What Oil Can I Pour Into Chainsaw
Oil change in older models
In old models of chainsaws, such as “Druzhba” and “Ural”, the oil change is a little harder than in the new ones. The design of the engine is arranged in such a way that you can find an approach to all the connecting links of this device. Whether it’s carburetor, kickstarter or piston. The motor is similar to the shape of a domestic moped, but in a more compact size. Remove engine oil from frame before changing engine oil. To do this, unscrew the carburetor so that it does not interfere with you, remove the candlestick and unscrew the spark plug. On the opposite side of the fuel distribution mechanism, unscrew the exhaust pipe, it resembles the shape of a soap dish. After that, unscrew the bolts securing the engine and frame and remove the motor. Then unscrew the side cover from it, there will be a motor chain and a hole leading to the box. Turn the engine over and drain the old oil, it is also called working off.
An hour and a half later, after the mining has completely drained, turn the engine over and check the motor chain. High revs during the operation of the chainsaw stretch it. Replace the chain with a new one if necessary. Fill in engine oil, M-8B or otherwise AC-8 will do very well. This oil is mainly poured into the box of motorcycles. It does not lose its lubricating properties for a long time, even due to high revs. It should be changed after three to four seasons, depending on the degree of use of the chainsaw.
- How to change the oil in a chainsaw
- How to dilute gasoline for a chainsaw
- How to properly start a STIHL chainsaw
How to change the oil in a chainsaw
Oil change in new models
New models of chainsaws have two valves on the side and bottom of the engine. The mining is drained through the bottom, new oil is poured through the side. The difficulty lies in the fact that most often the engine in new models is completely covered with plastic casing.
Remove all plastic before renewing the lubricant. Unscrew the bottom valve and let the old oil drain completely. Be extremely careful. Drain the waste into a previously prepared container. When it hits the ground, it poisons the soil.
When everything has merged, screw on the bottom valve and fill in the side with new oil. For such chainsaws, a special two-stroke engine oil is sold in auto parts, which is intended only for them. This oil has a softening and cleansing effect, which has a positive effect on the technique and prolongs its “life”. This oil should be changed after two to three seasons. As in the past, it all depends on the degree of use of the chainsaw.
Chainsaw fuel mixture preparation
Representatives of companies that produce gasoline tools say they do not have information on how their chainsaws work with foreign oils. With the use of the original product, they guarantee a serviceable, not long-term operation. This does not mean that the tool will definitely fail if the wrong oil was used to prepare the fuel mixture. It is likely that the chainsaw will work at a good level. However, there is a chance to get a refusal of the free warranty repair if it is established that an oil other than the recommended one was used.
Choice of oil for chain lubrication
Remember to check the amount of oil in the oil tank after each refueling of the chainsaw with the fuel mixture. In a chainsaw, an oil pump is responsible for delivering lubricant to the tire on which the saw chain slides. Normally, refueling of both tanks. fuel and oil. should be done simultaneously. Chain oil must be poured into a suitable tank up to the neck. Otherwise, it may run out before fuel, which will lead to overheating of the chain and bus.
Chainsaw chain oil must be designed specifically for this purpose. The use of other lubricants is ineffective and reduces the service life not only of the saw, but also of the machine tires. This is due to the fact that chain oil contains adhesive additives, due to which the lubricant literally “sticks” to the chain. This property of the oil reduces its consumption, as a result of which the lubrication of the chainsaw bar and the saw chain is improved, and their service life increases.
Also an important parameter of chain lubrication is its density. If you are going to use a lubricant that is not intended for chainsaws, you may notice that oil leaks during operation or after stopping the unit. This fact suggests that the grease is too liquid. In addition, the liquid lubricant will quickly scatter in all directions and, accordingly, quickly run out.
When using a chainsaw in winter, you must use oil designed for low temperatures to lubricate the chain, otherwise the oil pump will fail. Therefore, the grease remaining in the tank needs to be replaced with a low-temperature one.
Leading manufacturers of gas powered tools such as Stihl, Husqvarna, Makita, Bosch and Oregon chainsaw accessories manufacturer recommend special highly adhesive oils, including biodegradable ones. But oils of well-known brands have only one drawback. for 1 liter and above. In addition, the grease in the reservoir can thicken over time and clog the channels. For this reason, it has to be drained, and this already increases the consumption. But despite this, we have to admit the fact that only the use of special lubricants can extend the service life of the chainsaw.
