Cher cut porcelain tiles at home. Laser

Features of the material

Porcelain stoneware is made by pressing a mixture of clay, quartz sand, a field spar and other minerals with the subsequent high.temperature firing.

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The result is a dense material with a meager amount of pores and the highest hardness. 7. 8 units on the Moos scale.

For comparison: Corundum has the same hardness (sapphire and ruby ​​include this variety of minerals), only diamonds and some other materials have a large indicator.

This feature makes porcelain.resistant porcelain, even with the most intense loads, but at the same time very difficult to process.

The problem is aggravated by the fragility of the material: with careless actions on the front side, chips appear. Therefore, the issue of choosing a tool for cutting porcelain tiles is very important.

How to cut porcelain tiles

The methods of processing this material are primarily divided into two types. Each of them has its own indications for use.


Running manual tools are justified with small volumes of work. Owners of apartments and houses usually resort to it, who decided to carry out repairs on their own.

Electric tool

A professional has to cut porcelain tiles in large volumes, because he cannot do without power tools.

What it is?

Porcelain tiles for porcelain tiles can be significantly larger than a regular corner grinder with a stone disk. Ceramics and granite are building materials that withstand high mechanical effects, unlike tiles that have hardness, above which only strongly strong varieties of steel, winning alloy and diamond spraying. Matte porcelain tiles can withstand a load that wood cannot cope with. Accordingly, the requirements for the disc of the tank cutter are presented increased: only discs and cutters with diamond spraying are suitable for cutting ceramics, granite and concrete. To extend the service life of a disk or manual cutter, it is necessary to wet the tiles with water before and during cutting.

Manual tiles can be equipped with special nozzles of cuts, which allow you to make curvilinear cut, mechanical-is equipped with crowns that make round holes, for example, for heating pipes, water supply and sewage. Conventional tiles have a drawback. they do not properly cut, when the edge from the edge of the tile fragment runs closer than 4 mm: it turns out not cutting, but a break off, it is better to use a corner grinding with a diamond disk, tile forceps or tools in which cutting is cutting in which cutting It is produced in water.

By the type of source of the attached force, tile cutters are divided into manual and electric. Many of the models below support work with standard tiles. 600×600 mm per fragment. Tiles 1200×600 mm easily cut in two.


Simple tiles. manual. are equipped only with an inconspicuous or interchangeable cutting that resembles a glass cutter blade. The sliding method, as, for example, when cutting with a conventional knife of soft materials, do not cut the tiles in large volumes, so all manual tiles are made in the form of a video with a hinge (sometimes on a ball.bearing separator) fixed on the frame (basis). In fact, this is the same diamond for cutting glass, but designed for a significantly larger thickness, up to 10 times superior glass. However, this tool has an adjustable guide that, sliding along the edge of the tile fragment, prevents the Rezaku from the cut line.

There is a large selection of manual tiles designed for tiles and tiles up to 600 mm wide. The length of the tile fragment can reach up to 1200 mm. The thicker the tile, the more massive the cutter, and thicker the diamond spraying on its tip (edge). The most typical type of mechanism is the roller.

Such tiles do not contain bearings for which a high load is critical (increased effort when cutting tiles).


Electric (mechanical, electromechanical) tile cutters-in fact, an improved angular grinder, with an inconspicuous or adjustable protective casing (for different disks diameters, up to 30 cm), adjustable guides, a suspension with a amortizer based on a spring and an improved handle, which can be turned for for ease of work in different, including constrained, conditions. Their power is sufficient-up to 2 kilowatts to cope with a sharp tile up to 3.5 cm thick.

Reduced tiles are not directly driven. they have a reducing reducer reducing in order to reduce the load on the engine bearing unit. There is no such gearbox in the bearing, but they do not withstand too much effort (pressure) when cutting.

Model rating

The best tile, by definition, is the most powerful and high.speed, at the same time budget (the cheapest). Manual tiles do not give effective performance in mass construction and repair work, as well as with a single, but significant volume of work.

