How to cut the landing into blanks. How to dry a cap without cracks. Two ways
Cap and Suvel. how to make a blank for the knife handle
Many lovers of knives or hunters make knives on their own, and for the most part order the necessary components in online stores: a blade, a bolster, a back of an arrow, a bar of an exotic tree. Here’s about the latter, that is, about a tree, I want to tell you. I had to work with different varieties of wood: Bubingo, Merbao, different types of nut, beech, black tree But here we will talk about a completely different variety of wood. About our birch cap and Suvel. What is it and how to prepare a tree for subsequent processing and achieving the final result. the knife handle?
The workpiece method is not new, and I am not the author of the described technology. I gathered some information from the Internet, and I read something from books on artistic woodcar. I just managed to systematize the experience gained and adapt the drying technology of kapa wood and tumors to my conditions.
The result was a completely efficient and not too tiring technology. But first I will explain that there is a cap, and what is the land. Often not only people far from nature, but also experienced hunters confuse these concepts. And girls, they generally for some reason cap and Suvel are called chaga. Although chaga is a mushroom parasitic growing on the surface of a tree.
Suvel is a growth on a tree trunk with a bizarre fibusted fiber with a fancy arrangement.
Cap. a similar sovelias of a growth of fibers, from which a lot of small branches grow. Thanks to this, the structure of the cap is acquired not only by vileability, but also beautiful rings, stains and wormholes.
With proper processing. drying and impregnation (as discussed below), such a tree becomes not only extremely beautiful, but also viscous.
How the cap and souvella on the tree are formed, I can’t say for sure. In different sources, dear people, specialists in their business, put forward different theories, I read them a lot.First stage
Not to confuse with?
Beginners of those who are not very familiar with what souvel birch can be confused with a cap. By the way, the second is much less common and is considered more valuable. Their main difference is the presence of knots with a longitudinal cut, a distinct core, a small pattern, pronounced ornate layers. over, in nature there are no repeating patterns of capes, they all have a unique pattern.
Suvel surface under the bark is smooth, less often. with large hillocks. In capes, it is finely puffed, small branches grow from it. Suvel is not so dense and easier to process.
So how to dry? Way of “steaming”. I will immediately say that this method is suitable for small pieces of wood: in some places half a football ball or a small log.
Take an unnecessary pan (bucket), and throw a wood there there. The pan must be taken specifically unnecessary, because in the process of cooking a very cunning decoction appears, which later to wash very troublesome. It is better to clean the piece of wood from all sorts of rags of birch bark and other fragile and dangling tsastics. they will still fall off.
I consider specifically a birch growth, as a more affordable and beautiful. Other growths boil according to the same technology. The log is accordingly cleaned from all garbage and fragile particles. Pour water. It is comfortable to do with a faceted glass (it has 250 ml). Water should cover a piece of wood for approximately a centimeter or two. The tree naturally pops up, but we will press the bottom and see everything. Pour water without distinction, cool or hot. it will still boil. You can sketch a piece of wood into a saucepan, no matter how sorry, the volume of a separate wood is important, and not the total volume of Elynsin.
We take the table salt, which is not a pity. Do not cook the soup. On a liter of water, we pour 2 huge tablespoons with the top of salt. It is possible and more, no matter how sorry, nothing terrible, overdoing it unrealistic. The main thing is that the water is sugre. You can use sea clean water (specifically clean, otherwise it will be sickening tina). Salt will pull juices from wood, but the tree will not soak.
We find sawdust of tarry wood species. Spruce, pine, the easiest way to get. We take the saw: and go. We need two massive handfuls of sawdust (rake the sawdust with 2 hands). Specifically sawdust, not chips from a conventional manual shirt. The shavings are suitable from an electric grinder (you can get it on the highest sawmill or set up yourself). I always use them. They are quite small and you can usually get a lot and just get. The more resins in sawdust, the better. And the smaller the sawdust, the better. We fall asleep into the pan. Sawdles will give Suvel a pleasant hoarse color. From the affectionate of pink yellow. Smols will also add a tree of the strength and show the texture.
Quick and Easy Hat / Snapback Restoration
When the water boils, reduce the fire and leave boiling for 6-8 hours, you can and more, how much patience is enough. If the saucepan is large, then you can not decrease the flame, let the water boil and bubble. But it is necessary to look so that the water does not boil one hundred percent. Salt, sawdust, temperature and time will do their job. We add water if necessary. In the process of cooking, a reddish “broth” appears. And scale. It is better to remove the scale right away. It is very difficult to launder.