Which is better for chain lubrication: oil or working?
When it is useless to argue and justify, watch this video what is correct to use for lubricating the saw.
Naturally, you can pour oil from a Russian manufacturer into the imported chainsaw. But then you must be prepared for the fact that the power and productivity of your tool will be significantly reduced.
What Oil Can I Put Into Chainsaw
Chainsaw oil. Which is better to use?
Almost all owners of private houses, with rare exceptions, of course have a chainsaw. The tool is necessary, convenient, almost irreplaceable. There is essentially a chain saw driven by a two-stroke gasoline engine. The fact that special oils are used to lubricate two-stroke gas engines has long been clear to everyone. In that case, neglect the instructions, then the operation of the chainsaw may be short-lived. Consider what features chainsaw oil has not which one to use.
What kind of oil is poured into a chainsaw
What parts of a chainsaw need oil
If you look closely at a working chainsaw, you will immediately see its main moving part. the saw chain, which slides along the tire during sawing. Since the law of friction still exists, both parts wear evenly. To slow down this process, it is customary to use chain oil specially made for lubricating saw chains.
Chainsaws can be equipped with both four-stroke and two-stroke engines. In 4-stroke units, the crank-connecting rod group is lubricated with oil in the motor crankcase. Two-stroke engines differ slightly in their own design and mechanism of operation. Gasoline for this type of drive goes directly to the place under the piston, where the crank mechanism is located, which has several bearings and bushings that need lubrication. Therefore, oil is added to gasoline for two-stroke engines of chainsaws, so that it, falling on the rubbing parts of this block, lubricates them.
Chainsaw chain lubrication
Quite often the question arises. which oil to use for the chainsaw chain? To lubricate the working element of the chainsaw, its chain, it is necessary to use special oils developed specifically for this purpose. These are the so-called adhesive oils. Many people use other varieties, engine or transmission, but they will not be as effective as a special adhesive oil. This is due to the fact that the structure of the special grease contains adhesive components that make it “stick” to the chain. Accordingly, this product is less wasted when the chain rotates, and the chain and bar are subject to less wear and tear and their service life is increased.
Thickness is an essential parameter for chain oil. Products that are too liquid are subject to increased consumption. Oils are also produced, which subsequently decompose, thus avoiding harm to the environment. They use a vegetable base. Their cost is slightly higher than usual.
Filling of oil for chain lubrication is carried out in a special tank up to the neck. It should be refilled while refueling the fuel mixture, because if the chain lubricant is underfilled, it may run out earlier than gasoline. This, in turn, can lead to overheating of the circuit. In the documents, the manufacturer indicates the oil consumption for the chain. However, it often differs upward or downward, due to the difference in properties. When operating in frost, it is necessary to fill in oil with a low thickening temperature in order to avoid damage to the oil pump.
The chainsaw is a convenient, productive, reliable tool. It is indispensable for construction work, logging, cutting trees or logs. With proper use, proper maintenance, compliance with safety requirements, this device will last a long time and will delight you with uninterrupted operation.
What kind of oil to pour into a chainsaw?
It is strictly forbidden to use those oils that are used in automobile engines. you need a special two-stroke oil for a chainsaw, recommended by the manufacturer. Manufacturers themselves do not produce lubricants, with rare exceptions, but cooperate with all well-known brands and often offer their products under their own label. Therefore, in the passport you will definitely find a mention of which 2-stroke oil for chainsaws is suitable for this particular model.
Choosing oil for chain saw chain lubrication
In addition to the motor, the chainsaw has another important unit with many moving parts. the chain. It does not use engine oil, but chain oil for a chainsaw. it is cheaper and has completely different properties.
Which chain oil to use depends on its “age”. If your chainsaw is new and under warranty, you will ONLY have to use brand-name oils recommended by the manufacturer. Otherwise, if the saw fails, the service center will immediately remove it from the warranty, because the use of lubricants that do not meet the manufacturer’s requirements is a violation of the operating conditions. On the other hand, branded oils are really high quality:
- allow to work in a wide temperature range from 30 to 50 С,
- high adhesion improves the “sticking” of the oil to the chain and reduces its consumption;
- additives reduce friction and extend chain life.
