When you can work with a drill in an apartment building
The new law on silence: where you can make noise and where to complain?
On January 10, 2018, changes to the Law “On ensuring silence and peace of citizens” came into force in Altai Krai and Barnaul. We tell you where and when it will be prohibited to make noise, where to complain and what can happen to violators.
The law strictly stipulates the time norms in which silence should be observed. So, it is forbidden to make noise:
From 10 p.m. to 8 a.m. Monday through Friday inclusive.
On weekends and holidays, there is an additional “quiet hour” in the morning and noise is prohibited from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m.
Every day from 1 to 3 p.m. no loud music or repairs will be allowed in the apartments and entrances of residential buildings, as well as dormitories.
Alas, you’ll have to follow the above norms and get used to the fact that making repairs in apartments and entrances on Sundays and holidays is prohibited at all times. On weekdays and Saturdays the restriction is imposed for the period from 8 p.m. to 9 a.m.
By the way, these restrictions do not apply to apartment buildings that have not been in use for 1.5 years.
Loud noises that make neighbors and others uncomfortable. Including:
Besides during the specified time it is prohibited to use sound reproducing and amplifying devices, including those installed on vehicles, commercial and catering objects, entertainment centers.
If I have a screaming child, it is noise?
It depends on what he is screaming about. If he screams just because he likes it, then yes, it’s noise. And your neighbors can complain about you and file a complaint against you.
If a child cries out of fear or in pain. it’s a question for the parents: if you torture the child, then you face a different, more serious punishment.
If your child cries loudly because of illness, you will not be accused of violating the law. Also, you will not have to pay a fine if you occasionally have a baby crying in the night, as long as you are not causing your baby any pain.
The law gives a detailed list of places where starting from January 10 one may make noise only according to the above-mentioned schedule. So, it is prohibited to make noise in the evenings, on weekends and on holidays:
But someone is allowed to make noise?
There are exceptions everywhere. Including in this law. It will not be considered a violation of the law
Works of citizens, officials and legal entities if they are conducted for prevention of emergency situations, as well as for prevention of law violations and liquidation of consequences of accidents, natural calamities and other emergency situations.
The alarm of the ambulance or police will not be considered noise.
And on New Year’s Eve one can make noise?
Noise is allowed on New Year’s Eve from 10 p.m. till 6 a.m.
Noise is allowed (on the streets) during official sports and cultural events, as well as during divine services, religious rites and ceremonies;
According to the law, a citizen who violates the law on peace and quiet will have to pay a fine from 500 to 3000.
If the law was violated by an official, the fine is higher. From 1,000 to 10,000.
If the law was violated by a legal person, he will have to pay from 5,000 to 10,000.
Where to complain about the violation of silence?
First of all, try to talk to the offender, remind him of the rules. It is possible that he just doesn’t keep track of time and the situation will be resolved after the conversation.
If this does not help, you may have to complain to the police or the neighborhood police. There they clarify what the problem is. And if it is not a crime, the “noise” cases are referred to the district administration. By the way, the citizen himself can take there his statement.
Regular meetings of administrative commissions are held at the district administrations, where such applications are considered. During the hearing, the complainant must produce evidence of the noisy behavior of the violator, such as a witness statement.
When can you make repairs in the apartment building
Renovations in an apartment building are unavoidable. If the house is new, the endless repairs will go on until all the neighbors begin to live in their apartments, and that is a very, very long time.
If the housing is secondary, the construction work will also constantly accompany you: someone sells and buys an apartment, the new tenants all change, and the old. refresh repairs. You just have to accept the situation.
Here with what you should not be reconciled, so it with the noise at improper time. Every region has laws regulating repair work in residential buildings.
The federal law 2-FZ unites regional acts. This law does not strictly refer to the time threshold allowed for construction work, but this regulation establishes a ban on any noise that violates the well-being of citizens (52-FZ of 30.03.1999).
In addition to the law on repairs in apartment buildings, restrictions are set by health codes (CH 2.2.4/126.96.36.1992-96). Norms approved by Goskosanepidnadzor determine the permissible and maximum permissible noise level, sound level and its maximum value. How it all applies in practice?
Constant noise (whether from repair, music or cleaning) must not exceed 40 decibels (dB) during the day and 30 dB at night. Short-lived noise can reach 60 dB during the day and 45 dB at night.
For comparison, the sound of a drill during repair reaches 90 dB, a peorator has a more powerful sound of 110 dB or more. These repair sounds are a serious irritant to humans. fifteen minutes or more of noise exposure can lead not only to physical, but also to mental disorders.
