How to cut a tile at 45 degrees
How to cut a tile at 45 degrees?
For quality tile cutting yourself with a glass cutter, you will need tools such as:
- The glass cutter itself with a thin cutting wheel;
- A marker to mark the cut line;
- A metal ruler as a guide for the glass cutter;
- a nail or wooden bar to pad under the breaking point
- Work gloves to protect your hands.
Tips and tricks
Before you cut tiles with a glass cutter, it is recommended to buy a model with a thin disc instead of a diamond tip, it is much easier to cut and at a break the edges remain flat. In the case of work with large volumes, of course, it makes sense to rent a professional tool or buy your own, if funds allow.
Even after cutting with a professional tool, in many cases, the edges of the cut are not clear. This is due to the uneven depth of the cut, the poor quality of ceramic tiles or lack of experience in carrying out such work. However, this can easily be rectified by sanding down the cut edges with medium or coarse grit emery paper.
If you work with porcelain stoneware it is best not to use the glass cutter because this material has different characteristics. Such a tile is much thicker than a ceramic tile and much stronger. An ordinary glass cutter will not be able to cut such material and it will be almost impossible to get a good cut. The same applies to floor tiles, which differ significantly from the wall tiles in strength and thickness of the product.
To facilitate the work and significantly increase the quality of the cut when working with wall tiles, experts recommend soaking the material in plain water for 3-4 hours before cutting. Since the tile has a porous structure, the water will significantly soften the product and allow you to make quality cuts, even if you do not have enough experience
It is important to remember, if you need to make a cut at a distance of less than 1 cm from the edge of the product, it is not recommended to use the glass cutter, because to make a good chipping without the proper equipment will not work
Cutting a tile with an angle grinder
Sometimes there are cases when you need to cut a narrow strip of tile 0.5-2 cm, and a regular tile cutter won’t cut it because its feet are too wide.
In such cases, you need to draw a pencil to trim the notch and make a notch with an angle grinder with a diamond disc. But if you try to cut it all at once, the narrow strip will break off in several pieces. Therefore, you need to smoothly and without pressure to pass the angle grinder on the marking to get a cut depth of about 2 mm. It is necessary to move the disc along the line, not straight along it, then the width of the already narrow strip will not decrease.
By the same method, spending a few times on the same seam, you will cut a narrow strip. The second and subsequent times to drive the angle grinder will be faster, but try to hold it to the opposite side, then there will be no chips.
It is better to do this work on the weight, so the vibration will go into the hands. When you already see that the strip will soon fall down, it is advisable to put something soft so that it does not break.
Cutting tiles with an angle grinder with a special diamond tile disc
Be sure to wear glasses while working with the angle grinder.
How to choose the right tile disk
Metal discs with a diamond coating on the edges are used for cutting. But they are different: for concrete, brick, stone. Tile discs do not have any holes, and their tips are even and smooth. Concrete discs have a slit on the point, and will create chips when vibrating. If you cut ceramic tiles with it, these chips can fly into your face.
Making a 45-degree filing
Ceramic baseboard “pencil” is best for protecting the sharp outer corners of the tiles
For a beautiful docking external angles, many masters file down the edge of 45 degrees, so as not to use ceramic corners. But in dangerous places, where it is possible to slip, it is still better to use the so-called pencil edging, though some people consider them “kolhozom”.
If you’re using a professional electric tile cutter, the slanted platform there allows you to easily make a 45-degree angle on the bevel of the tile, but not everyone has such a tool. Independently such a corner is easy to make with the same angle grinder “by eye”. The disk is drawn along the line of the cut, and it should be slightly tilted inward.
A tile cutter
Here we are talking about professionals who do similar work on a regular basis. The two Feida models are the most popular:
Despite the fact that they are made by Chinese companies, they have a high quality and precision cutting.
With their help, absolutely any angle of tile that will be needed for laying is performed. often than not, it is the 45 degree angle that is popular.
Also among the companies distinguished by reliability Einhell and Proton.
