How to cut the board with a jigsaw correctly. The choice of cutting canvas

Why does the jigsaw saw crookedly and how to fix it

In most cases, the process of direct and curly sawing materials requires the ultimate accuracy of the tool. This statement is most fair for the electric jigsaw. Thin saws used in this device can easily change the cutting angle, which can negatively affect the accuracy of the line. The clarity of the faces of the product and the evenness of the cut line depends on the operator’s skills, the serviceability of the device and the file. Next, we will tell you how to get the planned contour with perfectly clear faces and what to do if the jigsaw takes aside.

The care of a saw canvas from a pre.intended line may be due to several reasons. The operator may not get experience in handling the tool, the file can be defective, and the rod and a guide video for the jigsaw can seriously play seriously. In order not to guess on the coffee grounds, it is worth starting to start the factors that determine the accuracy and evenness of the cut line in your, individual case.

As it is started, it is better to start with yourself and your approach to sawing. Often, beginner craftsmen rush events and wanting to speed up the cut, add great pressure on the jigsaw. The tool does not have time to evenly bite into the material and create a clear groove for a file, which begins to follow the path of least resistance and makes unpredictable movements. This problem is especially common when working with a thick beam (from 40 mm) and lacquered plywood of Soviet times.

This is one of the reasons why the jigsaw leads to the side. What to do at the same time? The answer is obvious. Add minimal pressure sufficient to send the tool along the line and set the maximum number of revolutions (when working with a tree). The pendulum mode usually does not affect the evenness of the sawing if its design is good.

The quality of the assembly and wear of the tool details can become a good reason for the formation of mowed lines when sawing. There are no complaints to devices from the budget segment (up to 2500), as well as hopes for their conscientious assembly. Another thing is when such fortels begin to perform original, brand tools. Often, the cause of the crooked saw is a guide video, a rod for an electrician or its sole.

Check the reliability of fixing the element, you can elementarily pulling it with your hand. Steppery of a roller or roller by more than 1 mm, determines that this device is not able to produce a perfectly even cut. The larger the backlash of parts, the less accurate fishing line for the trimmer of the saw they form. Correct this problem, should be based on circumstances. If the detail itself is worn out, it can be replaced with a similar. It is difficult to fix the breakdown if the mounting unit is worn to the mechanism. Not every modern Kulibin is taken for such repairs, and usually this problem is solved by the purchase of a new tool.

The products of many proven brands, unfortunately, are often falsified, and jelly for an electrician in this regard are very popular. It so happened that poor.quality and counterfeit products have a fairly short service life that brings many problems to the owner. One of these problems is the cut curve. Initially, an even canvas can bend due to poor.quality metal, which can be deformed by the divorce of the teeth if it was at all present. In this regard, if your jigsaw saws crookedly, the situation will be able to correct the situation. The process of choosing a high.quality saw for an electrician, was disclosed by us in a separate topic.

To get an absolutely even cut, it is not necessary to be a master or have a professional tool with original consumables. For such purposes, there is a very simple and useful device, which we will talk about later.

Guide tire for a jigsaw

Not every master with straight hands, can produce a perfectly even drain with an electrician without the use of auxiliary devices. Only the most burned experts, masterfully owning the tool, and that, subject to its serviceability and the presence of suitable saw paintings, can get a flat fishing line for a trimmer “by eye”. Of course, not everyone has the time and desire to become a dock on a straight.line cut of a jigsaw, and to purchase a circular or submersible saw for such a task is quite costly. If you have only a jigsaw with saws at your disposal, then get the desired even fishing line for a trimmer, a special guide tire will help you.

The guide for the jigsaw is an elementary, at first glance, a device similar to a large metal ruler or rule. The main difference between the tire from the above devices is a special groove, according to which, as along the rails, the sole with an electrician installed on it moves. Most guides have rubberized stripes that prevent sliding on the surface of the material, and as additional fixation, are attached with small clamps. The average length of such devices is from 1.5 to 3 meters, and can be increased by another, similar to a ruler, using an adapter.

