Setting The Plow On The Tiller
What attachments does the tiller work with?
Any experienced farmer knows that with the help of a tiller, cultivator or other motorized equipment, you can mechanize almost all agricultural work, from cultivating the land to prepare it for sowing and ending with the transportation of the harvested crop. The motor units have become universal due to the possibility of using a variety of attachments. So, for example, for the cultivation of arable land and the cultivation of virgin lands, not only moldboard and other plows were created, but also:
- Rotary tillers;
- Weeding cutters.
Harrows are used to plow virgin soil, as well as for pre-sowing or post-harvest loosening of arable soil to a depth of 7-14 cm. By harrowing with a tiller, a cultivator, they level the surface, cover moisture, and destroy weeds. The working bodies of such agricultural implements are metal teeth or spherical discs. On this you can clearly see how to plow correctly with a tiller and a homemade harrow.
With the help of a hiller, potatoes are hilled, cut furrows for sowing seeds, backfilled planting material, as well as weeds directly in the row zone. Hilling devices are single-row and double-row, with a fixed and adjustable working width, distinguishable both by their design and by their efficiency. Here it is presented how the tiller Neva MB2 performs processing with a mounted two-row hiller-weeding machine.
The rotary tiller can plow virgin soil, carry out pre-sowing and main cultivation of plowed land. This agricultural tool allows you to mill, cultivate the land and prepare it for sowing with high quality. It is capable not only of plowing the soil, but also crumbling large layers, mixing with fertilizer, crushing stubble particles, leveling the sown area. Rotary tillers for plowing are of different types, depending on the number of cutting elements. This shows how to actually plow with a tiller with a cutter installed on it.
The weed cutter helps to cut weeds, split and cut grooves without turning the layer, plow and crush the soil. Flat cutters come with all kinds of working widths and working depths, which allows you to choose them for specific conditions for processing agricultural plots and crops. How in practice to carry out processing with a hinged flat cutter is well demonstrated by the example of the Tiller Dnepr.
In addition to the listed removable tools, created in order to plow virgin soil and cultivate arable land, rakes, wood splitters, seeders, choppers, cultivators, rotary and segment mowers, shovels, dumps, sprayers, sweeping brushes, snow blowers, etc. Are used with the motor unit. Having in stock the main set of mounted agricultural implements, you can use a tiller or a powerful cultivator to perform all sorts of economic tasks, in particular, pre-sowing plowing, sowing and planting crops, fertilizing, inter-row cultivation, harvesting root crops, seasonal harvesting of green forage.
Adjustment and adjustment before operation
The unit must be configured in order for the unit to work as expected. Before tuning, the device must be coupled to the tiller. After that, it must be adjusted and only then start work.
How to assemble a homemade plow
It is noteworthy that the equipment of the Kaluga plant is universal for tillers from this manufacturer, you can install both native Kaluga attachments and hinges from other manufacturers. The main thing is that the couplings fit.
But this is not the limit. Modern craftsmen are able to make with their own hands both a plow, and a coupling of the required size, and any other tool for the tiller Oka.
On the Internet there are many different drawings, diagrams, descriptions and, where it is described and shown in detail how to properly assemble a homemade plow and a hitch, how to install and adjust them, and also how to plow with a hitch.
We offer several options for drawings of homemade plows and couplings:
In spring, work with a plow on the Oka, which is already 4 years old. Before that I used only milling cutters, I was not particularly involved in plowing. The first time I walked around the site, the mini-tractor pulls the plow well, the ground comes out loose. After the second pass, I really liked the quality of the land, I didn’t even need a rake. I do not recommend repeating my mistake, do not use the plow where the sod grows. The canvas will not cut small branches, and the belts may break, as happened with me. Otherwise, I recommend using a plow, it greatly simplifies the work!
To work with the plow, of course, I had to adapt. Firstly, plowing turned out to be the most difficult type of work, which is why I would not use a plow at all for a cultivator. But if the tractor is heavy, then quite. Oka has enough weight, and sometimes it goes hard. I advise you to do the additional load on the wheels, then the center of gravity will drop lower, and the load on the axle bearings will decrease.
