Do-it-yourself snow blower from a motor-cultivator

Construction # 1. auger snow blower model

Preparation of basic elements

We propose to first consider the option of how to make a snow blower with your own hands based on an old engine from a tiller. To do this, you need to prepare:

  • Sheet (roofing) iron for assembling the auger body;
  • Steel corner 50×50 mm for the frame of the structure;
  • Plywood 10 mm thick for side parts;
  • Half-inch pipe for equipping the handle of the machine.

When planning to equip a homemade snow blower with an air-cooled engine, it is imperative to provide additional protection for the air intake opening from small snow particles emitted during operation.

The engine power of this device is 6.5 hp. It is quite enough for cleaning fresh snow from the backyard area.

Thanks to the 50 cm working width of the machine, it will be convenient to move the structure and clear winding paths on the site. The machine has compact dimensions, its width does not exceed 65 cm.This allows at any time, as unnecessary, to hide the snow blower in the shed, it easily passes through a regular doorway.

A ”tube can be used to make the auger shaft. A through-cut is made in the pipe, which is necessary to fix a metal blade with dimensions of 120×270 mm. In the process of work, the captured snow mass from the conveyor belt will be moved by the auger to the blade. This blade, in turn, under the action of the rotation of the shaft, will throw the snow to the sides.

The frame of the snow blower can be welded from steel corners of 50×50 mm, and closer to the edges of the structure in the pipe to the transverse corners, it remains only to weld two corners on each side, the dimensions of which are 25×25 mm

In the future, the engine platform will be attached to these corners. You can fasten the transverse corners with the longitudinal ones and fix the control handles on them using bolts (M8).

The auger tube is equipped with a metal blade and four rubber rings d = 28 cm, the material for the manufacture of which can be a tire sidewall or a 1.5-meter conveyor belt 1.5 mm thick.

You can cut out rings from a rubber base using a simple device: drive two screws into the board, and then fasten this structure tightly to the tape and turn it in a circle. You can significantly simplify the cutting procedure using a jigsaw

Since the snow blower auger will rotate in self-aligning bearings 205, they must be placed on the pipe. In order to make a snow blower yourself, you can use any bearings, the main thing is that they must be closed. A support from the universal joint of old Zhiguli models can act as a protective casing for bearings.

Advice. In order for the structure to fit well into the bearings, you need to make a couple of cuts in it and tap it lightly. Such manipulations make it possible to slightly reduce the diameter of the shaft.

A piece of plastic sewer pipe d = 160 mm is well suited for throwing snow. It is fixed on a pipe of the same diameter, placed on the auger body itself

The continuation of this section of the pipe will be a chute for ejection of snow, the diameter of which should be larger than the width of the metal blade of the auger.

Do-it-yourself snow blower: analysis of the 3 best homemade designs

The snow season is the favorite time of children: skiing and sledding, fun snowball games and building ice castles. But the owners of country houses are not very happy with the abundance of snow, because they have to again take up a shovel and clear the territory. It’s good when you have the opportunity to buy a snowblower and turn your seasonal duty into a pleasant job. But if there is no extra money to buy a useful “helper”, you can always make a snow blower with your own hands from materials that have long been gathering dust idle in the corner of a workshop or a shed.

Assembling the structure

Before assembling the structure, you must pay attention to the fact that the dimensions of the machine body must exceed the dimensions of the auger itself by a couple of centimeters. This will prevent the mechanism from touching the walls of the case during operation.

Since the snow blower engine can be used for other purposes during snowless periods, it is advisable to provide a quick-detachable convenient platform in the design of the unit, thanks to which the engine can be removed at any time without using any tools.

A significant advantage of this design solution is the ease of cleaning the body and moving parts of the machine from compacted snow. And it is much easier to remove such a snow blower for storage: just remove the engine and the car will become twice as light.

The basis for skis is wooden beams, which are additionally equipped with plastic pads. You can make such overlays from the wiring box

The snow blower is now ready for use. It remains only to paint the homemade device and start work on clearing the snow.

Construction # 2. rotary snow blower “Blizzard

This device, which is quite simple in design, can be made in any workshop equipped with a lathe and a welding machine. The snow collector, designed by Penza craftsmen, performed well even in rather difficult conditions of snow patches.