6-8 hours passed (depending on the size of a piece of wood). We take out a piece of wood. Rinse under a stream of water from sawdust. We dump the water from the pan for unnecessary, but you can quit the next time if there is where to store. But it is easier to pour water. We throw the growth into the closet, turning it off. For a day or two, let it cool.
The process of cooking and drying is repeated 2-4 times depending on the volume of the village. To accelerate the process, you can use a pressure cooker. Time drops to 4-6 hours.
With the last cooking, it is necessary to quickly tear off the bark while the tree is hot. Although she herself should fall off by this time. Carefully. Hot. Use gloves!
We throw it on the closet for a week or two. The tree, in principle, has already dried up, but let the remaining moisture leave. Tree ‘» Rizches “to the atmosphere. After the final drying, the tree will become similar to the bone, and it can be cut, saw, grind it. There will be no third.party aroma. Will smell only with wood.
In the process of accelerated drying of wood, it is necessary to keep in the head that small cracks can be infected, and therefore it is necessary to give an allowance for their removal in the next processing.
I recall once again that huge pieces cannot be dried like that. Cracking. Be sure to. Tested.
If there are questions or some kind of clarification about the above technology, I will answer as much as possible.
DashiftMan Modding blog. Flash drive from birch Suvel. part 1.
Hi all! I’ll start writing a little on a blog, t.to. In a free time I am fond of modding, I decided that the 1st post will be specifically this one, someone probably already saw this post in the tyrnet, namely those who are on the web dodding of the ru, because I will not invent a fox and just a spicstasy here work.
T.to. I live in Siberia, the prevailing breeds with us. birch, spruce, pine, larch. Slowed down on the use of birch kapa or Suvel. It was precisely due to later, when he arrived in the village, and they were just prepared birch firewood, and there was an excellent growth on one chock, which with difficulty drilled a chainsaw (it was painfully compacted woody breed).He brought home to the city, read how to dry the wood breed as soon as possible and began to act according to the method of the “sergeant”. I threw it into an old duralumin pot, poured salt to that degree just not to dissolve, there was no sawdust of coniferous rocks, but there were small fragments from the barn spruce, chopped it, cut it down, cooked, so that only the water boil, 8 hours, about 8 hours.
How to cut the landing into blanks
In this article, I want to describe the process of creating products from capes and sueum. Since I, in addition to ceramics, are engaged in carvings on rare wood species, namely from capes and sueum, I will publish posts in this group with wood products. I also plan to publish decorative objects combining elements of ceramics and carp from kap.
To begin with, we’ll figure out what the cap is and what is the souvel, what is their difference and where they come from. Capes and Suvel this benign formations on various parts of the tree arose as a result of physical, chemical and biological effects on wood.
Suvel (correctly firing- the name comes from a fucked type of wood)- Suvel is the growth of wood resulting by folding fibers or overgrowing a bitch, usually located on the trunk or at the base of the tree, as well as at the place of transition of the root to the barrel. Suvel is stem and lumpy. Stem suyl is usually a growth above the base of a tree has an improper spherical shape, with a saw and polishing has a wave-moist structure with overflows and pearl. The drawing is quite large, as they themselves were fucked, therefore it is suitable for the manufacture of large crafts and objects. Comedeous Swile (Suvel) are numerous folds of wood formed at the base of the root of the tree during its thickening. Differs with a finely wavy pearl pattern with overflows and radiance. Suitable for medium and large products. When harvesting, it is very difficult to recognize, in view of the absence of obvious growths. Can only be detected by cutting stumps of freshly sawed trees.Suvel on almost all types of trees on deciduous and coniferous, especially common on birches and are impressive sizes. For carving, the most suitable of shavings are most suitable, as conifers contain resin s, which makes it difficult to process. You can make from Suvel from the handle of the knife or casket to the bed of the gun and table.
The photo shows stem Suvel birches and spruce.