Maybe someone can use my experience with the plow on the Oka. I always make adjustments so that the share and the plow heel are in contact with the ground, while the stand should be in an upright position. Then I go through the first rows, again adjust the stand to full vertical, and change the size of the deepening into the ground with a screw on the hitch. IMPORTANT: the rear edge of the share is positioned on the same level with the lug, with its internal dimensions, when we pass the third and following furrows!
How to install and set up (adjust) a plow for a tiller: educational program
The editors are grateful
Mobile K for help in preparing the article
One of the most common tasks performed with a tiller and cultivator is plowing the soil. The plow can be purchased for almost any model from those on the Russian market. In theory, everything seems to be elementary, grab him, and go. But in reality it is not just enough to attach the plow, it also needs to be adjusted correctly. This will help our tips.
Let’s start with the hitch and tiller connection farthest from the plow. The hitch must be secured with a single pivot and must maintain horizontal play within 56 degrees. If we fix the hitch with two pins or remove the play completely, we get a rigid connection, this is one of the most common mistakes.
When the buried plow moves forward, it is affected by a resistance force from the soil. Under the influence of this force, the plow tends to deviate to the side. If the hitch does not have the possibility of play, then not only the plow with the hitch will deviate, but the whole tiller as well. That is, the worker will have to constantly apply force to the handles to compensate for this pressure. If backlash is possible, then only the hitch with the plow is deflected, and the pressure on the plow compensates for the pressure from the unplowed soil on the side of the field board. Simply put, when the hitch is loose, it is much easier to work. And if you believe that the rigid connection of the hitch and the tiller will provide you with a straight furrow, then you are greatly mistaken.
An example of incorrect installation of a hitch on two pivots
And the correct version for one kingpin while maintaining the possibility of backlash at a small angle
The screw in the foreground is used to adjust the maximum swing angle of the hitch. There is a similar one on the other side of the kingpin
There can be many options. The photo shows one of them. With this plow you will have to set it up very hard, in principle, it is impossible to set it up, because one of the main parts of the field board is made incorrectly. Normally, it looks like a corner: it has not only a lower support surface that slides on the ground, but also a side one. It is the presence of a lateral surface that helps to compensate for the pressure from the plowed soil when the hitch is deflected towards the side, the plow rests against the edge of the furrow. And here there is practically nothing to rest against, the manufacturer of this plow was clearly not aware of all the nuances.
What the wrong plow looks like?
The wrong plow has a field board, but its vertical part is still missing. With this plow, you will have to constantly keep the tiller from turning, as if the hitch were installed on two pivots
A properly made plow in operation. The soil pressure on the share (1), which leads the plow to the side, is compensated by the vertical shelf of the field board (2)
Setting the plowing depth
The next step is to set the desired plowing depth. This is done by repositioning the plow shank in relation to the lock. For this, there must be several holes in the rack, fixing is carried out using a bolted connection. If there is only one hole, then an obvious conclusion can be made at least there is no adjustment of the plowing depth.
The depth itself should not be very large 57 cm. In this case, when the seam is turned over, the effect is obtained, like plowing on a shovel bayonet. It is not necessary deeper, firstly, you can mix clay or sand with a fertile layer, and secondly, with a great depth of plowing, the roots will turn out to be, although upside down, but reliably covered with a thick layer of soil from above and will winter safely. But we need them to freeze out, otherwise in the spring the weeds are guaranteed rapid growth.
A row of holes in the plow shank is needed to adjust the plowing depth
Leveling the plowing plane
The angle between the plow tip and the soil surface, that is, the angle of attack, can be changed either with the adjusting screw or by rearranging the bolted connections. The screw, of course, is more convenient, because it is much faster, and the adjustment is carried out smoothly, and not in steps. The procedure for setting the correct angle looks like this:
Screw adjustment of the angle of attack
- Put the tiller with the attached plow on a flat surface;
- Unscrew the adjustment screw so that the plow touches the soil with the entire lower surface;
- Unscrew the screw in the opposite direction so that the rear of the plow is raised above the ground by about 2.5 cm.
