single-axle tractor Huter assembling milling cutters for a walk-behind tractor
How the milling cutter is assembled for a walk-behind tractor
a single-axle tractor today is a popular tool on the site. Assembling a milling cutter for a walk-behind tractor is an important point in preparation for cultivating the land. The most common cutters are saber knives (image), as well as devices called crow’s feet (image). These devices are easily assembled on a walk-behind tractor. They carry out most of the agricultural work on the land. They have to be changed very rarely. This significantly reduces the time spent on maintenance of the walk-behind tractor.
Crow’s feet milling cutter
This product is younger and more modern. It is mainly used for working on hard ground. It is recommended to work only on weed-free soil and on level ground. Even with the onset of cold weather, the work results are very good. How to assemble a crow’s feet cutter? Some tools and materials need to be prepared:
- a metal tube with a diameter of 42 mm;
- details for loosening the soil;
- welding machine;
- angle grinder with discs.
Rippers can be based on old vehicle springs. They are cut into pieces of the desired length and welded to the tube as the base. The edges of the knives are sharpened and welded to this tube as well. After assembling the entire mechanism, a test run is performed. During it, the necessary adjustments are made. When starting the walk-behind tractor, the cutter blades should hang in the air without touching the ground. You need to lower them slowly. Only then will the cutter work for a long time.
Making crow’s feet requires some training in metalworking. Knives need to be forged, and this is far from being possible for every owner of the unit. If the system is not assembled properly, it may break down. The construction of the crow’s feet is non-separable. This gives it extra strength. Product characteristics:
- weight. about 16 kg;
- working speed of movement. 2-5 km / h;
- assembly width. 41 cm;
- length and height. 38 cm.
Self-sharpening knives. With careful work, they no longer require sharpening. In this case, you need to place the edges of the petal correctly. They must enter the ground with a sharp end. With the correct adjustment of the knives, the ground is plowed to a depth of 30 cm.To achieve this result, they first pass along the site, then across.
Door Broke Off. Found Hidden Rust. 1967 VW Bus. Gregory. 22
Saber cutter and its assembly
Before assembling cutters on a uniaxial tractor, you need to understand well the concept of a motor cultivator. This is a welded frame made of pipes with a diameter of at least 23 mm with a fuel tank and an engine installed on it. They are fixed to the frame with brackets. The engine is otherwise called the power unit. It is equipped with a gearbox and clutch mechanism. Each cultivator brand has its own power unit with different power.
Most often, the cutter has a saber shape. Such a scheme is the most popular these days, therefore it is also called standard. The effectiveness of saber knives has been proven for many years of use on soils of different composition. The installation of such cutters on a single axle tractor allows you to perform a variety of jobs. The strength of knives made from carbon steel is very high. The cutter design is collapsible. Each knife is heat-hardened by high-frequency currents during the manufacturing process.
How is the assembly of milling cutters for walk-behind tractors? Any milling cutter consists of 2 blocks. Each of them contains 12 cutters. The block consists of 3 nodes. Each node is 4 legs at right angles (image). They are located at an angle of 30 ° relative to each other. Each knife is made of 5mm thick steel. They are attached to the post, which is made of a corner measuring 63×40 mm. The other end of the post is welded to the flange so that 4 knives are joined together. All parts of the cutter are connected to each other with bolts, washers and flanges. This design is very reliable. She is able to withstand quite high loads. If you plan to use the cultivator constantly, it is better to install a factory-made cutter.
In the process of installing the cutter on a uniaxial tractor, some craftsmen have difficulties. Therefore, it is recommended that you do this work together. The assembly is usually done on specially made wooden tragus with a height of about 50 cm. They help to cope with the work faster. the single-axle tractor rests neatly on the coulter and tilts about 45 °. Tragus is placed under the steering handle. In this position, the wheels are removed from the walk-behind tractor and cutters are installed (image). On the outer ends on the right and left, you need to install the plates on the cutters for the walk-behind tractor. They improve the performance of the unit, make it run more stable and smoother.
The milling cutter belongs to attachments. It can be removed and installed. It affects the quality of cultivation of any type of soil in the garden and vegetable garden. The high-quality operation of the engine also largely depends on the quality and condition of the cutter.
It is quite possible to assemble the milling cutter on a single-axle tractor on your own.
If you harvest and sharpen it correctly, you can loosen the soil and remove weeds from it very quickly. How to assemble the cutter correctly? You need to make good knives. This is the backbone of any type of cutter. It is the knives that are designed to cope with weeds, loosen the ground, distribute fertilizers in the soil.
