Which Potato Planter For Tiller Is Better

Potato digger: description, principle of operation

which, potato, planter, tiller, better

A home-made or factory potato digger is a mechanism with a movable or vibrating elevator for extracting potato root crops from the soil and preparing them for subsequent collection.

By type, diggers are:

  • single row;
  • multi-row (double row).

Single-row attachments provide processing of one row of plantings and are designed to collect tubers from small areas. Multi-row sheds are used to capture several rows of landings at once and can be used on areas of any area.

By type of work, potato diggers are divided into:

  • conveyor;
  • vibrating (roaring).

Conveyor models consist of a passive share and a movable chain-bar elevator. During the operation of the conveyor digger, the pruning share digs into the ground and extracts potato tubers to the surface. Then they move up and moving along the conveyor belt get rid of the remnants of the earth.

Vibrating potato diggers (screen type) include in their design two movable grates that form a vibrating sieve. Plowshares are attached to the first lattice, which burst into the ground at high speed, cut and grind it, and then eject the root crops to the surface.

As you can see, the principle of operation of the conveyor and vibration type potato diggers is similar and consists in:

  • cutting the earth layer with a cutting element;
  • loosening and lifting the soil with root crops to the surface;
  • separating tubers from tops and soil using a sifting mechanism;
  • placing root crops in a storage hopper or laying them on the surface of the field for subsequent manual harvesting.

Conveyor and vibrating diggers can be used not only to dig out potatoes, but also to simplify the collection of beets, turnips, carrots, and other vegetable crops.

Transporter potato digger for tractor Scout

The transport-type digger is designed to dig up tubers and thoroughly clean them from soil. It is aggregated with mini tractors and heavy tillers with a capacity of 10-15 hp, such as Bison. Weighing 63 kg, the conveyor digger provides a working depth of 28 cm.

The conveyor potato digger is specially designed for use with Scout mini tractors and is well aggregated with the T-12, T-15, T-18, T-24 and T-25 models. To work together with the first three modifications of tractors, a B2360 drive belt is used, with the rest. B2550-B2600, and it is also possible to install it on Uralets tractors.

How To Plant And Grow Potatoes With a Potato Planter

The conveyor potato digger can be operated without additional elements if the height of the rear drive wheels of the aggregated tractor or tiller does not exceed 16 “. For larger wheels, a mount (lowering plate) is used so that the digger can sink into the ground to the required depth.

In the manufacture of the conveyor potato digger, the manufacturer used double closed ball bearings and a patented vibration system using eccentrics. This increased the strength of the conveyor and its ability to withstand heavy loads. Average cost of a conveyor digger 340.

Potato digger KKM-3

This vibrating potato digger with a plow share and a sieve sieve is designed for harvesting small plots with light soil. Such a digger weighing 40 kg provides digging of root crops at a depth of 20 cm.

KKM-3 serves as a hitch for the MTZ-132H mini-tractor, as well as other models of tractors of a similar design, in which mounted implements are driven through a PTO shaft. The transmission of rotation to the shaft of a single-row potato digger is carried out by means of PK-3. It is purchased separately, since it is not included in the factory delivery set.

The lifting and lowering of the digger is carried out using a hydraulic cylinder mounted on a mini tractor. The productivity of a single-row potato digger is 0.05-0.2 hectares / hour. Average price 300.

Transporter potato digger for tractor Scout

The transport-type digger is designed to dig up tubers and thoroughly clean them from soil. It is aggregated with mini tractors and heavy tillers with a capacity of 10-15 hp, such as Bison. Weighing 63 kg, the conveyor potato digger provides a working depth of up to 28 cm.

The conveyor potato digger is specially designed for use with Scout mini tractors and is well aggregated with the T-12, T-15, T-18, T-24 and T-25 models. To work together with the first three modifications of tractors, a B2360 drive belt is used, with the rest. B2550-B2600, and it is also possible to install it on Uralets tractors.

The conveyor potato digger can be operated without additional elements if the height of the rear drive wheels of the aggregated tractor or tiller does not exceed 16 “. For larger wheels, a mount (lowering plate) is used so that the digger can sink into the ground to the required depth.

In the manufacture of the conveyor potato digger, the manufacturer used double sealed ball bearings and a patented vibration system using eccentrics. This has increased the strength of the conveyor and its ability to withstand heavy loads. Average cost of a conveyor digger 340.