The design of the device is based on: an engine with a built-in muffler, a gas tank and a cable for controlling the throttle valve.

To begin with, you need to make a rotor on a lathe on the basis of a corresponding workpiece from an electric motor part. Outwardly, it looks like a steel disc d = 290 mm and 2 mm thick. The disc, being bolted to the hub, forms a structure, to which 5 blades are already attached by welding. To increase the efficiency of the mechanism, the blades are additionally reinforced with stiffeners on the reverse side.

The cooling system of the motor works on the principle of a fan, the blades of which are made of duralumin and are fixed on the pulley to start the motor

The fan is protected by a soldered casing located on the crankcase cover. To improve the quality of cooling, the cylinder head is placed at an angle of 90 degrees.

The shaft is mounted on the rotor housing on four ball bearings arranged in pairs. It is fixed to the body with a steel retaining ring and bolts. The rotor body itself is pressed against the frame using a special bracket, which partially captures the pressure ring.

Assembly diagrams of the main elements of the “Vyuga” snowblower

Removable elements of the machine are the aluminum wall of the rotor housing and the scrapers placed along the frame.

A significant advantage of a home-made snowblower is the ability to adjust the working width by changing the scrapers. At the height and quality characteristics of the unit. The weight of the structure does not exceed 18 kg, which makes it possible to use it for women, and the range of snow throwing is about 8 meters.

Useful tips to keep your snow blower longevity

  • 1. After the first 30 minutes of running a new snow blower, stop the tiller engine and check that all snow blower hardware is tight. If necessary, tighten the fasteners.
  • 2. Before each use and no more than every 5 hours of operation, it is advisable to check:
    – condition and tension of the V-belt;
    – reliable tightening of threaded connections.
  • 3. Every 5 hours it is necessary to adjust the chain tension using the adjusting bolt located on the snow blower body. The amount of chain deflection from the force of pressing the hand should be 10 ÷ 15 mm.
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Mounted snow blower for tiller “Neva

We will also consider using the example of a factory SM-2 snow blower, but with a different configuration.

To install a mounted snow blower for the Neva tiller, you should:

  • – remove the pin for attachments and weights from the trailer unit of the tiller;
  • – install the tiller and snow blower on a flat surface;
  • – attach the hitch to the body of the snow blower and fasten with two bolts without tightening;
  • – insert the hitch into the trailer brace. aligning the hitch holes and the hitch groove with the holes in the trailer bracket, tighten the connection with two bolts;
  • – remove the protective cover of the power take-off shaft pulley from the tiller. Put on the V-belt of the snow blower drive;
  • – moving the hitch along the beam of the snow blower body, set the relative position of the tiller with the snow blower in such a way that the grooves of the tiller drive pulley. the driven pulley and the belt tension roller lay in the same plane. the belt should be in mesh without distortions;
  • – put in place the protective cover of the pulley;
  • – attach back and bolt the protective cover;
  • – provide the required belt tension with the lever;
  • – start the tiller engine and start driving.

tiller “Cascade”, a snow blower for him

Tillers “Cascade” are used to work on personal plots. To expand the functionality, you need to choose attachments for it. Also, in the winter season, so that the tiller does not stand idle, you can use a snow blower.

The auger snow blower is equipped with a water cooling system that allows you to quickly remove the snow cover. To make the work more efficient, special skids are provided, and a belt drive from the front PTO shaft. Thanks to this, the snow blower is installed on the “Cascade” tiller, which makes it easy and quick to remove the snow.

Do-it-yourself snow blower for the Mole tiller

To make a snow blower for the Mole tiller with our own hands, first of all draw a drawing and place a canopy for clearing snow. The base of the snowplow will be a massive frame, with a pair of drums. You also need to place the shield.

So, we are constructing a trolley for a snow blower. For this we use pipes and corners. It is important to find the right wheels. Two pipes are welded to the metal base of the trolley. They will need to install the Mole tiller. Further, we cut out eight circles with a radius of 100 mm from metal sheets. In addition to them, we make 4 more circles, slightly smaller in diameter. We combine them with bolts and nuts. We put the discs on the shaft, and we get a screw auger that will remove the snow.