Many modern manufacturers of electrical jigsaws produce special guide tires focused on their products. Such devices have a rather low versatility, limited to work with only this brand tools. Fortunately for the owners of irregular devices, there is an advanced, universal guide Line Master, with an adjustable sole and many useful functions. The average price is higher than some models of lobe, but high.quality, universal guide is quite that worth. Detailed analysis of the device is clearly presented in the video below.

Where to start studying

It is better to start studying this craft with familiarization with a full number of various products that are done in this way. These are small products that are closer to jewelry, and large.sized details of a small architectural form. verandas, arbors, etc.D.

The middle between them is objects of furniture, interior. It is chosen what is closer, in demand, more accessible to the capabilities of the workshop, which is sales, the desire to do with your own hands for the soul or as a startup business.

After choosing an object that has to be done, it is studied how it is done and what will be required for this.

Work examples. Products in the photo below are a simple artistic.

First you need simple motives for starting. Next, you can go to more complex.

An example of another direction: carved chasing for an external or internal interior, flat balusters for stairs, fences:

What tool is needed

All tasks are performed by different tools. 3 main groups of tools working on the principle of lobe are applied.


This is the simplest option, saws of different sizes that are held within the framework. In principle, a jigsaw can be called a metal file in a frame and a small beam wood saw. But classically, the so.called jewelry jigsaw, a short thin saw in a high frame.

Manual electric

Electricity has a number of advantages and minuses in comparison with a simple manual tool. He saws fast and easy. The efforts of the master are only to guess his file for sure.

The minus is that this tool is quite clumsy. The saw is fixed with only one end in the rod. Therefore, it is inclined to go away from the marking. Visual control over the progress of the saw is somewhat difficult.

board, jigsaw, correctly, choice

Therefore, the finest and exact work is performed by a manual tool, more rough. electrical.

board, jigsaw, correctly, choice

If you need an electric jigsaw, then before buying, we strongly recommend that you get acquainted with 9 tips that will help you choose an electrician.

Table electric

This is a variant of a mobile (manual) electrician. The only difference is that it is stationary. If a hand tool moves through the workpiece, then in a stationary workpiece is pulled under a file. For this reason, it is more difficult to work with bulky details.

At the same time, among table options there are highly effective and productive tools. Especially those who work on the principle of tape saw. Instead of a file, they have a closed saw tape in a circle on two guide wheels. In its pure form, such a tool is called not a jigsaw, but precisely a desktop tape saw. But on it it is quite possible to perform tasks for the jigsaw.

There are also stationary jigsaws of different capacities and classical performance, where the saw makes reciprocating movements. At the same time, on some models it is fixed with more than one end in the leading rod, but also the second in the passive (led) rod, which makes the cuts more accurate.

Preparation of the workplace, tools and materials

The first to start is to select and acquire the material for work. To cut out various crafts, the plywood is usually used, but the workpiece must meet a number of requirements.

The first thing you should pay attention to is the thickness of the plywood sheet. To cut the decor elements with a hand tool, not a thick plywood should be used (up to 15mm thick). It is easy to handle it. It is worth noting that the optimal thickness of the sheet for work with a manual tool is considered 4-6 mm. At the same time, it is worth remembering that the thickness of the plywood blank may vary depending on which decor is planned to be obtained. For example, a thin plywood is suitable for the manufacture of frames for photos, for vases, the average thickness of the workpiece should be used.When working with an electric jigsaw, they take thicker sheets.

In addition to the thickness of the plywood sheet, it is necessary to choose a shade and a veneer pattern. This is necessary if the finish processing of the product is planned with paint and varnishes.

