DIY Tiller Tricycle
Getting a tricycle from IZH only seems very difficult. In practice, any novice master can create a good and worthy ride. Such vehicles can reach a decent speed and provide a comfortable landing. Important: all joints will have to be strengthened, otherwise even minimal reliability cannot be expected. The rear position of the motor leads to a corresponding shift in the center of gravity.
For the manufacture of seats, frames are used, obtained by bending the water pipe.
Upholstery foam can be taken from the seats of any car. it will still last longer than a car seat that has become unnecessary. A good gas tank can be made from a fire extinguisher. Connoisseurs also point out that such vehicles should have disc brakes. Particular attention should be paid to the ignition system and wiring.
We make a tricycle from IZH
Tricycles are becoming more and more popular from year to year. But not everyone who is interested in such technology can afford to purchase them. Fortunately, there is a way out. you can just make a tricycle from IZH, and the main thing is to know the nuances of such a procedure.
Tools and materials
Of the main tools when performing this work, it is necessary to name the traditional already welding machine and screwdrivers. Also you can not do without:
shaped tubular metal products;
corners and strips of steel;
lathe (without it, it will be very difficult or even impossible to complete some of the work);
paints and varnishes and brushes for their application.
How to do it yourself?
When making a tricycle from a motorcycle, the car cups should be welded to the upper beam (and the shock absorbers should be supported with it). Frames are welded onto the central beam. They will then serve as riders’ footrests. If it is planned to make a freight transport, then the lower transverse tube is fixed on the frame as a support. The same frame will serve for the installation of the gearbox.
As a power plant, either a conventional motorcycle engine is left, or it is changed to a more powerful automobile analogue. It is very important that the motor fits freely and firmly among the rear wheels. Recommendation: in homemade tricycles based on the IZH motorcycle, it is useful to mount the engines at at least three points. Otherwise, the reliability of the structure cannot be guaranteed. The exhaust system is created in accordance with the engine and only after it.
The checkpoint is usually placed on the left. This will make it easier to grip the steering wheel with your right hand. It will be necessary to change the system for connecting the box to the motor, because the distance between them will noticeably grow.
Suspension is subject to mandatory rework because the load distribution changes.
You will need a couple of consoles and a couple of large springs. In the ideal case, springs from aircraft are used, automobile springs are only an acceptable replacement. The consoles are pulled together with levers through which the axle is passed. Experts recommend using a separate frame to install the battery. With the help of wardrobe trunks, you can hide bad looking elements from prying eyes.
The rear axle can be made on the basis of the same motorcycle rear swingarm. The spline components of the axes are cut off using an angle grinder. It is recommended to shorten them immediately to the required length. The hubs are taken from the VAZ 2109. The weld must be inside the hub.
The wheels (bushings) must certainly be fitted with modified overtaking clutches. No brakes are required on these clutches. The use of split axles is recommended. A tricycle with a box from a VAZ is usually equipped with tires of large diameter and low pressure. This will provide increased cross-country ability, even in very swampy areas it will be possible to drive without problems.
The motor, wheel and part of the frame can be taken from unnecessary scooters. The engine and drive wheel are located at the back of the sidecar.
The steering knuckles of the front wheels can be built on the basis of the universal joint from KAMAZ trucks (the model does not really matter). The simplest type of steering is borrowed from a scooter. After the end of this work, it is required to paint the entire structure with paint for metal.
In some cases, they are trying to build a tricycle with a gearbox from the “Ant”. The bottom line is that only the rear wheel is subject to replacement. Instead, they just put a gearbox with semi-axles, taken from a cargo scooter. An alternative solution is the production of semi-axles from scrap on a lathe. Rear wheels and hubs can be taken from cars of the Volga Automobile Plant.
Below you can see a drawing of a tricycle with a distance between the wheel axles of 1.23 m. The width of the product is 0.78 m. The distance between the control handle and the center of the rear wheel is 0.98 m.
And here is another version of the tricycle. The distance between the wheel axles is 1.25 m, the total length is 1.85 m, the height is 0.28 m.