This is why the need for a law. And although lawmakers approved a single normative act of federal significance, the development of specific restrictions was left at the mercy of local authorities. each region has its own laws on repairs in apartment buildings.
And it is quite logical. Each region has its own legal peculiarities and sanitary norms. Therefore, it is much easier for local ordinancers to approve a single law on construction, renovation, and their impact on public welfare.
However, the regulations are similar in almost every region. If you consolidate all the ordinances into a single provision, you can identify the following restrictions on repair work:
- The housing needs to be used so as not to cause inconvenience to other citizens. neighbors (Art. 17 LCD ).
- The sound level can’t exceed 40 dB.
- Construction work may not be performed for more than six hours without interruption. It turns out, by law, one must be interrupted for at least one hour after six hours of continuous construction noise.
- On weekdays, builders must work from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. (19).00). The laws of some regions allow apartments to be repaired until 10 p.m. (22.00).
- At night time (from 23.00 to 7.00) no construction or cleaning works are allowed. This means that you may not use any machinery or equipment, carry out renovations, bring in materials, remove waste and refuse, or assemble furniture during this period.
- During weekends and public holidays all types of work accompanied by excessive noise are forbidden. An exception to this rule is if the day off is a legal workday (postponing holidays).
- In some regions the law on quiet provides for a “quiet hour”. Construction has been suspended since 12.00 to 14.00 or from 13.00 to 15.00. This rule applies throughout the week. no noise is allowed during “quiet time” neither on weekdays nor on weekends.
Here are the basic health and legal regulations that apply to construction noise. Do not forget these simple rules if you do the works yourself.
Start no earlier than 9 a.m., finish no later than 7 p.m., take breaks and do not work more than six hours in a row. Any violation of the tenants’ well-being will lead to complaints, fines and litigation.
What punishment threatens for “loud” repairs
According to the law, neighbors, dissatisfied with the noise, can apply to the management company, to the district police officer and to Roskomnadzor. There can also be legal action against the landlord of an apartment that is noisy all the time.
If the construction work interferes with your normal existence (rest after a day of work, restful sleep, weekends), do not tolerate, do not swear, and immediately write a complaint. Fines for noise are not the smallest, and at some point the offender will simply get tired of paying.
So, what responsibility awaits a citizen who makes noise at the wrong time? Administrative, in the form of fines. The amounts vary by region, but, in general, the approximate amount of penalties is as follows
- For a primary violation of the law on apartment repair work. from 1,000 to 3,000;
- Secondary violation. 4,000;
- The next complaint is 5,000.
Not only citizens, but also organizations can be fined for construction works. If there are stores, salons and offices on the first floors of the house, they will also be prosecuted for violating the law of silence.
Legal entities will receive a fine ranging from 20,000 (for the first complaint) to 100,000-150,000 (for the third call). Officials will pay between 5,000 and 50,000, depending on the number of complaints.
Leave the task to professionals. Lawyers will execute the order at the cost you specify. You will not have to study the laws, read the articles and figure out the issue yourself.
How long can you drill in: legislation, regional rules, penalties for noise violations and more
Legal advice Administrative law How long can you drill in: legislation, regional norms, penalties for noise violations and more
Every citizen, in one way or another, is aware of certain rights. So, absolutely any person residing in Russia has the full right to carry out repairs of their housing. However, it should not disturb the peace of close neighbors, or violate, but doing so on legal grounds.
The main question in such situations, which is of interest to repairers, affects how many hours you can make noise when carrying out repairs. So, let’s understand this topic in detail.
Legislation on “drilling”
Until how much you can drill clearly stated by law!
The legislation fully regulates almost all areas of life of the citizens of our country. Depending on one or the other order defined by law, it may have clear regulation, or flexible. With regard to noise regulations and the repair process in apartment buildings, the legislative case has a mixed character of regulation.
On the one hand, there are laws that regulate noise regulations throughout the country, on the other hand, most of them are determined individually in each subject. Given the last nuance, it is important to understand that in order to clearly determine how much time you can drill in your area, you will need to contact the relevant government agencies in the place of residence.
Summarizing the above material, we state. a single law on the regulation of noise during repair work in Russia does not. Each region determines the legal order of such activities itself. In spite of this, it is possible to identify a number of basic provisions on noise standards that are in force under the law as follows:
- In all regions, it is prohibited to carry out repair or construction work on a day off or any public holiday if it in any way disturbs the peace of other citizens (homeowners, close neighbors, etc.д.).