The following important criteria is the humidity of the harvesting and gluing layers. Only dry plywood is suitable for performing work. In addition, layers of plywood should not be separated when processing the workpiece. In addition to the above, it is worth paying attention to the appearance of the workpiece. It should not have knots, spots. Do not suit plywood with impurities of straw. It should be firmly glued to the faner and veneer. To determine the quality of gluing the layers of plywood and veneer, the following experiment should be carried out: a strip of plywood 1-1.5 cm wide is sawn with a conventional hacksaw, if it is not relaxed, then such a plywood is suitable for carving with a jigsaw.

Together with the purchase of material for sawing, they also purchase a jigsaw. It is recommended to purchase both a manual jigsaw and electric, since they have a different area of ​​application. If there is a clear idea of ​​what work will be performed (thin or rough finishes in the manufacture of small souvenirs or furniture), then you can purchase a specific tool. A conventional hand.lobby is purchased for thin work. When choosing, you should pay attention to the material from which the frame, clamps and handle are made. The best material for the frame and clamps is strong steel (possibly stainless steel). The best material for the handle is wood. Such a pen can be given in a form that will be conveniently lying in the hand. Special attention should be paid to the clamps. They must be made of steel, not aluminum or silumin.

Next, you need to acquire auxiliary tools and materials. These include mini yards and clamps.

They allow you to fix the workpiece and avoid its displacement during operation, which will significantly reduce the likelihood of curves of cuts, and also allows you not to tear the saw. Next, purchase copy paper and sheets with patterns. Using copy paper, the pattern is transferred from the source sheet to the workpiece. If the master has a good eye and art education, then he can draw a pattern on the workpiece himself. It is best to use “TM” or “m” pencils for this, they are used to draw a picture after copying paper. It will also require the equipment of the workplace. To create comfortable working conditions, you should get a table of 1.5-0.6 meters. This surface size will conveniently place the workpiece of almost any size. It is recommended to purchase an electric burner, which is burned out by the lines of the pattern. This will simplify the thread process and give a more expensive type the product (a beautiful black patina is formed along the cutting lines).

But the most important consumables are canvases. Since torn saw when cutting down is not easy, but very simple, so you need to have a large supply of files. So on average, one or less experienced master spends about 40 pieces on one blank: 20 ordinary lines and 20 spiral.

The process of work

A jigsaw is cut on a stand to make it smoothly and easy.

Before using a jigsaw, the pattern should be applied to the workpiece. It can be transferred from a special album (you can look for albums with patterns at flea markets for cutting the times of the USSR), or draw it yourself. Another option is a printout on the printer of the pattern, followed by gluing it on the workpiece. Regardless of how the pattern is applied, those areas that should not be cut off should be painted over. After that, the workpiece is installed on the work surface using clamps and tsa for fastening. The preparatory stage of work is completed on this, then begin to cut.

Begin to cut out from the inner contours of the workpiece. This is due to the fact that plywood is a fragile material, and in the case when the outer circuit is first cut, the probability of chips of the finished pattern is high. To get started in the internal contours of the workpiece, the holes should be drilled with the drill into which the file is inserted, after which it is fixed on the jigsaw. In the event that the workpiece has more the number of internal circuits, which must be cut out, the required number of holes should be drilled until the workpiece is fixed. This will reduce work time. When fixing the canvas on the jigsaw, it should be fixed so that there are no vibrations of the canvas during operation. The process of cutting itself is little different from the work by a regular saw. the same progressive movements. An important point in work is the need to maintain an angle of 90 about between the workpiece and the peel of the jigsaw. If the cut is carried out at an angle, then a rush of canvases is possible. Beginners often make such errors, but there is nothing wrong with this. the canvas is quickly replaced.

Some features of the process

Initially, you need to choose the right file for the jigsaw. A variety of files allows you to dwell on the option that will correspond to both the material of the original workpiece and the final necessary result.

In general, the jigsaw can be with the pendulum and with the usual move. In the second option, for an even saw, the canvas must be moved clearly vertically, cutting the material upwards up. Due to the high speed created, the canvas wears out more slowly.