Many problems arise when working with corrugated tiles, when the tile cutter touches the glazed part. It becomes scabby and “torn”, which noticeably spoils the appearance of the. The work with tiles will usually be performed by professionals. After all, no one will buy expensive equipment for personal use. This kind of work is rarely done:
When ordering a service from the construction company, it is better to clarify its status and experience in this field beforehand. It is not uncommon to “destroy” a large number of tiles. Each nuance is worth to prescribe in the contract to be concluded, so that later there will be no problems in the proceedings.
The quality of execution of chip under 45 degrees with the help of professional tile cutters will be immediately noticeable to everyone. In addition, the work is carried out in a short time, which allows you to begin laying tiles almost immediately. Such design of tile corners will be appreciated by every owner of a room where tiles will be glued.
Use of sandpaper
This material most often come to the rescue, to hide the inaccuracies of preliminary work, when the glaze is damaged or there are chips. In addition, there is another option for the use of sandpaper.
Instead of a professional tool and the need to preserve the layer of glaze, an incision is made on the front part with a glass cutter. After that, on the back side an angle grinder makes a notch in the form of the letter “V”, which must be made across the entire width of the tile. All that remains is to break the element, and the remaining work is completed with sandpaper.
Some craftsmen try to reduce the cost of the work, using only regular sandpaper. In this case, the filing of the corners of the tiles at 45 degrees is done independently, watching the condition of the clay and the glaze itself. If you overdo it, the damage will affect the tiles, therefore, you will have to spend money to buy a similar material. Significant importance will also play the coarseness of the sandpaper itself, which should vary.
For precise alignment, two versions of the material to create a bevel at 45 degrees will do:
The first numbers will be used as a rough adjustment of the tiles, and the second to create a really smooth and high-quality surface as possible. Only after that you can put a tile on the corner, without fear of criticism from the outside. If you follow the requirements and recommendations from the experts when making 45-degree cuts, there will be no questions about how to formalize the corners of the tiles. In the end, you can even say that you got a tile without corners.
For greater clarity should see the thematic videos, a compilation of which we made below.
How to achieve a perfectly right angle at the junction?
If you want to create an even joint, you will have to work as carefully as possible:
- First, fix the first tile using a construction level. Its edge should slightly extend beyond the plane of the corner of the base.
- After that the second side of the corner is aligned. Each tile adhesive has its own curing time, so you and are given to smoothing the resulting corner.
- On the same principle, subsequent fragments of tile are glued. The main thing is that the verticality of the walls was initially sustained, otherwise it will be almost impossible to hide the defect of unsuccessful joints.
Keep in mind that at the joints after undercuts tiles become more fragile. For this reason, this method of laying is not usually used on surfaces that are subjected to a high level of impact. It is especially rarely used in the facing of steps. So, when decorating outdoor stairs builders often use metal corners, and sometimes lay tiles overlapping so that the top module is slightly protruding over the side.
If you want to make the trimming of a piece of ceramic with their own hands in a simpler way, there is another option. To do this, draw a line with a glass cutter on the decorative side of the tiles. After that, turn it over with the back side facing you, and then make a V-shaped notch with an angle grinder to the full width of the tile. The excess can now be broken off, and the finishing can be done with sandpaper.
Using a tile cutter
To learn how to work properly with this tool, you need to follow a certain order of action:
On the tile on the place of a cut is glued a masking tape. Mark the desired trim width on the tile with a pencil and ruler. Position it on the platform of the tool. Press the tile down and gently push it against the disc. First you need to saw off the excess, and then engage in sanding the corner. You need to avoid touching the glaze, otherwise the edges will look uneven
If the surface decorative layer of tile is still affected, with sufficient skill, it can be sanded down with an emery machine.
How to design the corners of drywall construction
Gluing the aluminum outer corner on the fugenfüller mixture.
Finishing drywall corners is done using the following auxiliary corners:
- aluminum, it is hard enough, it is not subject to the process of rusting, it can be used if you need to seal the corners of drywall at right angles;
- galvanized, it is more rigid, it is difficult to break, but it can corrode over time, it is also used for straight corners;
- made of plastic, this element is less rigid, it does not rust and is not brittle, it can be used for any corners, for acute, straight and unfolded.
Processing of drywall corners with the sticker plastic corners on the unwrapped corner.
The question arises, but how to seal the corners of drywall with corners? You can watch a video about this process on our website.