- On weekdays, it is allowed to carry out repairs and, accordingly, to make noise in the period from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. (in some regions. to 8 p.m.). In addition, some jurisdictions prohibit making a lot of noise to their residents during lunchtime (from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m.)
- It is strictly forbidden to exceed the legal noise limits at night (from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m.).
- Repairs taking place continuously may not take longer than 6 hours a day.
- Continuous repairs on a long term basis are not allowed for more than 3 months.
- In the course of the repair works the noise limits of the region or the whole country cannot be exceeded, unless previously agreed upon with the neighbors or other persons who might be inconvenienced by the noise.
- Repairs must not only not disturb the peace of citizens, but also not bring them any property damage. In addition, the repairman-resident of the apartment building has no right to clutter the common areas for the tenants of this house with building materials, as well as to use the passenger elevator to transport building materials without their packing.
Again, these legal provisions vary slightly in some regions, but the material presented above fully illuminates the question of how much drilling is still allowed in our country. It’s worth noting that by discussing the possibility of noise at prohibited hours with your neighbors and confirming their agreement to it in writing, you can absolutely legally violate the law. Here is a paradox. But it takes place only in cases where, in addition to neighbors who have agreed to the noise, other citizens will not suffer from it in terms of their peace.
How much noise can be made in the apartment according to the law? Answer
Noise regulations in Russia
Noisy neighbors are capable of ruining life.
Noise regulations in Russia are flexible. Even though it is clearly defined by law, some situations allow it to be exceeded. So, for example, it is possible in a small limit to any citizen (up to 5 dB) and up to 10 dB for territories next to which there are highways and railroad tracks.
The noise level is determined separately for daytime. from 7 a.m. till 11 p.m., and for nighttime. from 11 p.m. till 7 a.m. The noise limit is given in decibels (dB) and is equal to:
You can determine how noisy it is with the help of special devices. For a rough “noise assessment”, let’s introduce some indicators of noise and the phenomena that cause it:
- Whispered conversation or the “ticking” of a standard wall clock. 25-30 dB;
- normal conversation or slightly elevated tone. 40-45 dB;
- Operation of a running motor of a car. 50-55 dB;
- Operation of a vacuum cleaner. 70-75 dB;
- Screaming or crying of a child. 75-80 dB;
- an adult’s scream. 85-90 dB;
- Drilling with a powerful drill or a torch. 95-100 dB;
- Operation of a jackhammer. 115-120 dB.
It is important to understand that these norms can be violated, but only on a short-term basis (5-10 minutes). If the violations are systematic and long term, the citizens, whose peace is disturbed by noise, have every right to complain about the violator to the appropriate government agency.
Who enforces the “noise ordinance”
It is clear that on their own initiative, no authorized government agency will go on their own to deal with problems of exceeding the noise ordinance in any house. The main controllers of noise normality are directly the tenants of the apartment building or the neighbors of the noise violator. If personal peace is disturbed by noise, any citizen has the right to apply to the appropriate government agencies, which will deal with the problem.
The list of authorized persons in the fight against noise violations is represented by the following professions:
- Employees of the local department of the sanitary and epidemiological station. are obliged to measure the noise level in the territory of their specialty at certain times and to do so at the request of citizens if they suspect a violation on their part.
- Representatives of Rospotrebnadzor. have a similar function to the previous persons, but work on a more global scale than the sanitary and epidemiological station.
- Territorial police officers are authorized to receive complaints from citizens affected by noise and to organize elimination of the problem.
Until what time you can make repairs in the apartment
Let’s find out how long it is allowed to make repairs in the apartment, which means after how many hours you have to stop the noise. This applies not only to drill sounds, but also to choral and solo singing. The observance of silence not only saves your nervous system from an unwanted visit from the police, but also maintains good relations with the neighbors.
To date, there is no single legislation “on the observance of silence. Also, there is no single federal act of law that regulates the issues of silence in apartment buildings.
There are no uniform penalties either. Each subject of the Federation, based on the existing legislation, makes appropriate decisions. The Federal Law “On Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population” is taken as the basis.
Regional authorities’ options include:
- Setting the concept of late hours;
- Definition of the frequency of quiet hours;
- The schedule of the repair work;
- Setting noise limits;
- The notions of peace and quiet.