How to make an air duct from a tiller
In order to tackle the creation of such an all-terrain vehicle, an amateur designer must solve the following problem: for what purposes is the future car intended. Here you need to specify the desired number of seats, maximum baggage weight, season of use and for what conditions the device is intended.
Choosing a motor for a pneumatic drive
Very often the lack of sufficient funding leads to limitations in choosing an engine, therefore, you have to use what is available. These are usually two- or four-stroke motorcycle engines, and they also use old car power plants, but much less often.
If, nevertheless, there is extra money available and when choosing an engine you can not think about their amount, then you can use the following recommendations:
For such a homemade all-terrain vehicle on pneumatic wheels, it is best to take the engine from a motorcycle, for this you need to choose a motor that is most suitable in terms of power and conditions of use. For the motor, you need to have a forced cooling system (air or water), since the all-terrain vehicle does not have all those conditions that are necessary for conventional, natural cooling.
Four-stroke motors have a number of advantages over two-stroke counterparts, so many designers use them. For example, take the boxer engines from heavy motorcycles.
In such devices, you can also use a motor from a car, which is most suitable for installing it on a homemade tracked all-terrain vehicle. Such an engine has sufficient torque and is also reliable in use and has (importantly) a good price-to-performance ratio. Which type of engine to use. diesel or carburetor. it will be your decision.
Both the one and the other scheme have their advantages and disadvantages. For example, a diesel engine is more economical than a gasoline engine, although in severe frost conditions it can be difficult to start it stably and make it also work stably without using additional equipment (pre-heater). (What can be said about gasoline engines, but to a much lesser extent).
How to make a pneumatic duct from a tiller, instructions, photos
Pneumatic vehicle This category of homemade all-terrain vehicle appeared in the 60s of the last century. These devices were configured as a tricycle, only the front wheel was replaced with a ski. Such a scheme for all-terrain vehicles is used today, however, much less often. Nowadays, the pneumatic drive from the tiller is more popular, and they use wheels from three to six.
We make an air duct with our own hands from a tiller
Air travel wheel design
All-terrain vehicle designers in many cases use self-made low pressure wheels.
What is so unusual about pneumo-cool tires? They have a relatively low weight, high elasticity and ground pressure within a small range. These characteristics, along with a large rolling radius, provide the all-terrain vehicle with good cross-country ability along with economy.
Determination of the pneumatic duct design
Only after the final clarification of all of the above, after defining the concept of the future all-terrain vehicle, can we begin to search for possible options for solving the problem.
And now the idea is ready, the goal is visible, which means you can proceed to the issue of selecting the elements of the all-terrain vehicle.
Here you need to decide on the type and model of the engine, the composition of the transmission, the design and type of frame, the equipment of the cabin and other elements. One of the main characteristics that you need to pay attention to when creating an all-terrain vehicle is the choice of the formula for the chassis.
You also need to subject the design parameters to calculations. own, useful and total weight, what will be the dimensions of the tires, what is the engine power required for the intended.
After analyzing and comparing all the desires and possibilities, you can make the final choice of the required scheme of the all-terrain vehicle. At this stage of activity, the project for a homemade all-terrain vehicle is a prerequisite for its completion.
Factory wheels ND
The volume of the chambers determines good buoyancy for the structure, which is an additional plus for passability. And if you use foam to fill the space inside the disc, the all-terrain vehicle will be more stable on the water and there will also be a noticeable reduction in the adhesion of snow or dirt.
The uncomplicated design of the chassis elements and the ease in finding materials for them makes it possible to manufacture an all-terrain vehicle without any particular difficulties.
But, of course, there are also disadvantages here, for example, a small resource of cameras, but the introduction of additional elements allows you to avoid this.
Tires for all-terrain vehicles on pneumatics are made by craftsmen themselves, using four basic principles:
- First. 2 discs made of sheet metal with bridges between them are attached to the sleeve, after which you need to put on a camera, which is fixed with segments of a conveyor belt. Sometimes cameras can use a protector from another camera.
- The second is to fix one disc on the bushing, and after that attach jumpers to it, and weld or rivet the side rings to them.
