What oil to fill in the engine of a motor-block oka

VAZ 1111 | Frequency of changing of operating fluids, lubricants

1.5. Frequency of replacement of operating fluids, lubricants

The engine oil should be changed every 10,000 kilometers. In a new car you need to change the oil after the end of the running-in period (after 2500 km). When changing the oil it is obligatory to install a new oil filter (engine ZMZ-4062) or its filter element (all engines). To change the oil see. in subsections 2.3.2, и

It is recommended that the engine crankcase be filled with the same grade of oil that was in the engine. If you use a different brand of oil, first flush the engine oil system with the brand of oil that will be used in the engine. Drain the old oil and pour in new oil 2 to 4 mm above the “0” mark on the dipstick. Start the engine and let it idle for about 10 minutes. Then drain the oil, replace the oil filter or filter element, and fill with fresh oil.

The coolant should be changed every 2 years or every 60,000 km (whichever comes first). To change the coolant, see Section 2. see Section 2.4.4. Note that coolant is poisonous, so do not suck it in with your mouth when pouring it in. Wear safety glasses, do not smoke, and do not eat when handling coolant. If you get any fluid on your exposed skin, wash it off with soap and water.

Change the oil in the transmission every 60,000 miles. To change the oil, see “Drain and Fill” in the Owner’s Manual. in subsection 3.3.2 и 3.4.2. Check transmission oil level every 20,000 miles and top up if necessary. The oil level in the transmission case must reach the edge of the oil filler opening. If the oil is dirty or contains metal particles, flush the transmission. Pour 0.9 l of fresh oil into the crankcase for this purpose. Raise the rear of the vehicle with a jack. Start the engine and, after having switched on the first gear, let it work for 2-3 minutes. Then drain the oil and fill with fresh oil. When checking the oil level clean the breather plug from dirt and turn the cap several times to remove any dirt that may be trapped underneath.

Change the oil in the rear axle crankcase every 60,000 km. Change oil in the same way as in the gearbox. Check the oil level in the oil sump every 20,000 km and top up if necessary. The oil level must reach the edge of the filler opening. When checking the oil level, the breather plug must be cleaned of dirt just as it was done for the transmission.

Do not use repeatedly drained brake fluid.

Brake fluid in clutch and brake actuators must be changed every 2 years regardless of mileage. In clutch and brake actuators use domestically made brake fluids “Rosa”, “Rosa-3”, “Tom”, “Neva” or their foreign analogues on a non-petroleum base, which quality level is not lower than DOT-3. Do not use any other fluid, especially not petroleum-based fluid.

Brake fluid is absorbent, so do not store it in an open container.

Procedure for changing the brake fluid is as follows:

Remove the cap of the brake master cylinder reservoir.

Remove rubber protective caps from the air exhaust valves on the wheel cylinders and put rubber hoses over the valves, the ends of which are lowered into glass vessels.

Turn the valves back a maximum of one turn, and press the brake pedal fully down to drain the fluid. Screw in the bleeder valves as soon as fluid is no longer flowing from the hoses.

Pour the drained brake fluid from the reservoirs and refit them.

Pour fresh brake fluid into the master cylinder reservoir, unscrew all bleeder valves by one turn and fill the brake system by pressing on the brake pedal up to the stop. At the same time it is necessary to constantly replenish the liquid in the master cylinder tank. Once clear brake fluid is flowing from the hoses over the bleeding valves, close the valves.

Bleed the brake system to remove any air from the system (see “Allow the air in the system” on page 56). subsection 6.9).

Plug the brake master cylinder reservoir. Remove the hoses from the bleeding valves and secure them with protective caps.

Change the fluid in the clutch hydraulic system in the same way.

