How to cut tiles with an angle. Construction corner grinder
Life hacks of the finisor. how to professionally cut different types of tiles
Tile work. work is not easy for beginners, requiring thoughtful preparation. In addition, it is important to find an individual approach to the varieties of material to reduce waste, and therefore the financial costs of the customer.
Tile cutting formula without prejudice to material
Considering the topic of how to cut tiles correctly, professional tiles are based on general principles.
The material must be carefully cleaned. It should not have traces of tile glue, dust.
The work involves dust formation, therefore they advise you to wear protective eyes for the eyes.
Using a hand tool, you can not overdo it. Otherwise, the broken tile is guaranteed. Having selected the power tool, you need to act confidently, clearly, but neatly.
For a spectacular resolution of the problem, cut tiles at home, the construction environment offers different modifications of tools.
That the main thing in the operation of different units associated with the tile sharp?
It is better to work with glass cutter. expert opinion
I answer, cut the tiles, first select the right glass cutter. It is presented in the market with three variations.
Roller glass cutter. is used most often. The advantage is a thin clear fishing line for a trimmer.
The oil type model works similarly, providing cutting without damage. Thanks to the clock, the task can be performed easily and quickly.
Diamond glass cutter is more intended for an experienced craftsman, since there is a great risk of getting uneven edges. In the case you will need a “strained” hand.
A competitive technical advantage of the means is the possibility of cutting not only in a straight line, but also figured cutting of tiles is quite aesthetic. Glass cutter is used when working with tiles, ceramics.
Recommendation! For porcelain tile, hand glass cutters, electrolobsics are better not to use. They can be used as an additional tool.
The tile must be placed on a geometrically even surface, removing small particles of dirt, glue. When performing the line, you need to make efforts. The outlined edge is removed with nippers.
Advice! Approaching the line planned by the glass cutter, the nippers should grab small fragments. If you use the “big step” plots in the department of the almost cut part, there is a risk of going beyond the edge of the line and ruin the appearance of the product.
An important point remains: cutting ceramic tiles you need to completely wrap the glass cutter and keep it strictly perpendicular. Sometimes the master can be difficult, because often such tools are more used by professionals for thin types of tiles.
At a construction site where the deadlines are running out, the foreman is in a hurry, the cutting of ceramic tiles is faster than the corner grinder is carried out. But you need to know certain tricks with her.
Basic methods of cutting corner granite grinder
This type of tile is the hardest. It is wear.resistant, suitable for public premises. Deciding to cut porcelain tiles should be based on two methods.
The evenness of the line when using a corner grinder depends on the correctly selected disk. Two paths are possible here when choosing discs.
Continuous discs are applicable in the case of “wet” cutting with water to cool the tool and reduce dust. It is appropriate to use them in working with tiles.
Deciding to cut porcelain tiles at home, it will be appropriate to contact a segmented disk that suggests a “dry” method of processing. But it is not recommended to cut more than 2 minutes. We need to take a break.
Using a standard corner grinder, representatives of the construction sphere do not advise buying disks with a thickness of less than 2 mm. Before each procedure, checking the state of the disk for the information appearance of the chip to zero is required.
The specialist marks the future cut with a marker, placing tiles on a prepared flat surface. It is better to fix it on a workbench. Cutting is carried out on the front side. In some cases, it makes sense to make a double cut. From the “face” to the product is slightly pressed, conducting a fishing line for a trimmer, the main cutting is carried out from the end part. This secret answers the question of how to cut the tiles of a corner grinder without chips, without losses for the owner of the room.
Proven methods of cutting ceramic tiles with a tile cutter
Tile cutting without dust
Ordinary ceramics for the bathroom, for example, is also cut with the participation of a corner grinder. Although at home it is often more appropriate manual tile cutter.
Minimization of the formation of dust, flaws on the tile.
The tool is light, contains a cutting video that relatively quickly carries out the task. The probability of marriage is reduced at times even compared to a corner grinder. Having placed the tile under the paw on the metal platform of the structure, in one motion it is possible to quickly perform the cut. There are several types of manual tiles.
Roller options are quite simple, suitable for standard tiles.
For more solid types of ceramic tiles, mechanical tile cutter with a hard carriage is advised.
To process a particularly durable material up to 16 mm thick, the model on bearings will be the best solution.
To perform a large amount of work, this tool with a system of air and water cooling is useful. What are its advantages?