- The third. the scheme is similar to the previous construction principle, only a sheet metal or pipe spoke is used for the central disc.
- According to the fourth principle, two discs are mounted on the hub, like the discs of a wheel from a motor scooter (split wheel).
Here, perhaps, we can finish. From a variety of options, you can choose one that is more to your liking. It is only necessary to determine the purpose of the finished car and go ahead, for the cause!
This is the main element of the design of the minitractor and it is with its manufacture that you should start. Thanks to the lengthening of the frame, an additional pair of wheels, seat and steering can be installed on it. For the manufacture of the frame, you will need metal pipes, a channel and a corner. The size of the section of the blanks is not of fundamental importance. The main thing is that the frame does not deform due to loads.
Weighting the entire unit will benefit him, because traction will improve. All material must be cut in accordance with the required dimensions and then welded into a rectangular structure. To strengthen it, the joints can be additionally reinforced with bolted connections.
It is also advisable to install the frame on a crossbeam to increase the rigidity of the entire structure. Then it remains to fix the suspension on the frame, a device for working with attachments. If the minitractor will be used to move loads, you should also think about the towbar.
At the next stage, you need to install ready-made elements: the steering rod, hubs and the axle on which the wheels are bolted. The first element must be installed on the rear axle.
That’s the whole build. you can now start test drives. It is important to run the machine on a level surface. It is often necessary to additionally adjust the steering and wheel alignment. If there are no complaints, then you can attach attachments and go to field tests.
Not everyone is engaged in self-alteration of the tiller, since this process is painstaking and requires attention. And if you consider that there is already a ready-made design for a tractor from the Neva Tiller, then there is no point in this. But this is the case when you need to do small work.
If the work will be carried out on an uneven surface or a viscous type of soil, then you cannot do without a mini-tractor.
Seat and steering
After the body is made and attached, the driver’s seat must be installed. On car showdowns, you can find a front seat from an old passenger car. The main thing is that the chair is comfortable.
Do-it-yourself steering wheel installation should be done after the seat has been attached to adjust the tilt angle and height. You can choose the principle of the steering system used in go-karts. Of course, you will have to make the rods stronger and shorter, since in this case the efforts will be much higher. Just like the chair, the steering wheel can be found at auto breakdowns.
Recommendations for choosing a tiller
The choice of the model of the initial technical means must be approached with the utmost responsibility. Special attention should be paid to several characteristics:
- Engine power. a more powerful tiller will be needed to handle a large plot of land.
- Fuel. it is advisable to opt for models using diesel fuel. They are more economical and are great for large land plots.
- Mass. the lower this indicator, the easier it is to control the tiller. However, if the unit is the basis for a mini tractor, then preference should be given to more massive models.
- Cost. no need to focus on expensive units, because it is to save money that the tiller is purchased.
In most cases, on homemade mini tractors, the power plant is located in front. For this, special fasteners are welded to the frame. The front engine will help balance the attachment. The transmission of movement to the wheels is carried out thanks to the belt transmission. In order to be able to tighten the belt well, all fastening elements should be made adjustable. In addition, when installing the power plant, special attention should be paid to the pulleys, which must be aligned coaxially with each other.
After completing work on the creation of a mini tractor, you need to treat the body with an anti-corrosion agent and paint it. Next, the equipment needs to be run in, so the operator can make sure that all mechanical components are working.
Once the technique has already been tested, it can be supplemented with a head light, canopy, hydraulics and other devices.
Of course, the power of a home-made unit may be somewhat weaker, but at the level of domestic use, this fact is almost invisible.
The main area of application of this do-it-yourself unit is agricultural work. This term covers a fairly wide range, including many related works. In other words, a homemade mini tractor is needed for the following purposes:
- plowing of land holdings for the purpose of their further use;
- cultivation of the soil, as well as getting rid of weeds;
- soil harrowing;
- sowing on treated soil;
- planting and digging potatoes.
In principle, this is the main purpose of the mini tractor, for which it is made. But, its application can be significantly expanded if a special connection for additional equipment, mounted and trailed type is provided in its design.
