How to cut a 45-degree angle with an angle piece
A guide on how to bend a metal angle
Sometimes it is necessary to cut this or that part or product at a certain angle. As a rule, you need to trim baguettes, moldings, casings, baseboards and other similar interior elements at an angle of 45 degrees. Everyone can cope with this task. The main thing is not to rush, not to be nervous, and everything will turn out.
Buy ready-made corner elements
Of course, the easiest way not to bother with trimming this or that part, and buy ready-made, not in need of processing and trimming. Such details and elements are now sold everywhere in large supermarkets or smaller stores.
For example, in the case of baguettes or fillets, they are sold special corner elements that fit perfectly into the corner and do not need to be trimmed. They simply need to be glued in place and pressed down firmly.
The way to connect the platbands without trimming
Platbands today often do not trim at an angle to dock with each other, and make the junction at right angles. This method of connecting trim panel does not require any special trimming, which is very convenient. In addition, this method looks more modern and attractive.
Trimming at an angle with a wire cutter
If it is still necessary to cut at an angle this or that part, you should have a plier. a simple device, which looks like a small box. The mortiser has slots that are designed for a saw or long sharp knife. Of course, these slots are made so that they form an even and accurate angle of 45 degrees.
However, the crosscut may have many notches at once, at different angles. It is convenient, because with one device, it is possible to undercut any parts at different angles.
The adjustable power tool is also available. Slots in such a chair can be adjusted, allowing the master to set exactly the angle that is required at the moment. In particular, it is fairly easy to translate the slots of such a chair to a 45 degree position.
Now the workpiece can be trimmed elementary. In the chair put a baguette, platband or plinth, and then insert the saw into the slots and elementary cut off the excess. The resulting angle is perfect. precisely 45 degrees.
What to do if you do not have a chisel? Very easy. It is necessary to make a template, which will not be difficult to transfer the necessary markings on the workpieces. As a template, you can choose a thick cardboard or anything else that will be appropriate in this case.
How to saw off at a 45 degree angle
From time to time it is necessary to notch this or that detail or product at a certain angle. Usually, it is necessary to notch baguettes, fillets, platbands, baseboards and other similar interior elements at an angle of 45 degrees. Everyone can cope with this task. The main thing is not to hurry, not to worry, and everything will work out. Buy ready-made corner elements
For example, with regard to the baguette or fillets, then sold a special corner elements, perfectly fit into the corner and do not have to cut. They are fairly easy to glue in place and perfectly dowel.
How to make a right fit
If after gluing a part of the baguette remained some distance to the corner, you need to think about how not to make a mistake. a small margin of error does not hurt. First it is better to cut a piece with a good margin of about 10-15 cm. Then, having cut the corner by any convenient method, make its fitting on a dry surface. To do this, place a plank against the ceiling and mark the point where the shortening boundary will be. Trimming we carry out under a right angle.
Equally important is the correct matching of corners. Shelf-lines are usually installed at an angle smaller than 45 degrees, so the cut edges may not line up and gaps may appear. Here the initial trimming of the corners is followed by a dry, if possible accurate joining of the skirting boards already on the ceiling itself. Problems usually arise when using wood and plastic materials.
After completing the rough joints of strips, they should be glued or screwed, and then, if necessary, use putty and then. seal all the existing joints.
Using decorative corners
We mean the special angular adapters which are usually complete with polyurethane and polystyrene friezes. Decorative corners are glued to the very corner, and baguettes are attached to them on both sides. Trimming in this case, or is not required at all, or is carried out with a simple office knife.
Composition and characteristics of the material
To understand how to correctly cut a baseboard, it is necessary to understand its composition. This will help you choose the right tool and cutting technique.
- Styrofoam. The cost and tenacity of this material is the lowest. But because we create a decorative ceiling decoration, the strength in particular is not required.
- Styrofoam ceiling plinth is more dense. Than ordinary foam. The most common knife is used to cut this kind of material.
READ How to Cut Foam Baseboards to Ceiling Corners
Tip: Sharpen your knife well before use. This will eliminate the presence of torn edges in the cut areas.
Tip: the shallower and more frequent the saw tooth, the more even the edges will be. You can even use a blade for metal.
