How To Cut A Skirting Board At A 45 Degree Angle
Cutting the skirting board with a miter box
For the correct trimming of the plinth, a special device was invented, which was named miter box. It is a small block with a notch for the skirting board and with gaps located at different angles. For the cutting tool.
With a miter box, you can get neat and even cuts. The plinth is fixed inside the product, then the angle and direction of cut required in a particular case are selected.
We make a miter box with our own hands
When working with a miter box, it is important to ensure that the edges of the skirting board protrude a short distance beyond the edges of the selected slot. If the trimming tool is wider than the skirting board itself, it is recommended to securely fix the product inside the miter box before trimming. Otherwise, the plinth can move inside, the cut angle will constantly change, because of which it (cut) will turn out to be incorrect and incorrect.
Making cuts for joining skirting boards using a miter box
Cutting with a rotary miter
The main types of floor skirting boards
The wooden skirting board is a classic. It is a natural product, as it is made from solid wood. This type is distinguished by high strength and durability. The skirting boards, installed back in the times of the USSR, still serve faithfully in some apartments and houses. Now they are made mainly of pine wood, but there are also products from walnut, oak, ash and other species. However, due to this, the cost of products increases. Not everyone can afford such skirting boards.
Wooden floor plinth
Because of this, veneered skirting boards have appeared on the market. Their are an order of magnitude lower. However, outwardly, they practically do not differ from products made of expensive wood. The fact is that their upper part, which plays a decorative role, is just made of a thin layer of expensive wood. Without certain knowledge and experience, it is almost impossible to distinguish veneered skirting from ordinary wood.
It is convenient to cut wooden skirting boards with a hacksaw for metal
The most popular now is the plastic skirting board, that is, made of PVC. It has partially displaced conventional wood products from the market, as it has a number of advantages:
- Looks beautiful and neat. Able to imitate natural wood products;
- Easy to install, flexible and very easy to cut;
- Can serve as a cable channel for laying wires;
- Not afraid of exposure to water, and also does not rot, mold does not start on it;
- Is inexpensive compared to wood or veneered products.
Plastic skirting board is made of polyvinyl chloride, which is passed through special forms under high pressure. After the mass has solidified, a neat plastic product is obtained.
Plastic skirting board
Plastic skirting boards are of several types. For example, used for carpet (have a special shape in the form of the letter G, fix the material) or for linoleum. There are also universal products that can be installed on any type of flooring. They can be classified and depending on the hardness.
Table. Types of plastic skirting boards depending on hardness.
Flexible plastic skirting boards
How to properly trim the corners of the skirting board
Since it is hard plastic skirting boards that are increasingly used during repairs, it is about them that will be discussed. Their installation is inevitably associated with the need to cut and form beautiful joints in the corners. The quality of all work and the appearance of the room where the repair is being made will depend on how the plinth will be joined, in general.
Experienced craftsmen recommend starting the installation of the skirting board from the inner corner. At the junction of the two walls, which form the inner corner, the cut on the baseboards will be 45 degrees (in a room with correct and accurate geometry). It is recommended to cut with a miter box. This is the only way to achieve a perfectly even cut.
Cutting floor and ceiling plinths with a miter box
In general, in any case, the cut edges of plastic skirting boards should be sanded. This way it will be possible to get rid of sharp edges, and it will be easier to work. And the skirting boards with cable channels are cut only after the product has been disassembled. The decorative strip designed to hide the wires and attachment points of the skirting board is cut separately.
The plinth is cut to the desired size
It is recommended that immediately before installing the plinth, cut the pieces to the required length and arrange the corners so as not to be distracted by this procedure during the assembly of the plinth. You should not neglect the use of additional elements. Plugs, corners and other products for the baseboard. With their help, it will be possible to give the finished work a complete and harmonious look.
It is very easy to cut skirting boards at any angle with this device.
How to cut a plastic skirting board
If the angle in the room where it is planned to finish the joints of the walls and the floor with a plinth is 90 degrees, which happens extremely rarely, then the cuts of the plinths should have an angle of 45 degrees each. Such a cut is the easiest to make, especially with the use of a miter box. It is enough to insert the plinth into the miter box, then select a groove at 45 degrees and make a cut.
However, such angles of 90 degrees in rooms are extremely rare, usually they differ by several values in one direction or another. And in some rooms, the corners may even be larger. Then cutting is done differently: a marking is drawn on the floor with a pencil, where the border of the location of the plinth is drawn on one and the other side of the corner. You get a small rhombus. The diagonal of this rhombus will be the very cutting line of the product. Next, a plinth is applied to the marking, on which the marking is performed in accordance with the diagonal of the rhombus. If you draw a straight line from this mark to the corner of the plinth, then you get the very necessary cutting line.