It is possible to cut tiles at an angle of 45 degrees for the design of the angles between the walls.
Ability to cut a stone, porcelain stoneware.
In the process, the head depth plays a role. Recommended value. 3 cm. The length of the cut, equal to 50 cm, matters. And the power of the motor. Before the execution, you need to make sure that the wheel is fixed, checking its degree of wear.
What useful tips should be taken into account more?
The end of the tile material is sometimes cut at an angle. Using a corner grinder, you should choose a continuous disk designed for tiles. High.quality cutting of tiles under 45 degrees will turn out when installing the product on the rib, starting to grind the rear clay part. Having discovered irregularities, it is allowed to repeat the operation.
Get a smooth edge conveniently contact diamond “turtles” or sandpaper. Professionals also advise using a corner grinder with adjusting speeds to avoid burning of the edge.
The trick from the pros! For maximum aesthetics of the angle, it is not recommended to reach the icing part by about 1 mm. Filigency of skill is determined by the experience of the operator. Passing on the glaze with a tool, the edge is not very beautiful.
Laying by direct docking
It is considered the simplest tactics of tile laying in the corners. Based on the use of a right angle. The tile is joined without trimming. This allows you to hide one cut, but the second will open for the eyes.
In practice, the angle is leveled from any side of the wall. It doesn’t matter if it is a hard.to.reach place. But it is profitable to leave the factory cut on the outside, because it is so beautiful.
Important: you can’t get rid of the seam at the junction in any way. Partial grout is allowed, but this will affect beauty.
You can use the perpendicular version of identical docking. But the method is limited, since it is possible only in the case of a special border.
- The upper tile is mounted horizontally and as if hanging above the edge;
- This guarantees a neat joint in the corner;
- A canopy not more than 5 mm;
- A factory cut is preserved on the edge of the hanging region.
We use cutting tiles for the angle
Without exaggeration, this is the most difficult option for solving the problem. The problem is the absence of special equipment and the experience of cutting tiles.
- The meaning of the work is reduced to cutting 2 tiles based on 45 degrees. This allows you to create an angle of 90 degrees. But in the process of laying, the minimum gap should be maintained. It is necessary to install tiles with half a width from whole material.
- But the installation is significantly lightweight, due to the rectangular form. The main thing is that there are maximum smooth walls. The method is deprived of meaning if the base does not have an internal and external angle of 90 degrees.
Cutting is advantageously performed with an electric tile cutter with a circle based on diamond spraying. To ensure the perfect cut line, high equipment of equipment is used. But the guide of the beds must be set 45 degrees. This implies the lack of the need for additional processing of the cut side of the tile.
Tip: if it is planned to use one.time, then it is not advisable to purchase such a machine. You can rent it from an experienced master.
But you can go to the trick. The tile is cut off with a standard tile cutter without an expensive circle with diamond spraying. Then it is driven along the edge, thanks to a grinding machine. Disadvantage in the need for developed skills for such complex work.
On the other hand, in the case of a tile cutter with the function of changing the angle of cutting, you can create a beautiful internal and outer angle with your own hands. The main thing is to realize the processing technology and practice a little on a spare tile. The meaning and order of action we examined.
Methods of cutting
Cutting corner grinding
If it was decided to use a corner grinder with a diamond disk, then it does not need to be drunk sharply on the material, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the final part. Also, during work, you can not do without means of protection in the form of a mask and glasses.
Fragments and dust can cause significant damage to health. The tile needs to be firmly fixed and the stone from the near edge. It is necessary to make the stone go to the front side.
Cutting with an electrician
Unlike other tools, it is convenient to create curvilinear cuts with an electrician. To make a cut even, you do not need to buy additional devices: it will be enough to use the usual ruler.
The cut can turn out a rough. To avoid this, you need to slowly lead the tool on the tile.
Cutting with any pointed tool
Unlike other tools, this method only allows you to cut the upper part of the tile, and then it will have to be broken. If the facing layer is durable, then the finished result will be even.
However, if this layer turned out loose, then the layer will not be even. In this case, you will have to remove irregularities with the help of.
Tips for professionals
If you doubt your own skills, you can use a simpler way. Cut the mass of tiles on the short side of the letter “g” with an angular grinding ground to facilitate a breakdown. And cut the long strip with a tile cutter and break.
Irregularities in the edges of the cut are broken down by pliers, then the tile is polished by an abrasive.