If everything is done correctly, then your homemade product can additionally perform the following work:
- transportation of various goods (transportation of firewood, construction waste, etc.);
- snow removal in the winter season;
- mowing lawns and lawns, and making hay for livestock.
As we can see, the mini-tractor breaking the classic 4×4 with its own hands can significantly facilitate the life of any rural resident, because with the help of this technique it becomes possible to perform all types of work that are required with competent maintenance of subsidiary farming.
The indispensability of a home-made unit is also due to the fact that a minimum of investments and funds are used in its manufacture, which is very important for rural areas.
For more information about the operation of an all-wheel drive mini tractor, see
What is required
Before starting work, you should make sure that you have all the necessary parts, materials, and tools.
So, what is required for work:
- tiller. It must be chosen taking into account the above recommendations. It is he who will serve as the basis in a homemade mini tractor.
Tiller Neva. the best option for rework
- Additional wheelset with axle. It is imperative to purchase bearings for the wheels, as well as a steering unit.
- Metal sheets, pipes and corners. The material is needed to create the body and frame of the structure.
- Elements for fixing parts and mechanical assemblies. In this case, washers, bolts, nuts, welding are used.
To carry out the assembly, in addition to the details, you also need to prepare a number of tools:
- drill screwdriver;
- a set of wrenches of different sizes;
- Angle Grinder.
A homemade unit has a number of advantages. First of all, this is the cost. Even if the DIY needs to buy a cultivator, they will spend less money anyway. In addition, you can create special equipment of the desired size, degree of adhesion to the ground, as well as performance.
As for the disadvantages, they are that the equipment made by hand is much inferior to the factory models in the level of reliability. Also, this technique often requires repair work.
Fracture from Tiller Bison
What are the benefits of working with a 4-wheel tiller?
Each model of such equipment is a kind of mini-tractor based on a tiller. Working with it has several advantages. Among them stand out:
- Comfortable control of the unit by means of an ordinary steering wheel;
- The presence of a seat for the driver, which allows even the elderly to work the soil;
- Each four-wheeled tiller is equipped with a hydraulic drive for attachments. lifting and lowering of the equipment is performed by manipulating the lever;
- Tilling the soil with such units is considered to be of higher quality, and the work takes a little less time;
- The power of the models allows you to safely transport trailers with loads, with a total weight of up to 800 kg.
a tiller with 4 wheels is the best option for owners of large areas. On it you can get directly to the landing site, work all day without long breaks, and go home.
How to make a unit with your own hands. step by step instructions
diesel tillers on 4 wheels are the dream of many landowners. and more owners of ordinary two-wheeled units are thinking about their independent production. In addition, redesigning the structure is not as difficult as it seems.
Three-wheeled tiller MTZ 05, installation of the Magnum LT 188F engine, analogue of Honda GX 390.
Good afternoon, the engine on my MTZ three-wheeled tiller has become unusable, there have already been a couple of repairs, he bothered me. Is it possible to install a Honda engine on a three-wheeled MTZ? thank!
Yes, it is possible to replace the UD 15 and UD 25 engine with a Honda engine and its analogues, which include Weima, Magnum, Kipor, etc. But it is important to understand that the MTZ 05, 06, 12 tillers with the attachment were discontinued, since this model was recognized as traumatic. the tillers often turned over on its side and back. By installing a more powerful engine, the three-wheel tiller is even more prone to toppling backwards.
Here is an example of an MTZ 05 tiller equipped with an attachment, on which the Magnum LT 188F engine, a copy of the Honda GX 390, was installed. In this article, we will pay more attention to the attachment. You can read about replacing the UD 15, UD 25 engine with a Honda and their analogues here:
And so, first we separate the tiller from the console. Why we disconnect the throttle cable, the clutch cable, at the bottom left on the engine we unscrew the bracket, which connects the attachment with the tiller through the ball.
We pass to the ladders. If you can’t knock your fingers out, you can simply unscrew the ladders from the sleeves.
Separating the prefix from the tiller.
Now we need to unfold the steering bar. To do this, we disconnect the engine stop wire, gear shift rods and unscrew the nut that fixes the steering rod.