When working with a pendulum course tool, the principle, in fact, is the same, only preferred material for processing. soft wood or plastic, difficulties can occur with steel.

board, jigsaw, correctly, choice

In order to make a straight cut, it is necessary to choose a wide canvas, it is better if the jigsaw has a “smooth start” function, which will avoid sharp movement at the initial stage. If it is necessary to cut a round hole, first you need to drill the original version, inside of which the necessary file is inserted. The cut itself is carried out by marking. If the source option cannot be cut out, then a steady method of sawing is required. To do this, the jigsaw leans at an angle to contact with the material, this allows you to make a through hole, and then make the necessary marking.

If necessary, frequent circular sawing is advisable to purchase an additional device called a horror.

The cut is allowed along the edge of the workpiece, but you must definitely verify its original evenness, without this, the electrician saws crookedly. If the edge is uneven, then only the correct marking can fix it.

When working with wooden sheets of small thickness, there is a risk of chips. To prevent this, the sheet should be placed down the face.

There are special devices, the so.called machines for even sawing panels. They can be vertical or horizontal.

The names speak for themselves. In the first case, the panels are installed vertically, the beam installed on the guides plays the role of the bracket. The possibility of turning it to a right angle allows you to saw off the material in any plane. The horizontal version involves the presence of a table for sawing, the mechanism itself and the carriage that provides the movement of the file along.

The rules of the even saw

Thus, in order to correctly and evenly make the cut, it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:

  • Carefully choose a file suitable for your source material.
  • Prepare all the necessary auxiliary objects.
  • Carefully fix the workpiece.
  • Take into account the correct location of the workpiece so that you do not have to correct flaws. in some cases the canvas is located the front part down.
  • Work out the device control technique using professionals or through a training video.
  • Carefully observe safety precautions.

In fact, the processing of products with a jigsaw is not such a difficult task, which can be possible for any novice carpenter. Even if an even and neat sawnut is not possible immediately, you should not despair: you need to soberly evaluate what nuances you have not paid attention to. And do not ignore the advice of professionals who can speed up the process of mastering art, how to cut an electrician, and open some secrets. Try and improve!

Ways to work with a jigsaw without chips on various materials

Even sawing does not always avoid the appearance of defects on the material. Experts recommend gluing a fishing line for a cutting trimmer with adhesive tape, which will eliminate the separation of large in size elements of the processed canvas. At the same time, the painting tape is not considered an effective option, since it is characterized by a low strength indicator. The best solution is the use of a wide reinforced or aluminum tape made of fiberglass. Each side of the cut should be covered with an adhesive material by at least 15 cm. To eliminate the risk of making folds, it is necessarily pressed with a dry rag.

The refinement of the sole of the ectrolobzik helps to prevent the appearance of the crust in the upper layers of the material. to reduce the gap between the leg and the clamping platform.

Chips appear mainly on the front side of the processed canvas (facing the tool), so it is better to cut the cut on the back of the product.

Below it will be told how to cut a jigsaw without chips. Different materials.

Cutting panels made of woody stove and other materials

3 things help to saw a wood-brown slab and other materials made of wood without chips:

  • The choice of the right file. It is recommended to give preference to the option with a reverse cut. Despite the characteristic level of vibration for an element of this type, the quality of the final result will be high. Items are best performed by blood.bearing saws, transverse. straight. In the case of working with a thick workpiece, the teeth in the sawing canvas should be large, which will reduce the risk of leaving the vertical.
  • Stroke frequency control. With a strong supply of a jigsaw, the saw will bend, take it to the side, which does not guarantee its perpendicularity in relation to the plane of the workpiece. The tool needs to be tightly pressed and slowly lead on the canvas. Be sure to turn off the pendulum course.
  • The use of liner. Is a lining for a specific brand of a jigsaw. It is inserted into the right guides. The best option for the liner is an element with a saw thickness precisely corresponding to cut.