The principle of working with all types of angles is the same:
- remove the chamfer from the end edges with a special planer for working with gypsum board, so that there were no protrusions;
- We put a layer of gypsum filler on both planes, the best solution for this is Knauf Fugenfüller;
- Glue the corners, pushing them with a rule or an even lath so that the extra mixture came out through the peoria;
- Give the corners a chance to grip putty a thin layer of Fugenfüller.
Internal corners at the joints of Knauf panels are sealed with a paper reinforcing tape and leveling putty.
Tips from the experts
For work with porcelain tiles it is preferable to use a professional electric tile cutter, as it is adapted to work with the harder material. And this material itself costs more, so you want to minimize its loss during processing.
When sawing the angle can be done not 45 degrees, but sharper. This will somewhat simplify the gluing of tiles at right angles.
When working with bevels on the corners, high-quality grout is very important, because it is possible even to snag a tile with a gap, even with a belt from clothes. This can lead to its fragment falling off. If a chip does occur, but you’re not going to replace that tile at the moment, grout will help hide the defect. They come in a variety of colors, so pick the right option in the color of ceramics is not difficult. There is also another option: to use any available grout and tint it with paint of the desired hue from above.
When after laying tiles at the seams visible minor flaws, such as from the failed grinding of the glaze, you can use masking compounds that will hide the imperfections. Such remedies are convenient to use. in the cap, as a rule, there is a small brush. The main thing is to carefully study the instructions. Note that we are talking about very minor flaws, not chipped pieces of ceramic. Correcting agent will be an indispensable assistant, if you need to “discolor” a small crack on the tile, and on any ceramic product.
With sufficient experience with finishing materials you can do everything yourself. If you do not have the necessary qualifications, but finances allow hiring experienced workers, then it is better to trust the professionals. then the quality of work will be no doubt.
How to cut a tile at a 45 degree angle, see below.
With what to cut tiles at a 45 degree angle
Electric tile cutter
Electric tile cutter is an expensive, but necessary tool for a lot of tile cutting. Makes a straight cut and a mitre cut at a custom angle. Can be set from 0 to 45. In practice, 45 degree angles are most commonly used for tile trimming. Quality models are equipped with a cooling system. This prevents the tile and the tool from overheating and reduces dust at the workplace. Slicing quality is not affected by water flow.
Consider purchasing an electric tool if you want to trim hard and expensive material like porcelain tile. The following models are the most popular:
- Zubr EP-200-1000S (Russia). stationary floor tile cutter. Machine is expensive (21-22 thousand), is designed for professionals and allows you to cut tiles of any thickness.
- Zubr EP-180-600H (Russia). compact table model. On it, a straight cut and a tile at an angle from 0 to 45 degrees is performed. Characterized by low noise and no dust: to the place of cutting comes water. Reasonable price (4000 ) can be attractive for beginners.
- Models Feida TC 200 and Feida TC 250 (China). help to cut high quality accurate bevel at an angle of 0 to 45 degrees.
- Machine tool for cutting tiles Einhell TH-TC 618 (China). allows you to saw and make the cutting of various ceramics, provided that the kerf depth will not exceed 22 mm.
If you cut a tile a little less than 45 degrees, it will be easier to form a right angle.
To work in one apartment is not rational to buy an electric tile cutter. You can qualitatively cut ceramic tiles under 45 degrees by using an angle grinder (angle grinder). It’s easier and faster to do the job with a diamond disc. The edge is likely to be uneven. Such defects are ground with turtles. If the amount of work is one apartment, you can use a cheaper option instead: replaceable sanding discs on Velcro.
- BIZON 0512003, thickness 1.8 mm;
- Union 9020-04-150x22K, h= 2 mm;
- Expert (180×25.4/22.2 mm) PRACTICE 034-793 (for porcelain stoneware);
- Professional KEOS DBP01.200 on porcelain tiles (180×25.4/22.2).
The quality of the work depends on the type of attachment on the angle grinder for the final step of cutting at 45 degrees. The diamond wheel (flexible, grinding) AGSHK 100 0 “Turtle.
Some tips for cutting pipes
Sometimes in the home you need to make cuts to connect piping at different angles or along the axis. The main tool for carrying out these works is a universal angle grinder and grinding discs on metal.
