Plow Adjustment On The Tiller Video
You should start plowing by choosing a strip. We determine visually the middle of the upcoming first page. The rows need to be parallel. We pass the first trial run at a slow speed. At the same time, we observe the plow. It should be perpendicular to the strip of ground. If this does not happen, adjust the plow again.
The depth of plowing with a plow should be from 15-20 cm.We look, if your output is less, then the plow needs to be lowered by one more adjustment hole.
When the first strip is plowed, we unfold the tiller and place it with the right wheel in front of this test strip. It is necessary to plow along the edge of the right furrow, since this way the soil will lie flat with ridges. This type of plowing is also called dump. When plowing, you do not need to push the equipment additionally, but you need to keep it at an angle of 10 degrees to the plow.
When you already get an even strip, and also, you have learned how to hold the tiller correctly, you need to increase the speed. This gives you a stronger dump, which means you get smoother plowing.
For a clearer and more comprehensive explanation of how to make the first plowing, we present you with a thematic.
How to set up a plow on a tiller, the main steps before plowing, photo
Most homeowners take care of themselves and make their job easier by purchasing a tiller. This agricultural technique allows plowing, planting and harvesting, mowing grass and even removing snow. To do this, it is enough to purchase additional weights for the tiller. But acquiring such equipment, not all summer residents know how to plow with a tiller. It’s actually not that difficult. The main thing is to correctly set up the technique before doing the work. If you don’t have a plow, you can do it yourself.
Choosing the right tiller
The first thing to do is to measure the size of the area to be plowed and the power of the acquired tiller. All these units are divided into types:
- Lightweight mini assistant. This technique is also called a motor cultivator in another way. Such a unit weighs up to 45-50 kg. The power with which such a device works is 3-5 horsepower. This model performs the cultivation and milling of the land. The area that can be plowed by such tillers usually does not exceed 6-9 acres.
- Medium mini assistant. Such a model usually weighs no more than 100 kg. The power with which this technique works is from 5-20 horsepower. With this technique, you can usually plow a plot of 10-30 acres.
- Heavy mini assistant. These are the most powerful vehicles. The power of such equipment is from 30 horsepower. Plowing with this technique can be up to 1-2 hectares. Plowing on such a device needs to be done using a mounted plow.
When the tiller is selected, you need to correctly configure this technique, and if there were no attachments included, we will help you choose (see the overview of plows for tillers)
Install the lug
In order to attach the lug, you need to remove the wheels and hubs. We install other hubs on the axle, which are specially designed for the installation of lugs. These hubs differ from conventional parts in their length, which allows to increase the distance between the wheels and the tiller will be more stable when it is plowed.
These special hubs are axle mounted and connected to the shaft drive. To do this, use special spiers, which are also included in the kit. And only then the lug itself is installed.
Hitching the plow to the tiller
In order to start plowing, you need a plow, and it must have a strong connection to the main machinery. To do this, you need to mount these two parts into one whole.
To do this, remove the adjuster screw from the hitch and install the plow. There are three holes on the stand, with their help you can adjust the depth of the cultivated soil in the area. It is best to set the plow to the middle hole first, so it will be easier for you to determine if this type of plowing is right for you.
The plow now needs to be adjusted. This requires the plow heel to be parallel to the ground. To do this, you need to set it in parallel and fix the adjusting bolt, which is secured with lock nuts.
The wheel of the tiller itself should be centered on the adjusting screw.
Before assembling, as well as setting up the plow, look at the presented in this article, read the instructions. This will give you an even better understanding of how to properly plow with a tiller plow.
Preparing the tiller for plowing
The most important thing, before you start plowing, is to set up and assemble the plow correctly. This business is not difficult, especially if you use the instructions, or look at the thematic.
Mini, or light tillery
Used to work on small areas of land, they are also called motor cultivators. The engine power of these devices is up to 4.5 horsepower.
Among the advantages of motor-cultivators are:
- Lightness (weight does not exceed 40 kg);
- Low price (from 6000 UAH);
- The ability to work hard-to-reach places due to the small grip of the cutter.
However, light tillers do not work for a long time, since they have an insufficiently powerful engine, which quickly overheats, and poorly burrow into the ground due to insufficient weight.
Mini, medium or heavy?
In order for plowing with a tiller with a plow (plow) to be effective, it is necessary to choose the right equipment. When choosing a tiller, it is necessary to take into account, firstly, the area of land that will be processed with its help, and, secondly, the tasks that it must perform.