  • Germans Boada. a company producing Rubi tile cutters. The TM-70 model cuts ceramics and porcelain tile up to 21 mm. Chrome.made guides of high.quality steel and cutting limiter allow you to walk along the cut line twice if you are underway in one reception, as well as perform a second cut at an angle of 45 and 90 degrees. Suitable for large.format tiles. The tile cutter is optimal in the cost and quality of the product.
  • Matrix 600 mm. a device that cuts the tile mainly 600 and 500 mm in width and length. One guide in the form of an I.beam, a bearing mechanism for cutting. The trigger cutter is surrounded by a guide on both sides. Pressure of the capture mechanism. Clutching a guide ball that does not allow the tool to slide when cutting a tile blank. Lightened handle move. Aluminum frame. Logok tool in carrying.
  • SIGMA 3C3M. 1150 kg of weighting effort to cut. Tile width 72 cm. Designed for tiles of complex relief and texture. The ball.bearing handle makes it possible to smoothly cut the tiles even in places. Depreciation increases the smoothness of the course. lineup line that allows you to cut the tile at a significant angle.
  • Montolit 26pb. Professional Model. A rigid base designed for an extremely even cut. Tile thickness. up to 25 mm. The adjustment by the depth of the cut makes it possible to split exactly the tile up to 25 mm thick.
  • STAYER 3310-60-a model equipped with a circular cut, designed for 1.5-centimeter tiles, produces circular and direct cuts, ideal holes with a diameter of 3-8 cm. Remote ruler and right angle, 45 degrees square.
  • Basic Plus 60 is supplied with a suitcase. Aluminum frame guiding with a handle, an oval transverse section of the guides. Chromation of the guides reduces friction. The carriage is worked out from the polymer base that does not need lubrication. The elongated handle allows you to reduce the clamping of the tool when cutting the tile.

Some of the above tiles will be in the top of the best for several years.

Cut the porcelain stoneware with an ordinary “corner grinding

In the absence of tile cutters, cutting porcelain tiles “angular grinding” is another affordable way. This power tool is common for the equipment available to each “hand” the owner.

  • You can work with porcelain tiles of any thickness and texture;
  • You can do direct and figured cutting;
  • No need to purchase special equipment.

For work, you will need a diamond disk according to the porcelain tile for the “corner grinder”. The size and density of diamond spraying are the main factors affecting the price of consumable.

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However, this method has disadvantages:

  • During operation, a large amount of dust is produced;
  • a deviation from the required line of cutting is possible;
  • The process is quite traumatic and requires significant precautions;
  • The cut place must be modified.

Therefore, before sawing the porcelain stoneware “corner grinding”, make sure that the dust does not fall into adjacent rooms, as well as to the surface that is planned to be faced. Otherwise, it will have to be cleaned before laying porcelain stoneware.

Now we will answer a frequent question of how to cut a porcelain tile with a “corner grinder” without chips? There is nothing complicated: you need to use a high.quality abrasive disk for stone instead of a diamond disk according to a porcelain border. In the process of cutting, it is necessary to constantly make movements forward and backward at the place of cutting to melting the edge of the porcelain tile, which will make it difficult to cut.

If you follow the above technology, the fishing line for the trimmer of cutting is the same as it could be if it could be cutting a porcelain border. But since at home such equipment is absent, the corner grinder with an abrasive disk for stone work is the best way to avoid chips when cutting porcelain tiles. Especially if this cut is in sight.

Figure cuts on porcelain tack

The presence of sockets, switches, mounts for sconces, lamps and other elements, determine the need for a wrap in the material of square or round holes. For someone who cannot boast of great experience with porcelain tiles or tiles, this process is a secret covered with darkness. However, there is nothing abstruse here.

For the cut of round holes, they use either a “ballerinka” or a ring saw. The “ballerinka” among the advantages can highlight the ability to perform holes of any diameter and low price, but the tool requires serious skills to work with it. Otherwise there is a high probability of spoiling both facing material and tool. The ring saw can work with any grades of porcelain tile and makes an even slice, but it produces a lot of dust, costs expensive and performs holes of a certain diameter.

Square holes are performed using a greenhouse, and figures of complex geometry are cut in a special hacksaw string with a diamond spray or a jigsaw using a saw with a diamond cutting layer.

How to cut a porcelain tile angular grinder

The work begins by the fact that on the surface of the tiles they draw a fishing line for a trimmer, according to which they will perform a cut. For this purpose, use a special damn with a carbide tower or a very thin marker.

The tiles are placed on a flat surface and fixed with a clamp or tightly pressed to the surface. It is recommended to use a substrate, for example, a plywood sheet or a wood-piece plate.