Making the longitudinal cut
To qualitatively perform a straight longitudinal cut, you can use an uncomplicated device in the form of a metal angle. It is firmly fixed on a flat wooden surface with screws and a heavy load is pressed onto it. Angle grinder makes a longitudinal cut of the pipe top, slightly resting the disk on the surface of the angle.
The angle can be attached to the pipe with clamps and a cut can be made along the top of the angle in a similar manner.
Recommendations for proper tile trimming at an angle of 45 degrees
Tile cutting at an angle of 45 degrees should be done so that the disc of the angle grinder or tile cutter does not reach the glossy surface of the tile about one millimeter. This means that only the clay itself should be cut. That is, only the clay, which acts as the base of this finishing material, is cut off. This is due to the fact that such technology helps to make the cut more accurate. When cutting the tile at once to the full depth increases the likelihood of damage to the glossy coating and the appearance of scratches on it. Such a defect will be impossible to fix, so the tile will have to be discarded, or you will have to accept its not the most aesthetic appearance.
In some cases, trimming a tile under 45 degrees forces the master to cut directly on the glaze. However, experienced craftsmen know a few ways to avoid damage to the glossy tile surface.
First of all, it is recommended to simply cut the tile exactly according to the given dimensions. After that you can begin to grind the edge at the desired angle. As a result, the resulting cut will be even, neat and beautiful. But to do it right you need to train your hand. Therefore, it is recommended to practice a little on a broken or damaged tile in order not to spoil later a lot of finishing material.
Additionally, the edges of the tile can be processed with sandpaper for maximum smoothness and evenness.
Also masters use the method of trimming the corner from the factory edge. In doing so, they hide all the trim made by an angle grinder or tile cutter under another tile.
Also : Cutting paving tiles: nuances and tips
In any case, taking into account the latest trends in bathroom design and kitchen decoration, craftsmen and designers prefer the technology of cutting tiles at a 45 degree angle than corners. So if you want to create a really cozy and modern interior, you have to work hard to master the technology of cutting the tiles to a certain angle.
For what it is necessary?
Cutting tiles at 45 degrees may be required in two cases:
- When, for example, a diagonal layout is implemented. Accordingly, the products themselves will have to be trimmed diagonally, at 45 degrees.
- When the outside or inside corner is joined. And the bevel is needed for the edge to form a nice and even corner, without plastic and other corners.
Since the goals are defined, we can move on to the base. what to cut tiles at 45 degrees.
The quality of the material has a direct influence on the quality of the tiling. You can use such a tool to cut the tiles:
Such tools allow not only to make a 45-degree cut, but also to perform more complex manipulations. Let’s consider the possibility of using each of them in more detail.
Probably the simplest tool. At the same time it is also easy and accessible.
Description of procedure
Tiles are cut with a glass cutter similar to cutting glass. To do this, the material must be laid on a horizontal surface, make a mark with an erasable element (pencil, marker) on the glossy surface.
To get the cut right, it is worth using corners. This will allow you to achieve a more accurate result. The product must be placed on the tile and to move the tools from the far side to the near, one time. Try to distribute the force evenly.
As a result we should have a line for the trimmer with a recess. Next, we lay the tile on the table or chair. It is important that it be one plane. After all, sometimes there is a protective stripe on the end of the furniture, which can protrude above the plane of the table or chair. As a result the tile will lie unstably. This is worth taking into account.
So, we move the product so that the cutting line for the trimmer falls on the edge of the furniture. After that, we press the tile to the table or chair, and with the other hand press the other dangling side. If the edge is not flat enough, it can be adjusted with sandpaper.
If you want to make a beveled edge, then the glass trimmer will not help. It is better to use either the same sandpaper or a file.
The tile cutter
Now let’s get acquainted with the instruction with a photo, how to use an electric or manual tile cutter. It allows you to do it with a normal perpendicular line or diagonally, as we need. The tool is quite easy to use.
And first let’s understand the design of the tile cutter. It looks like a base with fixed slides that act as guides to move the roller. First the marking is applied to the tile, then it is laid on the base. And then you need to try on the roller and use the handle to cut along the line. Here it is also important to perform the operation once. Therefore, the condition of the roller should be satisfactory. Otherwise either the cut will not work the first time, or it will be of poor quality.