Using a regular hacksaw blade
Trimming details at an angle using a protractor
Using a protractor to trim at an angle. It is a measuring tool that is easy to use and is designed specifically to measure angles or to make the necessary markings on certain parts. Place the protractor on the workpiece, mark the corner and mark the corner with a pencil. It is very easy to cut the workpiece to the right angle using this template.
If you have no protractor, mitre gauge or prefabricated corner pieces, you must look for a suitable template. Of course the template has to have the right angle. It is applied to the workpiece and a pencil is used to mark the workpiece. This is one of the easiest ways to get the result you want.
Trimming on the spot
Walls, floors and ceilings do not always have to be perfectly straight in practice. often than not, they have irregularities. For this reason, trim blanks at precise and exact angles is not necessary, because they do not fit perfectly anyway.
Instead, it is sometimes convenient to trim the same ceiling plinth on the spot. That is, first glue one baseboard plank, trim it in the corner, and under it trim the second plank.
Of course, it is hardly possible to perfectly cut the workpiece. However, if there is a small gap in the corner, it can always be sealed with putty or plaster. No big deal.
How to cut the corner of a skirting board or a baguette without a chisel
When installing baseboards, it is important to arrange the corners correctly. It is these that often spoil the overall picture. How to make a corner on the baseboard. external and internal, how and with what to cut. Let’s discuss all this further.
Cutting without tools
How to cut the corner of the ceiling plinth without a chisel? It is possible to calculate and cut manually.
It is enough to make a good marking on the ceiling, then evenly cut the desired corner. A significant disadvantage of this option. the inconvenience of having to hold hands all the strips in the process of measuring. In general, this method is no worse than helping to make the necessary measurements.
Applying the product to the place where it will be mounted, you can immediately take into account all the errors on the walls.
First the two blanks are cut at a 90 degree angle. Then enclose one of the boards, propping it perpendicularly to the wall. Run a fishing line for a trimmer along the ceiling, outlining the desired contour. Then remove the plank and attach a second. for the reciprocal marking. The intersection of the straight lines will be the point of trimming. Then mark the place for the future cut on the slats.
The best way to cut ceiling plinths in the corners, experienced carpenters, joiners and builders know. Most advise to make cuts on the side and try the slats to the ceiling, if necessary. trim in the direction of the adjoining parts to the surface.
After the rough docking, finally screw the ready-made boards to the wall. Seams seal. installation of a plinth is finished.
Skirting for the ceiling is an excellent means of masking the various irregularities that necessarily arise at the joints of the walls with the ceiling. The result is not only a visually even corner, but also a quite aesthetically pleasing finished interior.
An important point in fixing the ceiling plinth is to measure and cut it correctly.
So, let’s consider how you can cut a ceiling plinth.
To begin with, let’s define what a ceiling plinth is, and what it can be made of.
For the manufacture of ceiling plinth strips use different material. It can be rather flexible polyurethane, wood, polystyrene foam, PVC.
The most durable, stable and flexible are considered polyurethane skirting boards. By the way, it is worth noting that this element of decor has also its own name. the fillet. Because it can be confused with moldings, which are attached to the flat surface of the walls or ceiling.
How to undercut (file) wavy tiles at an angle of 45 °?
Not everything is as simple as it seems at first sight.
Spanish tile Ibero, collection Next Bone.
People with spatial thinking, will immediately understand that the tiles with three-dimensional (3D) waves on the face part can not be cut at an angle of 45 ° as easily as a normal straight tile.
The thing is that usually the 45° trim is made along the factory edge of the tile and the lower part of the clay is cut off, just below the glaze (0.5-1mm), so as not to chip it.
No matter what disc angle we choose, the cut will always run along the straight edge of the tile.
But (!) The corrugated tile doesn’t have a straight line of glaze edge, along which you can make cuts at a 45° angle.
Т.е. it turns out that we will either undercut some of the clay if we are guided by the lower edge of the glaze, or we will cut some of the glaze if we are guided by its upper edge.
What this entails? And the fact that in the first case, we will get ugly (not reduced completely) right angle of the two tiles, and in the second. we will get chipped (scraped) edge of the glaze tile, that will not suit us either.