The cut is performed on the front side. Thus, it turns out that most of the marriage and chips will be on the back side. A disk for tiles on a corner grinder is carried out in the direction of it, each time deepening at 1?2 mm. It is recommended to deviate a little from the line because the diamond circle in the process of “eats” several millimeters of tiles. It is advisable to do it with one smooth movement, avoiding jerks and slowing down at the edge.

If there is an assistant, then he can with the help of a vacuum cleaner removes dust and garbage, in abundance formed during dry cutting.

When processing porcelain tile, corner grinder must strictly observe the safety rules. You can not remove a protective casing from a corner grinder, use circles of inappropriate diameter, as well as work without personal protective equipment: glasses, respirator, gloves.

Cutting with a jigsaw

This method will also require considerable effort and is rather suitable for modest volumes of tiles designed for cutting. Unlike alternative methods, this option involves sawing ceramic granite. By the way, knowledge of how to cut porcelain tiles with a jigsaw will allow you to perform similar operations with a hacksaw for metal. In addition to patience, you should stock up on interchangeable cutting canvases, which will surely require work with dense material.

First of all, it is necessary to fix the file. According to the intended line on the tile, it should be drawn in a jigsaw so that the maximum smooth cut is formed. To exclude the likelihood of overheating of the tool, it is also necessary to moisten the material. This is how the electric model works, but there are also manual jigsaws, which, with appropriate dexterity and efforts, allow you to create accurate and even curly cuts. Again, the main thing is to use the files suitable for specific purposes or diamond wires. Of course, the cutting procedure will take a lot of time, but this is one of the best examples that demonstrate how to cut porcelain tiles at home with maximum accuracy. This method is especially useful if you need to create curved cuts in wall tiles for the further implementation of electrical devices.

Making holes in porcelain tiles and ceramic tiles

Holes with a diameter of up to 12 mm in porcelain border are drilled by drill with winning tips. The electric drill should be a power of more than 800 watts, its cartridge must be visible, that is, not “beat” during rotation. If the surface is too smooth and there is a risk that the drill can start sliding, then 3-4 strips of paper adhesive tape are glued to the site where drill will be drilled.

Holes with a diameter of 30, 40, 50, 60 mm on porcelain tiles are made with crowns made of hard.wooped metal with teeth, on which a winning spraying is applied. Initial drilling with such crowns is always carried out at small speeds, and only when the teeth of the crowns go deep into porcelain tiles by at least 3 mm, they proceed to faster drilling. Minus of winning crowns. the ability to perform only standard holes.

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A hole with a non.standard diameter, for example, 55 or 68 mm in porcelain tiles or tiles are made by a ballerinka. The ballerinka is a drill with a winning tip, in the middle of which a horizontal holder is fixed in a tripod method. At the remote end of the holder vertically, parallel to the drill, there is a round or hexagonal metal rod, with a cutter installed at the end. For example, it is necessary to perform a hole with a diameter of 58 mm (a hole for the sewer pipe from the sink), which means that 58 is divided by 2 and receive a radius of 29 mm. Next, using the ruler, the position of the cutter holder is set on the ballerinaster so that there is a gap of 29 mm between the cutter and the center of the drill.


Drill holes with a ballerinkle with maximum caution. The tile should lie horizontally evenly, and the angle of the central drill in the ballerinka with respect to the tile should be 90 °. The slightest skew and cutter of the ballerina can break the tile.

Holes of more than 100 mm in diameter (for a sewer riser or ventilation duct) in porcelain tackle perform a small angular grinder with a diamond disk. Initially, a couple of pieces of paper tape are glued to porcelain tiles. After that, stuck in the tape of the compass, draw the right circle. Next, a protective casing is removed from a small corner grinder. Cutting holes of more than 100 mm is carried out by holding the corner grinder absolutely in an upright position in relation to the tile, gently producing a cut in a circle.


Given that a protective casing will be temporarily removed from an angular grinder, be sure to use protective glasses, long sleeves and gloves during operation, since there will be a lot of chips to fly a lot.

What to do when it is necessary to make a hole in the glass?