There are three types of tillers:
- Lungs (mini);
Let’s consider the main advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
They are suitable for professional land cultivation on plots of more than 0.5 hectares, since they have an engine power of 12 to 30 hp. From. And many superb functions. The cost of heavy tillers is at least UAH 12,000. The ability to mount a potato digger, trailer or plow is one of main advantages tillers of this type. They break through the soil easily and cover the area many times faster than motor cultivators.
Heavy tillers have additional options: the ability to adjust the pneumatic wheel and steering wheel (above-below), reverse. Noticeable disadvantages are cumbersome, and therefore it is necessary to exert a lot of effort in order to turn the equipment; the need for reinforcement, since under high load, breakage of the cutter or rudder handle is possible.
Installation of ground hooks
First, you need to install soil hooks with a diameter of at least 50 cm and a width of 18 cm. After preparing the insert axles, place the equipment on a surface where it will stand level. Then, on the extended axles, replace the tires with wheels with ground lugs. After installing the hooks, you can proceed to hanging the plow on the tiller.
Attaching and adjusting the plow
Plows are attached to the tiller couplings, different types of which have their own properties. Therefore, before installing the rider on the tiller, it is necessary to carry out work to fasten it to the hitch. It must be secured with one pivot, while maintaining horizontal play (56). By fixing the hitch with two pins or removing the backlash, you can get a rigid connection, which is a mistake.
Further it is necessary attach the plow to the hitch, without tightening the fastening nuts all the way to start adjusting the swivel. This operation is best done with an assistant. When the attachment is attached, you can proceed to the plow setting on the tiller. Adjusting the plow is more difficult than attaching it to the machine, but this process is very important, because if you adjust the plow by mistake, you will have to put more effort into plowing and it will not be of good quality. In order to adjust the baking powder on the tiller, using the stands you need balance plowing implement with plow. To do this, on identical wooden stands, the height of which depends on the desired plowing depth, we put soil hooks and the tiller’s support leg. This must be done so that the tiller does not outweigh towards the attachment.
Next step using bolts for adjustment, tilt the plow bed in such a way that his heel is parallel to the ground. After that, remove all supports and adjust the carrier so that the handles are flush with the belt of the worker plowing the soil. Thus, the hands do not get tired for a long time when working with the unit.
Final stage stabilization of the level of the plowing plane. The angle between the sharp end of the plow and the ground can be adjusted by re-bolting or using the adjusting screw. The second way is more convenient and practical. To do this, on the chiller, standing on a plane with the attached ripper, unscrew the adjusting screw so that the blade of the attachment lies on the ground. Then unscrew the screw in the opposite direction so that the rear of the plow is raised by 2.5 s. Above the ground, no more and no less. If this so-called angle of attack is too large or vice versa, the tiller will not plow as it should.
How to properly dig the ground with a tiller
A tiller or mini tractor can become an indispensable assistant for any small farmer on his land. It does not require a lot of fuel, takes up a minimum of space, is easy to operate and solves a number of important tasks, one of which is plowing the land.
- Mini, medium or heavy?
- Mini, or light tillery
- Average tillers
- Heavy Tillery
Plowing depth adjustment
The plowing depth is set according to two parameters:
- Type of cultivated land;
- Design features.
Before starting the setup, you need to find the most flat area, if it is possible to make an adjustment on the asphalt, then move the car to it. When the machine is plowing the soil, it moves with the right wheel along the track, and the left wheel is on uncultivated ground. To recreate this position of the machine, you need to install stands under the left wheel of the tiller, the height of which should be the depth of plowing.
The plowing depth is adjusted using the adjusting wheel. The deeper the support wheel is lowered, the shallower the plowing depth will be and vice versa. The height of the support wheel must be equal to the height of the raised side.
How to choose a plow for a tiller
When choosing a plow, pay attention to the technical characteristics of your tiller. For the processing of small areas, a single-body share unit is suitable, and if you are the owner of a heavy diesel tiller, then you can connect a two-body device that will speed up the processing of the land twice as compared to a single-body unit.
Preparing the tiller for plowing
Land cultivation is a technological process that requires special preparation of motor vehicles and a plow. First, you need to move the car to the field to be processed. If you are using a lightweight tiller, then it can be transported in the back of a car. Before starting plowing, you need to carry out daily maintenance of the machine and check its functionality.
On tillers of the light and middle class, for the period of plowing, lugs are installed instead of wheels. They improve traction and increase the overall weight of the vehicle. Before installing the lugs, you need to transport the car to a flat area, substitute a stop under the rear hitch and remove the wheels. If you can replace the hubs on the tiller with longer ones to increase the track, then replace them. After that, the lugs are installed. Pay attention that the tread pattern on the lugs is directed to one side, the tapering of the pattern indicates the direction of travel.