But you should not think that the silence regime varies greatly depending on the subject of the Federation. Legislators make a decision based on the specifics of the region, as well as the experience of neighbors and existing federal norms. Let’s take a look at what time you can make noise in different regions.
The law on silence and the Moscow region
- up to 9 am and after 7 pm on weekdays,
- before 10:00 a.m. and from 7:00 p.m. on Saturdays,
- From 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. daily for protected facilities
- twenty-four hours a day on Sundays and public holidays established in accordance with federal law.
Nizhny Novgorod region
The requirements established by this Law to ensure the peace and quiet of citizens shall apply to the following periods:
- from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. (Monday through Friday inclusive)
- from 11 p.m. to 10 a.m. (Saturday, Sunday and public holidays established by federal law);
- from 12:30 p.m. to 3 p.m. daily, except for the facilities specified in paragraph 3 of Article 3 of this Law;
- twenty-four hours daily in the cases stipulated by clauses 3 and 4 of Article 4 of this Law.
- For the purposes of this Law, “night time” shall mean the period from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. (Monday to Friday inclusive).00 hours to 6.00 o’clock on working days, and on weekends and public holidays from 10 p.m.00 hours to 9.00 o’clock.
- nighttime. from 10 p.m. to 7 a.m. local time on working days, from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m. local time on weekends and public holidays, except for the period from 10 p.m. on December 31 to 3 a.m. on January 1 local time.
- Construction and assembly, repair and (or) loading-unloading works that produce noise and violate the peace and quiet of citizens in apartment buildings, in the period from 20 hours to 7 o’clock local time on weekdays, from 20 hours to 9 o’clock local time.
- The break is from 13 to 15 o’clock during the daytime.
- Noise is allowed from 8 am to 11 pm.
- On Friday, Saturday, Sunday and official non-working holidays you can make noise from 11 am to 6 pm.
- If they make noise after 11 p.m. and before 8 a.m., you can call a precinct officer to draw up a protocol. Or on Friday plus weekends making noise after 18 and before 11 a.m the same thing.
Noisy workdays from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m., Weekends (Saturday and Sunday) and public holidays from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m.
How much noise can and can’t be made before 10 p.m. is easy to find out from the regional legislation of your region, state or republic. It is much harder to answer the question of what is noise. How quiet to behave, and how to determine that.
According to federal law, the upper point of noise is 55 dB during the day and 45 dB at night. To make sense of these numbers, just look at familiar noise sources:
- 24 dB. strong wind and tree noise;
- 42 dB. a refrigerator;
- 36 dB. the outside of an air conditioner;
- 45 dB. a conversation between several people;
- 50 dB. noise of a printer;
- 60 dB. yelling during an argument;
- 65 dB. an electric screwdriver (not the most powerful);
- 80 dB. a phone ringing;
- 85 dB. playing musical instruments;
- 80 dB. a modern vacuum cleaner;
- 100 dB. motorcycle;
- 80 dB. crying baby;
- 100-120 dB. sounds of repair work;
- 110 dB. music coming from a nightclub;
- 140 dB. an airplane;
- 200dB. sounds of an explosion.
Based on this chart, you can calculate the noise level produced by your instruments. And even better: Inform your neighbors when you are going to have intensive repairs. You can go and negotiate, which is preferable, or you can use a notice on the entrance door.
If the neighbors are noisy
Quite often there are cases when neighbors are very noisy and do not respond to calls to respect the silence. To begin with, in order not to be inaccurate, you need to know the boundaries of night time in your area. Then you can call the police.
In this case, you need to observe the following procedure:
- Put the call on record;
- Call the unified service 112;
- Identify yourself, your address and the reason for the call;
- Say in advance that if the police don’t come, you will file a complaint.
- When the police arrive, you should be prepared to write and sign a statement.
The rules and regulations for repairs in the apartment comply with the Housing Code, the Civil and Administrative Code. Each region has developed its own routine, but the general norms remain the same.
Repair at your neighbor’s house. Until what time they have the right to make noise?
The issue of housing arrangements in an apartment building is always controversial. In order not to bring the matter to a scandal, it is necessary to negotiate with the neighbors on the following issues:
- What time the repairs will be done;
- Whether they are going to use noise-making appliances (a drill, a peorator);
- If you have a small child, a sick relative or an elderly person, notify your neighbors about their sleeping time. And ask during this time period not to carry out construction work with strong noise effects.
Remember that the legal time limit is 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Solving problems together is much easier, because everyone has rights, but people often forget their responsibilities.