Cap. Cap is a benign tumor of a tree arising due to dense accumulation of inextricable adventive kidneys. It is a spherical puffy formation with the outside and a pyramid, stuck in the top into the body of the tree trunk, which begins with the core. Capes are stem and root. Stem caps have a larger pattern with a homogeneous turtle texture, the color on the cut is not a contrast. The bark after cooking is well separated, they practically do not contain the s of the bark, the processing is quite predictable. It is easy to calculate and cut out bars for blanks of the desired size from such a cap. Root caps or hoods (root) have a smaller texture with a complex contrast pattern. The color of such a kapa on the spile is dark and without cooking. You can detect such a cap at the base of the tree or on the surface roots along a thick partially crushed overgrown. In the processing of the hosocoron, unpredictable due to numerous s with bark and very long undeveloped kidneys. Sometimes from such a kapa the size of a volleyball ball it is impossible to cut a single bar on a knife handle, but only small plates on pendants, amulets and amulets or details of prefabricated bracelets, but their unique beauty is worth it. I met capes of all kinds in our region only on deciduous trees, I have never seen on coniferous rocks. Capes are most often found on such trees: rolling maple, poplar, cherries of Maac and birch. The most acceptable option for processing is a birch cap, it has high strength, less capricious during drying and has unique decorative qualities. The photo captures the stem caps of birch trees of different sizes, numerous not developed buds are noticeable.
Harvesting of capes and suelae. Where to look for Suvel (Svil)? Where to look for caps? Suvel is quite simple to find, they are found on many types of pine trees, ate birches, aspen, larch, maple, but birch fir is most suitable for my tasks, so we’ll talk about them. Birch suvel occurs quite often sometimes several huge growths on neighboring trees or on every third birch. It is best to look for them in the old forest mixed by the old forest and where the edging begins, many pigs come across the edges of the high.voltage lines. Birch cap for finding much more difficult. Sometimes in the forest in a row they come across Suvel, but there is not even a single rudiment of the cap, it is not for nothing that they say that a tree with a cap is one for 3000-5000 trees of the desired breed. The cap can be found along the banks of the ravines or on a swampy area in an old sick mixed forest, on the edges of the sun, in the forest in which, under ordinary circumstances, I do not want to go. Sometimes in such places on all birches there are rudiments of the cap and a plentiful basal shoots indicating the presence of hoods, but the cap, suitable for harvesting, is rare, then they are small, then the knots are dried up and rotten, the tree is affected by a strawberry or too high. The booty of capa boils down to the search for a certain forest with the inspection of the entire site and is associated with long distances in an unusual forest. Also for this cap is much more valuable to Soveli.
Cooking, drying. Processing of capes and suelae. Drying of capes and soveli is associated with a strong uneven deformation and the risk of cracks. This behavior of this twisted wood is associated with different coefficients of logs of wood during drying along and across the fibers. The shrinkage across the fibers is many times more than across and dries the end cut faster than the longitudinal. For high.quality drying of captures, it is necessary to ensure uniform reducing the humidity of the entire workpiece both outside and from the inside, which is achieved by very slow drying or cooking in a salt solution. The natural dried dried drying begins with rubbing the wax and its subsequent melting over fire, then I cut the upper layer of the bark with the removal of the upper part of the uninhabited kidneys. In the future, Cap or Suvelel goes for half a year or more to drying to a place without drafts. This type of drying is applicable for large blanks. Cooking Kapa and Suveli. I usually use cooking for the most valuable captures not larger. When boiling a cap in a salt solution, osmotic pressure is created due to the difference in the density of the liquids, which ensures the output of the cell juice out without drilling the surface of the workpiece, while the total humidity of the workpiece is sharply reduced due to the uniformity of the loss of moisture and elasticity of the fibers under the influence of temperature. Sounded wood has a more saturated color and contrasting pattern with a reddish tint. I spend cooking for eight hours in a stainless steel pan, periodically pouring water boiled. After such cooking, the bark is removed almost itself, then I send the blank from the cap to calm drying under the cabinet for 2 weeks, periodically check for whether the mold appeared, then the drying on the battery for about a month and a week’s rest at a natural temperature. With such drying, the caps dry completely without the formation of any cracks.
How to cut the landing into blanks
I immediately confess the text is copied from another group, but I think it will not hurt here. I am more here, and in which case it is better to find it here.
What are capes and Suvel, how they differ? How and where to harvest them? How to quickly and qualitatively dry out growths at home?
So, for starters, we will decide on some concepts.