We remove the fuel tank and air filter. This is to prevent oil from leaking out of the air filter when we lower the steering bar to the floor. We lift the engine up, unscrew six bolts on the flange, three on each side, and remove the engine.
Moving on to the new engine. The Magnum LT 188F engine is a copy of the Honda GX 390, without further ado. a good copy. The engine is delivered in a box with spare parts, which includes instructions and a spark plug wrench.
The main excerpts from the instructions are duplicated on the fuel tank. The most important excerpt from the instructions: the engine is delivered without oil. From experience I will say that our people manage to ignore the seller’s verbal warning, written. on the box, in the book, in the tank and start the engine without oil, which of course leads to fatal damage to the engine.
Let’s start preparing the engine for installation. Remove the air filter and unlock the gas draft with a key for 10, unscrew it until it starts to move freely.
We fill the engine with oil and gasoline. Before installing the engine on the tiller, we start and check it.
Installing the adapter on the engine.
Remove the flange and the leading clutch drum from the old UD-15 engine.
Our cup has traces of clutch discs, new discs will cling to these grooves, because of which the clutch will lead, such a cup should be replaced.
Install the drive drum on the Magnum motor shaft. We fix it with an 8 mm bolt, through a large washer and an engraver, the bolt can not be locked, the shaft turns in the opposite direction.
We install the flange on the adapter, for installation you need a new gasket and six new bolts, on the old engine the flange was mounted on studs and fixed with nuts.
We control the distance from the edge of the leading drum to the edge of the flange, it should be 30 mm, the error “”, “-” 1 mm is allowed.
When the engine is removed on the tiller, it always makes sense to revise the clutch, especially if the MTZ tiller is a three-wheeled one. Everything is bad here, traces of corrosion are visible, the oil was mixed with water, the discs were destroyed. Change the clutch.
We install the engine, fix the flange with six bolts, three on each side.
We unfold the steering rod, connect the checkpoint rods, the engine stop wire, fix the rod with a nut, lock the nut.
We fill the gearbox with M8 or M10 oil. I remind you that MTZ tiller gearboxes cannot be filled with gear oil.
The next step is to install the prefix. Honda engines with a capacity of 9 l / s fit better and it is possible to save the linkage. Our engine is more powerful and the client does not need the linkage lever, the tiller is used for transport work. We cut off part of the frame with the lever, part of the footboard so that the tiller with the new engine fits into the attachment.
We install the trunk and the steering rod protection. We put a bolt that fixes the levers.
We make a transition mount in the front of the tiller under the engine. To do this, remove the adapter plate from the old engine and attach it to the ball on the frame.
Using corners or a channel, we connect the engine to the adapter plate. This will require long bolts and guide tubes of a certain length, the length depends on the type of engine.
Tags: three-wheeled tiller MTZ engine Honda, Three-wheeled tiller MTZ engine replacement. Honda engine, MTZ three-wheeled tiller with Honda engine
homemade ATV, tricycle, buggy, do it yourself, homemade, homemade
Many people ask how to make a karakat from a tiller on their own. Now the craftsmen are trying to modernize any technique that comes under their hands and make something unusual. Every year there are more and more such people. Especially often craftsmen try to build all-terrain vehicles, one of the types is a karakat, which is built from an ordinary tiller.
Four-wheeled tillery. description and how to make it yourself
Today, tillery is an integral part of any gardening work. They help to quickly and efficiently process the soil, sow and harvest. Nevertheless, there is still one drawback of the technique. the need to drive a 100-kg tiller, and follow him from behind. We offer you to familiarize yourself with the improved models of equipment, which are equipped with not two, but four wheels.
How to make a karakat from a tiller with your own hands
Even the simplest version of the karakat is capable of speeds up to 70 km / h and can easily pass any off-road and withstand all the loads assigned to it. He will be able to perform all these functions due to a strong suspension, which can be easily made from steel pipes connected by hinges and welding.
No expensive materials are needed to make such a unit. It remains only to slightly adjust to the manner of driving this vehicle.