If the angle of attack is too large, then the tiller will skid the plow in this case, it does not plow, but serves as an anchor. Too small an angle of attack means a shallow plowing depth as if the tiller runs forward without effort, plows too easily.
Those who have at least a little experience in arable work do not have to explain such subtleties, they are understandable at an intuitive level. But at first, many people make mistakes.
Second and subsequent furrows
Try to make the first furrow as straight as possible. For this, some kind ofor a landmark at the end of the run (at the headland). Then the tiller is placed with one wheel in the furrow, and it is in a tilted position. The plow leans accordingly, but this is not necessary. To compensate for this inclination, the hitch can be swiveled through a small angle. In fact, this is a tilt of the plow so that on a tilted tiller it is in an upright position.
The plow has already been tilted at a small angle, the second and subsequent furrows can be driven
How to work as a cultivator correctly using the example of Husqvarna
It is also important to choose the right size for the lug wheels. Chasing the diameter is not worth it, otherwise the linear speed will be too high. Optimum diameter 460500 mm.
The size of the plow depends on the weight of the tiller, this parameter must also be taken into account. On tillers weighing about 100 kg, the largest plows with a grip of 23 cm are installed.For tillers weighing up to 75 kg, plows with a grip of 18 cm are recommended. A plow with a grip of 13 cm is suitable for lighter cultivators. Here, too, sometimes they make a mistake buying a relatively light tiller and they put a big plow on it. If you also try to use this tandem on oak soil, the result will be absolutely predictable, not plowing. And the point is not in the quality of the plow, but in its wrong choice and / or settings.
Setting up the plow on the tiller. DIY reversible plow for a tiller
Revolving design plow slightly different from usual. The reversible plow is also called Zykov’s plow. The attachment design has been redesigned to improve plowing results. The fact is that during the work of a conventional plow, the layers of earth are turned over, and the ridges fall apart to the right and left, and a ridge is obtained in the center. The field is uneven and the soil is not loosened efficiently. Reversible models have two plowshares that perform different functions, one is used in the soil, and the other turns the ground in the air. This ensures deep, even and loose plowing, which also removes weeds well. The ridge does not appear in the process, since with each new pass of the area, the dump is made in one direction, thanks to the overturn of the plow at the end of each pass.
So, in order to make such a convenient plow, we will use the drawings of a single-body plow. If you are not a professional and not experienced in creating such structures on your own, this will be the easiest option to perform. On a reversible plow, the top of the body is equipped with a curved feather-shaped share, which additionally looses the turned soil.
The main thing is to clearly follow the drawing, otherwise the result will not please you, but will only complicate the whole work. For forging a plow, 3 or 5 mm steel is required (a circular saw blade will do). The removable share is made first. Directly the blade is beaten on the anvil and sharpened.
In order to make a dump, you need a pipe with a diameter of 50 centimeters, its walls in thickness should correspond to the thickness of the steel for the share. The template is drawn on cardboard and outlined on the pipe with a bright marker. You need to cut it out using a welding machine. The edges are then sanded with an angle grinder.
The last is the equipment case. For it, steel thinner 2-3 mm can be used. Steel tubes can be useful for this purpose. All fixed joints are fastened by welding, adjustable with screws. Do not forget to weld or drill holes in the housing post, which can be used to adjust the plowing depth. The depth in our case can reach 0.2 m. The plow in this version has a width of 0.22 m, a plow height of 0.76 m, a width of 0.32 m, and a length of 0.48 m.
After making the plow, we are faced with the task of setting it up correctly.
Setting up the tiller reversible plow
Before mounting the plow tiller must be equipped with lugs. Conventional wheels are unsuitable for plowing, as they significantly increase the load on the machine, the plowman, and the soil. In addition, long axles are recommended for lugs, which make the machine more stable.
