lubrication of parts that are in motion or friction all the time. Important: the oil in the gearbox must always be.

    Outcome

    Although changing the oil in the tiller is not such a difficult task, it must be done correctly and on time. If you are unsure of any aspect of the process, consult an expert or ask your dealer for advice instead of doing it yourself. Above all, avoid the destruction of expensive equipment due to rough handling or poor maintenance.

    For the full operation of the gearbox, gear oil is used. It is also called geared or graphite, its purpose is to provide good lubrication of parts of parts that are in motion or friction all the time. Important: the oil in the gearbox must always be.

    How to check the oil level in the engine crankcase

    You can check the oil level using a dipstick, using it you can easily check whether the required amount of oil has been filled. Wipe the dipstick dry, insert the dipstick into the neck, then remove and make sure that the level is not lower than the “minimum” mark and does not exceed the “maximum” mark. Having carried out a similar check, tighten the dipstick plug tightly.

    Important! On a warm engine Oil check is carried out only after a 2-3 minute stop. Since the oil will drain into the crankcase and the result will be true.

    How to pour oil into a tiller engine

    The procedure for pouring oil into the tiller requires preliminary preparation:

    • the tiller must be placed on a flat horizontal surface.
    • Wipe with a clean damp cloth the circumference of the neck for filling oil into the crankcase of the internal combustion engine, removing everything from dust and dirt particles.
    • Then unscrew the filler cap. Use a funnel watering can.

    What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

    SAE oil classification

    The Association of Automotive Engineers in the United States has developed a technical classification of oils called SAE. They focused on the temperature range, taking into account the fluidity and viscosity of the liquid.

    Based on the SAE J300 standards, the following types of oils exist:

    • Universal: 5W-30, 5W-50, 5W-50, 15W-30, 20W-30, 10W-50, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-50 15W-40, 20W-40;
    • Winter: SAE 0W, 10W, 15W, 5W, 20W;
    • Summer: 50, 40, 30, 20.

    The most popular are universal oils that are suitable for operation in any climatic conditions, in any weather.

    What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

    When purchasing new equipment, you must not forget about the maintenance of new equipment, as well as select the right consumables. This applies not only to cars, but also to tillers. Therefore, let’s talk with you about which engine oil should be poured into a self-propelled car. This topic is the most popular among technical care. After all, this consumable affects the durability of the tiller and how good it will be at work. In most cases, in addition to warranty coupons, manufacturers put instructions in the packaging box with a recommendation for the type and brand of oil. But, in most cases, such documentation may be lost and not preserved until the replacement of consumables.

    Manufacturers insist that only high-quality brands of oils should be chosen, since the performance and service life of the tiller directly depends on this. Cheap brands of oils can damage your equipment and cause inconvenience.

    So, in order to avoid any unpleasant incidents, let’s look at the topic of choosing consumables in detail.

    What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox

    The main thing to remember is that under no circumstances should engine oil be used for the gearbox. For this, there is gear oil that lubricates all moving elements at a decent level.

    What kind of oil to fill in the tiller engine?

    The first thing is needed. this is to adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions that were written for a specific brand of tiller from the manufacturer. In operation, the type of oil will be written for the user, as well as the required amount for filling. Engine oil is always poured into the internal combustion engine, and some manufacturers produce branded consumables.

    Oils are classified into two types: two-stroke and four-stroke. In order to determine which engine is installed in your equipment, we recommend checking its marking. Also, it is important to say that these two types of oil are still distinguished by their composition: semi-synthetic and mineral. There is a widespread belief among farmers that it is a synthetic type. universal, but in fact it is different from reality.

    Additionally, oils are classified according to seasons (depending on the ambient temperature). For example, one type of consumable is used exclusively (synthetic) in winter, and another (semi-synthetic) in summer.

    How to fill oil in a tiller gearbox

    This process is similar to filling a tiller engine with oil. This happens as follows: the tiller is placed on a flat surface, the filler neck is cleaned, the plug is opened and grease is poured using a watering can.

    Now you know how to fill and check the oil level and the operation of your favorite tiller will become even easier and easier.

    Changing the oil in the tiller

    As a rule, the funds are charged after 100 hours of operation. But it so happens that this procedure must be carried out every 50 hours. To make a replacement, you need:

    • unscrew the plug from the drain tank;
    • pour the oil into a special dish (this operation takes about 15 minutes);
    • we twist the plug from the drain tank;
    • we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
    • close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.

    How to choose?

    During operation, the tiller motor is constantly exposed to serious stress.

    There are a large number of technical indicators of oils. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller? When choosing, you should pay attention to viscosity and quality. These two indicators are key. First of all, they choose which tiller is better to use for this type of product, as well as climatic conditions. The answers to these questions can be found on the labeling of the motor fluid.