Choosing the best potato digger for a mini tractor and a heavy tiller

Growing potatoes is a very time-consuming process that requires a lot of both effort and energy. To facilitate it, mechanized means are used. potato diggers of all sizes and types (single-row, double-row, conveyor), which can be home-made or factory-made. A potato planter is used for planting potatoes. Home-made or factory devices are used as attachments for mini tractors and self-propelled tillers, which are equipped with a power take-off shaft.

Single row potato digger for mini tractor Wirax

The conveyor digger is designed for processing one furrow in soils with a loose structure without containing stones. It weighs 235 kg and can dig up tubers at a depth of 25 cm at a speed of 8 km / h. The conveyor-type device neatly extracts the crop from the ground and places it in a previously dug furrow.

The basis of the conveyor unit includes two rubber-fabric conveyor belts of Italian production. This model of a conveyor hitch is recommended for use with a minitractor of traction class 0.9 with a capacity of 20-35 horsepower (the power of a home-made tiller will not be enough). Such a conveyor digger is capable of working on surfaces with a slope of up to 6 o. Price 1065.

Potato digger KKM-3

This vibrating potato digger with a plow share and a sieve sieve is designed for harvesting small plots with light soil. Such a digger weighing 40 kg provides digging of root crops at a depth of 20 cm.

KKM-3 serves as a hitch for the MTZ-132H minitractor, as well as other models of tractors of a similar design, in which mounted implements are driven through a PTO shaft. The transmission of rotation to the shaft of a single-row potato digger is carried out by means of PK-3. It is purchased separately, since it is not included in the factory delivery set.

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The lifting and lowering of the digger is carried out using a hydraulic cylinder mounted on a mini tractor. The productivity of a single-row potato digger is 0.05-0.2 hectares / hour. Average price 300.

Potato digger: description, principle of operation

A home-made or factory potato digger is a mechanism with a movable or vibrating elevator for extracting potato root crops from the soil and preparing them for subsequent collection.

By type, diggers are:

  • single row;
  • multi-row (double row).

Single-row attachments provide processing of one row of plantings and are designed to collect tubers from small areas. Multi-row sheds are used to capture several rows of landings at once and can be used on areas of any area.

By type of work, potato diggers are divided into:

  • conveyor;
  • vibrating (roaring).

Conveyor models consist of a passive share and a movable chain-bar elevator. During the operation of the conveyor digger, the pruning share buries in the ground and extracts the potato tubers to the surface. Then they move up and moving along the conveyor belt get rid of the rest of the earth.

Vibrating potato diggers (screen type) include in their design two movable grates that form a vibrating sieve. Plowshares are attached to the first lattice, which burst into the ground at high speed, cut and grind it, and then eject root crops to the surface.

As you can see, the principle of operation of the conveyor and vibration type potato diggers is similar and consists in:

  • cutting the earth layer with a cutting element;
  • loosening and lifting the soil with root crops to the surface;
  • separating tubers from tops and soil using a sifting mechanism;
  • placing root crops in a storage hopper or laying them on the surface of the field for subsequent manual harvesting.

Conveyor and vibrating diggers can be used not only to dig out potatoes, but also to simplify the collection of beets, turnips, carrots, and other vegetable crops.

User feedback on the operation of segment mowers on tillers

In addition to the pluses, they also note the minuses:

  • attachments, due to the large number of parts used, have a significant weight;
  • to access individual units, intermediate elements have to be removed, which somewhat complicates repair and maintenance;
  • a segment mower is much more expensive than a rotary mower, so the demand for them is an order of magnitude lower.

Purpose of mowers and requirements for them

The mowers are designed to cut grass at a certain height from the ground. By creating a product, designers receive a specific technical task. It takes into account certain requirements, which are subsequently implemented by ready-made attachments:

  • Capture width.
    This parameter cannot be too significant, since the tillers are intended for use in small areas. They have to move in a straight line, as well as avoid obstacles.
  • Cutting height.
    It is an important indicator of the efficiency of work production. The lower the vegetation is cut, the more biomaterial is obtained for drying and feeding the animals.
  • Grass or shrub height allowed.
    Depends on the thickness of the stem in the cutting zone, as well as the convenience of work. falling tall plants will make it difficult to move. You will have to come back often to overcome difficult areas.
  • The speed of movement of the unit, which will determine the performance of mowing vegetation.
  • Attachment weight.
    The heavier the device, the more difficult it is to carry it and mount it to the tiller.
  • Ease of use.
    Implies access to control knobs (on and off), regulation of modes (faster or slower).
  • Maintainability.
    This is the possibility of restoring equipment on your own or you will have to constantly contact service centers.
  • Use of wear-resistant and durable materials.
    This is a guarantee of long-term operation in harsh conditions when cutting dry and wet grass.
  • Protective fences.
    To prevent human or pets from entering the cutting area.

Disadvantages of rotary mowers:

  • you need to regularly (approximately every 2 hours of work) check the fastening of the knives;
  • traumatic in the presence of small stones and other solid objects in the grass;
  • You can mow upright grass up to 1 meter high.

Rotary mounted mowers for tillers

On uneven areas of a relatively small size, rotary mowers are used. Structurally, they represent a disk located at the cutting height. Rotation from the power take-off shaft (PTO) of the tiller is transmitted to the executive body.

Several knives are installed on the disk, which, under the action of centrifugal force arising during rotation, diverge in different directions. When they come into contact with stems and blades of grass, they cut them.

Low grasses have time to be in the cutting zone several times, therefore they are crushed. A herbal mass is formed. Gardeners use it for mulching the soil in their gardens. Poultry happily pecks on a similar herbal mixture.

Rotary attachments are produced in two versions:

  • Single disc. one large cutting disc is installed on the frame. It determines the working width.
  • Two-disk. mounted two disks rotating in opposite directions. They are installed parallel to each other. The capture width depends on the size of the diameters of both.

Attention! The two-disc machine is not much more complicated than the one-disc version, but during operation, the mowed grass is laid in a swath, which is formed between the discs. In the future, it is easier to rake and transport the crop.

How to choose a mower for a tiller

Grass. universal feed for a whole group of livestock. The vegetation, mown in the summer and properly dried, turns into hay, the nutritional value of which is quite high. The dried product allows animals to exist from autumn to spring, producing food: milk and meat.

Traditionally, hay making was done by mowing grass with a simple tool, a must in every farmhouse. Today it is difficult to find a craftsman who can perform this operation with the help of a manual scythe of a Lithuanian. The skill is lost for various reasons, you have to look for technical devices to do this work.

Tillers and mini tractors are convenient power-generating units on which you can attach a variety of agricultural implements and machines. They are equipped with additional devices for cutting grass and making hay.

The advantages of rotary mowers

  • Simple and compact attachment, it is easy to transfer, mount on a tiller.
  • In the trunk of a car, the machine-tractor unit is transported disassembled, at the intended site it is assembled and proceeded to work.
  • Service is simple. At the end of the work, it is easy to remove the remnants of the cut material. Performing routine maintenance, lubricate rubbing nodes.
  • The presence of fences contributes to the safe operation of equipment.
  • When mowing, the operator can easily maneuver. The center of gravity is located on the wheels, so sharp turns and changes in direction of travel are easy.
  • Rotary mowers are relatively inexpensive. They are purchased more often to equip them with energy-rich units.
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What are the tiller mowers

Mounted mowers for tillers are usually divided according to the principle of action into:

  • rotary. in them, active knives make rotational movements about the vertical axis. Moving forward, the machine-tractor unit mows vegetation: grass and small bushes;
  • segmented, have a special frame on which two rows of cutting elements are located. They reciprocate, cutting the stems. With a forward movement, the active working body cuts in the root part.

Each type has its own characteristics. Users report positive and negative values ​​for each design.

Tiller segment mowers

The design, developed back in the middle of the 19th century, has not undergone significant changes. A number of fixed segments are fixed to the frame. Above, there is a movable rod (it reciprocates with respect to the fixed frame), a second row of segments is installed on it. The stem caught between the segments is cut.

Similar mowers are used for high grass stands. They are effective in overgrown areas. Traditionally, segment mowers mow grass for hay.

Many users note that it is convenient to work with a segment mower both on the plain and on the territory with difficult terrain. The cut is made near the ground, which increases the mass of the harvested material. When mowing, the device puts the mown vegetation into a swath. this improves the conditions for drying and obtaining high-quality hay.