Rules for Everyone
The peorator, which is an electric construction tool, has quickly and confidently entered the household of crews and ordinary people who have started repairs. Its popularity is due to the smoothness, the ability to make holes in the walls without chips and irregularities, as well as compactness. The noise, which emanates during the operation of the technique, is on average 90 dB, which is certainly quite high, given the concrete partitions in new buildings.
Note that the allowable noise in the apartment according to the law should not exceed 40 dB, and therefore it is illegal to operate a fan in an apartment building. Nevertheless, people work, because in modern houses made of concrete and brick, you can’t do it any other way. Agree that you can’t hang a shelf in a panel apartment building unless you have a good penman handy. No need to talk about cabling, repairing ceilings and laying tiles.
Depending on the house layout and materials of construction, the sound can be stronger or quieter. So, brick houses are considered more “quiet”, while concrete partitions double the noise in the apartments of neighbors. Determine the level of noise in neighboring apartments can only be determined by scheduling a special expertise with professional measurements.
Of course, even if the sound emitted by the horn does not exceed the norms, we cause inconvenience to our neighbors by operating it, and therefore the permissible working hours are stipulated by law. It should be noted that in some regions it varies in one direction or another, but there are general provisions.
The first and uncompromising rule is that nighttime noise is prohibited. Failure to comply with it threatens the tenant, who started the repairs, with administrative responsibility under the article “Violation of the peace and quiet of citizens during the period prescribed by local law. The night time is established by law and covers the period from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m.
Daytime work is also stipulated by the authorities. Thus, the noise from the horn should not begin before 9 a.m. and end no later than 10 p.m. In addition, it is important to divide the long hours into several parts, because continuous operation of a noisy appliance should not be more than 6 hours in a row. Most regions set a break of two hours. from 13.00 to 15.00 Moscow time.
Another general rule is the length of repairs. Three calendar months. a fixed period, at the legislative level, in which it is necessary to finish repairs with the use of noisy appliances. Otherwise, the tenant who is renovating for a long time should get a written permission from the neighbors. Obtaining such permission is not an easy matter, and therefore it is important to take care of the timing in advance, carefully planning a plan for the future.
Is it possible to do repairs on the weekend: making noise and drilling
Almost everyone who lives in an apartment asks whether they can renovate during the weekend. After all, construction work is usually done in your free time.
Even if the apartment is in a private residence, the banging noise made by a peorator will disturb the neighbors, especially on weekends. The law can be said to be broken, for which there will be responsibility.
The law says that the permitted noise level should not exceed 40 decibels from 7am and 23 at night. These figures should not prohibit repair work on weekends and red days of the calendar, the main thing to comply with the requirements.
It is up to the individual locality and the region to set the noise level for various jobs.
- Noisy works cannot be performed on weekends and public holidays.
- On weekdays you can start banging and rattling at 9am and finish at 7pm.
- It is allowed to use a peorator, with power regulation, to keep the noise level from exceeding the norm.
- Repairs to the apartment can last no longer than 5 months, if longer, you must take a special permit.
If the law is broken, a fine is issued for non-compliance. In some countries it is even forbidden to work during the lunch hour.In Moscow it is not allowed to disturb people in the following places: porches, elevators, hospitals, boarding houses.
If the law is violated, fines are imposed, in a certain amount. From legal persons up to 80000, from individuals up to 3000, from officials up to 10000.
Is it allowed to drill on weekends? By law, it is not allowed to perform various construction work on red days and Sundays. If the repair on Friday does not end, it is allowed to continue on Saturday.
If it is necessary to make remodeling of the house, or to lay water pipes, heating, it is allowed to perform from 9 am to 7 pm, as well as drilling and chiseling walls.
If the work is not noisy, such as wallpapering, the work schedule increases to 11 pm. If the law is not complied with, a fine is imposed.
Most tenants wonder if it is allowed to make noise on weekends? Russian law prescribes the exact hours when it is forbidden to disturb the noise. On workdays from 8 am to 10 pm, at lunchtime from 1 to 3 pm, on weekends and holidays from 12 noon to 11 pm.
- TV set running at full volume, radio;
- Playing music and wind instruments;
- Loading, unloading, moving furniture;
- Shouting, arguing, fighting, singing;
- Drilling and chiseling walls.
If non-compliance with the law occurs, the offender is punished according to the law.
What to do if neighbors are breaking the law?
If the neighbors are breaking the law and making a lot of noise, you can file a complaint with the authorities who deal with the problem. You can try to negotiate with the neighbors, and if they do not comply with your request, you should go to court.