Cutting the corner on the skirting board
The outer corners of the skirting boards are formed a little differently, or rather, in a room with ideal geometry, you can also cut products at an angle of 45 degrees (but in a different direction) and, after joining, close the edges with a plug. Non-standard corners are cut like this: one of the skirting boards is applied to one of the walls, its borders are marked with a pencil. The same procedure is performed with another product. Again a rhombus flaunts on the floor, the diagonal of which will become a guide for cutting products.
Decoration of the outer corner of the plastic skirting board
The method is recommended for cutting products intended for installation in non-standard-shaped rooms with angles that differ from the standard 90-degree mark. Stencils for the desired angle can be made from paper or thin cardboard. First, strips are cut from the rough material, which have exactly the same width as the skirting board. Then they are applied to the corner and fixed, after which they are cut to the shape of the corner. Then, according to the stencils received, the skirting board itself is cut at the required angle.
Stencil cutting of plastic skirting boards
How to use the miter box
A miter box will help you to cut the skirting board at an angle of 45 degrees. By the way, do you know how to use the miter box? The specialists of our portal have prepared for you a step-by-step.
How to cut at a 45 degree angle
Often during repairs, you can face a situation when it is necessary to saw off a piece from a part, at an angle of strictly 45 degrees. Typically, this is needed to connect two parts at right angles, 90 degrees, such as: door trim, plinth, pieces of furniture and much more. An experienced craftsman, professionally engaged in repair work, can often do without special devices, and practically by eye is able to cut the necessary part evenly and clearly. But if you are a novice repairman, and you have a desire to do the work as efficiently as possible, without damaging expensive parts, then you just need to purchase a miter box. A special device that allows you to saw off material at a given angle without any special tricks.
To work, you need to have: a miter box, a hacksaw, a protractor with a pencil, a workpiece made of wood, a screwdriver with screws or a clamp.
Self-made miter box
- 1. First, you need to assemble the box of the future tool. To do this, it is necessary to drill holes in its side walls for future fastening with screws and, having smeared the ends of the parts with glue, connect them in such a way that both walls are strictly perpendicular to the bottom and parallel to each other, after which we fix them with screws.
- 2. Using a protractor, mark an angle of 45 degrees with a pencil, if necessary, add additional mowing lines for the grooves. The most important part is the cuts, it is best to make them with the same hacksaw blade that you will be cutting products. Sawing is necessary while holding the blade, avoiding strong pressure on the tool, first we saw one side, then the other.
- 3. We start processing the material. With a clamp or screws, we fix the miter box on the working surface. We make a mark at the place of the future cut on the plinth or board. How to cut at an angle of 45 degrees becomes clear if you press it tightly against the side wall and align the mark with the slot on the template. We insert the hacksaw into the groove and cut the workpiece, while the work of the blade is limited to cuts, which allows you to make the cut as smoothly and accurately as possible.
- 4. Before cutting the skirting board, you need to make sure that the angle of the room is really straight and, if this is not the case, you need to adjust the cutting angle of the workpiece. To do this, measure the inner corner of the wall joint, and divide the result by two. If you do not have a professional rotary miter box that can change the cutting angle by the required amount, then to achieve the result, you need to saw additional grooves at the desired angle in a homemade miter box. This way you can cut the skirting board for the most accurate alignment.
Now you know how to cut a workpiece at a 45 degree angle. Perhaps the time has come to move from theory to practical action. The team of the mebeldok.com portal is confident that you will definitely succeed. Stay with us!
Using a ready-made miter box
How to cut the corners of a ceiling plinth
This is an instruction manual on how to cut the corners of the ceiling plinth. Options for solutions are considered, as.
To obtain branches of metal pipelines in the form of tees, a collar insert is used, for which it is necessary to cut the edge of a round pipe adjacent to the walls of another at a right angle. To implement the method, proceed as follows:
- Cut the edges of the workpiece at right angles as described earlier.
- On a round end surface, four equidistant points are marked with a marker, located at angles of 90 and 180 degrees to each other.
- The circumference is measured, the resulting diameter is divided by 3. From two diametrically located points, the resulting distance is laid, after which these points are connected to two other smooth arc, drawing the fishing line with a marker.
Fig. 5 Example of a collar section of a pipe
- An angle grinder is cut along the marking and the semicircular segments are separated, after which the part is ready for welding. With minor inaccuracies in mating, it can be sealed with a sledgehammer, attached to the round surface of another element.
Cutting at 45 degrees
But, if you still need to cut a round pipe made of steel or various types of plastics, then for this you need a piece for cutting pipes at an angle, the shape of which is calculated manually or by machine. The task is greatly simplified if at an angle of forty-five degrees it is necessary to cut a metal profile of a square section.
For a quick cut, you can use an ordinary sheet of paper folded diagonally, with which you mark the surface for the future cut. Using folded paper, proceed as follows:
- Carried out on a straight surface of the profile in the place where the cut is made, strictly perpendicular to the line;
- Apply a diagonally folded sheet of paper to the side surface with the sharp end to the mowing line so that the top edge of the paper triangle is flush with the top side of the metal profile.