To dock the attachment with the tiller, we need a special coupling. When adjusting the plow, it is necessary to proceed from the fact that the field board with its lateral edge during operation should be parallel to the direction of the furrow. And the support triangle, which is obtained from the share blade, heel and the bottom edge of the field board, should be located horizontally.
The cutting depth depends on the angle at which the reversible plow body is tilted. It is regulated by several options: a special screw on the hitch, or holes in the rack of the attachment body. To make it convenient to set the angle of inclination, tiller installed with wheels on supports corresponding to the required plowing depth.
Next, we install the tiller control knobs so that they are at the level of the plowing person’s waist and, in a practical way, determine the correctness of the adjustment. The reversible plow is good because it rolls the soil to one side in any direction of travel. In order for the land to fall in the same direction during the return passage, you need to turn the plow itself 180 0 and fix it again to continue working.
Correct setting the plow on the tiller will allow the work to go through quickly and without unnecessary difficulties. And if you’re not sure what you can do, try reversible tiller plow regulated no more difficult than normal! Work with technique easy, together with our farmer website without hassle.
Installing the plow attachment
There is nothing difficult to install. To do this, you will need:
- Fasten the plow to the coupling device without overtightening the nuts. This is done so that in the future it would be possible to adjust the parameters of the plow;
- The hitch should be fixed together with the plow to the shackle with two fixing pins.
This completes the installation and you should proceed to the next stage of adjustment.
Adjustment is a very important step, as the quality of plowing depends on it and
amount of energy expended. If the adjustment is incorrect, the tiller cannot
to cope with their work qualitatively and it will take a lot of time for simple
Preparation for use
The first stage when using a tiller is its preparation, which consists in the following steps:
- Removing it on a flat surface.
- Preparing the hook for soil and variable axes.
- Removing wheels and replacing them with soil hooks.
After preparation, you should proceed with the installation of the mounted plow.
How adjustment is done
The exact adjustment of the plow for the tiller is built according to three parameters:
- Depth of entry;
- Tilt angle.
For self-adjustment of the plow, the width is set along its edges. For the best
crushing and light cuts in the soil, its edge should be fastened at the same height with the hook for the soil, focusing on the inner side.
Read here what is better to use a tiller or cultivator in the country.
The depth is built after the tiller is placed on the stands. Set up firmly, without shifting towards the plow.
The height of the stands should be adjusted depending on how deep you plan to plow the soil. If this is plowing before the winter season, then the depth
choose approximately 25 cm.In spring, the depth is up to 20 cm.
After setting and choosing the depth, adjust the plow mount. The option is considered ideal when it is adjacent to the soil.
If this is the first experience in plowing the earth with a tiller, then use a tension rope for a guide, since the first row should be straight, so that you can push off further from it.
You can also use the wheel for support, it is located to the left of the plow, and walks on uncultivated ground, thereby preventing penetration too deep and regulates the depth.
After installation, the tiller is adjusted with special bolts so that the rear of the plow is parallel to the soil.
The last step in the adjustment is to remove the tiller from the stand, set the steering wheel to the height of your lower back. This is done to reduce the stress on the arms when
Tiller-mounted plow: adjustment parameters and step-by-step instructions
In the article, we will cover topics such as preparing a tiller for work, correct
installation of a mounted plow on it. Also how to properly adjust it, and in
conclusion tips for plowing the land.
The tiller is an excellent assistant for the gardener, when preparing the land for
further work. One attachment can replace many tools for plowing, loosening and other work.
Recommendations for high-quality plowing of the land
- Reverse the plowing direction each time to prevent soil displacement.
- To simplify work, turn the tiller steering wheel to the left, then you will be walking on unplowed soil.
- With petrified soil, work the ground twice: first time
small grip depth, the second time you need.
For the tiller to work properly, it is important to correctly position the plow and adjust it. These tips will help you with this. Also adhere to all recommendations for plowing the land.