The fact that glass or mirror can be trimmed using glass cutter, probably many. But often during finishing work in the bathroom, it becomes necessary to drill glass or mirror. If there is no way to take the mirror to the “glass cutter”, then the hole can be drilled in the following sequence:

Paper tape is glued to the back and front side of the mirror;

From children’s plasticine, a ring with a breeze height of 2 cm is made and tightened to the front surface of the mirror;

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A turpentine is poured into the plasticine ring until the middle;

Drilling in turpentine is produced with winning drills with a diameter of up to 6 mm or cast round copper or brass residential. You can also use the old even sting from the soldering iron.

Curly and corner cut

Внимание: Если применить пеорированный полимерный уголок, производительность отделки заметно увеличится. Под его планку можно спрятать керамогранит с дефектным краем.


  • The winning drill. the resource when working with porcelain tiles is very low;
  • Diamond crown. in fact, only 15% of the manufacturers pour diamonds, the resource is even lower than in the previous case, the maximum is enough for 1-3 holes;
  • Cooled drill-floods-the resource is slightly higher, low performance due to insufficient contact of the cutting edge with the surface;
  • Ballerinka. expensive tiles are equipped with this device, rotation is performed manually, the cutter can be hidden and changed by new as it is wear;
  • Tubular drill with diamond spraying. the main problem is the start on a smooth surface, therefore, instead of a point on a porcelain border, a marker is drawn in the size of the opening, the tool is installed at an acute angle to the surface, first is removed the glaze, then the glazing is carried out.

Внимание: Трубчатые сверла продаются в специальной упаковке, крепящейся на стену присосками, имеющими в нижней части кондуктор, предотвращающий инструмент от проскальзывания. Внутрь заливается вода, которая подается капельным способом в зону сверления. Обороты дрели не должны превышать 1 500 об/мин для максимального ресурса алмазной оснастки.

Thus, most home masters find how to drill and cut porcelain tiles during the cladding of the internal rooms and facades. The equipment for the power tool has not the same price, so from these options you can choose the optimal option for the existing budget.

Methods of cutting

Corner grinder and electric tile

In the first method, we will cut a porcelain tile with a corner grinder. Its full name is a grinding corner. It cannot be attributed to specialized tools in view of its universality of application, especially in household issues. For cutting porcelain tiles in domestic conditions, it is best to choose a corner grinder of small power so that the cutting is more accurate.

For cutting, choose diamond.coating disks. You can try both continuous and segment, comparing the result. When using continuous discs, you need to cool the saw with specialized liquids or water. Otherwise, the disk may quickly fail. However, for cutting with a minimum of chips, this is the best option.

Segmented discs used for dry cutting are suitable for Bulgarians more. Cooling here is due to the voids that are between the disk segments. However, they should not use them continuously over a couple of minutes.

In addition to the design, the discs have differences in height of the edge and thickness, by spraying, etc.D. As a rule, on the discs, manufacturers themselves indicate for how to use them.

So, first of all, apply marking on the tiles with a construction marker or pencil and put it on a flat surface. For fastening tiles, use clamps. If there is a workbench, fasten it on a workbench. Along the cut line, fix the metal strip, so that it is cut along it.

Cut the tiles on the front side. After you cut the furrow, cut the tile from the back side. Thus, the front surface is awaiting the lowest damage. The second option. Having made several cuts, break the plate manually.

If necessary, you can grind the cut. When using a corner grinder, be sure to put on a protective mask or glasses, as well as gloves. If you have a lot of work, we recommend using a respirator. With a corner grinder, you can give a different shape to the element cut out of the tile. Corner grinder is the most affordable tool. Nevertheless, one cannot fail to note the danger of injuries and the complexity of work when using a corner grinder. Get slices with good geometry with a corner grinder is quite difficult. Also, the corner grinder emits a lot of noise, leaves a lot of dust behind.

Electric tile cutter

In addition to a universal corner grinder, there are also specialized tools for cutting tiles and porcelain tiles. Electric tiles. They can be with the upper or lower location of the engine, with various power and diameter of the circle for cutting. For porcelain tile, it is also recommended to use a disk with diamond spraying. Models of tiles can differ in characteristics such as the depth of cut, the dimensions of the device itself and the desktop, the presence of a cooling system, etc.

In the configuration of some electric tile cutters, a pallet is provided. Water comes to the cutting disc, as a result of which the disk is cooled, ensuring a longer service life. Thanks to this, the quality of porcelain cutting also increases, without chips, etc.D. It is at the expense of this that electric tiles wins compared to corner grinding.