Cap (aka “Witch Venik”) is a benign formation on a tree, which is a bunch of thin twigs growing from a drop.shaped (most often) growth. With a transverse section, it has a texture with pronounced cores of knots. It is difficult to process due to a very fierce texture and a huge number of knots. Extremely beautiful, durable, perfectly polished and polished.
Some numerous areas have a pearly tint. It does not have much industrial significance, but is valued very expensive because of its beauty. If it is used in industry, then only in the form of veneers for decoration of furniture (mainly a drop of exotic species of trees is used), as well as for the production of small products such as caskets, cigarette and women, women’s hairpins, small jewelry (caps of birch). The use of kapa on the knives of the knives is considered a good taste, and is also appreciated by woodc cutors for a unique texture.
You can not find two identical pieces of kapa. even the halves of the sawed cap have a different pattern, the growth is so heterogeneous. Grows on many trees (linden, alder, birch, maple, oak, etc.P.), but the most valuable and beautiful is birch (from growing in our latitudes). The growth is usually small, maximum the size of a volleyball ball or with a large plate.
It makes no sense to cut on the kapi some pattern, since everything clogs the texture.
The photo shows a birch cap. I could not get a cut of the birch cap (I took these pictures next to the department of my native police, and, as you know, I would not give me anything there. But I was getting into and found a cap of ash; In texttrara, most of the captures are similar and differ only in the color and size of the serpentine of knots).
Suvel (Swile)-as clear from the name, the growth was called because of its structure. “Twisted structure”,
This is still mildly said. Suvel is a drop-shaped or spherical growth on a tree (there is also a ring variety, covers the tree trunk around the perimeter), usually grows faster than the tree itself 2-3 times. When cut, it has a texture close to the drawing to marble and mother.in.law (this is the main sign of the difference from the cap; in the future you do not confuse souvel and cap). The presence of pearlescent stains on a polished tree creates a beautiful iridescent, luminous picture from the inside. Swile is also poorly processed, like a cap, but not as hard. The size varies from the size of the walnut to 1.5 meters in height (this itself was seen on the birch) and up to 2 meters in diameter (ring souvella, covered the tree trunk completely).
In the Vatican there is a font significantly more than a meter in diameter, cut out of a single piece of Suvel. He himself sat once in a chair cut out of Suvel. It holds a thin thread perfectly, but cutting suvel is not recommended. It is better to polish and varnish (soak with oil). The product will only benefit from this.
The most valuable is the root or lumpy suil. The presence of dark veins and clearly expressed twisted annual rings. This is a fairytale. Beautiful, that says it all. Boarded sowel has a thinner texture and a thinner “frosty” pattern. And lighter wood. In terms of strength, the lumpy sowel is slightly superior to the receiver due to the features of the structure of the tree trunk. Suvel is durable, beautiful, easily polished and polished. Well.dried and processed begins to “glow” from the inside (with competent impregnation with oils, the tree becomes like amber and even slightly transparent). Usually has a color from a pale yellow or pinkish-brown to a completely ocher brown. It all depends on the conditions and time of drying. The cap has the same colors.
Where to look for growths. Naturally in the forest. BUT! There are no certain places of growth, they grow spontaneously, and the most beautiful growths will find the most eye and persistent. This lesson is akin to mushroom hunting. whoever ran the forest more and further, and more got it.
We cut the growth. We do it with a sharp saw. Otherwise you will be tortured, and the tree will begin to shake. We do not clean the bark.
If the growth is a “stable” or hooding, then it is more correct to refrain from cutting it. the tree may die. It is advisable to purchase such capes and fucked in legal logging, when the tree is still doomed.
It is desirable to cut the growths in the dry season, ideal in the Kota of August, early September, before the start of sapoline.
Do not forget to cover the cut on a tree with oil paint or wax, or something like. Drying
So how to dry? The “steaming” method. I must say right away that this method is suitable for small pieces of wood: somewhere in half a football or a small log.
Take an unnecessary pan (bucket), and throw a wood there there. The pan needs to be taken just unnecessary, since in the process of cooking a very cunning decoction forms, which then to launder very troublesome. It is better to clean the piece of wood from all sorts of rags of birch bark and other fragile and dangling tsastics. they will still fall off.