If there is a need to saw porcelain stoneware in this way, then a tile cut can not cope with this task. In this case, carefully work with a corner grinder:
- Sove the cut lines on both sides of the tile.
- On the wrong side, sprinkle on the intended lines with a corner grinder of a groove with a depth of not more than 3 mm.
- Treat the front side with the help of a tile cutter and break the material.
- You can saw a short fishing line for a trimmer through the material. Make sure that the cut does not go beyond the required limits.
Correct the irregularities in the cut with the help of grinding or the same tile cutter, drawing a flat fishing line for a trimmer along the upper layer, and broke the edges with pliers.
Cutting the end
To perform this option to dock the tiles in the corners of the room, you should get special equipment for work. The execution process will take some time and effort, which indicates the need to have experience.
- In places of attaching tiles of adjacent walls, a cut of the end part with an angle of 45 degrees is carried out.
- If two tiles with each other in the future, a angle of 90 degrees should be obtained. At the same time, the decorative part of the tile looks at each other.
This action is performed using an electrical tile cutter equipped with a diamond disk, sandpaper or corner grinder. Each of the options has its own characteristics and difficulties of execution, which should be familiar with more. The method can be used not only to create internal angles between adjacent walls, but also when laying tiles to the outer angle (in door and window openings).
Use sandpaper correctly. After all, not every option is suitable for work. In the process, you should buy at least its two species:
0 is suitable when used for rough fitting, and the second option will perfectly cope with the accurate leveling of the surface and eliminate the possibly emerging defects.
When cutting the end part for the first time, it is best to first take unnecessary fragments and carry out training on them. When everything starts to work out well, we proceed to the main job.
In the absence of a desire to produce such manipulations, tiles without angles can be purchased. This is a separate type of decorative decoration.
Liquidation of defects
At the time of work, cases of errors are not rare. No one is safe from this, but everyone should know about how you can get rid of them.
Perhaps you get an uneven joint of walls in the room. To eliminate this, you can just a little adjust the gluing mass under the tiles. Its distribution under the entire surface occurs uniformly.
Cases are not rare when cutting tiles at an angle did not bring the desired result. A slightly different angle was formed, not 45. In this case, you should take sandpaper in your hands and it is already brought to the end. The main thing is not to overdo it.
Problems at the junction of tiles are the most common. To solve such a problem, two main methods are put into practice:
- Classic grouting of existing seams between adjacent walls.
- Installation of decorative profiles in the places where chips and gaps of material. In addition, it is very easy to stick the profile with a special sealant or liquid nails.
Cutting with improvised means
Do not always need to perform a large amount of work. Why spend money if you need to cut off a few tiles. In this case, you can use the following tools:
Important! It is recommended to use a drill with a winning attack. Thanks to it, you can give a deeper scratch to the surface of ceramics better.
How to cut with glass cutter with ceramic tiles? The algorithm of actions is this:
- An extra fragment is measured.
- Marking is applied on it.
- A metal line is superimposed along the line. It is important to do it perfectly evenly.
- It remains to have a one.time with glass cutter or other sharp improvised material along the ruler. In the process, the ruler should be well held. As a result, you get a noticeable scratch.
- The tile is located on the edge of the table or workbench. Scratch on it should coincide with the edge line of the table.
- A strong, confident and sharp movement of the hand should be pressed on the edge of the tile.
The desired piece will break out. It is clear that making a cut perfectly will not work. But you can save money. And after that, just wipe the cut with sandpaper. In addition, if you put tiles in clean water for only an hour, then the cutting process will become better.
note! Some ask whether it is possible to cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw. Yes, but the cut will not work as high quality as I would like. The use of an electric jigsaw is rational when adjusting the tiles laid in an inconspicuous place. But, there are special saws with diamond spraying for manual or electric jigsaw. This option is allowed.
Complex curly cutting
In addition to standard cutting products in which an even section is made, there is a curly cutting of ceramic tiles. In this case, tiles become useless, as they can make exclusively even cut lines.
One of the common cases of a socket. How to cut a hole under the outlet in ceramic tiles? It all depends on the circumstances. Sometimes it is enough to make a P-shave on the size of the outlet. Another option is to divide two tiles into two rectangular parts and cut them off. In this case, the long side is cut using a tile cutter, and a short. corner grinder. External angles are performed according to the same scheme.