Engine malfunctions

Causes of malfunctions in the engine of the motor block Oka can be different:

  • gasoline or oil level is insufficient;
  • fuel is of poor quality;
  • clogged filter (fuel or oil filter);
  • trouble with spark plugs, oil seals (oil leaks, spark plugs must be replaced);
  • the machine is started at an unacceptable tilt angle (it is recommended to start it on a level surface);
  • electrical wiring is damaged;
  • gear belts are damaged;
  • insufficient pressure in tires plus one of the above-mentioned problems;
  • starting the engine without preheating;
  • heavy cooling (it is recommended to keep the single axle tractor warm; at temperatures below zero fill the engine and gearbox with heated oil)

Change of oil in the engine of a power tiller

The first time to change the oil in the engine of a motor-block should be at the end of the running-in process, which usually lasts about 25-30 hours of work (depending on the model). Subsequent changes should be made no earlier than twice a year. in summer and winter. Even if the single axle tractor has been idle, the oil should still be checked and changed if necessary since it can become watery. It is also recommended that the loads to which the single axle tractor was subjected be taken into account. If you can see that the oil is very dark when you look at it, it needs to be changed immediately.

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The oil change process is simple and does not take long. You need a container to catch the oil and a funnel with a wide mouth. It is important to drain the oil while the engine is still running after work. The oil drain hole is usually on the left or bottom of the engine. Prepare a container for draining, tilt the single axle tractor slightly with the drain hole toward the container, unscrew the drain plug and the oil fill holes. Wait until the fluid has run out. If the manufacturer did not provide a drain hole for the used oil, it is drained through the same hole as the oil. This requires tilting the tractor heavily on its side. This procedure is better performed by two people, in order to avoid the fall of the machine or oil spillage.

Fill the single axle tractor with the same amount of oil that was drained. Afterward, be sure to measure the oil level with a dipstick. If you don’t have a dipstick, just fill the sump all the way to the plug. After changing the oil, it is also recommended to change the spark plugs.

Some engines are particularly sensitive to oil. For example, single axle tractors with Subaru, Honda, BriggsStratton engines need SE grade or higher oil, but not worse than SG grade.

For every machine, including power tillers, there is a data sheet and manual included with the machine when it is sold. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions the types of oil that will allow the equipment to last a long time and not to break down.

You should know that while your power tiller is working, engine oil has 4 functions at the same time:

When an air-cooled motoblock engine is running, the lubricant burns and stays on the hot cylinder, resulting in a smoky exhaust. The deposition of resinous substances leads to contamination of some parts and makes them more difficult to lubricate.

An antioxidant is recommended with the oil to clean the engine from dirty deposits. The correct SAE lubricant for your power tiller is essential for a long life of your machine.

When using a single axle tractor it is necessary to choose the right oil depending on the climate zone.

For example, if you use SAE 10W30 type grease at 5°C or higher, its consumption will be much higher and the engine will be more likely to break down. It is not advisable to use summertime lubricants at temperatures below 5°C. This use leads to hard starting and damage to the cylinder surface.

1.1 Classification of oils by viscosity grade

The viscosity grades of engine oil are generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).

High-quality MPA. 2 flushing oil

  • Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have high viscosity and no letter designation. These include: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
  • Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have low viscosity. The letter designation of this grade is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • All-season grades. most popular at present as they are used both in summer and winter. They are denoted by the double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to the differences of lubricants by seasonal characteristics, they are divided into two types according to their composition:

Also all oils are divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Most power tillers are equipped with air-cooled 4-stroke engines. In such engines, you need to pour only 4-stroke oil.

fill, engine, motor-block

Checking the oil level with the dipstick in the oil filler hole

Air-cooled engine heats up more during operation than water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. So the fill liquid must have a low volatility and a high thermal-oxidative stability. In addition, modern oils must be environmentally friendly, i.e.е. The amount of smoke and toxicity of exhaust gases is controlled.

Since the waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it must not contain any components that produce toxic compounds when burned. In a motocultivator, which runs on gasoline, and has no instruction, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil brand 5W30 or SAE30.

Modern gear oils also need to be environmentally friendly, e.g. 0W40. But you have to pay for that quality. Don’t skimp on it, because high-quality oil affects less engine wear and longevity.

Why automobile engine oil is not suitable?