Manual tile cutter

In addition to power tools, there is also manual tile cutter. Such requirements are presented to such a tool:

For manual cutting of porcelain tiles, the tiles should be placed with a construction marker and lay on a tile cutter as evenly on the cut line. Draw a line with a roller in one movement, while pressing carefully. Next, install the foot on the tile and break it along the line. Polish the cut if necessary. It is not recommended to cut off too narrow stripes from the tile with manual tile cutter, Breaking them without chips will be problematic. Also, if at the cut you get on the ribs from the back side of the stove, then most likely oblique lines will be broken off with chips. However, with this method you get a minimum of noise and dust.


Above, we have listed only a few basic methods of cutting porcelain tiles and ceramic tiles, but there are still many methods. For example, to make holes, use special cords equipped with crusts and with pomp from solid alloys.

And, finally, a little advice. If you still got an uneven cut of tiles, place it with the problem side to the wall and, in the future, use overlays and skirting boards to hide all the shortcomings. Do not give up, build!

How to cut and how to avoid chips on porcelain tiles at home

The need to cut porcelain tile occurs in situations when it is required to cut the tile into the desired size when laying floors, facing walls, stairs and various surfaces in the rooms. Since this material is characterized by increased hardness, it is not easy to work with it. For this, various tools and devices are used.

Porcelain tiles appeared on the building materials market relatively recently, but has already gained great popularity due to its high operational qualities, combining the properties of natural stone and ceramics. This tile material is obtained by dry pressing of a homogeneous mixture consisting of quartz sand, illyte clay, kaolin, field spar and mineral dyes. The final appearance of the porcelain tile acquires after firing in special furnaces at high temperature (1200 1300 ° C).

The material has the following characteristics:

  • high hardness-7-8 e. on the scale of Moos (corresponds to Corunda);
  • strength;
  • wear resistance and durability;
  • hygiene and ease of care;
  • antistatic;
  • low water absorption;
  • resistance to aggressive environments;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • frost resistance;
  • refractory.

Due to the almost complete absence of pores, extremely high strength and other features, the material is hard to process the material. It is recommended to use a specialized tool for cutting porcelain tiles, which allows you to get even quality cut.

Than cutting porcelain tiles?

There are 2 types of processing of porcelain tile: mechanical and non.gydroish. The choice of the method is determined by the nature and configuration of the cut, the thickness of the tile, as well as the quality of the sections.

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The first type involves the use of a tile cutter (electric or manual), an angular grinding machine, an electric jigsaw, a circular saw, glass cutter, etc. Methods of processing mechanical tools are divided into dry and wet. The technology of cutting with a wet method involves the supply of water to the cutting zone to cool the cutting disk from overheating and removing dust particles.

Method Surprised 50 Years Old Tiler! Remove Tiles Without Breaking

In a dry method, the cutting element and the surface of the tiles are not moistened. Mechanical sharp is difficult to achieve good quality sawing without chips and cracks. It is preferable to perform simple straight cuts and cuts under 45 degrees with such a tool.

Figure cutting of porcelain tile is most often carried out in non.melting methods: hydro.carbraneing, laser, etc. Using these methods, it is possible to accurately withstand all sizes and get an even cut. It is possible to obtain figured products with complex configuration and various cuts. The tiles cut are carried out on special industrial machines requiring a well.trained and experienced personnel.

Cutting at home, porcelain tiles are most conveniently convenient for a corner grinder, since it is a universal tool and is available in every house. Special diamond cutting discs are used to process stone. The thickness of the cutting circle should be at least 2 mm, and the height of the working edge should be slightly larger than the thickness of the tile.

Any angle grinder is suitable, but it is more convenient to work with a small apparatus. Power does not matter, t. to. better cut at low speed. The tool will cope with the tile material of any thickness, it is possible to produce both direct and curly cuts. When using a corner grinder, it should be understood that high quality cannot be achieved. It will be necessary to add the edges additionally. During cutting, a large number of fragments and dust particles are formed, and it is difficult to process a lot of tiles with this unit.

  • Marking is applied to the glazed side;
  • the tile is placed on a flat flat surface (it is recommended to fix it with a clamp);
  • Gently make cut, deepening by 1 passage by no more than 3 mm;
  • Several times go about the cut;
  • The tool should be moved slowly and carefully, you do not need to additionally press on it, t. to. Enough the weight of the angle grinding;
  • The resulting chips are polished with a file or sandpaper.

