Make an arrow for a power tiller with your own hands
How to make a rocker for a power tiller with your own hands
For loosening the soil on large plots, tractors with special multi-row nozzles are used. For a small farm, small power tillers are suitable. Hillers are not always included, but you can still make an effective attachment yourself.
Some models of rocker arms are equipped with a motor. For a standard vegetable garden, simpler options are used. Most of the necessary tools can be found on every garden plot, some need to be prepared in advance. List of equipment for creating an okushnik in home conditions:
- welding machine;
- Taps (to make internal threads) and a screwdriver for them;
- sanding machine with various attachments;
- Gas burner (used for targeted heating of metal in those places where you want to bend it);
- Other accessories.
Each of the tools is important to check the workability and safety. Purchase beforehand means of personal protection. masks, goggles, gloves.
We make different models: schemes and step-by-step assembly
To make an arrow for a power tiller yourself, you need to study the instructions for creating different models. Almost any version without a motor can be made by yourself. We will need a standard set of tools, consumables, drawings.
A simple propeller-type rocker arm
Suitable for power tillers with adjustable power and at least two gears. Torque, combined with forward rotation, makes the rocking more qualitative. The soil is loosened by working the rows. It is not difficult to manufacture such equipment. Activators can be purchased in advance. The elements are attached to the metal axles (it is important to set the correct distance). If there are bushings with brackets, it is acceptable to change parts of different sizes.
Part with variable width of grip
Such equipment allows you to work with different distances in the row spacing of plants. The use of an additional mechanism is convenient when there are several types of crops planted in a similar way. The following parts will be needed:
- three metal strips with several holes at equal distances (one is placed in the center, the remaining ones are attached to the wings of the buttock with bent nails, for example);
- bolt and screw to fix the metal elements (it is important to be able to unscrew the mechanism at any time and rearrange it to other holes).
Significant disadvantage. energy consumption. The use of a variable width planter takes a lot of effort, arms and back quickly get tired.
The basic element of the construction is oval-shaped discs. The maximum diameter. not more than 40 cm (if it is planned to use the tool for potatoes). made of 0,02 cm thick sheet metal. The edges are sharpened, so the effectiveness of the tool depends on the quality of sharpening. The next step is a bridge with racks. Connecting elements are fastened to the pipe (can be purchased at any store). The ends are screwed down, and the discs are fastened with bolts and nuts.
This machine allows you to work two rows at the same time. Has a more complex design. Metal bar is used as a base (square variants are recommended). Attach two single-row riders (can be homemade) as working elements.
For making the uprights (fasteners) take steel sheet 2mm thick. A strip is cut out, along the sides slits are made in a rectangular shape. The metal is bent in the middle at an angle of 90°. A double eyelet should be formed, into which the prop is placed.
It is important to make a hole in advance for the fixing bolt. right and left. Threading should be done manually with a tap and collar. Screw the bolt into the back of the mount through the thread in the boom, tighten. Moves up and down along the bar. The wings are sliding, which allows you to adjust the blade mode.
Rotary Active Hammer
The rotary active planter is suitable for working with power tillers equipped with at least three speeds (the first speed is for ploughing, the second speed is for spreading the soil). It is not suitable for all motocultivators, so it often requires making it with your own hands. Sheets can be cut yourself or purchase ready-made propellers. Then mount on a stand. dimensions depend on the size of the cultivator.
The double-row planter
The device allows you to treat two rows of crops simultaneously. The disadvantage is that it is both energy and time consuming. Manufactured by analogy with the twin lister machine. The fixer is a metal beam, on which the classic triangular-shaped perch is fixed.
One-row home-made cultivator
The group of one-row homemade cultivators includes propeller-type, variable width, disc variants. They allow you to work each row separately, are more convenient to work (relatively light, take up little space during storage).
Additional tips and warnings
Once you have finished assembling your own planter, the most important thing is to do a test run with it on the vegetable garden. Successful manufacture is not yet a guarantee of quality, because it depends on many factors. weather conditions, condition of the soil, sharpness of the tool, etc.д.
Before you start to plow, you need to go over a regular patch of land. As you work, you will get a feel for the proper operation of the dipstick, you can adjust the optimum depth and angles of entry into the soil.
The second important point is the speed at which you will carry out the process of plowing. The right pace of work can be just as useful in the work as the mucker itself, because at high speeds the machine will simply throw the earth in different directions without doing the mucking.
How to make your own hands?
To make an okuschik to the power tiller with your own hands, you will need the following tools:
- Welding machine for iron, preferably arc.
- angle grinder, with accessories.
- Drill with various attachments.
- electric sledgehammer.
- A gas torch for hardening and heating the metal.
- Workbench or vise.
- Consumables (bolts, nuts) and files.
We will need the parts that will make up a homemade rocker on a single-axle tractor.
To get started, you need the drawings and diagrams of the planter.
Schemes of making and drawings of an arrow for a power tiller can be found in special literature or in the instruction manual of a power tiller.
