Which Hacksaw Is Better For Wood
How to choose a hacksaw for wood?
When working with wood during construction, such a carpentry tool as a hacksaw is a must. Which hacksaw is best for home and production?
The service life, simplicity and speed of the hacksaw depend on the working blade. And which one to choose? It is good if the blade is made of stainless steel, which has many advantages.
The quality of steel is the virtue of any working tool of any brand at home and in factories. The higher the grade is, the longer the sharpened hacksaw teeth will last.
Criterias of choice
The size and height of the tines is the speed of work. The metal hand saw blade is marked TPI.
Tpi 3… 6 on the blade indicates a coarse-toothed hand saw. The model is good for sawing boards for firewood or during construction. But for high-quality sawing of large branches, a mechanical or saw is suitable.
A hacksaw for wood with TPI 7. 9 has small teeth with a small height and is necessary for a neat straight cut. This working tool is used in enterprises and in construction for accurate and high-quality sawing of chipboard.
The next parameter when choosing a type of hacksaw is the shape and height of the teeth of the working blade made of metal. If the teeth are triangular and have oblique corners, this tool is suitable for ripping.
The shape of the sharpened teeth in the form of a triangle with equal straight sides is suitable for cross-cutting. During the construction of houses and in enterprises, it is used only if the wood is dry.
How to choose a hacksaw for wood?
Saws and power saws from various brands are good for woodworking. But such tools do not always guarantee a quality cut. In this case, in construction and at enterprises, a hacksaw is needed for wood when working with different products. And the varieties of metal hacksaws differ in the shape and convenience of the handle, the shape of the sharpened teeth, their height and pitch, longitudinal or transverse cut, the length of the working blade, as well as the steel grade of this blade.
- Criterias of choice
- Canvas material
- Tooth pitch and types
- Handle design
- Popular models
How to choose?
First of all, you need to determine what type of tool is needed: carpentry or carpentry. The carpentry has a more accurate and clean cut, it is used mainly for dry wood. Cutting speed for this type of tool is not the main characteristic.
When choosing a length, be guided by your needs, i.E. What size timber or log you are going to cut. If the tool will not be used often, for example, in a summer cottage, choose with hardened teeth. The service life of such a saw is large. In addition, correctly sharpening and setting teeth is its own science, and it may not be advisable to master it for seasonal work in the garden.
The quality of the canvas can be checked upon purchase. To do this, take a hacksaw and see how even the canvas is. Next, bend the canvas until tangible resistance and release. The bending effort should be negligible, do not break. After that, look at the flatness of the web at the bend, if the deviation is more than 2 mm, the steel is not of very high quality.
The hacksaw teeth have a double role:
- Cut wood;
- Remove sawdust.
The smaller the number of teeth per inch, the faster the cutting speed and less clogging by sawdust. Hacksaws with up to 7 teeth provide high productivity with low user effort. True, accuracy will suffer from this. But even here it is necessary to look for the golden mean, because the greater the distance between the teeth, the smaller the cutting surface. Accordingly, performance will drop. The best option would be the following rule: the minimum thickness of the bar should be greater than the pitch of three teeth. Otherwise, it will be flour, not sawing.
One of the defining criteria for choosing a hacksaw for wood is the price. As with everything else, quality products from top brands will cost more than Chinese brands. This overpayment, in fact, is a guarantee of the durability and durability of such a tool. And with hardened teeth, this is very important, the overall service life of such a tool will depend on it. It does not lend itself to sharpening. Leading manufacturers exercise stricter control when choosing steel grades and hardening technology. And as we discussed above, even the shape and pitch of the teeth of such a tool will affect a lot. Starting with convenience and effort, ending with precision and evenness of cutting.
It seems to be a simple tool, but no, with the wrong choice, at best, we will not get the expected pleasure from work. At its worst. As the author of the comment on the forum: “It seemed to me that saws are sold ready-to-use, ie already imprisoned and divorced. ” So how to choose a hacksaw for wood? What to look for: brand, length or price? We will try to answer this question in this article.
Stanley Jet Cut SP2-15-288
This hacksaw is equipped with a D-handle, 50 cm blade with 7 mm tooth pitch. The three-edged tooth ensures an easy and fast sawing. The fine Swedish steel used in the production of the blade ensures a high quality tool. The teeth are practically not subject to wear, which makes it possible for many years of successful use. Price. Within 1200-1300 rubles.