We need to make a decision. We choose the second option.
We orient on the upper edge of the glaze and partially cut it off from the bottom, so that the two tiles, brought together, formed a clear right angle.
In order to be clearer about what we’re talking about, I’ll show you a cut of a tile on the trimming.
So, the tile was really ugly to cut, in spite of the nice machine, nice disk on it and all our efforts.
The edge of the tile is jagged and chipped.
What we do? We take the grinding attachment to the angle grinder with Velcro under different sanding discs and grind her undercut edges of the tile.
Angle grinder dozhna be with the regulator and the speed should be at a minimum (2000-3000 rpm), otherwise, at higher speeds, the sandpaper pooret not grind, and melt the edge of the tile.
Very, very good, given the fact that this is not the factory edge of the tiles.
Next, everything is as usual. we glue the tiles in their places and get a right angle of the tile without using any corners.
By the way, with an internal corner the situation is the same. it is necessary to make a nick under 45 degrees, only directed in the other direction, differently in a corner will be uneven cracks.
Trimming parts at an angle using a protractor
To trim the part at an angle you can use a protractor. It is a measuring tool that is easy to use and is designed precisely to measure angles or to make the necessary markings on certain parts. Place the protractor on the workpiece, mark the angle and mark it with a pencil. It is easy to cut the workpiece to the right angle using this marking.
If you do not have a protractor, a plane or prefabricated corner pieces, you must look for a suitable template. Of course the template must have the right angle. Applying it to the workpiece and marking the workpiece with a pencil. This is one of the easiest ways to achieve the desired result.
Trimming on the spot
The walls, floor, and ceiling will not always be perfectly flat in practice. Most of the time they are uneven. For this reason, there is no need to trim blanks at precise and precise angles, because they will not fit perfectly anyway.
Instead, it is sometimes convenient to trim the same ceiling plinth on the spot. That is, first glue one baseboard plank, trim it in the corner, and trim the second plank under it.
Of course, you can hardly cut the workpiece perfectly. However, if there is a small gap in the corner, it can always be filled with putty or plaster. Nothing special.
Yeah, and then there’s the “almighty” sealant. which will hide all the mistakes of the craftsman! Used a variety of cheap pliers. no corners did not come together without additional masking sealant or a very time-consuming fitting files. Maybe your hands are crooked But if you’re making it clean, you can’t do without a quality specialized tool.
To cut the baseboard at a 45 degree angle, you need to measure its width and set this value along the length of one of the ends of the baseboard. You’ll get a square. Now draw a diagonal in this square in the right direction and saw off. To not bother much with trimming the baseboard, I usually use a ruler protractor even Soviet production.
Cut the required length of the skirting at an angle of 90 degrees. Apply it to the corner to which it will be glued. Draw a line for a trimmer on the ceiling.
How to weld at any angle, not just 45 and 90 degrees
How to weld pipes at different angles of 45 and 90 degrees Welding pipes is not easy, and even more so if you want to make sure they do not leak during operation. But even if this is not necessary, there are often certain difficulties if you want to weld one tube into another at a certain angle.
It’s quite difficult for the untrained welder to do it. To do this you must first make a marking of the pipe, and then evenly cut it with an angle grinder and weld it into another pipe. What are the tricks to do it? How to cut a pipe at an angle quickly and correctly?
Marking pipes for welding at an angle
Very often performing plumbing installation, it is necessary to weld the pipe at a certain angle. In this case it is necessary to fit the pipe so that it sat as accurately as possible, which in most cases will ensure no leaks.
The easiest way to weld a pipe at 45 and 90 degrees, and you can mark it for welding with an ordinary piece of paper. For this purpose, you will need a square piece of paper, which should be folded diagonally. In this way, you can get a simple template for marking pipes at an angle.
You can use a small container of water for marking pipes, but this method is suitable for marking pipes of not too large a diameter. Having made the desired angle on the container and tilted it, you can lower the pipe into the water. After that it is required to take out the pipe and carefully trace the marking. Well, you can read about how to weld channels on the site mmasvarka.ru.