First of all, you need to be guided by the instruction manual for your motoblock and only on the basis of this document to choose the right brand and type of lubricant. In this article we will discuss all the most important issues of lubricant replacement in the main assemblies of motor blocks.

Many owners of motor blocks wonder if it is possible to use automobile engine oil for the lubrication of the main units of the machine. Experienced mechanics responsibly declare that even if there is a sufficient amount of automotive, it is not recommended to use it to fill in a single axle tractor.

All this is because the car engine and motoblock have a different lubrication scheme and quite different temperature operation.

In addition, the engines of a power tiller and a car are different from each other:

The first start and running-in

The running-in period is necessary so that all parts can be lapped. The single axle tractor is less likely to malfunction later on after a short period of operation at minimum load.

  • The clutch and brake pedal should be engaged for at least the specified amount of time as specified in the owner’s manual.
  • Loads should be small. For example, if the maximum working depth is set at 50 cm in the machine’s technical data, it is best to allow only 30 cm during the first start up and the test run-in.
  • Fill up the engine with oil before the running-in period.
  • Fill up the fuel tank.
  • Run the machine at a medium speed.
  • Within 60 minutes you need to check the operation of all gears.
  • Perform a small amount of work on cultivating, plowing and transporting small loads.

When an oil change is required?

Oil change procedure in the engine 11113 Oka is specified by the manufacturer in the car owner’s manual. But cars are often used in harsh conditions that shorten the life of the engine lubricant, so you should check it regularly.

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Checking the lubricant is done with a special dipstick. You need to take it out of the engine, wipe it thoroughly and insert it into the crankcase of the internal combustion engine as far as it will go. Take out the dipstick, find the mark of the lubricating fluid level. A few drops of grease on the dipstick are enough to determine its condition.

Signs of the necessity to change the oil:

Recommendations for selection, operation, maintenance and adjustment of Oka power tillers

I can’t understand why often the clutch slips on MB 1D1M10. What operations to perform to correct this problem?

First check the cable tension that runs from the control handle to the clutch, as described in the owner’s manual.

We use in our garden the single axle tractor Oka with the engine Lifan 6.5 л.с. Have you heard an intermittent noise coming from the transmission lately? Explain what the malfunction is?

Seems like the transmission bearing is worn out. You need to replace the bearing with a new one.

Why the engine Lifan 6.5 л.It doesn’t rev it up? What is the problem?

Looks like a bad contact on the spark plug. Check the fastening of the high-voltage wire. Also check the air filter, which may be clogged.

Is it possible to increase the working width by installing additional cutters?

It is not recommended to do this emphatically. Both the engine and transmission are designed for a certain load. If you install additional cutters, you are guaranteed to exceed it. Of course, the unit will work for a while, but then it will definitely fail. And this case is not recognized as a warranty and the repair will have to do solely at his own expense.

I think to buy a rotary cultivator MB 1D1M10 to work in the garden. Hence the question what kind of engine it has?

This machine has a gasoline engine Lifan 168F-2.

Can you advise me which adapter to buy?

Can I use the front adapter KTZ-03?

Wanting to do maintenance. advise how much oil to put in the tractor MB 1D1M10 with Lifan engine?

We can advise to use 0.6 liters of 10W30 oil in this equipment.

There is a question, what is the reason why the Oka 1D1M14 with the Robin Subaru EX21 engine (power 7.0 л.It starts up badly? What to do, how to fix?

You can assume that the float on the carburetor is faulty or stuck. Try to repair the float or adjust the carburetor.

Help with the problem, for what reason the MB 1D1M10 (Lifan 168F-2) stalls under load?

First the spark plug must be checked and replaced. Then be sure to adjust the ignition system.

In our farm we decided to use the cultivator Oka for weeding potatoes. Please tell us where this model is made?

The manufacturer is located in Kaluga.

To work in the garden we are planning to buy an MB 1D1M7 with a motor INTEK 6,5 HP. Can you give me some information on how it starts the engine??

I need to carry out maintenance. Tell me how much oil to put into a reducer of Oka 6.5 л.с?

