How to prepare your grass trimmer for winter. Is it necessary to prepare gasoline-powered gardening equipment for the winter period?
Preparing for long-term storage of grass trimmer with 2T engine
Proper preparation of the grass trimmer for prolonged (more than 30 days) storage is not allowed without performing the following series of activities:
- Producing a fuel mixture.
- Cleaning the Grass Trimmer.
- Carrying out maintenance Air filter Spark plug Worn parts Tighten screws and nuts Protect the cylinder gear from corrosion.
- Putting in storage.
How to start the lawn trimmer correctly?
Regardless of the type of this action, there is a strict procedure that must be followed, i.e:
Inspection and Checking
Any fault in your ride-on grass trimmer can be a serious hazard.
Loose bolts securing the clutch bell to the engine can lead to rapid abrasion of the clutch shoes, and any leaks in the fuel system often lead to ignition and burns or fire.
Loose gearbox bolts can cause the drive shaft rod to pop out of it and the grass trimmer will stop working. Loose screws that secure the handles can cause the shaft to drop and damage the cutting attachment.
So before every startup you should at least briefly inspect the machine for leaks. This is especially true for any first start-up, whether after purchase or after storage. During service starts it is only permissible to check the fuel system for leaks.
One of the most important steps in checking before any initial start-up is to determine the amount of lubricant in the gears and driveshaft, which will require disassembling the grass trimmer and removing both gears from the shaft.
In this way, you not only evaluate the amount and condition of the lubricant on the filler neck but also in the area where the shaft and pinion contact each other.
Likewise, every 2-3 weeks, check the amount and condition of oil in the crankcase four-stroke engines, if the unit will work long with low oil level, there is a great likelihood of seizing the crankshaft.
Filling the tank with fuel
This is an operation to be performed after purchase and winter storage, as well as during shutdowns caused by the exhaustion of gasoline. Four-stroke engines are filled with pure gasoline AI-92, and two-stroke engines with a mixture of fuel and special oil, which we told here.
Remember, if you refuel a two-stroke grass trimmer after winter storage, be sure to drain the old fuel from it, because it has already lost its lubricity, so the crankshaft bearing and the cylinder-piston group will work without lubrication.
Starting the gasoline trimmer
Regardless of the type of starting, there are 6 actions that must always be performed:
- priming the fuel;
- setting the air damper to the “start” position (“closed”, “off”);
- setting the switch to the “on” position (“on”);
- Pressing and locking the throttle key;
- starter rope pull with a selectable amount of clearance;
- putting the choke in the “work” position (“open”, “on”).
The first 3 items on this list can be done in any order, but the air starter rope can only be pulled after them. Neglecting pumping fuel will lead to the fact that pull the cable manual starter will have more than one dozen times to the moving engine piston pumped enough air to suck fuel from the carburetor.
Neglecting the air damper will lead to a very rich mixture which is good for the running engine and very bad for the start, because such a mixture is well ignited only inside the warmed up cylinder.
After moving the choke shutter to the closed position the incoming air is not enough to run the engine at idle speed, so press and lock the gas pedal key (gas pedal, engine speed regulator). The on/off button on the motor blocks the ignition system, so turn it to the “on” position before starting.
If you don’t put the switch in the right position, there will be no voltage to the spark plug, which means no spark to ignite the mixture in the cylinder.
There are two main types of brushcutter: battery-powered and cordless. Once the engine has started, move the choke shutter to the open position because the mix is sufficiently enriched for starting, even in a cold cylinder, but the lack of air means the fuel will not be fully combusted.
An attempt to cut the grass with a closed choke will lead to a sharp drop in engine power and considerable heating of the valves, that is why long work (tens of hours) leads to burnt-out valves or damage of the cylinder head gasket.
There are two basic types of brushcutters. gasoline and battery. The rules for their storage are basically the same, with a few nuances. In any case, conservation should begin with careful maintenance and preparation of the unit.