The speed of the unit can be up to 4.0. 4.3 km / h, which corresponds to the normal gait of a person.

The devices are produced in two versions:

  • finger, they use additional protection of the segments (overhead fingers) from the ingress of solid objects into the cutting zone;
  • fingerless do not have additional protection. Mowing is believed to have been in use for many years. There are no objects on them that can destroy the segments of the cutting organ.

Attention! Practice has shown that the presence of a protective finger over the segments increases the maintenance-free operation several times. The complex design pays off with lower costs for restoring operability.

Design features of potato planters

First, indicate which machine you need attachments for:

  • on the tiller;
  • on a motorcycle tractor;
  • on a tractor.

Techniques for planting potatoes differ in design, volume and number of bins, size and number of cutters. We already talked about the device of the planter in the article What is a potato planter and how it works?

Pay attention to how large plates (spoons) are attached, which are necessary for picking up potatoes from the hopper. We are talking about an elevator mechanism, which is chain and belt. And here, models with a belt (belt) will be preferable, since it is wide, firmly fixed and does not allow damage to the potatoes. At the same time, it can sometimes slip, which does not happen with the chain.

As for the bunker, it differs in different planters in shape (conical or rectangular), which has no fundamental effect on the quality of the equipment.

Choose a model with transport wheels, which makes it more maneuverable and easier to use. In order to engage them, it is enough to lift the drive wheels using the handle. When planter drive is disengaged, headland turns can be done easily.

Another plus of the presented tool is the ability to adjust the distance (from 19 to 28 cm) and planting depth. To find the optimal speed, you just need to change the position of the drive chain sprockets. The furrow cutter is responsible for adjusting the planting depth (it is not available on all models). Disc hillers are also subject to variation in height and in the horizontal plane.

Depending on the design, potato planters are conventionally divided into the following types:

  • galvanized with transport wheels;
  • metal with hillers, without wheels;
  • with fertilizer hopper.

Consider the soil you will be working on. So, for viscous soil, a lightweight device will be the optimal solution; for loose soil, a tool with high ground clearance and rubber wheels is suitable.

Which potato planter is better?

Just a little more and the potato planting season will begin. For quick and high-quality performance of work on large areas (more than 50 acres), special equipment is required, namely a potato planter. It can be used on tractors and tillers, there are also manual models. manufacturers offer different variations for different types of equipment.

In this article, we will figure out which planter is best so that you use the tool that is ideal for your purposes. For this, it is worth considering the important design features of various modifications.

Choosing the best machine for you

The Poltavchanka potato planter possesses all of these advantages. It is a quality, reliable, functional and practical hopper planter. Equipment from the brands Zarya, UKRPROM and Bomet has also proven itself well.

An even bed with the same density and row spacing. this is possible only with a good potato planter!

Helpful information

A mower for a tiller or MTZ, LTZ tractors is a modern and effective way of caring for your site, mowing grain crops or wild plants. Technological models are used in the warm season and allow you to quickly put in order the backyard or summer cottage area. Mowing vegetation, making hay and keeping order takes a short time. It is much more convenient to use attachments for a tractor or its mini-version than outdated tools.

Modern mowers are presented in several types, each of which has its own advantages. The choice between a rotary and a segmented unit depends on the characteristics of the site and the goals set. Both devices in high-quality performance are productive, efficient and durable, and also affect the reliability of all equipment.

Principle of operation and scope

Rotary mowers shred plants, mow and place them in even shafts or evenly across the field, which greatly facilitates hay transportation. Many models have a safety device that deflects the knives when they hit an obstacle. Also, in some versions of mowers, the knives can be deflected up to 45 °, which will provide a better clean cut.

Modifications of this device differ in the number of cutting parts, the method of attachment and the processing area. Many models can be used for harvesting forage, as they are equipped with a weed chopper. The work of the device takes place with the help of the selection shaft of the tractor using a bevel, cardan or other transmission.

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Rotary mowers are ideal for:

  • clearing the field from weeds;
  • pasture mowing;
  • removing grass.

The unit has sufficient maneuverability and ease of use. Its width must be selected taking into account the amount of work and the size of the area to be treated.