For the gearbox, use TAD-17I, TAP-15B about 1.5 or 2 liters of oil.

For the garden I choose motocultivator Oka MB-2. What kind of fuel should this model run on??

The optimal fuel for these models is gasoline 92.

Is it possible to clarify which wheels can be used for a power tiller Oka MB 1D1M10?

You should buy the wheels 4,00-10 model F106.

fill, engine, motor-block

Explain to us why the MB 1D cultivator does not start when cold? How to be?

Most likely there is too much air in the carburetor. Start the engine and give it a good cranking.

What adapter should be chosen for the motor cultivator Oka?

In this technique we recommend to use the rear adapter PNO-1.

Explain us why the single-axle tractor Oka Kaluga begins to smoke black smoke?

Engine oil flush. are they a good or bad idea?

When black smoke is observed under normal load, the fuel system should be repaired.

Please advise how much oil to put into cultivator 1D1M1 with DM-1M1 engine according to the manual?

Manufacturer says not less than 0.6 liter.

During the plowing I heard some noise in the gearbox. Why does it happen??

Noise in the gearbox could be due to a small amount of oil in the gearbox. The gearbox must be filled with oil.

Answer, please, what speed can a single axle tractor Kadvi Oka MB 1D1M10?

Maximum speed of this model is 9 km/h.

Who knows how fast I need to plow?

In order to achieve good cultivation, the speed of the machine must not exceed 0.5. 1.0 km/h.

Mowing the grass with a power tiller Oka. Engine suddenly stops during operation. What could cause it??

This may be due to the following problem: spark plug is broken or short-circuited because of carbon build-up.

I need to do maintenance. Give me information on what oil to put in the Subaru internal combustion engine on the 1D1M13?

In the engine, this model should be filled with about 0,65 liters of oil 15W30.

I am interested in the question why the engine Lifan 168F-2 on a cultivator 1D1M10 can not gain power?

Air filter is supposedly clogged. You need to clean it or change the filter element.

On my power tiller MB 1D1M13 (power 6.0 л.The engine Robin Subaru EX17 does not start. Tell me what may be the fault?

It is possible to assume that the fuel filter is dirty or the carburetor is not tuned correctly.

I am preparing a single-axle tractor Cascade Oka to work at the cottage. What kind of gasoline is put in this model?

Tell me in this question, what wheels are desirable to buy for a motor-block Oka 9 l.с?

The wheels marked 4.50-10 model 604B should fit on this machine.

Saw wear in the belt drive. Give an advice which belt to use on a power tiller with DM-1M1 engine?

You need to use belts marked A-1180 or A-1213.

Could someone tell me for what reason the engine INTEK 6,5 HP on the MB 1D1M7? How can this be fixed??

Most likely there is air in the fuel line or it is clogged. You need to bleed and clean the air line.

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What kind of malfunction happened if the engine Lifan 170F capacity of 7.0 liters.The MB 1D1M19 starts up and then shuts down?

If the engine speed is low, it indicates a lack of fuel. Gasoline may be leaking from the tank. The damage must be repaired or a new fuel tank must be installed.

Can someone explain how deep to plow with a MB 1D1M19 with a Lifan 170F engine??

The manual says that the working depth is up to 300mm.

Choosing a single axle tractor Oka for the garden. I would like to know what the width of the plow should be for this machine?

Tell me which is the right adapter for power tiller Oka?

It is recommended to use AMPK-500 all-wheel drive adapter.

Going to buy a single axle tractor MB 1D1M10 with a Lifan engine. What is the motor power of this equipment?

Power of Lifan 168F-2 engine at maximum 6.5 л.4.8 kW.

The day before yesterday on my Kadvi Oka power tiller the engine suddenly began to warm. What is the problem??

Probably too much soot in combustion chamber. It is recommended to clean it.

I think to change the worn belt for the drive. Where can I see what size belts for the model with engine Lifan 6.5 л.с?

We recommend the Z(0) 1400 I belt for this machine.