There are several types of this attachment, but the most common are saber-shaped specimens and crow’s feet. With their help, most of the work on the site is performed. At the ends of the structure, plates are installed on cutters for a walk-behind tractor. When working, they give a special smoothness of movement and do not allow the cultivator to dig deep into the ground.
Which cutters are best for a walk-behind tractor?
Such “knives” for tillage can be roughly divided into two large groups. Each of them has its own characteristics and is suitable for a certain type of work.
Milling cutters for a single-axle tractor
Equipment such as a milling cutter is necessary for any walk-behind tractor, since it can be used to carry out most of the work related to soil cultivation. Basically, the rotary tiller comes complete with the unit, but in cases where you need to change the width and depth of processing, you should purchase the equipment separately.
Additional cutters allow you to increase the functionality of the walk-behind tractor and simplify work with it. Experts recommend having several pairs of cutters in your arsenal.
Homemade walk-behind tractor
Installation of cutters on a uniaxial tractor
To install the cutters on a single-axle tractor, use special wooden trestles, the height of which should be about 50 cm. The machine must be supported on the opener and tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the wheels are removed from it and cutters are put on. Special plates are installed on the outer ends on both sides, which make the unit run smoother and more stable.
It is not difficult to install the cutter on a uniaxial tractor, but for this you have to first assemble it, having correctly organized the direction of rotation: the sharpened part must cut into the soil.
Fastening is carried out on the axis of the output shaft. A stopper is required for fixing. It is quite difficult to carry out the installation actions with your own hands alone. It is best to use an X-shaped tragus made of wood. As a rule, they are made with a height of about 50 cm.
a uniaxial tractor must be leaned against the opener, then tilted somewhere at the level of forty-five degrees, substitute the tragus under the rudder handle. Further “a trick”: just remove the wheel.
Before starting the assembly of cutters on a uniaxial tractor, you should think over its design, as well as the functions that it should perform. To do this, it is important to view similar products using the information in detail. Otherwise, the product will not do the work that is needed. This means that the actions will turn out to be meaningless.
First you need to make at least an approximate drawing, one of these is shown in the photo. Based on this, all the necessary components are selected. And then you need to act according to the drawing, gradually collecting every detail.
When the assembly of the cutter for the walk-behind tractor is completed, testing should be done. This will allow you to immediately make adjustments to its design if the result deviates somewhat from the intended one.
How to assemble cutters on a single axle tractor
To cultivate the land in modern conditions is much easier than it was half a century ago, for example. Today, there are many opportunities for this. For example, convenient walk-behind tractors, which, due to their compactness, but multifunctionality, allow solving various tasks for the processing of even small land plots. As a result, they have found high popularity among peasants and summer residents who are engaged in soil cultivation.
A single-axle tractor itself is not of much interest unless it is equipped with the necessary additional equipment. This is the only way to get the maximum. In this case, we will figure out how to assemble the cutters on a single-axle tractor with our own hands.
Homemade milling cutters for walk-behind tractor
Manufacturers offer different options for tillers for the walk-behind tractor. You can use one set of cutters or purchase two different types of devices, changing them depending on the conditions of soil cultivation.
Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, when properly assembled, will be no worse than factory ones.
The main advantage of self-creation of a rotary cutter is that it can be adjusted to the specific features of the site.
Milling cutters for a walk-behind tractor: selection, operation, self-production
A milling cutter for a walk-behind tractor is one of the most common types of additional equipment for soil cultivation. It is a set of special knives fixed on an axis. With their help, you can quickly and easily get rid of weeds, cultivate the soil on the site. In order to choose the optimal type of cutter for your walk-behind tractor, you should classify them a little.
Types of cutters for walk-behind tractors and other equipment for tillage
Milling cutters for a walk-behind tractor. attachments designed for plowing, loosening the soil, mixing it with mineral and organic fertilizers, combating weeds and pests.
Due to their high agrotechnical characteristics and a high degree of crumbling, the rotary tillers create an optimal soil density, increase its biological and biochemical activity, while significantly increasing the yield. Land cultivation is carried out in the spring before planting crops and after the autumn harvesting of rough-stemmed plants.
The devices are installed on walk-behind tractors and cultivators as a working tool. They can be supplied in a basic kit when buying motor vehicles, sold separately in domestic markets, and some craftsmen make them on their own.
How to choose and install the milling cutters on a single-axle tractor?
The choice of milling cutters for a walk-behind tractor is a responsible process, because this element plays an important role in the process of ensuring the efficiency of the device. In order to choose the right cutters, you need to understand the distinctive features of these products, understand what types and types of cutters exist.
The standard set of motor vehicles includes saber cutters. They are effective and popular with farmers.
The tiller for the walk-behind tractor has a collapsible design, so installation, maintenance, repair and transportation are as simple as possible.