Consider how to make a karakat from a tiller with your own hands. In the process of creating a karakat, the following stages can be distinguished:
Frame fabrication. it is advisable to use a medium or high-weight tiller (using a Neva tiller is the best option for making such equipment), using this you will get a good quality all-terrain vehicle with three or four wheels. Some designers use spare parts from the Ural or IZH motorcycle as a frame.
Before its full use on the off-road, the manufactured device should be tested.
4-wheel tillers. detailed description of the technique
Despite the obvious advantages of this technique, there is a fairly small number of its representatives on the market.
We propose to study the characteristics of these units on the example of the Bison JR-Q12 model. The design of this unit includes:
- 4-stroke single-cylinder engine equipped with direct fuel injection. Engine power is 12 hp. from.;
- Fuel tank with a volume of 5.5 liters;
- Water cooling system for motor and gearbox;
- Manual starter;
- Disc clutch system;
- Transmission for 6 forward and two reverse speeds;
- Physical weight without attachments is 260 kg;
- The unit is 2.14 m long, 90 cm wide and 117 cm high.
On sale there are also larger models equipped with a more powerful engine and clutch. They make it possible to cultivate huge plots of land in a very short time. Along with this, manufacturers also produce structures that are weaker in terms of indicators, which are mainly intended for processing small adjacent areas.
Homemade ATV from Tiller
In addition to the karakat from the tiller, you can also build a homemade ATV from the tiller, which is a four-wheeled safe and maneuverable motorcycle.
The main thing is that it must be equipped with a high-quality motor.
But it is worth remembering that a home-made ATV will be quite maneuverable and hardy, like its original, but in speed it will be much inferior to it.
The process of transforming a tiller into an ATV is carried out in 3 successive stages:
Homemade tricycle “Jupiter”: step-by-step assembly of a three-wheeled vehicle with a photo and description of the homemade product.
The owner of this original tricycle made it from a sidecar from a motorcycle IZH Jupiter and an engine from a moped, the design is quite interesting, I suggest you see all the photos of the step-by-step construction of a tricycle.
Engine, rear wheel and part of the frame. taken from an old scooter.
The drive wheel motor will be installed behind the sidecar.
Assembling the frame for the tricycle.
Now assembling the front suspension.
The steering knuckles of the front wheels will be made from the cardan from Kamaz.
Steering knuckle made of gimbal.
The front suspension of the tricycle looms.
Scooter steering installation.
This video shows the suspension of a tricycle.
Frame and body painting.
The photo shows the finished result of the craftsman’s work. a homemade original tricycle “Jupiter” made by hand.
It turned out a very original tricycle from an engine from a moped and a motorcycle sidecar.
Tricycle frame manufacturing
The supporting structure must be dimensioned for the increased load. A thick-walled tube with a diameter of at least 20 mm is used for the frame. The connection is made by electric welding, the joints are reinforced with sheet steel gussets. Before starting work, a large-scale model of the frame should be made. The flat image has little to do with the actual design implemented in metal.
A tricycle is assembled with your own hands on a frame, which consists of two parts: the front from a heavy motorcycle and the back. homemade. The design must provide places for the installation of the engine, rear suspension with a gearbox, a fuel tank of increased capacity. In addition, attachment points for shock absorbers, full-size seats and vehicle controls are welded to the frame.
DIY tricycle. Manufacturing specifics
Vehicles with three wheels and motorcycle engines are called trikes. They are not widely industrialized, and the products of small companies are expensive. You can make a tricycle with your own hands from ready-made parts and assemblies used in cars and motorcycles. This process takes a rather long period of time, which means that an equipped room will be required.
A natural question arises, how to make a tricycle with your own hands from available materials and factory-made parts? First you need to understand the structure of this vehicle. The classic layout assumes the installation of one wheel in front and two in the rear. Mainly in the front part of the reinforced motorcycle body is used.
Preparation and installation of the engine and transmission
The best tricycle from domestic brands of heavy motorcycles. from the Urals, with their own hands it is made with the placement of the engine in the front. This scheme has a number of advantages and is distinguished primarily by its simplicity and reliability. Brackets are welded at the place of installation of the power unit. Air-cooled engines are used on trikes, one of the best options is the ZAZ-968 engine.