A jigsaw can be cut not only wood, but also other materials

How to cut ceramics, porcelain tiles

To create an interesting interior in the kitchen, ceramics.based slabs are often used. It is recommended to saw them with elements with diamond spraying. Another option for obtaining a flat sawing without defects is the use of a file without teeth, which a layer of abrasive is previously applied to. The pendulum move is necessarily turned off, and the speed is reduced to a minimum.

How to cut plexiglass, plastic

A saw with small teeth helps to drink plastic without scraps. In this case, you need to configure the tool taking into account the type of processed material. A flat drink provides a disconnection of the pendulum passage and the frequency not exceeding 40 % of its maximum value.

The main condition for working with an outflow is cutting at minimum speeds, since the rapid movement of the saw leads to smelting and smoking the material. The edges of the canvas become uneven, it will be difficult to fix the defects. If at hand only a tool working at high speed, then the appearance of chips due to overheating of the unit will help to break the process into several stages. Constantly need to cool the material and electrician. To do this, use ordinary water, which is served through the tube to the place of the saw.

For cutting metal, use a file with small teeth

How to cut metal

To work with metal, it is recommended to choose files with small cloves. The step between them should not exceed 0.1-0.2 mm.

The following conditions must also be observed:

  • Set the speed to the minimum indicator;
  • Smoothly lead a jigsaw;
  • disconnect the pendulum course;
  • Put the fishing line for a trimmer to place as close to the support as possible;
  • To avoid overheating of the tool to cool it and material.

To obtain curved cuts without chips, metal is placed between 2 sheets wood.fiber slab. Only the upper layer is marked, which excludes the formation of burrs on the material.

Matting and Framing Tutorial

Correction of chips that appeared

Typically, the size of the formed chips does not exceed 0.5 mm, so they are not striking. At the same time, experts offer the following solutions to the issue of how to correct the defect. If the jigsaw saws crookedly:

The most effective option for removing chips is to perform the following actions:

When milling, the edge will turn out to be a cleaner. The process of processing material in this way is carried out on a homemade bus (made by analogy for working with a circular saw). A higher level of quality is given by spiral mills. In this case, use 2 elements.

If the master wants to fix chips only on the front side, then the usual two.stroke mill is suitable. If necessary, there are no defects on each part of the product are selected four.set with 2 main branches and 2 cutting. The former should have the left direction, and the latter should have the right. When you cut off the material, the upper branches will crush it down, and the lower branches will pull it up. which prevents chips.

Sawing in a standard traditional way

The first option that we will consider is the saw in a standard traditional way. Initially, you must decide on which side you have a workpiece, and from which side you are sawing. The fact is that the jigsaw, like any cutting tool, has a saw thickness, if you drew a fishing line for a trimmer, then you need to cut either to the right of the line or to the left of the line, depending on where you have a workpiece. In our case, we will have a file to the left of the line. If you left the line, then you need to chopping with your right hand with the back with an electrician, literally one finger.

What should not be done? No need to crush, this will ruin our clean saw, all we need to do is just press the electrician to the workpiece a little bit. Also, in the process of work, you can use the pendulum key, in this case we will specifically put on mode 3. the maximum pendulum in order to demonstrate that the chips of wood will go. Now we will reduce the pendulum, thus, in the course of work, we adjust the cleanliness of the saw with a pendulum. Once again I want to remind you that the most important function of the operator is to hold a jigsaw in a position over a file with thumbs, you do not need to crush anywhere at all. If you were a little mistaken, then it’s enough to take a bar, a little bit polish several times so as not to fill the chamfer, and get a high.quality good saw. If you saw a thick array, for this, a file for curly cut is no longer suitable, it is too small, thin and weak, so replace it with a longer saw, wider.

Basic errors

So, we will summarize the main mistakes that most people prevent you from steadfastly sawing an electrician.