But before going to court, you have to go to the police or a neighborhood police officer and make a report. To measure the noise you need to call the Sanitary and Epidemiological Station, which will record all activities in the Acts.
How to measure the noise level during the repair of the apartment?
Noise level is determined by the device, which is measured in decibels. The unit of measurement is the value that determines the pressure on the human ear. Noise meter, a special device made according to state. standards.
Sanitary and epidemiological station is obliged to measure the noise level in case of people’s complaints:
- The authorities visit with a noise meter people who have applied for help, at a time when the work is prohibited;
- measure the noise level;
- record the data with the results in protocols;
- Visit the apartment of the offender;
- measure the level of noise, while chiseling, drilling the walls;
- Record the results in the acts.
Already have the papers prepared, you must resort to the court.
Penalties, for failure to comply with the law
First, you can try to talk to the neighbors, if they do not respond, turn to special services. If disturbing neighbors do not stop noise and repairs in the apartment during the weekend, the law, in the right to levy a fine from the violators.
In case of a repeated complaint, the amount of the fine is doubled, and it is possible confiscation of property, items with which it takes place.
For the next violation, the amounts will only increase:
- The first time, the amount of the fine will be between 1,000 and 3,000, depending on the harm caused.
- In the second 4,000 to 6,000.
- The third is 7,000 and up.
These penalties apply not only to citizens, but also to legal persons and companies. If an individual is allowed to pay from 5000 to 50 000, the legal entity is much more: from 20 thousand to 150 thousand.
Fines do not apply in certain cases stipulated by law:
- to hold religious events;
- To prevent criminal acts;
- During earthquakes, floods and other dangerous natural disasters, it is allowed to chisel and bang on weekends.
If there is an urgent need to finish or start the repair work, there is a way out. You can talk about it with your neighbors, taking their approval in writing, with prescribed types of noisy work and time limits. If there is a written agreement from the neighbors, you can begin repairs.
The relationship between neighbors in an apartment building in St. Petersburg is regulated by a law which says it is forbidden to make repairs at night, on weekends and public holidays. There are limits to the night time period from 10 p.m. to 8 a.m.
Is it allowed to make repairs or drilling on weekends, conduct noisy construction work: the law
The neighbor who likes to work as a driller at any time of the day or night is a frequent hero of domestic anecdotes. But sometimes it happens that a joke is a reality and on your next day off, when you just want to get some sleep, you are awakened by the annoying sound of building equipment. In these moments, everyone wonders whether it is possible to drill at the weekend, disturbing peace and sleep, whether there is responsibility for this and where to complain. This article has the answers to all of these questions.
Rules for repair work in an apartment building
Repairs in an apartment building are regulated by building codes, which establish where and by whom certain work can be done, as well as what permission must be obtained to do it.
But building codes do not regulate when repairs can be made. There are no uniform norms of federal laws governing the very repairs in an apartment building.
Whether and until what time repairs can be done on weekends. law and practice
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Fortunately wishing to have a quiet rest after a hard day’s work in the Russian Federation operates the Federal Law on Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population,” popularly known simply as “The Law of Silence”. According to this Federal Law, you can’t make noise louder than the established sanitary rules in apartment buildings.
The sanitary rules themselves are introduced by the subjects of the Federation, so each region is different.
But even the most liberal noise pollution norms do not allow the noise level to exceed 55 decibels at any time of the day. And the sound of a hammerman or a jackhammer exceeds 100 decibels. If you decide to drill a wall on a Saturday or Sunday. the neighbors can also complain!
At the same time, realizing that neighbors will not be on the lookout for a violator with a sound meter, local laws establishing sanitary standards, for simplicity let’s also call them Silence Laws, contain limits on noise pollution not in decibels, but in specific activities that create a fair amount of noise. Including noisy construction work.
So, for example, repair work is prohibited from 19 to 9 o’clock, as well as from 13 to 15 o’clock on weekdays. And on Saturday, Sunday and other non-working days it is prohibited to make noise with construction equipment.
Only new buildings that are no more than 1.5 years old are an exception. This is understandable, because during this time, all the happy owners of new homes are putting it in order, and the clatter of the hammer can be heard everywhere.
The only holiday when it is allowed to make noise all over Russia is January 1. Here the logic of the legislator is also clear. no matter how many bans there are, and the noise on New Year’s holiday will definitely be.
⇒ Recommended to read: how to measure the level of noise from neighbors at home.