Advice! When marking, it is taken from 1.4 to 1.8 mm per indent from the wall, and 2.5 mm on the grout.
There is another way to perform a P-shaped cutting. For this, any acceptable method is used. For example, the same ruler and glass cutter, to create cuts on the glaze. After which, the excess parts are abandoned, and the edges are wiped with sandpaper.
But how to cut a hole in ceramic tiles under the pipe? It is already more difficult, since there are no straight angles. The hole should be round and even. Professionals use special crowns that have diamond spraying and allow you to quickly make a hole of the desired diameter for a sewer or water pipe.
How to MITER CUT tile like a PRO!!!
But what if there are no such crowns? The first option is to use a tile drill or a winning drill. This is not the easiest way, but quite realized:
- Before cutting a circle in ceramic tiles, you need to install the tile on an even and clean surface.
- Marking is applied to the surface of the tiles.
- Drown in the drill are made even holes according to the intended circle. They need to be done dense, the closer, the better.
- Using the same drill, you need to remove the remaining gaps, performing work at an angle of 45 degrees.
- The hole will turn out rude and inaccurate. Therefore, this is recovered with sandpaper and large nippers.
If this hole is made under the mixer or under the units, then you do not need to bother with the alignment of the edges, they will be hidden.
When you need to make a hole of larger diameter, for example, for forced ventilation, a mini-upper grinder is used with a ceramic disk. Again, marking is made on it, and with the help of a corner grinder, two cuts of crosswise are done. After the four even cuts are made between them to form a square. The rest of the edges are bitten off with nippers. Do not immediately bite off large pieces. In the end, everything is cleaned with sandpaper. Another cutting option. directly along the contour of the intended circle of half the thickness. After which the cut is made for the entire thickness of the cross-steal. It remains to break off 4 elements.
You can make a hole using a jigsaw and a special string for it. The tile is placed, a hole is made in it, into which a string for a hand jigs is inserted or a saw on a tile of an electrician. A hole is made along the contour. It will turn out even and neat.
One of the most popular ways is the use of a drill called a “ballerinka”. The ballerinka will allow the most carefully performing round holes of the correct shape of various sizes.
Recently, many, performing the facing of the walls of the tiles, refuse to use the plastic corner. The refusal sounds differently every time. One cannot choose the color of a plastic ceiling for the color of ceramic tiles, others prefer to use as few additional elements as possible in the decoration, others simply like to experiment and try something new.
The very idea is to make a cut of tiles at an angle of 45 degrees and join the tile at right angles, not new. It was often used by builders in the lining of the marble of facade front elements. Now a similar technique began to be used in the design of niches, boxes, behind which engineering communications are hidden. It allows you to get a rather interesting solution. But using it, it is important to know that the angle on the tile, sharpened at an angle of 45 degrees has its technical disabilities.
Firstly, the angle becomes fragile, it is vulnerable, any strong blow will be able to destroy the tiled clatter. Therefore, this technique cannot be used when decorating surfaces located in the passage plane. It is enough to hook the angle with a metal bucket, and it cracks and crumbles, or covers with chips.
Secondly, such a decoration option significantly increases the complexity of the work, which means that the final cost of the repair will increase noticeably. The formation of a right angle by cutting requires the use of professional construction equipment. Therefore, wanting to experiment yourself in the described direction, you need to think carefully and weigh everything “for” and “against”.
Features of working with the external and inner corner for tiles
The corner layout of the tile should be carried out only with the help of a corner, which should be even, high.quality and specially selected. Before the installation of tiles in the room, it is worth paying attention to which installation of which ceiling will be carried out. Depending on this, you can save on the tile, since it will need less, and besides, the corner must be installed clearly before the ceiling coating mark. The trimming of the tiled corner is carried out even before it is installed, especially when it comes to a metal canvas.
Now you can find trims on sale:
It is especially convenient to use colored products if it is planned to lay out a colored tile. To choose the best shade, it is worth buying a corner immediately with the material or just take tiles with you.
As already noted, the trim of tile is external and external, as well as plastic and metallic. The choice of such material is simply huge and with the choice of a suitable canvas there will be no problems. However, it is far from rare newcomers in finishing work may encounter difficulties in buying corners. The difference between products is not too big, but everything is present.
The metal corner is more durable than plastic, and therefore the cost of a metal canvas is a little more expensive.
