How to Make a Hole In a Wall Puncher
When carrying out repair and construction work in brick houses, it is often necessary to drill holes in the walls for the supply of water, heating and sewer pipes. Solving the problem of how to make a hole for a pipe in a brick wall, you can choose the best methods and tools that significantly reduce the cost of carrying out these works.
To do this, it is useful to study the construction technologies used to obtain through holes of large diameter and outdated methods without the use of modern power tools, which are no less effective.
Fig. 1 Professional wall drilling using special equipment
The choice of power tools for drilling holes in masonry
The main power tool that can be used to drill a brick wall is a hammer drill or hammer drill. An ordinary household drill has less power and, according to its technical characteristics, is not designed for long-term operation with high loads that arise when drilling large-diameter holes.
If the construction punch is not available, the household drill used must have a switch for hammer drilling, a power of at least 600 watts, the ability to smoothly control revolutions, and a reverse mode can be useful during operation.
The main nuisance that may occur during work is damage to the electrical cable. To detect it, if wires can presumably run through the place of work, use special devices to search for hidden wiring. In their absence, using a screwdriver or any sharp tool, you can slightly beat off the outer coating of material on one or the other side of the wall to detect the cable.
How to make a hole in a brick wall for a pipe using building components
To drill a brick wall, use a special tool designed to work with concrete, which in most cases has a shank for mounting in a hammer drill.
You can make a hole in a brick wall in several ways, but many of them will require significant costs if you do not do it yourself.
Special drill bits is the easiest and most affordable tool for drilling holes in any building materials. Through a standard drill with a victory tip for a household drill, you can make through holes with a depth of 150 mm., The length and diameter of the drills for perforators can be significantly higher. Such large-section models are called not augers, but auger drills.
For making holes of large diameter and small depth under the pipes, it is better to use drills with a winning tip, when doing the work, proceed as follows:
- In the right place on the wall with a construction pencil, markup is made according to the outer diameter of the inserted pipe.
- Drill holes in shock mode with a drill with a diameter of 8. 10 mm. With a step of 10 mm. Around the perimeter of the drawn circle. In the process, the drill is periodically cooled to avoid overheating and failure.
- He knocks out the obtained core with a hammer with a chisel, align the walls of the hole made inside. If there is a perforator, the brick circle is knocked out using a special jacking nozzle in the form of a scapula.
Fig. 2 Auger drills and drills that are used for drilling bricks
Most crowns have a uniform size for creating seats for electrical outlets, with their help it is convenient to make holes in the walls and partitions of brick and concrete.
High-quality crowns are collapsible, and consist of a shank, the crown itself and the adapter center drill, when working with them, the shock mode is used. To drill holes using crowns, you need to prepare a cavity for the central drill. To do this, slightly pierce the core brick in the center, insert the guide drill into the hole, and then drill a hole with the required depth with a crown.
Standard crowns are designed for drilling shallow holes, so they will be useful in a limited number of cases.
With professional methods for obtaining through holes, special crowns and tools are used. With their use, the depth of the hole can exceed 1 meter.
Fig. 3 Crowns for diamond cutting
The technology of punching holes in a brick wall using a breaker drill is the most effective, allowing you to quickly make holes of considerable depth. You can drill a brick wall one meter thick under a large diameter pipe in 5 minutes. The device is designed for use in powerful rotary hammers and has a rather high price (the cost of high-quality German models can reach up to 100).
To properly drill a hole, it is enough to punch a guide recess in the wall and insert a drill into it, after which a hole is made with a certain effort, and the tool does not even have to be cooled.
In order not to buy an expensive tool, you can contact the builders performing this type of work.
Fig. 4 Breakthrough Drill. Appearance
How to make a hole in the wall with a homemade tool
Punching large diameter holes in a brick wall is one of those rare cases when a homemade tool is in no way inferior to an industrial one. The main advantage of using this tool is the simplicity of its manufacture and high efficiency; when using it, significant financial resources can be saved on the salary of hired specialists.
As an alternative to drilling, first of all, attention should be paid to a well-known device before the advent of a modern high-tech tool. It allowed you to manually punch holes of any diameter, not only in brick walls, but also in concrete and was called. A jumper.
For punching holes in a brick wall, a pipe of the desired diameter and length is selected and a jumper is made of it. To do this, using an angle grinder on one side, cut out pointed teeth of a triangular section, located directly or at a small angle.
During operation, the pointed end of the jumper is inserted at the point where you need to make a hole, and strikes the other end of the pipe with a heavy hammer or hammer, periodically turning the pipe. The result is a neat through hole of the required length and diameter without financial costs.
Fig. 5 Jumper. Manufacturing process and application
If you wish, you can make a crown with your own hands to connect a power tool to the work. A home-made crown is obtained from scraps of a steel pipe, cutting out the cutting teeth on one side using an angle grinder. Next, the pipe is welded to a steel round rod or piece of reinforcement and inserted into the chuck of an electric drill.
The technology of punching holes with its help is similar to the use of an industrial design, the advantage is the obtaining of the required drilling depth by selecting the length of a makeshift shank.
Fig. 6 Making DIY crowns from trimming pipes
There are quite a few effective methods for punching a hole under a pipe in a brick wall. Any homeowner can cope with the task at hand in the manufacture of a simple and effective device for punching holes in a brick. A jumper.