Ploughing in the field is required. Anybody know what kind of plow to buy for the Oka (Subaru 9 liters)?с)?

We can recommend you to use a reinforced plough. Its dimensions: Width 255 mm. Height 410 mm. Length of scraper blade 316 mm.

Since yesterday the engine is hard to start. What spark plugs should be put on the Lifan 168F-2?

We recommend FCL BP6ES or similar NGK BP6ES, A17DV1. They are used especially for this model.

We need to pump up the tires. Tell me what pressure is necessary on the tires Cascade Oka?

The pressure in the tires of your model should be 1.8 atm.

We are going to buy a 1Д1М13 cultivator with a Robin Subaru EX17 engine for the garden. Somebody advise me which cutters are better for this model?

It is recommended to use power tillers which are shaped like goose feet.

Help with the question what is the reason that the MB 1D1M13 with engine Robin Subaru EX17 started smoking white smoke?

If there is white smoke coming out of the exhaust pipe, then it is time to replace the piston rings.

I want to buy Oka MB 1D1M14 (Robin Subaru EX21). I can`t find information anywhere what is the supposed plowing depth of this model?

The depth of cultivation is 30 cm (in several passes).

It is necessary to use a trailer module for 1D1M10. Tell me who knows what model to get a trailer for it?

This model can be compatible with TPM-350 trailer with 150×120 cm body.

What are the basic requirements for storing a power tiller??

If you use it intensively after work, it’s enough to just rinse it out with a hose, if possible thoroughly clean the nozzles of clogged soil and leave it until the next turn on. If it is used occasionally, it must be properly prepared for long-term storage. First, the entire surface should be perfectly rinsed with either running water from a hose or using a high-pressure washer. Secondly, it is necessary to clean the rotor shaft, from weeds, grass, roots and other debris twisted on it. You also need to use either a high-pressure machine or a simple damp cloth to wash the chassis number, or you will damage it. Rinsing with detergents after the machine has been washed is not recommended by most manufacturers. And to prevent corrosion, it is best to wipe the dry surface with a cloth that has been previously soaked in ordinary motor oil. Needless to say, just like any other gardening equipment, it is important to keep the machine in a dry place.

Please advise which hitch mower is compatible with the MB 1D1M13?

We recommend you to buy a rotary mower “Zarya”.

For harvesting potatoes I would like to use a single-axle tractor MB 1D1M14. Who can tell you the working parameters of the potato harvester, which is suitable for it?

We recommend to buy a potato harvester with the following specifications (mm): Width. 700. Length. 700. Height. 600.

Help with the question, for what reason the engine Lifan 168F-2 smokes blue smoke?

Blue smoke signals light wear or loose oil rings.

Who can tell me which is the best cart for MB 1D1M19?

We can recommend cart PM-04 with the size of the body 120h115 cm.

Thinking of buying an attachment. What kind of coupler should be used??

Take the universal hitch, which allows you to adjust the attachment in three planes.

Can anyone help what causes the oil to leak out of the gearbox? What is the problem and how to fix it?

Most likely, the gasket is worn or the packing is leaking oil. You need to change these components.

Do you know why the engine on the 1D1M1 knock or pop the piston when it is running?? What could be the problem?

Most likely worn piston or piston ring.

Explain to me why the motor cultivator MB 1D1M19 with engine Lifan 170F capacity of 7.0 liters.Is the coupling malfunctioning??

SAE one of the most common classifications. Developed by American Association of Automotive Engineers (Association of Automotive Engineers). The viscosity and fluidity of the substance within the specified temperature range have been taken into account in establishing the classification. According to SAE J300 standard, the following grades of oil exist

  • Universal: 5W-30, 5W-50, 5W-50, 15W-30, 20W-30, 10W-50, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-50 15W-40, 20W-40;
  • For cold climates: SAE 0W, 10W, 15W, 5W,20W;
  • For warm climates: 50, 40, 30, 20.

All-season grades are the most popular among the general public. High demand for such products is explained by the fact that they can be used in all climatic conditions. The fluid has optimum performance all year round in almost all climates.