But the cut isn’t everything. It is necessary to qualitatively break the product. For this purpose, there is a tubercle in the design. This ledge helps to make a break in the cutting line.
We described the procedure when working with a manual tile cutter. And what about the electric counterpart? Working with it is essentially no different, but requires more professional skills.
Such a tool is especially effective when cutting large volumes of tiles. The peculiarity of the electric tile cutter is that it allows you to make a quality cut with an inclination, which is what we need.
Description of procedure
It is necessary to pour water into the tray, it should fill the disc for a couple of centimeters. We lay the tile on the machine, make the clamping and drive the disc.
Such a tool allows you to cut tiles clearly and easily. It is also possible to make a 45° bevel. The only thing is you need to use a new diamond disc and cut from the back side. The tool can be equipped with a cooling system.
If it is necessary to make a bevel. Then it is best to do it together or, if there is a possibility, to fix an angle grinder, and the tile is carried out on the disk. This will allow for a better execution of the beveled edge.
You can make qualitative and even cut without any chips and cracks only with the help of special devices, each of which has its advantages.
Electric tile cutter
The main advantage of this tile cutter is a clear and high-quality cut on tiles, which is carried out in two directions: the usual straight cut and a special cut at an angle of 45 degrees. Thanks to the rotation of the cutting wheel at a certain angle to the cut off part of the tile it is easy to make the cut, starting from 0 and up to 45 degrees. The electric machine can have a water feed function, due to which there is less dust emission, or it can have a conventional design. However, both versions of the devices provide the same quality of work and guarantee the cutting of a large volume of tiles in a short period of time.
In the case of cutting concave tiles, the electric tile cutter does not repeat the concave deflection of the product. That’s why you can only cut the back side, so as not to damage the enamel on the front side. This applies in particular to porcelain stoneware.
- A special masking tape;
- a simple pencil;
- A small ruler;
- A tile cutter;
- An angle grinder with adjustable speed.
On the part of the tile where the cut will take place, you need to glue masking tape. With a pencil and a ruler to make the necessary markings. Then place the tile on a certain area of the device at a 45-degree angle. On the principle of a circular saw with a diamond tape the tiles are cut. In some models, water is supplied during the cut, which protects the tile from melting and washes away the dust.
If the glaze on the outside of the tile is damaged, the cut will be ugly, with cracks and scored edges, which when laid side by side will have a sloppy appearance. Therefore, working with an electric tile cutter, it is necessary to carefully remove only the clay layer.
Professional secrets of experienced tilers:
- With the help of a tile cutter it is necessary to achieve an even cut;
- then form the necessary angle on the back side of the product;
- The glaze, which was caught in the working process, is rubbed out with sandpaper.
Manual tile cutter
Hand-held tile cutter is popular not only with professional tilers, but also with amateurs. Many models of such tile cutters are equipped with a special rotating base and a built-in ruler, which allows you to make a high-quality cut of the tile at 45 degrees. Inserting the tile into the tile cutter at a certain degree, it is necessary to combine the mark on the tile and on the construction tool. Putting the handle down, it is necessary to move it slowly with equal speed and even pressure in the direction from yourself.
Despite the fact that such a construction device is present in almost every home, it is very difficult to make a cut of tiles under a 45-degree angle with an angle grinder yourself.
For fast and even cutting of tiles it is necessary to install a diamond wheel on the device. The tile should be placed under the edge, with the outer side facing down. Now it is necessary to grind the back side of a ceramic tile under the angle of 45 degrees with the angular grinder.
From the first time to make an even and clean cut is not possible. Therefore, after the corner is formed, it is necessary to repeat the process and pass the diamond wheel angle grinder on the cut edge. This is the only way to achieve an even angle.
To form a corner on the tile it is necessary to choose the right angle grinder, because not all models can perform the necessary functions. In this case it is worth buying a construction tool, which can regulate the speed.
At the beginning of the work, you should set the minimum speed at which the edges of the tile will be grinded and not burned.