The metal trim has also advantages and they are in different colors. For example, modern designers consider it very stylish to install corners on tiles with a chrome coating or golden spraying. That is how you can not only decorate, but also transform the room.
How to choose a corner for tiles
Putting decorative plastic corners is much easier. It is not difficult to cut them and you can apply the most ordinary tool, for example, a knife or completely ordinary scissors. Not even a professional can choose and put a plastic corner, and the length of such a bar will be 250 cm. precisely, the canvas is made of polyvinyl chloride.
This is the cheapest and most practical option for the bathroom, since:
- The fungus is not terrible to him;
- It is not at all expensive;
- Bacteria do not accumulate on its surface and do not spread;
- He is not scary to exposure chemicals for cleaning the bathroom.
You can make a corner of absolutely any material and at the same time not worry about the fact that water will fall under it and will cause mold formation, since the cladding is carried out as tightly as possible, and all joints are sealed with special compounds. Some believe that the sealing of joints with the help of a corner may not be carried out, but this mistake is better to avoid, as it can bring many problems. Installation will not require a lot of effort and time, and in return you can get a lot of advantages. In particular, an increase in the life of the coating on the walls and floor in the bathroom.
To close the corners between the tiles, you will need not only to buy a corner, but to choose it based on the material, choose the desired color, familiarize yourself with how to fix it.
In general, the choice of a tiled corner is made relative to the thickness of the paintings mounted in the room. Fabric is on sale, the thickness of which varies from 6-12 rooms. It is according to such data that the material is selected. Experts recommend making a corner at such a number that the thickness of the opening in the trim is 1 mm larger than that of the tile. Accordingly, if the tiles are laid with a thickness of 9 mm, you need to select a trim under number 10.
Before you glue the product, it must naturally be purchased and selected as competently as possible. To be more precise, in order not to purchase excesses of the canvas, you need to conduct an accurate calculation of the length of the angles that need to be closed. Be sure to have 1-2 spare trim in stock. Due to the fact that their cost is not too much, the supply will not require strong financial costs. External and external joints must be calculated separately, so that by mistake not to purchase all corners of the same type.
How external corners are made out so as not to resort to a foothold:
Flazing, cutting or sharpening. the name of the same technique to which you will have to resort to if it is necessary to arrange the joint at a sharp or detailed angle.
The main task of the master, in this case, cut the tiles of 45 degrees, do not chips angle.
How a foothold is performed
This work can be performed on an electric tile.cutting machine or using a corner grinder equipped with a diamond disk.
In electrical slabs, depending on the performance, the setting angle of the cut is carried out in different ways. At the machine with the upper location of the saw node due to the inclination of the carriage or, if it is a machine with the lower disk, by tilting the desktop.
In all cases, the cut is carried out according to the similar principle: it is important not to go out with a diamond circle beyond the edge of the incision, the equipment should not in contact with the fragile icing of the tile. If you neglect this rule, chips are guaranteed.
The cut should not reach the edge by literally 1 mm. If the angle is required more acute than 45 degrees, it is easier to additionally sand it to avoid marriage.
How the cutting of not the factory edge is performed, for example, in the center of the tile
If in some place a narrow dick of the material is required, then the trim will have to be made from the side of the factory edge and somewhere across the tile. This technique was nicknamed this technique by a double.sided measurement.
Try to make a trim under 45 degrees at once in the center. error.
Such attempts will lead to chips, the edge of the workpiece will be torn, it will take a lot of effort to bring it to an acceptable type with the help of grinding.
In order not to complicate the workflow so much, a straight section is made to begin with, for example, using manual tile cutter. Then, on a separated narrow workpiece, an angular cut is made according to the same rule. without bringing the disk to the edge, to a fragile glaze. The edge with a non.factory cut subsequently will be desirable to mast in order to get rid of chips.
How acute can there be a cut edge and whether a gap is needed at the junction
Naturally, the more acute the cut edge, the easier it is to split it, damage the appearance of the connection. There is also a risk of injury, for example, if the connection with sharp edges is somewhere in the passage place.
Masters take into account these factors, trying not to sacrifice security for the sake of design. It is considered the norm to leave up to 1 mm of the material under a layer of glaze so that the angle is not fragile.
Application of grout
The last stroke is the grout of the seams. In the left gap 1-1.5 mm is a grout that closes the seam itself and, in addition, strengthens the connection with the external angle.
If the cut tiles are placed close, the grouting mixture will not hold out for a long time at such a connection.