The power unit is mounted on a tricycle with your own hands so that the oncoming air flow blows the engine well. It is recommended to install the cardan shaft with additional dampers, placing cardan joints or SHRUSS as close as possible to the gearbox. Places of installation of rotating parts must be closed from accidental access without fail.
Assembling and adjusting the product
Tricycles belong to the category of vehicles that are created for special exits. Their appearance should be presentable and elegant; an abundance of chrome parts is allowed in the exterior. The standard fuel tank has insufficient capacity and is often used as a dashboard mounting location. The capacity for gasoline is installed in the engine compartment.
A large number of various equipment is installed on a tricycle with your own hands. Music centers with powerful acoustics, fog lights and other devices need power. A powerful generator is installed to provide power.
The side members are connected vertically by means of a lower arch and internal lugs, into which the rear suspension arms are installed. All joints are reinforced with kerchiefs. The upper beam serves as a support for the rear shock absorbers, for which glasses are welded to it, the design of which is similar to automobile.
front wheel; 2. front fender (from the Yamaha motorcycle); 3. front wheel suspension, lever; 4. headlight; 5. headlight bracket; 6. speedometer body (Steel st3, chrome plating); 7. fuel tank; 8. gear shift lever; 9. gearbox; 10. battery; 11. seat back; 12. a block of rear lights; 13. air filter; 14. engine; 15. fan; 16. oil-air radiator; 17. mufflers (from the Yamaha motorcycle); 18. rear wheel (295x50x15); 19. elastic coupling; 20. brake rod (Steel X18H9T, pipe 12 × 1); 21. brake pedal; 22. horn; 23. rear wing strut (Steel st3, pipe 15 × 1.5, chrome plating); 24. shock absorber (from the ZAZ-968 car); 25. frame for attaching mufflers and radiator (Steel Х18Н9Т, pipe 18 × 1.5); 26. rear wing; 27. wing mounting console (Steel st3, pipe 28 × 1.5); 28. front console (Steel Х18Н9Т, pipe 12 × 1); 29. wing bracket (Steel Х18Н9Т, sheet s1.5); 30. rear wheel suspension arm (from ZAZ-968); 31. “gas” handle; 32. front brake lever; 33. ignition lock case (St3, chrome plating); 34. clutch pedal; 35. clutch rod (Steel Х18Н9Т, pipe 12 × 1); 36. gearshift mechanism; 37. steering wheel (Steel Х18Н9Т, pipe 25 × 3)
Tubular frames are welded to the kerchiefs and struts of the central beam. These units are sheathed on both sides with steel sheet, and have several purposes. First, they are equipped with passenger footpegs, similar to motorcycle ones. Second, they support the suspension bumpers. Thirdly, struts are attached to them, on which the rear empennage consoles rest.
The lower cross member is attached to the frame with brackets and a brace and serves as the basis for the pedal assembly. It includes an axle, levers, stems and footrests. The cross frame support also supports the gearshift guide.
All frame parts are made of CT3 steel. 1. steering column; 2. kerchiefs (sheet s5); 3. main spar, upper (pipe 60 × 3); 4. brace (pipe 34 × 2); 5. reinforcing box (sheet s3); 6. platform bracket for the battery (corner 50 × 50); 7. upper spars (pipe 34 × 2); 8. lower arc (pipe 34 × 2); 9. passenger footrest frame (pipe 22 × 1.5); 10. struts of the central beam (pipe 52 × 3); 11. shock absorber glasses; 12. arc of the passenger seat (pipe 28 × 1, chrome plating); 13. lugs for fastening the levers of the rear suspension (sheet s5); 14. shelf for gearbox mounting (strip 80 × 5); 15. gusset plate for installing the hinge of the gear lever (sheet s3); 16. pedal outlets (pipe 28 × 2, chrome plating); 17. pedal lever (sheet s5, 2 pcs., Chrome plating); 18. main spars, lower (pipe 34 × 2); 19. horn mounting bracket (corner 50 × 50); 20. central beam (pipe 60 × 3); 21. upper beam (pipe 52 × 3); 22. engine mounting unit (sheet s5); 23. jumper (corner 50 × 50); 24. frame sewing (sheet s3 on both sides); 25. footboard (Х18Н9Т, pipe 36 × 4); 26. axis (X18H9T, bar 028); 27. plug (X18H9T); 28. bracket (sheet s3); 29. lower cross member (pipe 34 × 2); 30. guide of the shank of the gear shifting mechanism (pipe 28 × 1.5); 31. base of the passenger seat (tube 20 × 1, chrome plating)
The layout of a home-made tricycle differs significantly from a motorcycle one, primarily in the location of the power unit. It is located outside the base behind the rear axle, which does not in the best way affect the stability of the car, but it provides an experienced driver with an additional opportunity to generate adrenaline. With a sharp acceleration, the tricycle can be easily “reared up”, which delivers an unforgettable experience.