We install it on the trolley frame and use a pulley to connect it to the tiller engine. After installing the auger, the construction is complete. After turning on the tiller, determine the productivity of the snow blower, and adjust the settings for the operator.

How to install a snow blower on the Salyut tiller

To install a snow blower on the Salyut tiller, you should:

  • – disconnect the footrest from the tiller frame by removing the cotter pin and the footboard mounting axis;
  • – install the tiller and snow blower on a flat surface;
  • – insert the hitch into the tiller frame. In this case, the bolt with the spacer sleeve must enter the hitch groove;
  • – attach the hitch to the body of the snow blower and fasten with two bolts without tightening;
  • – remove the protective cover of the power take-off shaft pulley from the tiller. Put on the V-belt of the snow blower drive;
  • – moving the hitch along the beam of the snow blower body, set the relative position of the tiller with the snow blower in such a way that the grooves of the tiller drive pulley. the driven pulley and the belt tension roller lay in the same plane. the belt should be in mesh without distortions;
  • – tighten the two bolts securing the hitch to the snow blower body;
  • – moving the hitch inside the tiller frame, pre-tension the V-belt and tighten the bolts;
  • – Reinstall the protective cover of the power take-off shaft pulley of the tiller;
  • – install the protective cover back by bolting;
  • – lift the belt tensioning lever and install the protective pulley cover on the tiller;
  • – start the tiller engine and start driving.

How to choose a factory tiller snow blower

In winter, heavy snowfall brings not only joy, but also the need to remove it. This is usually done using a shovel. This kind of work is quite difficult and unpleasant. Especially if you have to clean a large area, and even in the shortest possible time. In this case, the standard factory snow blower for the tiller will be an indispensable assistant. Nowadays, you can quickly buy a snow blower, but using a tiller will be much more economical. To do this, the tiller is aggregated with a shovel-blade, or mounted auger snow blowers are connected.

Standard factory tiller snow blower

A snow blower for a tiller is a mechanical unit that connects directly to the tiller’s power take-off shaft. The gripper blade is the main element in this fixture. Also, an important role is assigned to rotating discs and a bell. thanks to them, snow is thrown aside at a certain angle. The design of all modern devices allows you to adjust this angle at the request of the operator. During the operation of the unit, you can control its speed and direction of movement.

Even a wide path can be cleared quickly with the snow blower, and with a shovel it would take more than an hour. There are slight differences for all snow blowers for tillers: working width, dimensions and parameters, throwing distance, productivity, weight. The number of disc revolutions is also different. Each device has a description that indicates which tillers they can be used with.

The snow blower is installed in front of the tiller. Usually snow is thrown up to 12 meters, which can be affected by the consistency of the removed snow.

Choosing a snow blower for the Salyut tiller

Consider a snow blower for the Salyut tiller, its purpose is to remove snow on flat surfaces, at temperatures from 5 to 20. It is produced in two modifications, the differences of which are in the method of attaching to the tiller.

  • The main characteristics of the snow blower:
  • length. 600 mm; width. 640 mm; height. 820 mm;
  • maximum capture width. 500 mm;
  • the maximum thickness of the removed snow is 17 cm;
  • screw speed. 1900

2100 rpm;

  • weight. 60 kg.
  • Motor-block snow blower device: transport handle (1); screen (2); visor (3); screw fixing the position of the visor (4); screw fixing the position of the screen (5); a handle for adjusting the position of the screen (6); screen stand (7); drive pulley (8); V-belt (9); protective closure (10); bolted connection (11); support of the screen stand (12); snow blower body (13); support plate (14); base plate fastening bolts (15); screw auger (16).

    The snow blower is a prefabricated welded structure. The main working body is a screw auger (16). When it rotates, the removed snow moves from the edges to the center. The blades installed in the center of the auger feed snow into the nozzle of the housing (13). The direction of snow throwing can be adjusted by turning the screen (2), which is fixed on the support of the screen post (12). The throw distance is controlled by the engine speed and the position of the visor (3), which is fixed with a screw (4). on both sides of the lower part of the body (13), support plates (14) are installed, thanks to which the height of snow removal is adjusted.