I am considering precisely a birch growth, as the most affordable and beautiful. The rest of the growths boil according to the same technology. The log is accordingly cleaned from all garbage and fragile particles. Pour water. It is convenient to do it with a faceted glass (it has 250 ml). Water should cover a piece of wood for about a centimeter or two. The tree naturally pops up, but we will press the bottom and see everything. Pour water no difference, cold or hot. it will still boil. You can throw a piece of wood in a saucepan how much it is not a pity, the volume of a separate village is important, and not the total volume of Elynsin.
We take the table salt, which is not a pity. Do not cook the soup. On a liter of water, we pour 2 large tablespoons with the top of salt. It is possible and more, no matter how sorry, nothing terrible, it is impossible to overdo it. The main thing is that the water is sugre. You can use sea clean water (namely clean, otherwise it will be disgusting to smell like mud). Salt will pull juices from wood, but the tree will not soak.
How to cut the landing into blanks
Drying drying at home. Drying wood. Drying Suvel. https: // vk.COM/WALL-55930544?q = cook = Wall-5593.one. Cut or not cut suvel into bars. depends on the size of the Suvel itself and your dishes. You do not need to cut a small suuel. It is necessary to cut a big one.2. Lee small pieces of wood, it is not necessary to shit at all at all three times. Once 8-10 hours is enough. There is no need to boil violently, and you do not need to crush, let the pieces swim. But if there is a desire to cook 2-3 times, then it is better to pull out of the mouth and let it lying for a day somewhere on the closet.3. Salt can be used any. There are no many salt, but there is little.four. I cooked different breeds at the same time. It seems that they did not interfere with each other.5. I cut the bark in advance, not expecting it to fall off and so on. Only once after the first cooking he took off the bark from still hot wood. In my opinion, this is not critical. You can do as it is convenient.6. Tableware. what is, in this and cook. Not critical.7. After prolonged cooking, the wood is thrown in a dark place, not too dry. And wait for about two weeks. Only freshly sawed wood is wrapped in a newspaper and in a package.eight. The main thing. so that the wife does not swear. This is the main key to the Upekh.
Drying drying at home. Drying wood. What, gentlemen, the time has come!! We take a saw, backpack and go for a walk through the forest. We are looking for the desired wood. I walked for the weekend. Already cooked. We went to the “compote”: Suvel Birch, Suvel of the Wild Cherry, Suvel Grab and the basal cap of beech.If you do not not cook, then you can dry in natural conditions; paint the cut with paint, stick into the newspaper and throw the land on the cabinet.
Things You Do Wrong Every Day
But I will dry with the help. I have an old cover from a pan, the diameter of which is slightly smaller than the diameter of the pan in which I fall out. In this old cover, I postponed a dozen holes. When I lay wood and fall asleep, then I put this lid on top, and on it a dumbbell. Then I pour water, take it to a boil and fellate the level of gas supply to a very easy not even seething, but let’s say circulation, boiling water. And so I cook, if necessary, adding water, 8 hours, sometimes 10. Since I did not cook very large pieces, I completely refused the second and third dug. What I advise you.After the “trepanation”, quite beautiful “brains” were found, the characteristic smell of dried fruits is still in the hut. The cut ends are now black, the textures are not visible. In two weeks, cut and grind. After prolonged cooking, the wood is thrown in a dark place, not too dry. I’m waiting for about two weeks. This is not to say that everything is always perfect. Cherries and cherry plum, for example, it is not known how he will behave. The most capricious of all that I had to cook. And another lilac. In general, fruit and berry “lay down” as long as possible. The rest. Do not care.Interestingly. discovered everything on the site 200×100 meters. And before for several years he walked there and did not see.
In the pictures of the suuel of cherries after drying with tugging. Not tinted by anything, natural color after cooking. Polishing 2000 grit. Polock oil, carnautian wax.Suvel cherries is very rare. Unusually solid (polished to a glass state) and capricious even after blowing 2×8 hours broke in some places. With great difficulty, after drying out of a friend in a warehouse of musical instruments, it was possible to cut out 3-4 bar 120x40x30 from a 4 liter sovel. To mess with her is very gimoreno. BUT! it’s worth it!!
How to assemble Suvel?
People who are just walking in the forest, collecting berries or mushrooms, do not notice the growths on the trees at all. If it is purposefully looking for caps or Suvel, then you can meet them quite often. They can be located at the foot or in the upper part of the barrel, where it is almost impossible to get them without a stairs. If we talk about the area, it can be a swampy lowland or a sand-stone plain.