    Changing the engine oil

    It so happens that a person has purchased a tiller without oil. In such a case, it is necessary to fill in a new clean agent before using the unit. At the same time, attention is paid to the viscosity. It must correspond to a certain indicator. For these purposes, brands such as SAE and API are suitable, the features and characteristics of which were presented above. But you should still look at the instructions. It is in it that a certain type of oil is indicated, which is most suitable for this type of engine.

    Replacing it in the engine occurs after three hours of continuous operation of the tiller. But it should be borne in mind that different manufacturers of this fuel indicate their specific time. After the first replacement, the procedure takes place according to the instructions, that is, every 25 hours.

    • open the lid of the container where the oil is located;
    • we unscrew the cover of the drain tank;
    • the oil that remains in the engine is drained into a special container (the procedure takes about 15 minutes);
    • close the cover of the drain tank;
    • we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
    • close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.

    There is nothing complicated in this process. It can be done by following certain instructions.

    What kind of oil to pour into the tiller? Criterias of choice

    Over time, every person who uses the tiller is interested in the question of which oil to pour into the tiller, as well as how to do it. It is worth paying special attention to this issue, since the service life of the tiller depends on the correct choice.

    Tiller grease

    The most common is 10w30 tiller oil.

    The price of lubricants for tillers depends on the brand of the manufacturer, as well as on their technical characteristics.

    What kind of oil to pour into the tiller?

    First you need to read the instructions for the used device model. It is here that it is indicated which oil to pour into the tiller and in what quantity. These rules should be strictly adhered to. First of all, you should find out which tiller is better. If you choose a machine that runs on diesel fuel, then you need to use diesel oil accordingly. In addition, pay attention to the season, as there is a summer and winter remedy.

    It so happens that a person buys a gasoline tiller without instructions.

    Characteristics of product types

    There are such types:

    • SAE. Its main indicator is resistance to various temperature changes. It is used not only for the summer, but also for the winter period. How to determine? First of all, you need to look at the number in front of the letter W. The lower its value, the more it is adapted to cold temperatures. The smallest value is 0W. If there is no such letter, then the oil is intended for the summer season. The higher the value, the better its quality.
    • API. This value characterizes the operating conditions. There are two types of them: diesel and gasoline. The letter values ​​indicate the quality of the oil, as well as where it should be poured: into a gasoline or diesel tiller. Also, its appearance depends on the number of measures. That is, the number 2 is an engine with two strokes, etc. Some brands can be used for both two strokes and four, which are called combined. Another indicator is the literal value of EU, which stands for energy conservation. The economy of the oil is indicated by Roman numerals, and the higher they are, the better it is.
    • ASEA. Indicates the original quality of the material. The oil can be used not only by cars, but also by trucks running on diesel fuel. It is usually followed by a number. If its value is high, then the vehicle can work in difficult conditions.
    • CCMC. This indicator is rarely used. He indicated for which types of cars the oil is suitable.
    • MIL-L. This indicator is used in military terminology and is divided into two parts. Code 2104. indicates that the tiller is diesel, and 46152 is gasoline.
    • GOST 17479.1-85. This is the last characteristic that indicates the viscosity of the oil. It is followed by various letters and numbers indicating the type of fuel. If they are absent, then the grease is universal.
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    Features of tools for the gearbox

    The oil in the tiller gearbox must be changed regularly. Why do this? After a while, the additives begin to lose their characteristics. In order for them to serve for a long time, they must be protected with oil. If you do not replace it, this will lead to foaming of the product, and the gearbox begins to jam. But there are such vehicles in which it is not necessary to replace this fluid.

    To replace it, use transmission types of products.

    Classification of grades of oil for tillers

    When purchasing a tiller, it must be remembered that its durable operation depends not only on replacing consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the tiller.

    The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how correctly to choose engine oil for tillers. The question arises, what kind of oil to fill in the tiller engine, how to replace it or check the level.

    1 Functions of engine oil

    Each technique, including tillers, is supplied with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the technique to last a long time and not break.

    You need to know that during the operation of the tiller, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:

    • cooling;
    • grease;
    • cleaning;
    • seal.

    Wide range of tiller oils

    When the air-cooled chiller engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, resulting in a smoky exhaust. The deposition of resinous substances drastically affects the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.

    It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for tiller according to SAE classification is the key to the durability of the equipment.

    When using a tiller, it is necessary to select a lubricant based on the climatic zone.

    For example, when using a grease of the SAE 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. It is undesirable to pour summer lubricants at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use leads to difficult starting of the engine and damage to the cylinder bore.
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    2.1 Gasoline Tillers

    Tillers of this class are ideal for working on small plots of land. In a gasoline engine, fuel is ignited by a spark that is generated from a spark plug. These Tillers are very maneuverable and lightweight.

    Petrol Tiller Forte HSD1G- 105 G

    Any gasoline used in modern cars is suitable for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.

    The main advantages of a gasoline engine:

    • It can be started in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
    • Reduced noise level.
    • Significantly less vibration when driving.