Features of cutting a mosaic
In modern interior design is often used mosaic coating. It is used when cladding columns, bathtubs, boxes, allows you to perform finishing in the original style, to create entire paintings. For convenience, ready-made modules of 30×30 cm, consisting of small elements, are available. When trimming, the main task is to securely hold small pieces of tile.
Boring on the machine is carried out as follows:
- The module with a mosaic is placed between two sheets of plywood, about 1 cm thick, facing down. You need to back off from the edge of the tile by 1. 2 cm.
- The entire structure is fastened with screws in 3-4 places, depending on the size of the module.
- The workpiece is placed on the working surface of the electric tile cutter. The cutting disc is set at an angle of 45 degrees and a uniform cut of all fragments is made.
- The final sharpening is performed by an angle grinder with a diamond disc.
- If necessary, the surface is additionally treated with sandpaper.
- On the front side of the mosaic module is applied painter’s tape: 2 strips overlapping. The distance from the edge is 1-2 cm. This provides sufficient fixing of small fragments.
- Trimming is performed on the back side of the tile with an electric tile cutter. The module is placed on a firm base, for example, on a large tile.
- To obtain a more even and smooth filing act angle grinder.
- The final finishing is carried out by the device from a wooden bar and sandpaper.
The grinding of a mosaic with an angle grinder consists of the following steps:
- The ceramic module is placed between two plywood parts of the same shape and size. The upper element is placed 1-2 cm from the edge of the mosaic.
- The whole structure is closed with a board on top and fastened firmly to the table with clamps.
- Barking is performed by an angle grinder with a diamond disk in two steps: first, the entire module is sawn at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the surface of each piece is smoothed out more carefully.
- Sandpaper is used to make the notch area smooth.
The angle grinder should be run at a minimum RPM.
How and what to make a 45-degree notch on the end of a tile?
The best way to get a cut on the tile is with a cutting machine, where you can turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the cut tile. The machine can be with or without water in the area of the cut. It does not affect the quality of cut. A wet cut provides more comfortable working conditions. less dust. With either option, the quality of the bevel is acceptable and you can quickly cut a large volume of tiles.
Sawing tiles at 45 degrees on the machine.
The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. It’s not a defect. the tile is shaped like this. The machine can’t replicate the deflection when notching:
That’s why the cut part shouldn’t reach the face edge of the tile. where the enamel begins. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain stoneware. It is better to finish this area by hand. You can do it with a grinding wheel on a turbine. This is faster and easier. But not always better. The grinding wheel can choose in some places stronger or weaker.
A more even plane is obtained manually, from longitudinal movements along the tile with a bar coated with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements scrape off the protrusions, making the bevel in one plane. Another trick. The bevel on the tile must be done at a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Visually, nothing changes, and the convenience of tiling is substantial. This method is not suitable for ceramic baseboard, where you can see the junction of the ends of the two tiles from above.
Joining of a ceramic baseboard under 45 degrees.
It’s better to make a cut, on the painted end of the tile (many tiles have one end of 4, half or completely covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the very edge, and leave at the end of a strip of one millimeter. The end of a tile on an angle is not chipped and is less vulnerable to impact. This is especially important for dark colored tiles with dark grout. When sharpening their end, there are light streaks, and you can’t hide them with grout. This occurs, often from. that the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when cut at an angle, the circle clings to the ends of the tile face enamel.
The white stripes came from cutting the end of the tile at 45 degrees.
With light colored grout, the unpainted tip of the tile is less noticeable.
The disadvantages of the angle on the tiles, sharpened at 45 degrees :
The angle becomes more vulnerable to impact. Especially if it’s on the aisle. It’s enough to hook the slope with an empty metal bucket so that a piece of the drained corner on the tile will fly off. Increases the complexity of work, and hence the price.
Catch such a corner can be anything, even a harmless belt buckle:
Craftsman’s opinion on tile filing at a 45-degree angle.
You can also prepare a 45 degree angle on a tile with an angle grinder. A lot of dust. Wrong quality. But it is real. The main thing is cheap and always possible.
It is especially important to mark the correct angle for laying decorative stones. Often the corner elements for such products are not provided or are not available. Cutting stone at an angle of 45 degrees is the only way out of this situation.
Angle on a decorative stone under 45 degrees.