If your saw is out of warranty and buying branded chain saw oil is out of budget, you can use any gear or engine oil. It is advisable to change it 2 times a year: in winter, use a thinner oil, in summer. thicker.
What oil to lubricate the chainsaw chain also depends on the wood with which you will have to work. For dry wood, gear oil is recommended, for wet wood it is better to use some kind of diesel engine oil.
Is it possible to pour 95 gasoline into a chainsaw?
Almost 75% of manufacturers in the passport for chainsaw indicate that it is necessary to use AI-92 gasoline. Those owners of such equipment, who first encounter it and do not know what gasoline is needed for a chainsaw, draw parallels with car engines and conclude that the higher the octane number, the better. As a result, not understanding how to properly dilute gasoline for a chainsaw, they dilute oil and AI-95 gasoline.
The thing is that an increase in the octane number is achieved by introducing various additives into gasoline, as is done in AI-95 and AI-98 gasoline. For two-stroke engines, additives are harmful due to their special design, so you need to use AI-92 gasoline, especially in our country. Firstly, it is correct and will extend the life of the motor, and secondly, it is cheaper. But for some manufacturers, for example for Stihl, AI-95 can also be used, but it is better to take it at good proven gas stations.
How to dilute gasoline for a chainsaw?
Before pouring fuel into the tank, it is necessary to prepare a gasoline mixture. The ratio of oil to gasoline for a chainsaw is regulated in strict proportions. as a rule, they are indicated in the instruction manual. In the event that you do not know how much oil to pour into gasoline for a domestic chainsaw, it is recommended to use a ratio of 1:15. 1:20. That is, use 50-70 ml of oil for 1 liter of gasoline.
As for imported equipment, the proportions are completely different. For example, how to dilute gasoline with 2 kW Husqvarna chainsaw oil? To do this, we look at the instructions and see that the manufacturer recommends using a ratio of 1:50, i.e. for 1 liter of gasoline, no more than 20 ml of oil is used. If there is no passport (lost, torn, etc.), use the Internet or contact a service center. this way you will find out exactly how much oil you need to fill in gasoline for a chainsaw. An increased amount of oil threatens with increased carbon deposits and cylinder clogging, which will lead to fracture of the piston rings and a decrease in compression, moreover, it is expensive. If the amount of oil for chainsaws in the mixture is low, this will lead to overheating of the engine and a sharp decrease in its resource.
If you don’t know how much oil to pour into a Chinese chainsaw, and you don’t have a passport at hand, then this proportion is about 1:25, that is, 40 ml of oil per 1 liter of gasoline. In general, the amount of oil directly depends on the layout. the tighter all units are installed, the less oil is needed.
Before preparing a gasoline mixture for a chainsaw, you must first pour gasoline into the canister, and only then add oil, not otherwise. Otherwise, the more viscous oil will stick to the sides and bottom of the canister and dissolve worse, which will disrupt the correct proportions of gasoline and chainsaw oil.
Chainsaw oil: what you need to know?
Chainsaw owners know perfectly well how to fill in gasoline for a chainsaw. But for those who just buy such equipment and do not know how to use it correctly, you need to know that you cannot just take and pour gasoline into the tank. as a result of such an erroneous action, your chainsaw will fail in a short time. The reason is very simple. for two-stroke engines, which are installed on chainsaws, there is no separate lubrication system. It is necessary to dilute the gasoline for the chainsaw with engine oil in a special proportion.
For imported chainsaws, the following oils are recommended:
- classification of TA, TB and TC (TSC-1/2/3) according to American API standard.
- 2t oil for chainsaws of the Japanese JASO standard, corresponding to classes FA, FB and FC;
- oil of European standard ISO, class EGB and EGC.
As for domestic chainsaws, high-quality oil is also recommended for them. If it is not possible to purchase it, then you can use a lubricant intended for 2-stroke motorcycle engines.