The power unit, including the gearbox, was taken from the Zaporozhets car. No special modifications were made. It is worth noting only the installation of an oil cooler from a helicopter, the manufacture of a chrome-plated air filter housing and mufflers from Honda, and a separate one is installed for each cylinder.
All other units are from ZAZ-968. The mount of the power unit also has not undergone any changes. The two attachment points are located at the corners of the arch, which is where the upper beam and the side members join. The third is located between the lower side members flush with the front of the gearbox. The shift lever is on the left as the driver’s right hand is busy controlling the throttle. The rod of the gearshift mechanism is connected to the gearbox shank through a hinge similar to the Zhigulevsky.
Tricycle assembled by hand from parts from ZAZ-968
This is my second attempt to build a tricycle with my own hands. In view of the fact that my tricycle, according to the idea, should have met the ideology of a classic chopper, I did its finishing with great care.
Installed engine ZAZ-968
I must say right away that the front fork with a large angle of inclination negatively affected the handling and maneuverability of the device. This is especially noticeable at speeds over 100 km / h. In addition, at this speed, if you hit a serious pothole, there is a danger of destruction of the levers.
The basis of the machine is a spatial welded frame made of tubular elements. The combination of curved side members and cross beams makes the structure quite robust. Lower and upper side members are connected in pairs at the rear.
The central beam is combined with the upper spar into one unit and reinforced with a special box, and in the rear part it is connected to the side spars through struts.
The front wheel suspension design deserves a separate description. It is made according to the lever scheme, which is quite rare. The suspension consists of two pairs of consoles and two pairs of springs. The consoles are made of titanium and are connected by transverse levers. The front wheel axle passes through the wishbones.
1 and 11. thrust cones (Steel Kh18N9T); 2. special nut М12 (Steel Х18Н9Т); 3. main traverse, upper (AK4); 4. main console (VTZ-1, bar 40); 5. main, lower traverse (AK4); 6. transverse lever (X18H9T, sheet s10); 7. lower traverse (AK4); 8. movable console (VTZ-1, bar 28); 9. upper traverse (AK4); 10, 15, 18. bushings (Steel Х18Н9Т); 12, 13, 16, 17. compression springs; 14. thrust washers; 19. nut М12; 20. spherical support; 21. stock (Х18Н9Т); 22. axis (bolt M12); 23. bushings (bronze); 24. nut with a spherical head
The springs are used from the IZH motorcycle and helicopter units. The suspension works in such a way that the upward movement of the wheel is compensated by the lower springs, and when moving in the opposite direction, the upper springs come into action, having a significantly lower rigidity.
The battery is installed behind the driver’s seat on a special frame above the engine. The passenger seat mounts are also mounted here, on which leather trunks are hung with lacing. The latter not only serve to transport things, but also cover the engine, and most importantly, give the car a complete “chopper” look.
The gas tank, steering wheel, instrument cluster and front suspension are made in the same style. The rear wing consists of two interconnected wings from the Ural motorcycle. Like the gas tank, the rear fenders are painted black.
Then the surface is properly prepared, and a drawing with cosmic images performed by a professional artist is applied to it by the method of airbrushing. The last stage of finishing was the application of several layers of clear varnish and polishing.