Often, rotting growths come across, creating the impression that the tree is trying to get rid of Swile. If you cut any intact part, it will also rot after a certain period of time.
The slower the tree grows in adverse conditions, the denser the plexus of the fibers and the hardest material will be. It is impossible to predict the drawing of Suvel, but the more clumsy it is, the more beautiful the pattern will be. At the same time, it is possible to make a volumetric piece from it only in exceptional cases.
Due to the fact that the material is solid, it is quite difficult to cut it the first time, the canvas is quickly stupidly stupid. From the second call, the situation is going much faster. When harvesting birch sovel, you need to try to make the cut even, it went parallel to the barrel. So that the tree does not die, it is advisable to treat the sawed with a wound healing solution. It can be purchased in the garden department of the store.
If the growth is encircling the barrel, then it cannot be cut off, since the tree may die.
How to dry the souvel birches?
The appearance of it, and then the finished product, depends on the method of preparing raw materials. There are several different ways of initial processing. The wood can be left in the air in natural conditions for a year or two or accelerated this process by other methods. Below we describe a faster way.
For drying from the workpiece, remove the bark, wrap a newspaper in several layers, then placed in a black plastic bag. The paper does not allow the material to warm up quickly, the package creates the effect of the steam room. Black polyethylene quickly heats up from sunlight (when drying sovel on the street) or from the battery. The process occurs evenly, which prevents the cracking of the tree. The package needs to be tied, leaving a small outlet. The first 10 days newspapers change twice a day to dry, the next 15 days is enough. By the end of the period, the paper should remain almost dry. In general, the process takes 25-30 days, wood retains natural color and does not crack.
An amazing phenomenon
With the right cut of the suuel birch, you can see amazing phenomena. To be more precise, the interweaving of wood fibers form mother.of.pearl plots with a unique pattern. They begin to radiate a special glow, reflected from sunlight. The effect looks very beautiful in finished products, for example, in a typewriter from Suvel Birch.
The drawing and color are unique, as a rule, it is brownish-brown, pale pink, straw with mother-of-pearl shine, less often-dark brown with a swamp tint.
Why does a growth called Suvel appear
As a result of external exposure to wood, a fold is formed. Over time, the fold is overgrown with winding fibers. This is Suvel.
There are more sovelies on trees than kapov. Under the bark of woody sovelies, a smooth surface, and not with “pimples”, like in the capes
Suvel can have different texture, predominant figures can be called waves, bends, spots, stripes. After grinding and polishing, radiance and shine of wood appear.
Suvel can be of various shades, basically, it is brown, yellow, gray, a little greenish, or vice versa with pinkish “notes”
Like capes, Suvel can be stem and basal. Stem Suveli is lighter and with a less pronounced natural pattern than basal.
What crafts are made?
A list of products that can be made of cap is incredibly huge. Consider which items will be the most popular:
- Dishes: bowls, deep bowls, cups, beer glasses, lactors, push, napkin holders in the kitchen, etc.;
- Jewelry: exquisite carved pendants, beads, earrings and bracelets;
- Accessories: cufflinks, hairpins, brooches, key fobs, cigarette and handle, pens and much more;
- Souvenirs: smoking tubes, caskets, figurines, vases, board games (chess or backgammon), frames for the photo;
- Other: legs for tables, knife bars, hoses of cane, wooden panels and much more.
The received crafts, with good care, serve for many years and smell delightfully with a tree. They will look beautiful both in modern and classic interiors of houses and apartments. Wooden crafts will also fit into the design of the house territory equally effectively. In the presence of skill and imagination, a tree master will be able to make a real work of art from a large cap: a polished tub, artificial stump, garden gnome, goblin and any other craft, which sparkles in the sun.
You can combine birch cap with materials such as metal, bone, mother of pearl.
Features of processing
It is not very difficult to prepare a cap from a birch. Here are a few rules for preparing the material.
- Capes that encircle wood or are hoods are not recommended to cut. In almost 100 percent of cases, the tree dies after that, and you can also be fined you. If you need just such formations, they are taken in logging, with the permission of employees. In other cases, use a sharpened tool, after which they process the cut of the cut with a garden var.