Corner grinder is considered extremely traumatic equipment, so when working with it it is necessary to observe safety precautions and use personal protective equipment (plastic glasses or mask, protective gloves, respirator).

Circular saw and electric

In fairly large quantities, cutting porcelain tiles for the floor can be a circular saw. For work, it is necessary to use a cutting circle with diamond spraying. After marking, the product is laid on the work surface, then neatly move towards the rotating cutting disk. Only direct cuts are made by this tool. Using the circular requires extreme attentiveness and caution, t. to. Porcelain stoneware moves manually directly in the cutting zone.

To cut this solid tile, an electric jigsaw can be used, which allows both direct cuts and complex figurative processing. For work with porcelain tiles, you need to change the file for a diamond thread.

  • the cut is performed according to the marking applied with a pencil;
  • To facilitate cutting, the product is moisturized;
  • It is necessary to constantly blow the formed dust from the working area, so the quality of the cut will be better;
  • You need to move the tool slowly and carefully, carefully monitoring the processing of the edges of the tiles (chips are possible).

The cutting of the tile material with a jigsaw is rarely performed, t. to. a certain skill of possession of this tool is needed.

Mechanical and electric tile

Hand mechanical tile cutting is suitable for cutting tiles that does not exceed 12 mm thick. They can make corners and perform straight sections. It is important to make the right choice of tile cutter for porcelain tiles, t. to. This material differs from a simple tile in large sizes and thickness. It is necessary to focus on the general dimensions of the device, power and length of the handle, the thickness of the cutting element and other parameters.

Pre.marked tiles are placed on the bed of devices so that the cutting video is exactly on the marking line. Then they press the lever and, slightly pressing on it, promote a carriage with a cutting roller along the line. The lever is transferred to the middle and, with force hitting it, break the tiles. The resulting cut is not always quite even and smooth, it has to be additionally processed with a file. All this takes too much time.

It is much easier to cut porcelain tiles with another device that provides high quality of work and reduces the probability of marriage to zero. Electric tile cutter is specially designed for cutting tiles from various materials. As a working cutting element, a diamond circle is used, for the cooling of which water is supplied to the cut area.

Cut porcelain tiles according to the following technology:

  • On the glossy front side of the tiles, marking is performed;
  • The unit is installed on a flat surface (table, workbench);
  • The product is laid in a tile cutter, while the beginning of the marking line is combined with a pointer on the equipment;
  • The tool is included;
  • The tile is manually pushed to the cutting circle.

Professional hydroamber equipment

Such machines cut materials with a very thin stream of water supplied at high speed and under high pressure. They are able to cut and natural stone, and even metal. This equipment is quite complex and very expensive, it has high energy consumption and requires a lot of space to install.

But the possibilities of such a machine are truly unique- with its help it is possible to carry out not only cutting out arbitrary figures, but even do the work of the cutter on the stone. The quality of the cut is exceptional, accuracy and smoothness do not differ from the factory faces obtained in pressing.

Together with the flow of water, the smallest abrasive particles are also supplied to the cut material. A machine that cope with metal will easily cope with porcelain tiles.

Since buying such a machine means opening a small factory, it will be wiser to find a production that already owns such equipment and order a cut from them.

How to make holes in porcelain

During construction and repair, it is often necessary to make a hole in the tile to supply communications or installation of equipment. In this case, specialized tools come to the rescue


Most of all, the device is like a compass. One leg rests against the center of the future hole, it is clamped in the drill cartridge. The other can change its flight, moving about the horizontal bar. At its end, a hard alloy cutter is fixed.

When the drill is turned on, the central leg is held in the center of the future hole, and the leg with the cutter, rotating, scratches the tile to a sufficient depth.

Further, with the blow of the kiyanka, the cut circle should be knocked out and the edges of the resulting opening.

Diamond crowns

The crown with spraying from technical diamonds cuts out exceptionally even holes and does not require much effort to apply.

There is only one minus. the hole of the arbitrary diameter cannot be made. Crings can only be certain sizes. The instrument shank is also attached to the drill cartridge, the central drill is put to the marking point. Should work at the largest speeds.

Both a ballerinop and a diamond crown should work only on the front side of the tile. Otherwise, inevitable chips.