After carrying out maintenance and replacing the wheels with lugs, you can start connecting and adjusting the plow.
How to properly adjust and tune the plow on a trailer: tips and tricks
Plow tuning is a real art. For more than a thousand years, farmers have begun plowing by adjusting this unit. The task of the plow is to turn the top layer of the earth, mix it and create favorable conditions for plant growth. It is a basic agricultural task that prepares the soil for sowing, making it fertile. Plowing is done once a year, and the subsequent cultivation of the land is called harrowing.
Agricultural machinery is used for plowing: cultivators, tillers and tractors. A plow is connected to the equipment, which produces plowing. To work in summer cottages and personal plots, a tiller is more often used.
The most important thing when plowing is to set the plow correctly. If the adjustment is incorrect, the equipment will start to slip, sink into the ground, and biochemical processes that are necessary for plant growth will be disrupted in the soil itself.
Sharpening a share
The main working element of the plow is the share (knife). The share carries the main load during plowing, because it is this element that cuts through the soil layer. Over time, the share dulls, which leads to a decrease in plowing performance. The unit must be equipped with a removable share.
If the cutting edge is damaged, the device stops easily sinking into the ground, and the tiller begins to slip. If the plowing process has deteriorated, then it’s time to make repairs. The share can be sharpened correctly only on special equipment that will heat the steel to make it plastic. After the steel becomes more plastic, it is straightened, cooled and sharpened. At home, you can use a tool sharpening machine. The share must be sharpened at a slight angle, from the side on which it crashes into the ground.
How to plow with a tiller with a plow
Before starting to plow the area, a test plowing must be carried out, in which the adjustment of the device is checked. Check the depth to which your machine is designed. When driving on the furrow, check the plow operation, if the device does not work correctly, then adjust it directly in the ground. Evaluate the load on the tiller when plowing and the correctness of the stroke.
If on trial plowing you are convinced that the equipment is working correctly, then you can start plowing:
- We expose the unit at the border of the desired area, turn on the first speed and clamp the clutch. Make sure that your steering wheel is parallel to the ground so that the car goes straight ahead and does not dig into the ground.
- The plowing process should take place without effort on the part of the operator, with a good setting, the equipment itself moves and plows the area, and you only control it.
- After cutting the first furrow, measure the depth with a ruler or tape measure. If the depth matches the one to which you set the unit, then you can continue to work.
Accessories for customization
The assembly diagram of functional and structural elements and a detailed drawing of the plow can be created by yourself. Extreme accuracy will make it possible to eliminate assembly complications and the negative impact of errors on the working properties of the unit. It is necessary to take into account the overall characteristics of the elements. Even the smallest miscalculation can significantly affect the functional properties of the equipment. In the drawings with the dimensions of the attachment for the unit, 3 construction planes are connected:
- The surface of the runner is lateral;
- Horizontal bottom;
- Front moldboard.
The scheme of the simplest handicraft plow consists of the following elements:
- 2 handles made of metal pipe;
- Rack stopper with a standard size screw M10 or M8;
- Holding fork for frame pivot;
- Coupling device;
- Beams between handles;
- Locking nut;
- Control washer;
- Handle for coupling;
- T-shaped connector.
The tragus can now be removed and the plow can be assembled. It consists in mounting a coupling mechanism on the plow, which is called a coupling. The coupling mechanism is whereby the plow is fixed to the towing device (tow hitch, tow bar) of the unit. It can be of 2 types: universal and stationary. One hitch makes it possible to use a variety of objects (harrows, diggers, plows, etc.), and the other is needed to mate the adapter and the device.
To make the installation of a plowing tool more comfortable, install motor vehicles on supports, the function of which can be performed by stones, bricks or boards. Fixing the plow is very simple. The hitch for the machine has its own place on the drawbar and is secured with a single kingpin. Many people believe that by fixing the plow firmly on the machine, things will go easier and faster. In practice, everything is exactly the opposite. Because in the process of plowing, the force is acting on the tool, concentrated vertically to the blade blade, there is a counteraction that tries to drag the whole tiller to the side.
Regulation on heavy implements
The technology for adjusting light motor vehicles was described above, which is mainly used in summer cottages. But there are also heavy modifications. Their main difference is that the heavy ones are several times more powerful and massive than the rest of the models. In addition, they are equipped with diesel engines. This choice is explained by the fact that with an equal number of revolutions, a diesel engine has a higher torque than a carburetor one. Installation and adjustment of the plow for this type of equipment does not differ at all from those presented above. The only thing that needs to be indicated is the adjustment, it is advisable to carry out the 2nd worker due to the fact that the mass of heavy units sometimes exceeds 200 kilograms.