The preparation of a petrol-trimmer begins this way:
- Drain fuel and oil.
- Let the machine idle so that it uses up all the fuel left in the carburetor.
- Unscrew the spark plug and look at it. The electrode should have a reddish coloration. If there is soot, the spark plug should be cleaned or replaced.
The electric grass trimmer should begin to be prepared for preservation as follows:
- Remove the battery. Store separately in a cool, but not below freezing temperature.
- Check the condition of the wiring and contacts. If there is damage to the wiring or weak contacts, repair it.
- Check the condition of the brushes. If they are worn out, replace them.
Next, the rules are the same for both types of brushcutters:
- Remove the rest of the grass. Grass may collect between fixed assemblies and blades. Blades should also be thoroughly cleaned. If there is organicdebris on the housing, remove it thoroughly.
- Dismantle and clean the cutting blade. Check it for mechanical damage. If it is damaged it must be replaced immediately or before the next season. The knife should be stored separately.
- If your lawn mower is equipped with a trimmer cord (fishing line), it should be dismantled and kept in a damp place until the next season. Leave in clean water for a few days before the new season. This will keep the trimmer line elastic, which will extend its service life.
Where and in what to store
It is highly recommended to store the brushcutter hanging up. Often the handlebar gets in the way, so it can be dismounted or simply turned the other way. As for the choice of location and packaging, the following options can be distinguished:
- The garage or an outbuilding for garden tools is the optimum place to store the machine. The main thing is to keep the room dry and well ventilated.
- If there is no separate structure, the grass trimmer can be kept in the closet of the house or apartment. Preferably, the room should not be too dusty, which is especially important for electric brushcutters. A lot of dust absorbs moisture, so it begins to conduct electricity, which can cause short circuits.
- It is better to use the original packaging in which the grass trimmer was sold. It is very good if it has foam, it will absorb excess moisture. In such a package the device does not need to hang.
- If the factory packaging is not available, you can use a cardboard box of suitable size.
- You can use a suitable cover of thick fabric, for example, tarpaulin. In such a package, the grass trimmer will be convenient to hang on the wall to save space.
- You can build a box of boards or plywood. However, in such a box the lawnmower will take up a lot of space.
- The grass trimmer can be wrapped with an air-permeable cloth.
- If there is no packaging at all, it is advisable to store the machine in a hanging position. This protects the parts from mechanical damage and saves space. But, it is important that there is not a lot of dust, especially from construction materials. You only need to install a properly sized hook into the wall to hang it.
Please leave a comment
Ten years ago, my colleagues and I bought a budget gasoline Patriot grass trimmer with about 1 liter capacity as a gift to my secretary. с. I remember that it only cost 3,000 at the time it seemed ridiculous to me, because I used to mow my lawn with a high-powered gasoline mower at my dacha.
Today’s cottage is hard to imagine without a lawn. Not a golf course, but a nice little green lawn. even on tiny plots of land. All lawns need cutting from time to time, regardless of size. Let’s not rewire.
Grass trimmer about three years ago our grass trimmer broke. The grass is waist-deep and needs to be mowed, but there is nothing to mow with. As always, everything breaks at the wrong time, we were not ready to buy a new trimmer for grass, but there’s nothing to do, let’s go to OBI. The desire does not always coincide with the.
What is the best trimmer for the grass? Electric or gasoline? The plot is small. 6 acres, electricity is connected.
Once you’ve properly put your new garden helper into operation, it’s still not a good idea to sign up for the Stakhanovite brigade and make an increased commitment. The internal combustion engines of common garden equipment models, unlike car engines, are equipped with an air cooling system.
It is less effective than the water trimmer, so after continuous operation for some time (40-60 minutes) the engine needs time to cool down. Usually manufacturers regulate the time of continuous operation by the volume of the tank: the fuel filling is just enough for the recommended operating time at an average load.