From this you can visually familiarize yourself with the plow adjustment on the tiller:
Installing the plow on the tiller through the hitch
The hitch is where the plow is attached to the tiller’s hitch. They exist of two types: universal and stationary. Universal is more preferable for work, as it allows you to make some more precise settings.
The plow attachment is a fairly simple hitch for the tiller takes its place on the hitch and is fixed with one shkvone.
Many people think that by screwing the plow securely onto the tiller, the work will go easier and faster. In fact, the opposite is true. Due to the fact that during plowing the plow is acted upon by forces directed perpendicular to the plane of the blade, there is resistance, which strives to divert the entire unit to the side. With a rigid attachment, the worker has to exert effort, literally pressing the tiller into the ground. Therefore, it is necessary to leave the backlash in the horizontal plane about 5 degrees.
Plow setting on heavy tillers
The article considered the so-called light tillers, which are mostly used in summer cottages. But there are also heavy varieties. Their main differences are that the latter are many times more powerful and more cumbersome. They are also equipped with diesel engines. This choice is due to the fact that with the same volume in the operating speed, a diesel engine has more torque than a gasoline engine.
Installing and adjusting the plow for this type of equipment is no different from what was described above. The only thing worth noting is that the setting is best done by two workers, because the weight of heavy tillers sometimes exceeds 200 kilograms.
Adjustment and adjustment of the plow on the tiller
Any owner of his garden knows what it is like to manually plow the beds and pull the weeds. A plow is used to facilitate plowing. But using animal power or a tractor for a small area is costly and unreasonable. For these purposes, Tillery is mainly used by Neva, MTZ, Oka, Farmer, Centaur. If it’s just an engine with wheels, on which various attachments are attached from carts to plows. Here’s about the latter, or rather, about how the plow is adjusted on the tiller, our step-by-step instructions will tell you.
Plowing depth and how to adjust it
Plowing depth is the distance the plow goes deep into the ground while working. You need to set the depth at the distance that the shovel bayonet takes. Otherwise, the following effects may result:
- If the depth is insufficient, most of the roots of the weeds will remain underground, which will require additional efforts to remove them.
- If the depth is deeper than necessary, the fertile soil layer will mix with what is under it, and the plants will not receive proper nutrition.
Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to the golden mean.
The depth is adjusted using bolts that hold the plow shackle and the lock together. Accordingly, moving the plow up and down, this setting is carried out.
First furrow and blade angle
After the previous steps have been made, it is time to make the last adjustment so that subsequent furrowing is easy. To do this, the tiller is placed at the edge of the site, the plow is driven into the ground and the first furrow is passed. It is important at this stage to keep the line straight so that subsequent passes are also straight. A string stretched on pegs or another landmark can help here.
Then, with one wheel, the tiller is placed in the furrow and the plow is oriented so that it is perpendicular to the ground, to do this accurately use a square. If you are uncomfortable doing this in the ground, place the tiller on a flat surface with a support under one wheel that matches the depth of the furrow. After that, the plow setting is considered complete and you can proceed to the second, third furrow.
Field board tilt
For those who already have experience in plowing the land with a tiller, there is no need to explain what and how to do at this stage. Below is information for familiarization for those who encountered this lesson for the first time.
The slope of the field board, or as it is also called the angle of attack, the slope of the level of the plowing plane relative to the surface. Adjustment takes place by means of a screw handle.
The procedure is as follows:
- Install the tiller with a plow on the stands mentioned at the beginning of the article.
- Unscrew the adjustment knob all the way so that the field board is completely flat on the ground, no gaps.
- Start turning the handle in the opposite direction until the back is 2 to 3 centimeters above the ground.
If you make a mistake here, there will be consequences:
- At a high angle of attack, the plow will turn into an anchor, the tiller will constantly slip and move forward with difficulty;
- If the angle is small, the required soil layer will not be removed.
Check if everything is correct, it will be possible at the stage of plowing the tiller should not rest or go too easily.