BCS 853 walk-behind tractor with Disk-Hiller-type Bedshaper
Instead of wheels, blocks are installed on the rotating axle, consisting of 4 cutting mechanisms at an angle of 90 ° to each other, fastened with bolts, nuts and washers. The number of blocks on each side of the drive is different: 2, 3 or more units. The number of knives and the width of the module is influenced by the mass of equipment and its power.
The knife of an active milling cutter for a walk-behind tractor is a strip curved at the ends. The folds are directed alternately in different directions.
In the factory, the blades are made from durable alloy or high-carbon steel with mandatory thermal hardening and high-frequency treatment. When making the nozzle yourself, the craftsmen recommend using heat-treated and hardened spring steel 50HGFA.
Cultivation by the Neva walk-behind tractor
Milling cutters are the main active element in soil cultivation. They exist of several types. Each of them is suitable for processing a certain soil, and at a certain speed.
- how high-quality the final result of soil processing will be;
- how much effort will be needed to do this;
- what will be the controllability of the walk-behind tractor during cultivation;
- how much the engine will be loaded.
First of all, the choice of the milling cutter should take place depending on what kind of soil will be cultivated, i.e. where, on what land will he work.
Cultivator cutters are an integral part of any walk-behind tractor. This is one of the first attachments to purchase.
However, there are situations when a standard cultivator does not have the correct cutter, for example, it does not fit the width of the work surface or does not penetrate deep enough into the ground. In this case, you can purchase additional cutters for the Neva walk-behind tractor, which will be able to perform the required amount of work.
This is how the plowing of the land with the Neva walk-behind tractor with 8 cutters takes place:
By changing the number of installed cutters, you can optimize the operation of the entire Neva walk-behind tractor during cultivation, improve its controllability and the final result of loosened soil.
If you have to cultivate clay soil, then you should not install more than two pairs of cutters for cultivation. Otherwise, there will be a huge load on the engine of the walk-behind tractor. And instead of a good cultivation result, we get a faulty engine. over, the manufacturer does not recommend increasing the number of cutters when working with virgin lands, since the soil there has a large amount of stones and other organic compounds.
Additionally, it is recommended to install cutters only when working with already prepared soil. In this case, cultivation with a Neva walk-behind tractor with a cutter will bring an excellent result.
How deeply the cutters will penetrate into the soil will depend on the pre-set adjustment made with the opener. This is a steel anchor, which is located vertically at the point of the cultivator hitch.
The largest immersion depth is characterized by the size of the cutter diameter.
Installation of cutters on a uniaxial tractor
It is better to install the cutters on a single-axle tractor with a partner to avoid injury, fall or damage to the machine. Raise the single axle tractor before starting installation. You can use the tools at hand as a support. If there are no such objects nearby, knock down two boards crosswise in the middle. Support the steering wheel with the resulting structure. Make sure the single axle tractor is securely in position. After that, you can remove the wheels and install cutters in their place.
Milling cutter for walk-behind tractor “Hound’s feet”
This model has recently been gaining its popularity and is used along with “saber cutters”. It is mainly used in harder soils.
A distinctive feature is that this cutter is solid, and not collapsible. This gives it additional strength and allows you to work with virgin lands and successfully control a large number of weeds.
In its standard form, it has the following dimensions:
- length. 38 cm,
- width. 41 cm,
- height. 38 cm.
With such dimensions, the weight of such a plow is about 16 kg. And the maximum tillage speed is 5 km / h.
The disadvantage is the material from which the “Crow’s Feet” is made. This is an ordinary carbon steel, the density of which is not large. And it often breaks or bends when working with increased loads. But on the other hand, with such strength, the plow can be easily welded and further repaired.
Here is how the cultivation of the Neva walk-behind tractor with the “Hound’s Feet” cutter takes place:
The importance of making the right choice
Many novice summer residents think that the most important thing is to purchase a high-quality uniaxial tractor, but they do not pay due attention to the choice of cutters. Such a mistake can be costly when processing the territory, since the correct choice of cutters affects the following points.
- Cultivation quality. If you purchase and use high-quality cutters, you can even do without a plow.
- Saving time. Good cutters allow you to spend a minimum amount of time on certain work on the processing of a summer cottage.
- The cutters provide easy control of the walk-behind tractor. An incorrectly selected part can cause increased stress on the operator during the milling process.
In addition, bad milling cutters can put an increased load on the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, which will negatively affect its durability and performance. It is necessary to choose such elements guided by many factors, including the power and type of soil to be treated.
Carefully study the features of your walk-behind tractor, since the following are important: the cotter pin-stopper of the wheel, trailed, PTO or rotary machine, as well as other points.