The diagram indicates the size of the tool that will be best for the device. Tolerable deviations of 1-2 cm.
Disc devices. good helpers for heavy work on the land plot.
The disk mower for power tillers with your own hands is the easiest to make.
The following tools and materials will be needed:
The discs are placed at an angle to each other, with the apex of the triangle formed pointing forward. The other 2 corners should be equal. If this condition is not met, then the single-axle tractor will constantly skidding, which is not very convenient when working and will require additional adjustment.
The plates of the disc tip-up planter for the tiller are joined together by welding or screwing. To them are attached turnbuckles, which perform the function of adjusting for a double turn.Homemade disc coupler is best assembled following the instructions in the drawings.
There is a second method of homemade assembly of disc products: the plow is connected to the motocultivator with a bracket. The leash is attached to the hitch with a stopper, connected with bolts. The stopper is inserted into the square tube and then tightened.
To create an arrow for a power tiller with your own hands, you need to follow clear rules and preferably develop or use ready-made drawings. This will allow competent and quick assembly of all elements, so that later you do not have to fix the work. You can make a modification of the lister (traditional) or disk type with your own hands. To perform the work may require the following tools and devices:
- electric arc welding machine;
- An electric drill with a set of sturdy drill bits of various diameters;
- grinder and a range of discs and attachments in the kit;
- sanding machine;
- gas torch;
- A workbench with a vise;
- A variety of files;
- fasteners (rivets, nuts, bolts).
How to do it
The procedure is carried out on damp soil in the cool time of the day. The morning or evening after rain is ideal. This brings extra moisture to the potatoes when dipping. When the flowers appear, the procedure is carried out carefully so as not to damage the tubers during the wilting period.
The operation when the soil is dry is not performed: it hampers the development of the plant and makes it vulnerable to pests.
How to make a potato mower for a power tiller with your own hands
Hillering of crops preserves the fertility of the soil, increases the efficiency of cultivation, reduces the cost of fertilizers and irrigation. To gather a rich harvest of some vegetable plants, especially potatoes, without this procedure is impossible. But it’s long and tedious to manually hoe. It is faster and more economical to use a single-axle tractor with a hoe. Such a device can be made by yourself. Let’s consider what are the potato riders for the power tiller and how to make them with our own hands.
Making a hedgehog hoe with your own hands
It will be more difficult to make a hedgehog planter for a power tiller than a disc or lister-type planter. Therefore, before starting to make it, it is worth more thoroughly preparing by watching a few video and photo instructions of various “homemade”.
First, 2 circles with a diameter of 27 cm and 2 circles with a diameter of 6 cm must be cut out of 5-8 mm thick sheet steel with an angle grinder, with an edge smooth and well sanded. Find the center of the large discs, cut out circles of smaller diameter in them (about 15-16 cm) to make the rings. In order to cut the inner circles, you will need a plasma cutter or drilling machine. The edges of the rings and the resulting middle discs should be smoothed and deburred. Drill a hole of about 2 cm in the small discs, the drill and metal drill bit are best for this purpose. Use a drill and a metal drill bit to drill the holes for fixing the spikes. There are about 15 in the rings, 10 in the medium disks and 5 in the small ones. Then use an angle grinder to cut through the edges of the discs and rings to the holes. Workpieces should resemble pinions in shape. Now you need to make the hubs. A steel tube with a 25 mm cross-section and 4 bearings that match the tube’s inner diameter are suitable for this. Use an angle grinder to cut 2 pieces of pipe, grind the edge and inner surface on both sides, insert the bearings. Bore the middle discs in the center on a lathe to the diameter of the hubs. The disc should fit tightly on the hub, but be removable without tools. Use a lathe to make thrust sleeves (dust covers) that cover bearings. Two of the bushings should fit the diameter of the axles, and two should fit a 10 bolt. Start with the axle and put the sleeve on it, then the bearing, the spacer sleeve, and the bearing and the hub. Place the sleeve with a smaller hole on top, and fix the whole structure with a bolt. The second hub is assembled similarly. You can start cutting the 6 cm long studs. For them, steel wire with a diameter of 12 mm is taken and cut at an angle of 45 ° at one end. You need the quantity of such blanks, how many notches under them are prepared on disks and rings of the future grouper. Grind the chamfered edges of the studs on an emery machine. Weld them to the discs and rings. The stage of assembling the “hedgehogs” includes the installation of rings on the hubs (using templates: the bushing and a washer welded to its inner diameter of the rings), medium and small discs
Pay attention to the fact that all spikes “look” cutting edge in one direction, the direction of movement. The fitted parts are fixed by welding. Make spacer bars out of 12 mm diameter wire and weld to the spiked parts, 6 for each rocker arm
Remove the templates, adjust the discs and weld all over again. To the free end of the axles, weld mounting sleeves. paint the structure to prevent rust. For these “hedgehogs” we will use the frame from the disk hoe, under which you want to make the brackets from the rod with a diameter of 30 mm and homemade bushes with a hole for the bolt 16. Bolt on the perches.