The device of a gasoline motor for chainsaws
Chainsaws, like most other similar equipment, use two-stroke internal combustion engines. Their main advantage over four-stroke engines used in automobiles is the fact that for 2-stroke engines it is possible to remove power one and a half times more with the same volume. But there are also disadvantages. the oil for chainsaws must be added directly to the fuel tank, which increases oil consumption. As a result, a mixture of oil and gasoline, when burned in the working chamber, turns into an oil mist that settles on the cylinder walls and lubricates the elements of the connecting rod-piston group.
Oil for 2-stroke chainsaw engines is diluted in a certain proportion with gasoline and poured into the tank. When the gasoline in the tank runs out, it is necessary to prepare a new mixture. At the same time, you cannot use car oil in a chainsaw. you need a special oil for two-stroke engines.
Chainsaw chain oil selection rules
All modern chainsaws have a separate oil circuit for lubricating the cutting elements of the chain.
The quality of the saws largely depends on their condition and working conditions. Therefore, companies that produce accessories for chainsaws create special brands of oils that provide reliable surface lubrication.
- What kind of oil should you use
- When and how to fill
- Sprocket grease
- Main manufacturers
- How to replace expensive oil
- Oil does not flow to the chain, what are the reasons
What kind of oil should you use
It is widely believed that quality brand-name chainsaw oil should only be used in the engine’s petrol-oil mixture. However, the choice of oil for lubrication is a simple matter. Anyone will do, as long as it gets to the right place.
But adding lubricant to the chain is half the battle. It is necessary that it hold on to the metal and remain on the lower edge, with which the tree is sawn. For this purpose, substances with increased adhesion are used, that is, the ability to adhere to the surface and stay on it. Oil with poor adhesion will fly off the rapidly rotating chain, splattering around uselessly. Of course, some part will remain, but it is not known whether this will be enough so that during intensive work the circuit does not overheat.
Important! During all-season operation with a chainsaw, it is necessary to take into account the dependence of the oil supply conditions on the season and air temperature.
Mineral materials that provide chain and bar lubrication at freezing temperatures crystallize and thicken in the cold. This causes the lubrication to be difficult to feed and the load on the oil pump increases. Its service life is shortened and it may fail prematurely. In winter, it is necessary to choose synthetic materials with special additives that provide reliable lubrication in frosts down to 40 ℃. At low frosts and temperatures near zero, semi-synthetics are used.
Estimates of the use of different oils for lubricating chainsaw chains boil down to the fact that the wrong choice can increase the engine load by up to 10%. The service life of the chain and guide bar is further reduced.
Due to the fact that in recent years great importance has been attached to ecology, more and more branded oil products are made on the basis of decomposable substances. But during long-term operation, the consumption of chain lubrication can be measured in liters. And for people who are not indifferent to nature, this will be another reason to choose an environmentally friendly product. If you do not care what your site is sprayed with and what marks remain on the wood after cutting.
How to replace expensive oil
Special branded chain lubricants have the disadvantage of their high price. It is not burdensome to buy a liter of other expensive oil. And if work is coming that requires several liters, or even tens of liters, thoughts of saving will certainly arise. The main thing is not to go to extremes when considering options. You can save on oil to such an extent that you have to change the chain several times, or even the tire itself or the oil pump.
There are three replacement options. First, you can use specialized products from little-known manufacturers for chain lubrication. But such oils still need to be looked for. In addition, there is a risk of stumbling upon a low-quality product.
Application of oils for automobile engines. They can be used as a temporary replacement, but they cannot boast of high adhesion, so the quality of their work will be clearly worse than special ones. For this reason, it is not recommended to use spindle and diesel oils. the worst in adhesion.
And we must definitely say about one more option. working off. This is the name of the oil that has worked out its life in the engine, and is drained from it when it is replaced.
Chainsaw Bar Oil vs Motor Oil
In fact, this is not an option at all. Metal particles are always present in mining. And if they may not damage the chain itself, then they certainly will not damage the oil pump and the entire lubrication system. On forums on the Internet, you can find a “killer” argument in favor of working off. that the Soviet Druzhba chainsaw did not have chain lubrication at all and worked. So you can pour anything. and so it will do. Well, Stihl will also work with a working off or even with a non-lubricated chain. The question is how long it will work and how many chains will have to be changed during this period.