- It is important to have time to cut the growth before the start of sap flow, this is the very end of August or the beginning of autumn. In addition, on the day of the harvesting of the material should not be rain.
After you got it and brought home, you need to process it. To do this, a whole fragment must be cut into blanks. Their size and thickness are determined based on the parameters of the future product. It is worth noting that cutting the cap is not easy, since it will be difficult for a beginner to reveal all the beauty lurking in the material. Experts recommend cutting so that as many sleeping kidneys as possible are dissected.
In addition, novice masters may confuse a pale and inexpressive pattern that opened their eyes when sawing. However, one should not be scared. in the case of a cap, this is a completely ordinary situation.
In order for the wood texture to be filled with life and played with new colors, it will need to go through 2 more stages of processing: Perenchiing and drying. Both stages are inseparable from each other.
The method described below is quite popular. over, it is suitable, and to give wood the desired shade, and to force drying, and to make a more expressive natural pattern.
Cooking Suvel is made according to a certain scheme.
Only the workpiece cleaned from the bark is laid in the pan. They are poured with water so that the liquid is 3 cm covered the material. Then 2 tablespoons of salt are added to 1 liter of water, the container is placed on the fire. Sprinkles are added to the solution: alder or birch is suitable, the needles will also fit. They are needed as a natural dye.
As soon as the water boils, the fire is reduced, and cook lasts 4 hours. If you have to process a very large workpiece. all 6 hours. After which the water is drained, the wood is left to dry out. On the second and third days, the processes are repeated. In total, cook should occupy at least 12 hours (up to 18) for three days in a row.
Why is it necessary to cook precisely in saline solution. simple physics is triggered. There is juice in the tree, and its density is below the density of the salt solution. When cooking, water enters the material, dehydration begins. Wood juice is displaced, salt solution is absorbed. This is how elementary diffusion of fluid occurs, and the growth is dried.
After cooking, the material must be wrapped in a newspaper and sent to a package. The next day, the fir is still wet, it can dry out without any extra measures. In extreme cases, you can dry the material in another day in the newspaper.
The processing of the growth is black and finished. With Chernova, saws are made in the material such as it is pleased with the future form of the product. If it is, for example, a bowl, the inside is selected from top to bottom. Excess wood is removed by movement from walls to center in compliance with an angle of 45 degrees. A drill or chisel will help in this. It is especially not necessary to thin the walls: when drying, they can be too fragile, even cracking are not excluded. Когда изделию придана первоначальная форма, его оставляют на пару дней на открытом воздухе не под прямыми солнечными лучами.
Financial finish is the removal of the angular forms, maximum advance to the final view of the product, the disclosure of the structure of the bone bone.
If during this work the disadvantages of the material, small cracks are revealed, the mixture of glue and sawdust will help out. After that, you can clean the roughness: with a rashpil or scraper, the wire brush also works. It is necessary to act often and finely, carefully. You can polish the product with a drill, or better by hand. a skin.
It remains only to clean the finished product from dust, proton, if such a plan. Wood growth is sometimes treated with varnish, sometimes wax, hot olifa is also used. And this process is long, labor costs are significant. But there are a lot of products from Suvel.
Birch bones crafts are diverse. which the author’s imagination will not create. Decorations are considered the most popular: the original jewelry, which today, in the era of eco-style, is especially in demand in design in design. Such jewelry is suitable for those who love natural materials, natural colors. beige, milk, green, sand.
Make bones and very beautiful dishes from birch. The most popular name today can probably be considered cutting boards. But the knife handles, of course, compete with the boards. and this is already a tradition. The material is dense, easy to process, very beautiful, because the knives of the knives will be obviously in demand. Knives have been serving for years, even for decades. Repair in the kitchen can change, a lot of dishes, too, because the knives need solid and beautiful, outside of time and changeable fashion. And birch.bone handles are the best suited.
Figures of birds and animals also allows for sowel, because the wood pattern is so great visually repeats the plumage of birds, the skin of the snake or animal coat. The bends of the material themselves inspire the author, tell the master what to do to him. A wood pattern may not be an independent craft, but part of the design of the picture, panel, and other art object.
In a word, one who loves to mess with a tree knows the price of a wooden decor, there will be 100 and 1 idea regarding a birch growth called Suvel. And you can be sure that the product made of bone will last for many years.