Liability for Violation of the Law on Silence
There are administrative penalties for noise violations, and in some cases there is also a termination of the lease. Both a citizen and a company or an individual entrepreneur can be held administratively liable.
Penalties for citizens throughout Russia are insignificant. In general, they are from 500 to 1000, depending on the region.
But a legal entity, or an individual entrepreneur will have to pay the price. For them, the amount of fine is measured in tens of thousands, and, for example, can reach 40 thousand. But you need to understand that if an individual entrepreneur makes noise in his home, making repairs for personal user, as an entrepreneur no one will bring him to responsibility. The same applies to owners of legal entities.
To hold business entities liable, it is necessary to prove that the noise is directly related to their business activities.
How to protect your rights and where to complain
If you are bothered by noise from the neighbors, there are several ways how to restore justice:
When it is better to agree
It is known that repair is not a process, but a state. So if your neighbor decided to do repairs when you decided to take a nap, it does not mean that sometime in the future you will not drop your drill when frightened by the angry neighbor’s knocking on your door.
It should be taken into account that according to the sanitary rules of any region, the noise pollution from most of the construction equipment is higher than allowed at any time of day.
This means you can always complain about the repairer. That’s why it is better to agree with all the neighbors. until what time can do repairs on the weekend. For example, when you’re not home. Especially if the noisy work will last a long time.
When should the police be called?
If you can’t reach an agreement. Or your noisy neighbor has decided to wash the purchased construction materials, and mixed up the time of day and started laying tiles at 2 am, and in response to your Комментарии и мнения владельцев is expressed in complicated idiomatic expressions, it is time to call the police.
The police have the right to prosecute a negligent neighbor for disturbing the peace of the tenants with noisy work. In this case it will be enough to see the neighbor in the construction dust, and the repair situation in the apartment.
Grounds for complaint to Rospotrebnadzor
To complain to Rospotrebnadzor when the violation of the regime of silence occurs systematically.
For example, a neighbor is engaged in carpentry in his apartment and makes a lot of noise on a daily basis, including during the day, when, according to regional laws, it seems to be not forbidden.In this situation, the real responsibility will come only in case of systematic violations.
And for their fixation it is necessary to measure their strength, as well as the conclusion of a specialist about their excessiveness. Only a special body in the sphere of supervision over the observance of sanitary rules. Rospotrebnadzor can do this.
In order for him to protect your rights, you must write a complaint, which should detail the days and times on which your neighbor pester you with construction noise. Without informing the person concerned the Supervision Office will measure the noise level of the neighbor’s apartment and based on their findings they will draw up a protocol.
Earplugs for noisy work. Another episode from my practice
I had an incident where I was drilling a hole in the bathtub with an impact drill. There was nothing in the bathroom-just bare concrete walls and old metal pipes. So, working in the bathroom, I felt all the power of the roar of the instrument, the sound of which in a small confined space bounced off the walls at breakneck speed and resonated in my ears. At first I didn’t pay attention to it, and then when I came out of the bathroom, I deeply regretted that I kept working and did nothing about it. For the first time in my life, I experienced what the phrase “tinnitus” means. The sound stayed for one to one and a half hours, then it began to fade. When the ringing stopped, I breathed a sigh of relief. Honestly, when it didn’t stop for the first 30 minutes, I thought for a moment that it would stay with me forever. Since then, if noisy repair work is expected, I put on special headphones.
But it is better to get the most common earplugs.
Well, that’s where the article ends. Today we’ve talked to you in detail about the noise work.
What time can make repairs in the apartment?
Getting to repair, you need to understand that the time when you can make noise is not limited to the wishes of your neighbors, and the law. Knowing exactly what time and until what time you have the right to perform certain works, you can be calm and not pay attention to the threats of especially restless tenants in your house. Even if the neighbor’s grandmother wants to complain or call the police (which can happen) you will have the law by your side.
You must keep in mind that a single law regulating the permissible level of noise and specifying a clear time frame for repairs, there is no. Standards and requirements in different regions of the country can vary greatly. You can find out about them by reading the specific laws that establish certain rules in your city or region.
Here are the answers to some of the questions you might have.
How to find out if a neighbor is really breaking the rules
First, it is important to check your local laws about how much drilling is allowed on weekends. Secondly, if the timing is not violated, it is worth making sure that the work is not too noisy. Ideally, you can’t do without a special device.
However, it is possible to say at a glance. Many people are familiar with car noise. It is about 60 decibels. In this case, the permissible noise level in the apartment is only 55 decibels.