Caution to those who have a chainsaw within the warranty period. Masters of warranty workshops are able to identify cases of use of low-quality chain lubrication. Especially when using mining. Repairs under warranty will be denied immediately.
At the end of the chainsaw bar, there is a driven sprocket that rotates the chain. It also needs to be lubricated periodically. For this, thick materials are used. STIHL multipurpose grease can be used. Domestic lithol-based lubricants are also suitable. There is a special hole on the sprocket lubrication tire. You need to pump grease into it with a grease can or a syringe.
It should be noted that with frequent use of the tire toe, for example, when cutting grooves, the load on the sprocket increases and it needs to be lubricated more often.
When and how to fill
Where to fill the chain oil is clear. There is a separate container for this. In most chainsaws, the size of this container is calculated based on the volume of the saw’s gas tank. When both tanks are full, they empty at about the same time. Therefore, it is recommended to fill the full volume of the oil tank at the same time as filling the fuel tank. Then you don’t have to be distracted by topping up twice.
Before starting work, it is useful to check if oil will flow to the chain. To do this, simply point the end of the tire onto a flat surface. Some of the grease will fly off the edge of the tire. Droplets on the surface indicate that the system is operating normally.
At high negative temperatures, summer oil thickens and its lubricity deteriorates. Therefore, it is worth using brands designed for winter conditions. If this is not possible, then it is worth taking the time to dilute the existing oil to reduce its thickness. It is best to dilute with kerosene in a ratio of 1 to 4.
Some models have an adjustable feed rate in the lubrication system. It is useful for correcting in the event of a change in grease type.
Note! Do not fill the tank with a mixture of oils of different types. mineral and synthetic.
If the oil from one manufacturer has run out, but the same type is available, but from a different company, then their mixing is allowed, provided that they are used immediately. Leaving such a mixture for a long time is not worth it.
Leading manufacturers of chainsaws produce consumables and lubricants for them, including those specifically for chains and tires. All other things being equal, you should give preference to the products of the manufacturer of the chainsaw itself. But the quality of the best brands is such that the use of lubricants from another manufacturer will not have a negative impact on the work.
The most famous brands are the German company STIHL, the Swedish company Husqvarna and the Japanese company Makita. They provide a fairly wide range of adhesive oils, including the following:
- mineral Stihl ForestPlus is designed to work at temperatures up to 15 ℃. Standard packing. 1 and 5 liters. For long-term work, it has recently been produced in a 20-liter container;
- highly sustainable Stihl BioPlus is plant-based. Once in the soil, it quickly decomposes without contaminating it. The working temperature is also up to 15 ℃. Packing. 1 and 3 liters;
- semi-synthetic Stihl SynthPlus is suitable for low temperatures, working usable up to 25 °.
- Eco-friendly, biodegradable Bio and Bio Advanced. It is presented as a universal multigrade oil. Bio Advanced option. improved oxidation resistance and up to 10% better lubricating properties;
- Makita. Biotop oil;
- adhesive oil Champion.
Of the Russian brands, especially for chains, there is ZUBR ZMPM-M. There are other, less well-known manufacturers, whose lubricating oil is noticeably lower in price.
Oil does not flow to the chain, what are the reasons
It is not always during operation that you can immediately see that no oil is supplied to the chainsaw chain. Signs of lack of lubrication:
- the level in the tank does not drop;
- cutting is difficult, accompanied by the smell of burnt wood;
- oil droplets do not fly off the tip of the chainsaw tire.
Having found a malfunction of the oil system, you need to establish its cause. There are few of them. clogging, broken hose or malfunction of the oil pump.
Most often, the oil supply channel is clogged with dirt and sawdust. Air blowing or fine wire cleaning is sufficient to correct the fault. The oil reservoir has its own internal filter. When using normal oil, clogging is unlikely, and when filling, it is quite possible. Have to clean up.
The oil hose may be damaged or completely cut off. You can temporarily seal the damaged area, but it will be safer to replace it with a new one.
And the most serious problem is the breakdown of the oil pump. The reasons may be different. the teeth of the worm gear are worn out, the plunger has jammed, and others. Removing the pump and replacing a damaged part yourself will not be easy. It is safer and easier to contact the service center.