Using an angle for marking a pipe
No less simple way to markup pipes for welding from the previous version, and differs in the use of which is used a small metal angle. It is welded a little bit at the place where you want to weld the pipe at an angle, and then traces the tube to be welded on it with chalk.
A great way, which allows you to quickly mark the pipe at any angle, is also associated with the use of long skewers with rubber bands. You can also take the electrodes for this purpose, but they are too long, so it is not very convenient to work with them.
To mark the pipes in this way, you need to put the pipe to be welded to another pipe, put two rubber bands on it, and then insert the electrodes, one to one and very tightly. Exposing the pipe at the right angle, it is necessary to pull or remove the electrodes, thus forming the desired angle at which to cut the pipe.
When the marking is exactly ready, it is enough to take a pencil or a piece of chalk with sharp edges, and sketch a line on the pipe at the edge of the electrode. By cutting the pipe exactly along the line, you will get the right angle for welding.
There are other methods of marking pipes at an angle for welding, for example, using computer programs. However, as a rule, in working conditions is not up to the computer, and most often, and even then have to twist all sorts of ways.
Application of thermal methods
In addition to mechanical methods, thermal methods of cutting pipes are also widely used. Here the tool is a gas cutter (propane or acetylene) or an electric arc welder. Even the thickest, large diameter pipes can be cut with the gas cutter. Productivity is also quite high. Besides, only these methods provide extreme mobility. a pipe can be cut in a trench, a basement, in such places where a high-performance stationary machine simply cannot be dragged or connected.
It should be noted that thermal methods do not allow high accuracy, and even cutting is not always possible. But in a number of applications, such as the operative repair of heating mains or trunk pipelines, it is not required. After thermal cutting, the resulting edges must be further machined with mechanical tools, trimmer line leveling and beveling to design values.
Thermal cutting method is also used when working with plastic tubular products. Thermal guillotines have a slant cutter that’s heated to a high temperature and slides along a guide rail.
These devices can also cut at an angle and very straight, but are only suitable for soft materials with a low melting point.
Marking the corner with a piece of paper
Paper sheet marking is one of the easiest ways to do the job. A square sheet of paper is needed. It folds evenly diagonally. The resulting template for cutting pipes should be wrapped around the product so that the long side runs parallel to its cross section.
Then a 45 degree angle is formed on the smaller side. It remains to mark the line for the trimmer cut with a construction pencil or marker on a sheet of paper.
It is recommended to wrap the marking area with a narrow adhesive tape so as not to accidentally erase it. This method is great for long, large pipes with a cut approximately in the middle of the piece.
Marking method using a container of water instead of a template
This method of marking is suitable for pipes of small diameter, which are planned to cut at a certain angle close to the edge. To begin with, it is necessary to prepare a deep container of water. On it the planned angle of inclination is marked. Now you need to carefully immerse the end of the product in the liquid, tilt it to the mark, and then pull out.
As a result of such actions, a clear line for the water contact trimmer will appear on it, it must be highlighted. According to it, the pipe is cut at an angle. This method is best suited for work where multiple markings are required.
Features of cutting various angles
The general technology, how to cut the ceiling skirting boards, we have taken apart. But also still has some nuances of cutting different corners of this product.
Let’s start by aligning the left and right baseboards at right angles. We insert the left product into the jigsaw, applying it to the outside, we cut the left inner corner. Then we do the same operation with the right one. Done.
Outer skirting board
In this case, using the drill, we do not use the inner, but the outer edges. The rest of the operation is similar.
Outer ceiling corner
We already cut the ceiling corners on the inside of the device. Inserting the left skirting board into the mortar, cut the left outer corner. Right. right outer edge mode.
Similarly to the outside corner, cut the inside corner. Only cut the inner left and right edges respectively.
It is important to remember: the product is always fastened to the ceiling upside down. Therefore, insert it upside down in the jig. This will help you trim the baseboard correctly.
Additional installation tips
If you still have any questions, the visual in this article will help solve them.
By carefully following the recommendations and taking into account the characteristics of the material you work with, you can give your ceiling beauty and originality. Choose the method that you like and go ahead! You will succeed (also read about the advantages of PVC skirting boards ).