So if you hear that a neighbor is noisy at the weekend, as a passenger car, it is already a reason, if not to go to the police, then at least to knock and ask to be quieter.
Well, within the limits of the permissible drilling will continue to be allowed within a specified time. So to drill holes and make repairs will not be a problem, if you approach intelligently.
It is worth noting that repair work or drilling in Russia is allowed to start or continue on Saturday, but not on Sunday. And not in every region.
That’s why, before you start repairing and drilling walls, it’s worth checking out the local legislation, which sometimes changes. In addition, a week before the work, it is better to put up a notice with a warning.
What else you should do
If you plan to renovate, the first thing you should do is find out when you can drill in the apartment. And the data must be current for the current month.
And for this is hardly suitable broadcast on TV, it is better to go to the official site of the administration. But it is not enough not to spoil a good relationship with the neighbors. It’s important to consider the situation in the house.
Here’s what the right thing to do, so as not to disturb anyone:
- Make a notice about the renovation and hang it up a week before the work and drilling in the apartment.
- Ask tenants to leave their wishes in this announcement.
- If someone asks to postpone noisy drilling work in the apartment, it is better to do so. It is worthwhile to put up a new announcement with a different date and also look at the reaction.
- It is important to consider how many people do not like the fact that there will be drilling and noisy work in the apartment.
If you act in this sequence, problems are unlikely to arise. This approach is very seldom practiced elsewhere. Although there’s nothing complicated about it. It is understandable when there was some kind of accident and you want to urgently do the work, to drill.
Then there’s no time for announcements. But it’s quite another thing when there is no rush and drilling can be scheduled. Announcement is a sign of respect for the neighbors. Other tenants in the building might start doing the same thing.
If you can not finish drilling in time, it is worth to reschedule. And it’s important to plan this in advance. Otherwise it is not always possible to do it.
For example, it is not at all difficult to stop drilling quickly. It is usually possible to stop drilling into something within a minute or two.
But with some other jobs, it will be more difficult. It is clear that the repair crew may have a date on which the object is scheduled to be delivered.
So it is worth discussing beforehand the possibility of postponing noisy work. As a rule, it doesn’t disrupt plans too much. But how many tenants will be grateful for the respect shown.
In other countries
Making repairs in the apartment is not easy in many other countries. You also need to calculate what time it is allowed to drill on weekdays or weekends, take into account the peculiarities of the neighbors.
And if you’re from another country, you probably don’t understand the local mentality very well yet. This is a frequent problem in countries that are called migrant countries (USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand).
However, in these states, people who have lived there for a long time are at least ready for the constant influx of those who are not familiar with the local rules and do not know what hours you can drill.
If you come to live in a country where most people have the same culture, world view, and they speak the same language, it is much harder to achieve understanding. And the pressure on a newcomer will be much stronger.
Probably a lot of people are wondering how things are in the countries conditionally called Western countries. After all, that’s where a lot of people still want to go. In these states, people are very respectful of the law.
And the law is always enforced there, whether it’s too harsh or not. At least at the household level. This also applies to repairs on weekdays or weekends, whether it’s an apartment building or a private home.
If someone decided to do repairs in the apartment and started drilling at an unknown time, the neighbors will immediately call the police. Most likely, no one will personally call to your apartment and ask you to stop drilling. It’s not customary to do this, for a variety of reasons.
The penalty for such a repair can reach a significant amount. Especially for those who have recently arrived and haven’t yet got used to local prices, fines, and, in general, the relationship between salary and expenses.
In principle, the penalty for repairing at an unspecified time in an apartment, such as in the U.S., is not that high relative to local wages. Of course, the amount varies from state to state.
However, many, having just arrived, have not yet realized that it is illiterate to mentally translate money into Russian rubles. It is important to check local wages against local costs.
Renovating apartments isn’t easy, but it’s possible. The main thing is to know the law perfectly. In countries with many migrants, the police officer himself may be a recent arrival and may be confused about some of the laws. Before you start repairing or drilling, it’s a good idea to check local laws and memorize their numbers.
To make your case if you need to.
it is worth noting that repairs can be made and allowed to drill under the law of Russia on weekdays and, in some regions, on Saturday in 2022. However, times vary by region, so it’s important to first clarify exactly when this is allowed in a particular place.
But you can’t drill and make repairs on Sunday on the entire property. However, in addition to legality, you should also consider whether the repair work is interfering with someone’s actual.