Features of plow adjustment on the tiller
- Preparing to use the tiller
- Accessories for customization
- How to adjust correctly?
- Attack angle
- Preparation for plowing
- Regulation on heavy implements
Every owner of a vegetable garden, a garden plot, a small farm understands what it is like to manually plow the beds and pull out weeds. To facilitate plowing, a plow is used. However, using a tractor or animal traction for a small plot of land is not cheap and stupid. For such tasks, motor vehicles MB 90, Oka, Brado Garden, Neva are used. In other words, it is a motor on wheels, on which a variety of attachments are mounted: from trailers to plows. Our article is devoted to the features of the plow adjustment on the tiller.
Preparation for plowing
Before plowing, you need to perform a test plowing and check the quality of the plow setting.
- Find out the features of the blade and the depth of the furrow;
- Control the movement of the plow in the furrow;
- Trace the regularity of the movement of the unit and the load on the hands of the plowman;
- Set the load on the unit.
Test plowing of an area is performed as follows.
- We put the unit on the edge of the cultivated land.
- We set the first speed and gently push the clutch handle. It is imperative that the steering wheel of the implement is parallel to the ground plane so that the implement does not burrow into the ground, but does not rise above the arable land being cut. When plowing, an employee does not need to press on the steering wheel and push motor vehicles too diligently, since this agricultural machine itself will perfectly cope with its own duties without additional efforts.
- After obtaining a test furrow, it is imperative to measure the plowing depth. To do this, you need to use a tape measure or an ordinary ruler. If the dimensions converge with the initially set, then you can start the main work.
For those who already have the practical skill of plowing the soil with motor vehicles, there is no need to explain what and how to perform at this stage. Further information is given for informational purposes to the one who encounters this case for the first time. The slope of the angle of attack or, as it is also called, the slope of the angle of the field board is the slope that indicates the height of the plowing plane in relation to the flat plane. Adjustment is carried out using a screw knob.
The order of operations is as follows:
- Put the unit with the plow on the supports, which were already mentioned earlier;
- Turn the adjustment knob to the limit so that the field board is completely laid down on the ground, without gaps;
- Start rotating the handle in the opposite direction until the back of the board rises 2 to 3 cm above the ground.
If you make a miscalculation, then the following unpleasant consequences will appear:
- At a large angle of the field board, the plow will become an anchor, the unit will begin to slip regularly and move forward with an effort;
- At a small angle, the required layer of soil will not be removed.
- Check if everything is correct, it is possible only during the plowing stage, the unit should not resist or move excessively freely.
Assembling the plow and hitching the plow to the tiller
The plow and hitch are the two main components you need to complete your plowing. To do this, it is necessary to assemble the plow and hitch in one piece in order to install the plow on the tiller and adjust it for plowing.
The plow is attached to the tiller with a hitch. Since the couplings have different modifications and each model has its own differences, in some cases it will be necessary to carry out preliminary work on installing the coupling on the plow. When the hitch is installed on the plow, proceed to hitching the plow to the tiller.
Mounting the plow to the tiller through a universal hitch ensures a reliable attachment of the plow to the towbar of the tiller, and also allows you to make a number of precise adjustments of the plow for plowing the soil.
Types of hitches for tiller
If we are using a universal hitch, as shown in photo 3, then I recommend not to fix the adjusting screw, leave the locknuts (A) loosened, we also loosen the locknuts (B) that fix the hitch to the plow post. Now we can start to adjust the plow.
Tiller plow adjustment
First stage of plow adjustment and furrow cutting
Let’s dwell on such issues of working with a tiller as:
- Preparing the tiller for plowing the soil on your land
- Assembling the plow and hitching the plow to the tiller
- Tiller plow adjustment for plowing the soil
- How to plow with a tiller.
Tiller plowing can be carried out only with the use of lugs, since the load on the tiller when plowing increases significantly, and the use of lugs greatly facilitates this process. The first step is to remove the transport wheels and hubs that hold the tiller’s transport wheels. You can buy Tillery MTZ on the website pro-motobloki.Ru.
Tiller plow device
In photo 4, we can see the device of a standard tiller plow. In some cases, plows have some differences, but in general, most tiller plows have just such a device.
First, we will adjust the plow for the plowing depth. To do this, you and I will need two stands with a height of 12-20 cm, the height of the stands depends on how deep you and I will plow our land plot. If the plowing depth is 15-18 cm, then stands 15 cm high are needed, if the plowing depth is 20-23 cm, then respectively we take the stands 20 cm high.
You can use bricks or blocks as coasters.