  • The first is the pressure forward
  • The second is the pressure in the sides
  • the third is the wrong installation, that is, the angle of 90 degrees is not preserved
  • Fourth is a curve of a saw
  • The fifth is a useless electric one completely

This is tension in the shoulders, tension in your hands, remember that you need to relax and focus your efforts only to press a little electric with two thumbs down. Practice and analyze that you are not doing so that the next drank was better and cleaner and more even and everything will be fine, everything will work out.

If you decide to saw figures and patterns with steep bends, then you need a saw saw for a figured saw. How to recognize her in the store? It is thin, short enough and almost with a horizontal tooth, with a small horizontal tooth. Further, all that is needed is gently turning the jigsaw. To make a steep clean cut, it is necessary to minimum forward movement and more movement to the side of the tail with a jigsaw, while we also do not press on the electrician, we simply hold it on top of the workpiece.

Also, an electrician can be pulled out by wood patterns, depending on the saw saw. We make a wave through the center with a radial cut, in which case we get a pattern. an ellipse, this is a predicted result. Ellipses can be stretched, narrowed, everything will depend on how deep or less deeply you will make this wave on top.

You can also, for example, take such a tangential cut, make a wave, but already at an angle of file to an arbitrary angle, in which case you will get a very interesting pattern, it looks beautiful.

So use an electrician one hundred and fifty percent, he can do a lot. Train, try different wood cuts and get a variety of interesting patterns.

And so, you played enough with the patterns, learned to make a cut evenly and your friend’s electrician begins to shake and crack in his hands. most likely his video. Why focus on this, because as a rule no one knows about this, no one reads the instructions. This video and the axis on which it is dressed, it must be periodically lubricated with household oil, it is also very easy to change it yourself. If you missed the moment of its replacement, for this you just need to pull out the screws of the electrician, the two sides of the electrician to disconnect, but not completely, and change the video itself to a new. It is sold, usually in the service centers of a particular company.

TOP-5 lots in popularity

These relatively light models use both amateurs and furniture production workers, builders.

Makita 4329 450 W

The jigsaw has a speed of speed, a protective shield. Skoby.shaped rubberized handle. The cut place is cleaned by a vacuum cleaner. Network cable 2 m long. Included: canvas and key. The depth of the wood cut. 65 mm, steel. 6 mm.

The frequency of the file of the file is 500-3100 moves/min;

file of the file. 18 mm;

pendulum course. 4 steps;

tilt of the sole. 45 °;

noise level. 86 dB;

Weight. 1.9 kg.

Bosch PST 700 E 500 W

There is a fast.and.packed file of a file, adjusting the speed. Skoby.shaped, rubberized handle. Cleaning cutting location: shaping of sawdust, connecting a vacuum cleaner. The depth of steel cut. 4 mm, aluminum. 10 mm, wood. 70 mm. The kit includes: a saw and a plastic suitcase.

The frequency of the file of the file is 500-3100 moves/min;

file of the file. 20 mm;

pendulum course. 4 steps;

tilt of the sole. 45 °;

noise level. 88 dB;

Weight. 1.7 kg.

Metabo Steb 65 Quick Box 450 W

Lobzik with the adjustment of the speed of the stroke, fast.packed fastening of the file. There is a protective shield. Rubberized handle in the form of a bracket. The cut location is cleaned with a blowing of sawdust and connected by a vacuum cleaner. Network cable 2.5 m. The depth of the wood cut. 65 mm, non.ferrous metal. 18 mm, steel. 6 mm. Complex: Protective glass, key.

The frequency of the file of the file is 600-3000 moves/min;

file of the file. 18 mm;

pendulum course. 4 steps;

tilt of the sole. 45 °;

noise level. 85 dB;

Weight. 1.9 kg.

Bosch PST 900 Pel 620 W

There is a speed of speed, backlight, fast.fastened fastening of a file. Cleaning cutting location: connecting a vacuum cleaner, blowing sawdust. Skoby.shaped, rubberized handle. The depth of steel cut. 8 mm, aluminum. 15 mm, wood. 90 mm.