    The main advantage over a diesel engine is its relatively low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they do not withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases.
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    2 How to choose a tiller: diesel or gasoline?

    Diesel powered units are designed mainly for work on large areas of land. This type of engine is capable of generating high tractive effort by operating at low rpm. They are designed for a much larger amount of resources than gasoline.

    Therefore, their work can be carried out for much longer without stopping. Do not often let the diesel engine idle, because this leads to its breakdown. Sometimes it is necessary to load the unit at full capacity for 3-4 hours. This will extend the life of the tiller.

    The main advantages of a diesel tiller:

    • Convenient maintenance and operation, as there are no candles and magneto, as well as no carburetor, which has to be constantly adjusted.
    • Maximum ground grip due to heavy weight.
    • Cooling is possible either with air or water. Gasoline engines lack this variety.
    • The take-off run in fuel consumption can vary from 2 to 5 liters per 100 km, based on the power of the unit.
    • Engine operation is ensured by stable rpm due to increased tractive effort.

    The price can scare off when buying a diesel tiller. But it is worth considering that it consumes less fuel than gasoline, and diesel is cheaper than gasoline. Such an acquisition pays off over time.

    1.1 Classification of oil grades by viscosity

    The viscosity grade of engine oil grades is generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).

    High quality flushing oil MPA. 2

    • Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have a high viscosity and without a letter designation. These are: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
    • Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have a low viscosity. The lettering of this variety is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
    • All-season varieties are the most popular at the present time, as they are used both in summer and winter. They are indicated by a double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.

    In addition to seasonal differences in lubricants, they are divided in composition into two types:

    • mineral;
    • synthetic;
    • semi-synthetic.
    Differences in chemical and physical characteristics of oils of different types for 4-stroke engines
    Indicators Mineral Semi-synthetic Synthetic
    Viscosity index 90-100 115-125 130-160
    Alkaline number, mg 5.5-10 5.10 5.5-10
    Pour point, ° С -15 -thirty -40
    All oils are also divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Tillers are usually fitted with 4-stroke air-cooled engines. Such engines only need to be filled with 4-stroke oil.

    Checking the oil level with the dipstick in the oil filler hole

    An air-cooled engine runs more heat than a water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. Therefore, the filling liquid must have low volatility and high thermal-oxidative stability. Also, modern oils must have environmental safety, i.e. the amount of smoke and toxicity of exhaust gases is controlled.

    Since waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it should not contain components that form toxic compounds when burned. In a motor cultivator that runs on gasoline and does not have instructions, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil of the 5W30 or SAE30 brand.

    In winter, winter or gear oil, such as 0W40, is preferable. But this quality comes at a price. It is not worth saving on this, because high-quality oil affects less engine wear and its durability.
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    2.2 Changing the oil in the chiller

    There are many different opinions about how often the oil for the tillers should be changed. But in this case you need to rely on the manufacturer’s instructions. If there is no instruction, you can change the lubricant in the usual way among users.

    Changing the oil of the gearbox of a diesel tiller

    The first oil change in the chiller is done after the unit has been running in. The engine and all its components must be run in at idle speed. Before starting the engine, make sure that there is a lubricant in it. When buying a unit, its engine may be generally dry.

    After an hour of engine operation, the first grease change is made. The next change is after 5-6 hours of operation. It is recommended to change the oil in the chiller every 40 hours of operation, which is much more frequent than in a car. After the winter period, changing the grease is mandatory. It doesn’t matter how many hours the tiller has worked, if its grease has become viscous, darkened or a strong burning smell emanates from it, then it needs to be changed.

    Before changing the oil, it is necessary to warm up the tiller. This is necessary to make the lubricant more fluid. the tiller is installed in a horizontal position. The drain plug is unscrewed and the old fluid is removed from the engine crankcase.

    After that, it is required to screw back the drain tank plug and fill the lubricant through the filler neck. You can check the filled oil level with a dipstick. The level should be between the Minimum and Maximum marks. Then the plug is screwed in completely.

    Preparing the tiller for an oil change

    To fill and check the level of grease in the gear case, place the chiller on a flat surface and clean the gear case in the area of ​​the filler hole. Then loosen the filler bolt. If the level is normal, oil will start to flow from the hole. If this does not happen, it is necessary to unscrew the bolt completely and pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the hole.

    An important nuance is the proper condition of the air filter. After all, without an air filter or with a filter, but without the required oil level, you cannot start the engine. To add grease, unscrew the nut on the filter cover, pull the filter element out of the sump, add oil to the level of the mark on the oil sump body. Put back the filter element and tighten the nut.

    Based on the above, before buying oil, you need to understand several important points:

    • Decide on the season for using the oil.
    • Purchase special additives to enhance the properties of the lubricating fluid.

    With the right choice of product, a long service life of the unit will be ensured and its performance will be improved.