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    Required materials and tools

    • pipes made of aluminum or steel;
    • set of bearings;
    • an internal combustion engine from a chainsaw;
    • forged shaft;
    • rubber;
    • steel in the form of sheets;
    • welding machine;
    • chain;
    • cable.

    Among the tools you will need the following elements:

    • hammer;
    • screwdrivers;
    • saw;
    • pliers.

    During operation, other parts may be required, it all depends on the brand of the chainsaw from which you are using the engine. Choose an engine that can start almost immediately, so as not to start it manually in the cold. The design will cost around a thousand rubles, and the finished tool is several times more expensive. Homemade snow blower has tremendous benefits.

    DIY chainsaw snow blower

    In winter, after a large amount of precipitation in the form of snow, you have to clear your own yard or area in front of the garage from snowdrifts. Doing this manually is difficult and time-consuming, and paying for automatic snow blowers is too expensive. But there is a way out. you can make your own device that will help you get rid of the huge amount of snow on the territory. The installation of such equipment can be carried out using available materials in just a few hours. In this article, we will look at how to independently assemble a snow blower from a chainsaw and what tools will come in handy for this.

    How to do it yourself

    • First you need to choose the type of construction. In total, there are two options for the location of the chain: inside the bucket or outside. It is better to use the second option, since in this way the shaft will be clamped from both sides at once between the walls of the bucket. In addition, this method will be much easier to implement.

    Make an auger: it will consist of four blades: two on one side and two on the other. There will be two blades in the center. It is important to remember who the final diameter of the auger will be no more than 30 cm.We make a spiral blade. we cut the sheets of steel or aluminum with an angle grinder, and then use a vise to turn a spiral out of the resulting blanks.

    From the same material, it is necessary to start making blades for the structure. We cut out the corners from the sheet. this is the last detail before starting to assemble the structure completely. Lay all the elements on a flat surface and start assembly: weld on the paddles and two side plates, and then clamp them and weld a little.

  • Next, take a bucket cover or make it yourself. Carefully place the coil inside the structure and check all connections. The nuts must be tightly connected and tightened. Then connect the engine to the structure and carry out the first starting tests. If the device is working properly, then you can safely use it in business!
  • Such a simple design with your own hands will greatly facilitate the process of snow removal and provide good savings in time and effort. You will spend very little money on a snow blower with a motor from an old chainsaw, compared to buying a ready-made device. Installation takes several hours, and the assistant will last a very long time with proper care. The main thing is to observe safety precautions during work!

    Snow blower from a cultivator. alteration features

    Snowblowers made from cultivators have gained popularity due to their ability to throw snow over fairly long distances. Often, the distance to which the snow masses are thrown reaches 10–12 m. Hand-made equipment has a strong steel body. At the same time, the structure contains a minimum amount of plastic, which makes the unit protected from almost any mechanical damage.

    Like other snow blowers, the homemade unit is equipped with a rotating auger shaft. The inner part of the structure contains reliable adapters and straps that provide strong shocks for long-distance snow throwing. The unit is activated by connecting the tiller shafts and a self-made snow blower using a belt drive.

    Snow blower from a cultivator. preparation and procedure for manufacturing

    There are two ways to convert a cultivator into a snow blower. The first of them involves the installation of a special snow removal nozzle on a household unit. The second method is more complex, and consists in a complete transformation of the agricultural machine.

    Preparation of materials and equipment

    Before making a snow blower, you should thoroughly prepare. To do this, you need to prepare all the necessary equipment and materials. You will need:

    • A set of wrenches of different sizes;
    • Nuts and bolts;
    • Drill;
    • Angle Grinder;
    • A set of screwdrivers of different sizes;
    • File and hammer;
    • Vise and pliers;
    • Electric hacksaw;
    • Welding machine and chains of different diameters;
    • Roofing iron sheet;
    • Profile pipes of different diameters;
    • Conveyor belt and plywood sheet;
    • Metal corners;
    • Several sealed bearings.

    All collected tools and materials are best placed on a flat surface with an old thick towel underneath. So you can quickly find the part you need, and not be distracted by going to the garage.