The frequency of the file of the file is 500-3100 moves/min;

Jew. 23 mm;

pendulum course. 4 steps;

tilt of the sole. 45 °;

noise level. 86 dB;

Weight. 2.2 kg.

Metabo Ste 100 Quick Box 710 W

Model with options: adjusting the speed of the course, maintaining a constant speed frequency. There is a fast.packed mount of a file, a protective shield. Rubbed mushroom.shaped handle. The cut location is cleaned with a blowing of sawdust and connected by a vacuum cleaner. Network cable 4 m long. The depth of the wood cut. 100 mm, non.ferrous metal. 25 mm, steel. 10 mm. Included: hexagonal key, protective glass, suction nozzles.

The frequency of the file of the file is 1000-3100 moves/min;

Jew. 22 mm;

pendulum course. 4 steps;

tilt of the sole. 45 °;

noise level. 86 dB;

Weight. 2 kg.

Before proceeding with the sawing of the material, you need to familiarize yourself with how to make the jigsaw saw exactly. Using life hacks in working with him, you can learn the correct handling of the tool.

In what cases do you need an accurate cut

The implementation of a technological operation to saw or create a figure cut involves the formation of a line corresponding to the set assignment. That is, the cut should be even with minimal tolerances for deviation.

  • Ensuring densely adjacent to the mating surfaces.
  • Creation of minimum gaps.
  • The formation of the correct geometry of the structure from processed parts.
  • The attractive appearance of the cut line and details, in general.

Briefly about the tool

A jigsaw is a minipil that facilitates human labor. The tool is processed wood and its derivatives, metal blanks and plastic. The principle of operation is to transmit oscillatory movements in the vertical plane to the cutting tool. Moving up and down, in parallel with a progressive movement, the jigsaw produces drinking in a semi-finished product.

In addition to vertical reciprocating movements, some of the power tools are equipped with a pendulum. Feature-the saw makes movement in the vertical plane and at the same time forward-forth. That is, in the working position, the teeth are in contact with the material. The saw pushes back in the anti.trip, interrupting the interaction.

Design features

To properly operate an electrician is, first of all, to know its device and technical capabilities.

  • Stanin. Is a base on which the rest of the tool elements are attached. The platform should be even, hard and durable. the correct direction of the file depends on this, and, accordingly, the ability to perform an accurate cut. In addition, the massiveness of the base levens the emerging vibrations during work.
  • Frame. Combines the main nodes. engine, gearbox, file mounting system, control elements. It is performed in two types. with an arched (bracket) handle or “fungal” (“iron”). Ergonomicity. the convenience of covering the instrument with the hand, indirectly affects operations with minimal tolerances on the deviation.
  • The mechanism of fastening the file. The reliability of fixation, the lack of free movements (play), withstanding the direction in one plane is one of the technical capabilities for the exact sawing.

Useful equipment

The implementation of a flat seam is facilitated by a number of devices produced to an electrician:

  • Stop-zirkul. It will be required to accurately cut the circle.
  • Parallel lateral emphasis. Designed for rectilinear cut. The straightness of the seam depends on the state of the side (retaining) side.
  • Tire guide. Allows you to perform an accurate straight cut at a distance of 20 or more centimeters.
  • Platform lining. Reduces friction coefficient, increases sliding on the surface of the workpiece.
  • Anti.uscle liner. Reduces the likelihood of chips. Useful for processing laminated materials.

Characteristics that affect the accuracy of the cut

Electrician has certain characteristics indirectly or directly affecting the nature of the cut. For clarity, the indicators are reduced to the table.

