What Kind Of Oil To Pour Into The Tiller

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller Interesting and informative articles from an online store of agricultural equipment. Gardenshop. The nuances of the selection of agricultural machinery. What to look for.

How to fill oil in a tiller gearbox

All actions for pouring oil into the tiller’s gearbox are performed in the same way as when pouring oil into the tiller’s engine.

what kind of oil to pour into the tiller

The whole process goes like this: the tiller is located on level ground, the surface around the throat of the gearbox housing is cleaned, the plug-dipstick of the neck for pouring oil is unscrewed, the required amount of lubricant is poured using a funnel-watering can.

How to check the oil level in the gear case

To fill in the lubricant, place the tiller on a flat horizontal surface, clean the gearbox housing next to the filler plug, which is located under the steering mounting bracket, and next to the inspection hole bolt (located on the right side of the gearbox). Then. Loosen the control hole bolt. If oil starts to flow from it, this indicates that its level is normal, if it does not flow, its level is insufficient. In this case, unscrew the control hole bolt, open the gearbox filler cap, and use a hose or an angled funnel to pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the control hole. After that, you need to tighten the control hole plug, close the filler cap.

Important: do not forget to wipe up any traces of oil that have escaped from the gear housing.

How to check the oil level in the engine crankcase

They check the oil level thanks to the dipstick, with its help it is easy to check whether you have filled in the required amount of oil. To do this, you will need to wipe the dipstick dry, insert the dipstick plug into the filler neck, do not tighten it along the thread, remove the dipstick plug and make sure that the oil level does not vary below the “minimum” mark and does not exceed the “maximum” mark. After work, close the dipstick tightly. The image below shows the correct operation with the dipstick.

Warning: it is possible to check the oil level on a heated tiller engine only after a delayed pause of 2-3 minutes after stopping. Thus, the oil will have time to drain into the engine crankcase, and the check will show an error-free result.

What oil is better for pouring into a tiller engine

There is a lot of controversy about which oil should be poured into a home tiller engine. Those who consider their point of view to be correct, others refute it, but only one thing can resolve these disputes. The instructions for the device, created by the manufacturer of the equipment. Each of the manufacturers in it indicates the exact amount of oil to be poured, how this amount is measured, and even the type of oil that is used.

What all their points of view agree on is that the oil should be intended specifically for the engine. Two types of oils are distinguished. Oils for two-stroke engines and oils for four-stroke engines. Both of these options are used for chillers, depending on which engine is installed in the model. Most Tillers have 4-stroke engines, but to determine the type of engine it is worth looking at the factory markings.

Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their composition. This criterion allows you to distinguish between semi-synthetic and synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. It is believed that synthetic oils are more versatile and can be used continuously, but this is not the case.

The use of oils is divided according to the seasonality of the use of the tiller. So, some models can be operated in the winter season, and due to the thickening of natural components that are sensitive to temperature drop, semi-synthetic oils cannot be used like mineral oils in winter. But the same oils are successfully used in summer and reliably protect equipment.

Thus, oil is used not only as a lubricating agent for engine components, but also as a medium that effectively retains soot generated during fuel combustion and metal fractions that appear during parts abrasion. This is why most oils have a thick, viscous texture.

Oil mining drained from the tiller

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What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox

Despite the fact that the gearbox, like the engine, is actively working, they require completely different types of oils for lubrication. It is not engine oil that is poured inside the gearbox, but gear oil, which provides an excellent degree of lubrication of moving parts. The amount of oil to be poured is also determined by the manufacturer, but not the engine, but the device as a whole, in this case it is the tiller.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

In the maintenance of agricultural tools, it is important to select the right accompanying and consumables. The question is especially acute in this sense: what oil to pour into the tiller. The performance of the equipment, its service life and a number of other factors that relate to a specific brand of tiller depend on this choice. Some manufacturers clearly indicate in the technical documentation that comes with the device, the recommended brand and type of oil. However, such information is not always saved, and as a result, the user of the equipment is forced to follow the basic recommendations, ignoring the manufacturer’s warnings.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

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What kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine

In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil. It is a key factor in keeping the engine running. We will try to figure out what kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and provide excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. The operating category and the viscosity class.

API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. With the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. Sae 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. Without letter designation. Oils satisfying these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. Sae 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. At the moment, the most widespread are universal oils that are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. Oil with a higher value (more viscous).

The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Tiller engine oil recommended by manufacturers.

Tiller engine make Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter service class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. In temperate climates SAE 5W-30. In cold regions Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (honda) SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures.
If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.
Sg, SF.
Lifan (Lifan) SAE-30 SAE-10W-30. All-season
Briggs Stratton (brigs) When operating at temperatures below 0 ° C Briggs Stratton recommends using synthetic oil. If you don’t have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs non-synthetic oil. Stratton 10W-30 article 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 Certification Mark, API and API Service Symbol “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
Sf, SG, SH, SJ or above
(JSC Kaluga engine)
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
Instruction from JSC “Red October”
M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)
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Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems, including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend do not use oil with additives and for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.

In general gasoline engines, only engine oils of classes SE, SF, SG should be used.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline enginesth

SA For low stress applications where no additives are required
SB For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. Differs in low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
Sc For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. And not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
Sd For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971, equipped with a PCV system. Compared with the SC category, it better reduces the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, wear and corrosion of the engine.
Se For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
Sf For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to the SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
Sg It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.
Sh The highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.

Categories of engine oils for diesel engines

CA For low to medium stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.
Cb For low to moderate mechanical stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it further reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
Cc For use in medium to high mechanical stress in uncharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
Cd For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposit formation and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.

We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.

The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before its change.

The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

2. Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

3. The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

4. Reduction of noise during engine operation;

5. Extension of engine life;

7. Perfect engine cleanliness.


Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additives packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling.
The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before changing it.
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Tiller engine oil change intervals

Briggs Stratton (brigs) First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check the oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
Honda (honda)
Lifan (Lifan)
Checking the oil level. With every use.
Oil change. The first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. Every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. Every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Change of engine oil: First change after 20 hours of operation;
afterwards. Every 100 hours of operation

A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of tillers and cultivators:

  • Check the oil level with the engine on a horizontal surface and wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • When changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • Do not use additives and additives in the oil
  • Dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the Honda engine user manual:

Oil change: how to do it right

First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, moisten it to the middle.

What is the best oil for a tiller diesel engine?

Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option that is indicated in the instruction manual. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.

But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the types presented on the market today.

According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:

  • Api СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful 10-12 hp devices. With., which are constantly exposed to serious loads. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sulfur 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
  • Api CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high desperging properties;
  • Api CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully complies with the most stringent requirements of American and European manufacturers. Oil is less sensitive to fuels containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
  • Api CF-2. This option is ideal for tillers with two-stroke engines operating in difficult conditions. The oil contains additives that protect the internal parts of the engine from rapid wear;
  • Api CA. Suitable for a tiller running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, not suitable for high mechanical stresses). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
  • Api CВ. Ideal for engines running on high sulfur fuels. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
  • Api CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without superchargers. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.

If you classify the specified substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:

  • The letter “W” denotes those types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W);
  • The absence of a letter designation is accompanied by highly viscous species that are ideal for summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
  • All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are indicated by a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).

Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (higher viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel tillers with and without air cooling should be selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.

Diesel Tiller Oil

Tiller, like any technical device, requires careful operation and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But it is necessary to deal with oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.