The saw blade for the segmental finger mower consists of two metal parts: movable and fixed. According to the principle of operation, the mechanism of the device resembles a scissor. Cutting parts are shaped like sharp-edged triangles called segments or fingers. The grass is cut between the edges of the knives, stacked in rows and is easy to pick up. The two-blade fingerless mower is characterized by two moving parts that move in opposite directions. Such a device cuts cleaner, does not get clogged with debris.

  • mowing thick stalks of dry grass;
  • weed removal;
  • mowing of naturally growing grass and seeded crops.

For reference. During operation, protective measures must be observed. The segment mower easily handles plants with a thickness of 10 mm and a wire of 3 mm.

Advantages and disadvantages of a rotary mower

The range is wide enough and you can choose suitable devices for different types of leading machines. All rotary mowers combine the following advantages:

  • even mowing and neat folding of the grass;
  • protection from stones at the disc with knives (the main difference from other types);
  • easy maintenance and excellent maintainability.

Cutting parts adapt to the relief.

  • lower performance compared to segment;
  • poor quality of work at low speed.

Not very suitable for mowing soft grass.

Rotary or disc implements must be selected for specific conditions. Powerful cultivators are suitable for removing thick and tough stems. The large mass and width of the mower cope with vegetation in a large area with difficult terrain.

Design differences

A rotary mower is a base frame on which several cutting discs are installed. On the sides there are sleds for sliding the device on the ground. Cutting the grass is carried out by discs with knives that spin while driving. They rotate in different directions so that vegetation is cut evenly. In the mower, you can change the angle of inclination.

For reference. Rotary cultivators are convenient for processing swampy, clogged and uneven areas.

On MTZ, devices are attached to the front, side or behind to the frame. The unit also consists of a subframe, counterweight, drive, hydraulic system. The cutting system is based on the use of several rotors, depending on which equipment the mower is installed on. The hinged structure, which is located at the back, does not have its own chassis, but it can have one or more wheels. The hitch located in front of the tiller or tractor has its own frame to which the cutting parts and controls are attached.

A segment mower, like a rotary mower, is suitable for a mini-tractor and its more powerful version. The design resembles a lot of scissors that cut the grass. a tiller with equipment performs well the tasks of mowing vegetation along the side of roads and in tight places on the site.

For reference. The segment mower is equipped with a protective cover and can be used in all weather conditions and climatic zones. The use of attachments or trailed implements speeds up the preparation of hay several times.

The main units of the segment cultivator include a frame base on a wheel base, a cutterbar consisting of many knives, a drive and a bar. Height adjustment is carried out using the side slide. The executive body of the equipment is of two types: segment-finger and double-knife fingerless.

Service features

One of the main advantages of rotary models is that they practically do not require technical knowledge for operation and maintenance. Such equipment is chosen by farmers due to its simplicity of design and the absence of the need for frequent repairs. The condition of the device will need to be monitored, because spare parts for trailed mowers wear out over time and require replacement or maintenance. Repair is simple, one person can handle the actions.

For efficient operation, lubrication, parts are checked for malfunction or damage, knots and chain adjustments are made.

The need for frequent maintenance of the segment mower depends on the model. Attachments for large equipment may need this every shift and at the end of the working season. The mower for any tractor is cleaned of dirt, grass and other things, the reliability of the attachment of the cutting plate knives is checked. Periodically, the elements will need to be sharpened or replaced, and lubrication is also required. The segment mower is more difficult to maintain, since it has a more complex structure and time-consuming hanging process.

Advantages and disadvantages of a segment mower

One of the main advantages is the ability to work in any conditions. Segment equipment copes well with wet and dry grass, restrictions can only be on the side of the tractor’s cross-country ability. Benefits:

  • fast and high-quality cut of grass without crushing it;
  • high performance;
  • cutting grass of any type;
  • lack of hydraulics;
  • the ability to hook onto self-propelled and hand-held agricultural machinery.

Among the shortcomings of the device, it should be noted:

  • exactingness to the cleanliness of the site (absence of solid objects);
  • more time consuming service process;
  • greater weight and dimensions in comparison with the rotary one for the same tractor model.

Any type of cultivator is a significant relief of labor in agricultural work. To select a particular device, you need to familiarize yourself with the description of the models, which contain a list of used types of special equipment and power. Factors that will affect the acquisition: type of mown vegetation, area and relief of the site, the purpose of mowing and the cost of equipment.