Knowing the principle of making homemade okuschiks, you can conclude which okuschik is the best to work with, and which is easier to assemble. The technology is the same, with the exception of small parts for each type of hoe. The method of assembly and type of equipment determine the adjustment of the fixture. Instead of buying factory-made plows, you can save money by making one yourself.
What kind of riders for your tiller you use for potatoes or other vegetable crops?
Homemade power tiller dimensions (2 parts)
Moulded discs for the tiller with his hands
Homemade adapter to the motoblock for attachments.
Vukhasty Hiller on the Universalny Drive for power tiller! ! !
Brovchenko Family. How to make hubs for power tillers at home.
Homemade brake on the homemade trailer to the motoblock video
Let’s get down to how to make a dipper for potatoes with our own hands. On the drawing you can see that the main tool is the mouldboard discs. They should be within 400 mm. It is optimal. Because we usually plant potatoes to a depth of 60-80 mm, and then the roots grow about 200 mm. It turns out, passing in between the row with tilted discs of this size, we completely dip the row of potatoes.
So, we make 2 disks from a steel sheet of thickness 2 mm, diameter 400. Some people make them out of old pot lids. Let. But it is desirable to make good quality discs that will serve for a long time. Can be taken from scrap farming equipment. But stainless steel is best. The edges of the discs, where there will be cutting edges, we sharpen. Now make a bridge with stands, on which the disks will be fixed. Calculate dimensions. On the steel sturdy pipe on both sides, put a pipe connector (sold everywhere). The free ends of the fasteners point downwards. From the top we drill a tube through the holes in the fixture. Each fastener is drilled on both sides. Fasten them with bolts and nuts.
If you want to make grips of different widths, then drill two more holes on both sides. To change the width of the grip, you just need to move the legs further or closer to the ends of the bridge, and fasten through the holes. Then we insert the tubes. studs. into the fasteners at the bottom. Also drill, fasten in the joint. Two bolts and nuts for each strut. Then at the bottom of each stand we make a mechanism for tilting movable disks. First we mount the bracket for the disk. And we also make two 3 positions of drilling the pipe. To allow the discs to be tilted differently.
On the other side of the bracket we weld a short thick steel rod. At its other end. in the hub ring. press in the plain bearing of the closed type. To the sleeve from the inside, weld a wide washer with holes for fixing the disc. At the center of each disc, weld the same wide washers with holes inside. Fasten the discs with the bolts and nuts. We have two movable disks, tilted at a certain angle, attached to the racks on one axle. It is possible to make an additional device for left and right tilting of the discs. To do this, you need to find a swivel bracket mechanism. Such, too, are available on sale. You can also find it in old farming machine parts.
We will not look further into the creation of a manual mower. We don’t need to make handles for our device.
Attaching the breaker
The tiller for the power tiller should be connected, hinged to the machine in the way shown here in this drawing:
From the drawing you can see that we need to connect the device to the axle through the brackets and strong steel pipes to the tiller. Strengthen the connection with a crossbar. Switch on the motor. The wheels move. You hold on to the handles of the power tiller. The tool that you make with your own hands comes into play when you are pulled. You just need to make the discs at symmetrical angles, so that they do not drive to one side when plowing. The considered variant of the tool is not the only. There are others. Consider them one at a time.
There are several varieties of such attachments:
Lister type. the simplest design, so it is easiest to make it with your own hands. These types of perch are not adjustable, that is, the working parts of the tool are in a fixed position (width), which can not be changed. Usually it has a 25-30 cm working width. Accordingly, the width of rows of potatoes or other crops will directly depend on the width of the seizure.
The tool itself has the shape of two linked up half-wings with thin legs. Can be used for power tillers up to 3.5 liters. The advantage of this type is that the unit is not overloaded, if the plough deepens into the ground strongly. But if the soil is too wet, it could cause sticking.
Disc coulters, as the name implies, consist of two angled discs on a frame. This machine is notable for its high efficiency, that is why its store version is more expensive. This kind of planter is a little more difficult to make. It is very important to correctly size the discs and mount them symmetrically. If you make your own, you can make your own disc coulters with a fixed or adjustable share.
How to make electric Power Tiller for Agriculture
Propeller kinds of riders have propeller-like working elements (like home fans). Other names for this species are active or rotary ridgers. Their work consists of two steps: digging up and clearing the soil of weeds, and then loosening. All this, however, takes place in one revolution of the disc. Can only be used with power tillers that have two forward gears so that at 180 rpm it is possible to break up the soil between the rows of plants.
Propeller hoes are much more effective than other types, but they are used less often and made at home because of the complexity of their design.
There is also a classification according to the principle of work. the riders can be double row or single row. Double-row (double) instances allow for simultaneous processing of a row on both sides. Adjustable perch, whereby the angle and width of the furrow can be selected by changing the position of the blades.
Single-row planters are smaller in size, but usually not adjustable. These machines have only one blade, which reduces their functionality and allows only one operation per unit of time.
Two-row and single-row lister models.