Rest and let the engine cool down
After the filled fuel ran out, do not hurry to fill a new tank. let the engine cool down for 10 minutes, and better all 20. Do not forget about yourself, otherwise you won’t be able to lift your hands the next day after the shock work. And regular engine cooling will save it from premature wear at high loads.
Preparing units with four-stroke engines
In this case you should pay special attention to the gas tank.
Ways to prepare this equipment for winter:
- Fill the tank with fuel and add a special additive. This is to ensure that the fuel does not stratify during storage. This way you can be sure that there will be no condensate in the gas tank during cold storage.
- Empty the tank. If you decide to use this method it is necessary to treat internal surfaces of the tank, intake manifold and cylinders with agents preventing oxidation. Drain the oil from the manifold before wintering to avoid sludge formation and loss of properties.
Over the winter, wires and hoses can oxidize or lose their elasticity. To avoid this it is recommended to use sprays with wax and silicone. Their convenience is that after the winter there is no need to remove the coating from the surfaces before putting the equipment into operation.
To preserve the safety of wheels and tires during long-term storage it is recommended to remove them from equipment or install the equipment on special stands. In addition, do not forget about the temperature storage conditions specified by the manufacturer of the rubber.
The most susceptible to temperature jumps and changes in humidity rubber seals, glands and rings. The main danger is moisture, which in the form of condensation penetrates into the moving parts of equipment, freezes in them, and, expanding, causes mechanical damage.
Low temperatures are safe for most models of gasoline equipment. The main thing is to protect the storage area from moisture.
Is it possible to store a gasoline grass trimmer in winter in an unheated shed?
I don’t see why not! Cars parked in unheated garages. Just replace the gasoline in the tank in the spring. And do not leave it without gasoline in the winter!
We always store it that way, in an unheated shed, and there are frosts.50 and below. As a rule, we leave the tank at least half filled. We leave it lying around. We don’t change the fuel mixture in the spring, we use it first, then we fill up with new. Neighbors used to store without gasoline and always had something fly out the first time they started up in the new season.
I have an electric, I store it in an unheated cabin that freezes through in the winter. I also store my chainsaw in the same place, along with the gasoline and oil mixture. You can’t take it all home. Can’t just store batteries in the cold, I always take them home for the winter.
Good evening, Jana! I looked up the average monthly temperature for your capital in January. The table showed that the average night temperature is 8 degrees and the average daytime temperature is 4 degrees. There is no comparison with respectable Alla’s Khanty-Mansiysk. their average temperature in February is almost.23. That is, winter temperatures in Moldova are not the kind of climatic shock that can await small tools in the cold period. Of course, peiktionists by life can reproach me that I do not recommend you to carry out the winter preservation of equipment. over, there are special preservative compositions for machinery on the market. Nevertheless, in the spring, the prescribed technical service should be done. And actually, what can be affected by cold temperatures?? Well, let’s say on the elasticity of rubber components. Summary. it is not worth “bothering” with the declared problem if your petrol grass trimmer is on the territory of blessed Moldavia.
Yana, gasoline engine trimmer for grass, akin to the scooter engine, which is absolutely not critical to the conditions of storage in the winter. And if from a cold room where it is stored, not to bring it into a warm room, where the relative humidity is much higher, and this can lead to abundant condensation on the cold parts of the engine trimmer for grass. Although, if you think about it, why do you need a grass trimmer in a warm room in winter, not to handle flowers in pots?? We conclude. safely store your petrol trimmer for the grass in a cold room, it will not hurt him. I can assure you from personal experience that almost 20 years of storage in a cold shed, not at all damaged my gasoline trimmer Ryobi. And how many harsh winters near Moscow it has gone through! Good luck!
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Victor Grigorievich, thank you, everything is clear! When the expert gives his opinion you won’t have to worry about it all winter long. It is not without reason that you wrote that you should not take it into the warmth from the cold in winter I would get nervous that it was freezing, and of course, I would drag it into a warm room! It’s kind of a good thing you asked!