Characteristic Note
Power Affects performance, speed and depth of cutting. That is, it is easier to cut the workpiece without the application of external efforts than the weak as a more powerful unit. The likelihood of vibration, bending of the file, the screening to the side will decrease
Stroke frequency (number of revolutions) The indicator is important for choosing a sawing mode for a certain material. Affects cutting speed. High. for soft wood, low. steel
Smooth start The function allows you to smoothly, without jerking and impact, start the operation of the cut. The moment of the seam formation depends on the initial cutting. an accurate hit on the trajectory or at an angle.
Weight Increasing the weight of the tool reduces the influence of vibration, departure to the side
The move of the file Directly related to power. Weak units when processing thick parts work in peak mode, at the limit of their capabilities. The investigation. increased vibration, bending of a file, leaving the trajectory
Pendulum Accelerates the cutting process, but the quality of the saw
Revolutions adjustment Allows you to choose the optimal cutting mode in accordance with the characteristics of the workpiece material
Holding speed under load The stability of the movement of the cutting tool in the process of processing the material allows you to create an even, without chips and leaving the trajectory sawing seam
The direction of blowing Blowing the zone of cutting with a stream of air from the fan that cools the engine sweeps the sawdust. The cutting point is improved
The cutting of the cutting zone The illumination of the working area increases visual control over the direction of cutting

An important point. no matter what characteristics the tool may have, to reduce the possibility of the device with a poor.quality assembly.

Two (of 4!) Easy Ways to Draw Perfect Arcs

Cutting tool

The second, in importance, element of an electrician affecting the accuracy of the cut.

  • The length of the canvas. Determines, in addition to power, the thickness of the workpiece. The discrepancy between sizes leads to peak operating modes, vibration. The fact of breaking the seam is very likely. an increase in the width, the formation of uneven edges.
  • The width of the canvas. Increase in size helps to maintain the direction of cutting. Narrow files are convenient for performing curved lines.
  • The thickness of the canvas. Increases the rigidity of the cutting device. the probability of leaving to the side decreases. The perpendicularity of the file to the surface of the workpiece is preserved. The quality of the cut is increasing.
  • Step of teeth. Defines the type of material processed. Parameter 3 ~ 6 mm is designed for rough wood processing. 2 ~ 3 mm. pure cut of laminate, furniture shields, parquet boards. Up to 1 mm. metal processing. For the convenience of the consumer, labeling is applied on the side. the inscriptions “wood”, “metal” t.P.
  • Drawing of teeth. Allows you to perform the size of the seam that does not interfere with the movement of the canvas. The possibility of jamming, distortion disappears.
  • File material. Affects the strength, stiffness and severity of the teeth. Distortion of any parameter is reflected in the quality of the seam.

How to cut plexiglass, plastic

Orgagsglo and plastic are materials that:

You can use wood files. You can not work at high speed, the electrician will fail. For cutting plastic, canvases with a large tooth are suitable. Cutting is carried out at low revolutions of the motor. Plastic saws well, and chips with a low speed of the saw go exactly. If the revolutions are increased, it will melt, the blade is knitting and the tool stops sawing. In order not to break the file, do not influence the force.

Features of sawing at an angle

Drinking at an angle is possible by electrolobsics who have this option. Mostly manufacturers equip the tools with fixators of 15, 30, 45 degrees. Before work, it is necessary to adjust the support sole. Bimetallic (heterogeneous) canvases are more suitable for sawing at an angle. They are distinguished by strength, the ability to bend and at the same time do not break.

Laminated wood plate can be sawed by other tools. How to cut a laminated wood-bruise plate without a jigsaw at home? The ruler is scratched with a marginal fishing line for a trimmer to the depth of the laminated coating. When sawing with a hand hacksaw, you need to get the edges of the teeth exactly into the scratch. It is difficult to achieve good quality with this tool. Before you saw off the wood-bruise without a jigsaw, you can prepare another tool-circular (or disk) saw. It is used to make furniture elements. To increase the saw accuracy, you should use the guides. The saw is fixed on the table. It needs a disk with small teeth. They can make good straight long cuts.

It is advisable for each owner to have an electrician at home, which will help out at the right moment. And how to cut out different materials with an electrician, we told above.