    Making a snow blower. procedure

    When making a homemade snowblower, you must strictly adhere to a certain algorithm of actions. This will help you not to make a mistake and make a reliable home-made two-in-one unit. The work should be done in this order:

    • First of all, you need to make the car frame. To do this, it is best to weld metal corners together. The pipe, which has a diameter of about 2 cm, can be used as a handle. A screw shaft can also be made from the pipe. In this case, the main thing is that the product has a diameter of at least 4 cm;
    • In the middle of the pipe, you will need to make a through cut. it will be used to mount a steel plate with dimensions of 17 × 27 cm.This plate will play the role of a kind of blade that throws off the snow masses using the rotational actions of the shaft;
    • The snow does not immediately fall into the location of the blade, as this will require a two-way auger. To make it, you can take the side part of the old tire, or a conveyor belt, 1 cm thick. Take no more than 50 cm of the tape and cut 4 rings from it, 28 cm in diameter each with a jigsaw;
    • A platform for the motor from the cultivator should be attached to the supporting part of the structure. To do this, weld 2 corners to the pipe and install the structure perpendicular to the plate;
    • Next, you need to install closed bearings in the shaft. Saw through the ends of the shaft a little and tap them several times with a hammer. If this procedure is followed carefully, the shaft diameter will be slightly smaller. You must also prepare a free space in advance for mounting the key. To do this, you need to make a groove on one side of the shaft;
    • In order for the unit to move as quickly and smoothly as possible in the snow, it is better to leave it without wheels. We recommend installing skis instead. You can also make them yourself by cutting out parts from wooden blocks;
    • A plastic strap must be attached to the bottom surface of each ski. This will add a smooth ride. You can also save money by using metal boxes from electrical wiring instead of strips;
    • The discharge of snow masses is carried out by means of a swivel chute. For its manufacture, it is best to take a sewer pipe with a diameter of 16 mm or more;
    • To fix the swivel chute on the base, you need to connect a small-diameter pipe to the auger, and then weld the chute itself to the structure;
    • A small piece of a sewer pipe will need to be welded to the gutter, which will serve as a regulator of the direction of discharge of snow masses;
    • When connecting all structural elements, be sure to make sure that the width of the auger blade is slightly less than the diameter of the chute. So you will be able to ensure quick snow removal without delaying it in the working hole;
    • To give the unit an aesthetic appearance, its external elements can be painted. The paint will also protect the machine from corrosion.
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    At the end of the assembly of the snow blower, it will need to be tested. To do this, walk around the yard with him, grabbing, for a start, a small amount of snow. After that, you can proceed to cleaning solid stale masses.

    When operating a homemade snow blower, you should adhere to a number of important rules. First of all, be sure to ensure that all bearings are protected from snow and moisture.

    After each operation, the main components of the unit must be checked for debris. Any holes formed must be repaired immediately, otherwise the internal parts of the snow blower will be at risk. Attention must also be paid to the skis of the unit. make sure that cracks do not appear on them, which can lead to deformation of parts.

    Rotary snow blower

    This type of snow removal equipment consists of several elements:

    • Open box.
    • Screw.
    • Reducer, but you can do without it.
    • Chain transmission.

    To make a box, you will need sheet metal and a welding machine. The lower ends of the box must be bent in the manner of skis. The shaft is made from a pipe with a diameter of at least 50 mm. It is also necessary to make two U-shaped plates for fastening the auger, which are welded in the middle of the shaft. It should be noted that they must be installed by turning them at an angle of 180 degrees, relative to each other.

    To make a screw, you need four rings made from a sheet of metal. They must be cut on one side, and the ends must be opened to the size of the diameter. After that, one end of the ring is welded to the gripper blade, and the other should be reinforced with a metal strip. A hole of any shape is cut at the back of the gripper, into which a pipe of the corresponding diameter is inserted.

    It should be remembered that the distance between the blades and the rear wall of the box should be kept to a minimum. The shaft should be mounted on bearings so that one end of it protrudes from the box by 50-100 mm. The chain sprocket will be attached here. A snow blower nozzle for a tiller made in this way will perfectly cope with the task and will greatly facilitate the life of the owner of a country house in winter.