Figure: 2 Homemade template for cutting pipe at 45 degrees
- Draw the line with a pencil along the side of the sheet at an angle of 45 degrees, after which the paper corner is applied to the other side and outlined with a pencil (it is better to use a thin marker).
For sawing, you can use an angle grinder with a disc for metal, first drawing a thin line along the markings, and then gradually deepening it until the edges are completely separated.
How to cut a large 45 degree pipe
It is better to cut a large-sized product in a domestic environment using a large angle grinder or a gas burner. The walls with large diameters are usually thick. Cutting is best done in segments, leaving narrow transitions that are removed at the end.
Techniques for cutting pipes at an angle of circular cross-section
Round pipes of different diameters are cut at an angle when changing the direction of the pipeline, while it should be borne in mind that a straight cut at the desired angle, unlike a rectangular section, will not lead to a tight joint of the edges. Therefore, special patterns are used, in which the marked edge has a curved shape, which makes it possible to obtain a high connection density.
Making a template for trimming a metal profile
If you need to cut a large number of pipes, you can make a template from a metal profile of a larger diameter on a paper sheet as described above. The angle of inclination is checked with a protractor or a construction square. In this case, the two edges of the cut template parts are connected.
When working on the part to be cut, a template is put on in the right place and pressed tightly, the markings are applied with a sharpened scribe when tracing the template contour. The part is cut in several passes with a gradual deepening of the groove.
Figure: 3 Cutting off a metal profile using a miter box
How to cut a cast iron pipe
The main difference between cast iron and ordinary steel is its high brittleness and large wall thickness; its precise cutting must be performed in the following sequence:
- A marking corner is drawn using a template using a scribe, for
Supports under the part put a wooden shield or board.
- Perform an angle grinder shallow cut of the surface along the entire perimeter.
- Further, the groove is deepened in several passes until the two parts are completely separated.
Using a computer program
To implement this method of marking pipes for cutting, a computer with special programs is required. First, you need to draw up a drawing, which indicates the transverse dimensions of the product, as well as the planned cut angle. Need to get a virtual template.
Print it out on a printer. And here it should be understood that the larger the pipe diameter, the more sheets will be required for printing it. Then you need to carefully cut out the drawing details from all pages and glue it, it is best to use stationery tape for this. It remains to attach the template to the pipe and apply the markings.
This method of solving the problem is highly accurate. All the necessary programs can be downloaded from the Internet, they are free to download and use. It will also be possible to find a pattern for cutting pipes at an angle. All that remains is to print and cut it. To carry out the marking, the piece is simply wrapped around the pipe.
Method of marking using a container with water instead of a template
This method of marking is suitable for small diameter pipes that are planned to be cut at a certain angle close to the edge. First you need to prepare a deep container of water. The planned angle of inclination is marked on it. Now you need to carefully immerse the end of the product in the liquid, tilt it towards the mark, and then pull it out.
As a result of such actions, a clear line of contact with water will appear on it, it must be highlighted. On it, the pipe is cut at an angle. This method is best for jobs that require multiple striping.
Marking the corner with a paper sheet
Layout on paper is one of the simplest ways to accomplish a task. A square sheet is required. It folds exactly diagonally. The resulting template for cutting pipes must be wrapped around the product so that the long side runs parallel to its section.
Then an angle of 45 degrees is formed on the smaller side. It remains to mark the cut line using a construction pencil or marker on a sheet of paper.
It is recommended to wrap the marking area with narrow tape so as not to accidentally erase it. This method is great for long, large pipes with a cut in the middle of the product.
How to cut a pipe at an angle. Marking options for round and profile pipes
When installing the pipeline, it is often necessary to cut the pipe at a certain angle. Accuracy plays an important role in this task. There are several easy ways to cut a pipe at an angle.
An incorrect pipe cut will make it impossible to mount a structure of the form that was originally conceived. For example, if you plan to rotate the system by 45 degrees, then you must cut the pipe at 45 degrees. To complete the task, you will need marking tools and an angle grinder (you can replace it with a hacksaw for metal).
How to cut a profile pipe at an angle
The marking of the profile pipe differs from the round one. Manual execution can lead to significant errors. The best way to solve the problem is to create a cutting template from the same profile, but with a larger diameter.
A small piece of shaped pipe will be required. On it, using a protractor, mark an angle of 45 degrees. Now, using an angle grinder, you need to cut off a part of the workpiece along the marked mowing line. The cut edges must be sanded and defects removed. All that remains is to insert the original product into the bevel cutting template. Then you need to mark the mowing line for the cut of the larger profile. And already the pipe itself is cut along it.
The text describes how to cut the pipe at an angle of 45 degrees. When the marking has already been completed, it is recommended to use an angle grinder. With its help, it will turn out to make an even cut. You can replace it with a hacksaw for metal. It will also be possible to cut the product by welding, but experience with the tool is needed, otherwise there will be irregularities. : “How to cut a pipe straight. Tools and cutting methods”.