Draining the fuel
Since grass trimmers mostly have a two-stroke motor, it is fueled accordingly with a mixture of gasoline and oil. Such solution eventually begins to decompose with the displacement of tarry sediment, which in turn clogs all possible fuel channels. Therefore, the solution must be completely drained and removed from the carburetor, you can pour pure gasoline and pump with a rubber pump. The only way to extend the life of your weed trimmer is to use it correctly.к. A dry carburetor is also bad.
How to use a chainsaw correctly?
The only way to extend the life of the grass trimmer is to use it properly. Unfortunately, some manufacturers of chain saws are not interested in too long a service life of their products, so some of the rules that help to consume the resource of the machine more carefully are not included in the instructions for the gasoline trimmer.
For this reason, we recommend carefully following all the recommendations in this article, even if they are not in the user manual, because we have made recommendations based on it:
- The experience of many owners of such devices, which they have shared on the pages of various forums;
- Tips for those involved in brushcutter repair;
- recommendations from the manuals of the most expensive and quality brands of trimmers.
Since the operation of the grass trimmer involves not only mowing the grass, but also many other activities, we have divided it into the following topics:
- Running in of the engine.
- RPM selection.
- Mowing direction.
- Choice of clothing and protective equipment.
- Safety precautions.
- Transportation and storage.
The engine running-in
Even though the grass trimmer motor is running in and you can start mowing immediately, avoid maximum engine revolutions for the first 3-5 hours, because the final lapping of the piston and cylinder group parts takes place.
If you allow the output of the motor at maximum revolutions, there is a great probability that scoring will appear on the cylinder walls, and this will lead to a sharp drop in motor efficiency, as well as greatly reduce its resource.
Maximum engine torque appears at rpm, corresponding to 2/3 of the maximum, and the maximum power appears at rpm, corresponding to 3/4 of the maximum. This is the range the grass trimmer is most effective at.
Reaching the maximum rpm reduces the power a little, so when you mow the grass, be guided by the sound of the grass trimmer and estimate the rpm by this parameter.
If the engine load is too high and RPM is too low, use the accelerator pedal to increase the throttle.
As soon as the load is reduced and the revs increase, press the throttle less to return the motor shaft speed to its optimum value.
If you have never used a brushcutter before, prior to running-in, mow only short and light vegetation that is easily handled by the line trimmer head. When the running-in period is over, the engine will cease to be afraid of maximum rpm and you will have enough skill to control the engine by ear.
Also avoid running the engine too long at idle speed, as that reduces the lubrication of the crankshaft bearing, which can lead to overheating and seizure.
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When operating your brushcutter at full cutting power, move it so that it runs counter to the direction of rotation of the cutting attachment.
The blade or disc will then push the machine away from possible obstacles, so the grass trimmer will not come out of your hands.
In addition, this movement causes the blade or head to throw the grass in front of you, so you will feel the resistance of the grass cutting better, and therefore avoid moving too fast and causing it:
For most trimmers, the correct direction to cut the grass is from right to left. When moving in reverse, the grass trimmer continues to cut the grass, so there is an increased likelihood of backfire, which can cause the machine to jerk violently. Therefore, try to grab less grass when moving in the opposite direction to reduce the load on the machine and the chance of backhitting.
Choosing the direction of mowing in maximum vegetation pickup mode is especially important when mowing in reverse:
Also, when cutting trees, try not to lift the cutting tool too much or turn it perpendicularly, because this can cause the carburetor to malfunction.
This requirement is not relevant only for brush trimmers, whose carburetors work equally well in any position.
Choice of clothing and protective gear
Grass trimmer is a high-risk device, so it is necessary to choose proper clothing and protective equipment to work with it.
When going to mow grass, wear only clothing without any straps or fringes that can get caught in the rotating cutting tool.
If you wear shoes with laces, make sure they don’t come undone. If you have long hair, limit the movement of your hair by wearing a hat or something to tie it up. Be sure to wear goggles or a safety mask, because there is a chance that the grass clippings will fly to the wrong place and hit your eye.