    Snow blower for tiller Salute

    Hinged elements for this brand remove snow cover from flat areas, the device works at an external temperature of up to 20 ˚С. The mechanism is available in several versions, which differ in the way they are attached to the tiller.

    The snowplow on the tiller is assembled at the factory by welding; the working element is a screw-shaped auger. Its rotation promotes the movement of the snow mass to the center from the edges, then to the nozzle with the help of movable blades. A swivel screen is designed to adjust the discharge. Snow sampling height is adjusted by support side plates.

    Mechanism characteristics:

    • length. 60 cm, height. 83 cm, width. 65 cm;
    • captures a strip 0.5 m wide;
    • removes a layer of snow up to 18 cm thick;
    • frequency of revolutions. 2100 per minute;
    • device weight. 61 kg.

    Combined option

    The screw-rotor system turns on the rotor and the auger at the same time. In this case, a rotor is installed above the auger shaft. Each mechanism does its job. In this case, the requirements for the auger are somewhat underestimated, since it only collects snow and feeds it to the rotary device, which already pushes the mass out in a given direction.

    The speed of the receiving and transmitting shafts is less than in the auger mechanism itself, so its breakdowns occur less often due to a weakened collision with ice pieces. This technique is often used to transfer previously created piles of snow or load them into a car. a special chute is installed for this.

    Do-it-yourself snow blower from a motor-cultivator

    In winter, the owners of country houses often have to remove the snow. In rural areas, special equipment is used extremely rarely and people have to rely solely on their own strength. To facilitate the task, you can make your own snow blower for the tiller or give preference to a ready-made solution.

    Bulldozer type

    This homemade snow blower, in addition to the tiller itself, consists of an adapter to which the nozzle is attached. It resembles a dozer blade and is the easiest to manufacture. A metal sheet is used as a knife to cut the snow layer, which should be sharpened beforehand. Also, other parts of the attachment are made of sheet metal, after which they are welded.

    The blade is mounted on the main block by means of brackets and rods. The rods should be secured in the blade lugs and brought to the control levers using rollers or metal tubes. This simple device will make a snow blower out of your tiller.

    General information

    The snow blower is attached to the tiller shaft, which transfers the rotation from the engine to it. While driving through the territory, the installed auger crushes the snow into pieces. The air flow from the fan throws the mass in the selected direction. Work efficiency depends on the density and moisture content of the snow cover. In the process of work, the range and angle of spread are regulated. For light rainfall, simple attachments have been developed in the form of conventional buckets and brushes.

    Garden Tractor Ground Ripper Cultivator Attachment Build

    Tiller is a mobile, universal-action energy mechanism based on a single-axle chassis, which looks like a small tractor. The operator follows the technique on the treated surface, holding the moving mechanism by the control knobs.

    Blade shovel

    The simplest snow thrower for a tiller is made in the form of a bucket, which is useful in other periods, and not only in winter, for example, when collecting leaves, debris and performing other work. The width of the passage can be foreseen in the range from 70 to 145 cm.When manufacturing, the foreman sets the required parameters on his own, depending on the power of the tiller.

    On the side edges and in front of heavy shovels, rubber strips are attached to prevent damage to tiles or other decorative coverings of the area hidden under the snow. The choice of the angle of the shovel and its tilt allows you to set the device to the optimal position for efficient work. The bucket is attached with a removable bracket, resulting in a miniature bulldozer.

    The material is a pipe cut with a diameter of 280 mm or more or half of an unnecessary gas cylinder. A segment is cut out of the cylinder using an angle grinder, the size of which is 1/3 of the volume. A trailing bracket is attached to the remaining part and the rods are welded. When moving the tiller, the bucket scoops up the snow, the angular turn allows the mass to be shifted to the side to the side of the road. In the idle position, the shovel is raised, and the movement is carried out in reverse.

    Hinged brushes are used instead of a shovel, as an option for snow removal equipment. The rotating brush works efficiently. such a device is indispensable when removing snow cover on expensive surfaces that are not visible under the snow.

    A brush or two is connected via a transmission to the tiller’s wraparound shaft. The choice of stripping parameters. working width and layer height. depends on the mechanism designer. Usually it is possible to turn the brushes to the right and to the left, to install cleaning elements of different sizes.