The information of sellers about which hacksaws for wood sell best gives an opportunity to judge the most popular models. Let’s consider some of them.
Blade material, pitch and tooth types
The material for the production of hacksaw blades is, as a rule, tool steel or alloy steel. In order for the tool to serve for a long time, you should choose a saw with a blade made of high types of steel, preferably stainless steel. The price will be higher, but it will surely pay off. In addition, the teeth can be hardened or not. Both options have their merits. Unhardened teeth can always be sharpened, with a certain skill. Hardened teeth are more reliable, last longer, but sharpening them after they wear out is unlikely to work.
The question of which hacksaw for wood is best suited for certain conditions can most often be answered based on the size, type, and pitch of the teeth. Efficient cutting of wood materials is characterized by speed and precision of cutting. These properties depend on each other. The cutting accuracy is guaranteed by a fine tooth, while reducing the working speed. Larger teeth will cut faster, but the cut surface quality and accuracy will deteriorate.
For the correct selection, the TPI parameter is important, which means the number of teeth per inch of the working length of the blade. This factor is usually indicated in the marking on the side surface of the web. For accurate work, where the accuracy and quality of surfaces are of great importance, TPI should be equal to 7-11, but if speed is preferable, then TPI is selected with a value of 3-5.
There are several types of hacksaws by the type of teeth:
- For rip sawing. This tool has teeth in the shape of an oblique triangle and is used to cut wood along the grain.
- The cross hacksaw is equipped with isosceles triangular teeth, mainly used for dry wood.
- For mixed cuts. Triangular teeth alternate with semicircular teeth. Not recommended for intensive, frequent use.
- With a trapezoidal tooth. Each tooth of this hacksaw has three cutting edges. The use of this hacksaw has undeniable advantages. The tool cuts quickly, effortlessly.
- The redesigned saw has grouped teeth, separated by special gaps, which make it easier to remove chips from the cut area.
Hacksaws, in addition to the shape and location of the teeth, are divided according to the shape and length of the blade, they are folding, with different shapes of handles. The durability, as well as the quality of the tool’s performance, can be indirectly evidenced by the price. A good hacksaw is unlikely to be the cheapest.
But modern hacksaws, unlike classic ones, have hardened teeth with a non-standard trapezoidal shape. These saws are endowed with increased strength and wear resistance. Their steel will not give in to sharpening, and it is very difficult to observe all the angles of the sharpened teeth.
What types of hand saws are intended for what application
- The classic hacksaw is the most common of all. It has a long and wide blade. If the blade is too long, the hacksaw can be tilted to the side when cutting. Great care should be taken to avoid deviating the line cut from the initial markings. This hacksaw is suitable for working with timber, boards, chipboard and so on.
- A hacksaw with a back. This saw model has a rigid rib-nozzle that minimizes the frequency of blade vibrations. And also such a hacksaw has finer teeth and a higher TPI. They are designed for cutting plywood, chipboard with a coating layer and cutting profile strips.
- Fine saws have an adjustable handle. They are needed for sawing grooves, grooves and sawing straight and profile strips.
- Circular hacksaw, or a hacksaw with a narrow blade. It is also used for sawing grooves, as well as for sawing parts with rounded points and large holes.
- The bow saw is well suited for cutting knots and rough pieces of material, as well as for sawing parts from plywood and wood. Such a hacksaw is distinguished by a thin blade fixed on both sides in a frame. It is worth noting that it is necessary to work with it extremely carefully because of its increased fragility.
- Reward. Has two handles. The appearance of such a saw is in many ways similar to a plane. It is used for cutting out spikes and grooves, deepening holes and slots in materials of any hardness.
- Garden saw with curved blade. Most often, for greater convenience, they are folded. This saw works well in the garden. The saw blade is made of chrome steel. Widely spaced teeth with an inclination towards the handle will allow you to conveniently cut off branches and branches, focusing on yourself while cutting.
- The two-handed saw has the highest performance. It has two wooden handles. Cutting with such a saw for greater efficiency requires two people. The two-handed saw is often used for sawing large logs and trees.
- Hand or pocket chain saw is a small piece of chain with two handles at the ends. It is convenient to work with such a saw both alone and together. A log or branch is clasped with a chain and sawing with the help of handles. A hand chain saw, like a folding chain saw, works well in the garden.